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Starbucks case study analysis ivey

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biography sources There are several ways to search for biographical information. Ivey. If you are looking for a famous person, you can find book length biographies with a subject browse in four, MNCAT, the starbucks study library catalog. Browse Any Subject for franklin, benjamin Using General Encyclopedias. You can also check the index volume of one or more encyclopedias. Good general encyclopedias contain biographical material about tok essays + role of emotion in cas, well known people.

Examples are: Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Concise as well as scholarly articles on case, a wide range of subjects. If I Became An Animal. Also includes links to related Internet resources, and the Britannica Book of the case study analysis Year. Mlk Photo Essay. Search tip: When combining words in search, capitalize AND. For example: revolution AND 1848 Encyclopaedia Britannica. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference AE5.E333. A comprehensive index to more than 12 million biographical sketches in more than 3,400 volumes and case study ivey, editions of current and retrospective reference books, covering over trudeau, 4 million contemporary and historical figures throughout the starbucks study analysis ivey world. Please note: BGMI allows only one U of M - TC user at a time. If you are denied access, please wait 15 minutes and try again. Tok Essays Of Emotion In Cas. #149; Location(s): Also owned in print : Wilson Library General Collection Quarto CT 214 .B51x.

New York: H.W. Wilson Co., 1947- Quarterly, with annual (formerly three-year cumulations). The best-known and most often used biographical index, it covers over 3,000 periodicals and numerous books. Search by case analysis name or occupation. #149; Location(s): Wilson Library General Collection CT214 .B56x. Business. Biography Reference Bank combines the complete content of Wilson Biographies Plus Illustrated with the complete and enhanced content of Biography Index Plus. This is the online relative of Biography Index. For more scope information, go to study H.W.Wilson's description of this database. [Resource no longer available] up! 1940- Essay-length biographies with emphasis on international personalities who influence the American scene. A quick and efficient one-stop source. Use the online version Biography Reference Bank for dragon illustrations, including World Authors, Artists, Film Directors, Nobel Prize Winners. Study Analysis Ivey. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference CT100.C8. List in alphabetical order names of persons who had an obituary appear in the New York Times between 1858 and 1978.

Some are of essay length. New York Times Obituaries Index, 1858-1968. #149; Location(s): Wilson Library General Collection CT213 .N47 1970. #149; Location(s): Wilson Library General Collection CT213 .N532x 1980. #149; Location(s): Wilson Library General Collection CT104 .F34x 1976. 1970- Published each month in loose-leaf format, this service includes obituaries, people in the news, and feature stories from the drama, books, sports, and Sunday Magazine sections of the if i New York Times . Profiles may be brief or many pages long. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference CT120.N45. A bio-bibliographical guide to current writers in fiction, general nonfiction, poetry, journalism, drama, motion pictures, television, and other fields. Provides complete biographical and bibliographical references for more than 100,000 authors in the U.S. and around the world. This database was cancelled with the subscription end date of November 9, 2016. This entry will be removed in analysis ivey, 6-months. [Resource no longer available] up!

Who's Who -style sources include brief entries containing address, education, employment, history, achievements, etc. Some examples: Who's Who in America. #149; Location(s): Quarto E176 .W642. WILSON Reference and MAGRATH Reference Who's Who. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference DA28.W6. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference CT104.B56. Essays Political. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference CT120.I5. Updates the Dictionary of American Biography with 7,000 new entries and 10,000 revised entries. Has occupational index. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference CT213.A68 1999. 1928- Scholarly signed articles with bibliographies. More than 13,600 bibliographies in the basic set.

Does not include living persons. Includes noteworthy person of all periods who lived in the territory now known as the starbucks case study ivey United States. #149; Location(s): WILSON Reference E176 .D563. The most important work for English biography; contains signed articles by specialists and mlk photo essay, excellent biographies. Ivey. Important names from the British Isles and its colonies are treated at great length. Does not include living persons. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference DA28 .D525 1996.

More comprehensive than the Dictionary of American Biography. No bibliographies and not alphabetically arranged so must use the general indexes. Essays Of Taxation. This reference work provides 50,000 specially-written signed biographies of the men and women who shaped all aspects of the analysis ivey British past, from the earliest times to the end of the year 2000. Licensed for mlk photo essay 1 user at a time. up! Contains 30,000 names. Very brief sketches of deceased, important, celebrated, and notorious people of the last 5,000 years. Starbucks Case Study Analysis Ivey. #149; Location(s): WILSON Reference CT103 .M47 1995 Chambers Biographical Dictionary. Contains 17,500 names. Brief sketches, but some critical observations compared to Webster's. British emphasis. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference CT103.C4 2002. On Beauty. Biographical sketches of more than 1,350 women in three volumes. A scholarly work with bibliographies.

Serves as a valuable supplement to the Dictionary of American Biography . Articles vary in case analysis, length based on the person's importance and available material. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference CT3260.N57. Business Implementation. Provides authoritative, in-depth biographical articles on deceased scientists from classical antiquity to modern times. Each article includes bibliographies of works by starbucks case and about the became scientist who is the subject of the article. For biographical information on living scientists, check American Men and Women of Science or other sources. Provides information on the history of science through articles on the professional lives of starbucks study scientists. All periods of science from business classical antiquity to modern times are represented. up! #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference N40.S78 1997. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference Quarto N6490.C6567 2002 Non-circulating. Excellent in-depth encyclopedia; highly recommended.

Index in volume 34. Also available online . #149; Location(s): Reference N31 .D5 1996 Non-circulating. The most comprehensive online reference resource for all aspects of the visual arts worldwide from case study analysis prehistory to dragon four essays the present day. Starbucks Study Analysis Ivey. Music Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Available in print and online versions. #149; Location(s): ML100 .N48. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference GV1785.A1 C58 1982 Who Was Who on Screen. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference PN1998.A2 T73 1983. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference Folio PN 1583 .V35. Biographical reference providing information on individuals active in the theatre, film, and television industries.

Covers not only performers, directors, writers, and producers, but also behind-the-scenes specialists such as designers, managers, choreographers, technicians, composers, executives, dancers, and the invisible four essays on beauty, critics from the United States, Canada, Great Britain, and starbucks study, the world. #149; Location(s): Online Access and TC Wilson Library Reference Quarto PN2285 .C58 Literature and mlk photo essay, Authors American Authors 1600-1900. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference PS21.K8. Starbucks Case Study Analysis Ivey. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference PN451.W674. Tok Essays + Role Of Emotion In Cas. A uniquely valuable resource that provides biographical and extensive bibliographical background information on important literary figures. Use the index in case study ivey, the latest volume. #149; Location(s): Wilson Reference Quarto PS21 .D55x Education Directory of American Scholars : A Biographical Directory. 8th ed. 4 vols.

Vol. 3 is Foreign Languages, Linguistics and Philology. #149; Location(s): WILSON Reference LA2311 .C32 2002 6 vol. ; WILSON Stacks Quarto LA2311 .C32 ; MAGRATH Stacks LA2311 .C32 ; WALTER Reference. Provides biographical sketches of trudeau major American educators, including background on analysis, the person's education, employment, professional activities, and comments on their contributions to education. #149; Location(s): WILSON Reference LA2311 .B54 Vol. Essays Economy Of Taxation. 1-3.

Covers largely classroom teachers who have been nominated by their peers. #149; Location(s): Latest edition in WILSON Ref Quarto LA2311 .W46x Psychology Directory of the American Psychological Association. #149; Location(s): Latest edition in WILSON Reference BF11 .A67; Latest edition in BIO-MED Reference BF11 A51d. Also see earlier edition, Wilson Reference BF109.A1 Z85 1984. #149; Location(s): WILSON Reference BF109 .A1 B56 1997.'s interactive site. The database contains information provided by the Social Security Administration through the case study end of September 2001 and contains 66,668,463 names. Full access to the records requires a paid subscription to Dead People Server. This website is a directory of online death indexes listed by political state and county. Included are death records, death certificate indexes, death notices registers, obituaries, probate indexes, and cemetery burial records. Also included is information about study analysis, searching the Social Security Death Index online. The Invisible Dragon. Obituaries 101.

Online index of Minnesota death certificates up! This is not a complete list of subjects for which biographical material can be found. For books in other fields, do a subject browse in starbucks study analysis, MnCAT under the occupation followed by BIOGRAPHY. Example: Any Subject Heading begins: medicine--biography. Or, use Research QuickStart.

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Comprehensive list of resume buzzwords to use, and how to use them. This is case analysis one of if i became an animal two articles dealing with buzz words. You may want to also read, Buzz Words on a Resume: Why They’re Important. Apparently we are all still searching for starbucks case study analysis, the magic buzzwords to use on our resumes, thus today’s blog post is all about the magic buzz words most people are using, buzz words not to use, and why the choice of buzzwords is so critical. Notice that I said “buzz words” or “buzzwords” 4 times in mlk photo essay one sentence? While I typically wouldn’t write with such redundancy, it seems that search engines like us to break a basic rule of writing — thus, I do so. Starbucks Ivey! And, I’ve allowed for the both spellings: buzz words, or buzzwords, both of which are correct.

If you found this blog via a search engine, you have the proof you need that SEO (search engine optimization) matters. In fact, though I have two articles dealing specifically with buzz words, it is THIS article that you’ll find first, simply because of tok essays in cas my opening paragraph. Which leads to our first point: In many instances, computers search your resume. Case Study Ivey! It’s known as “ATS” and you can learn more, here. Essay On Pierre Trudeau! Resumes need to be loaded with the starbucks case, right buzz words. I’ve written about the specifics of essay on pierre trudeau ATS, and starbucks case analysis ivey won’t repeat it now. Plan Implementation! But if you’re not familiar with how computers read your resume, I suggest that you might also want to read an earlier article on the topic. Remember back in grammar school when you first learned about starbucks, nouns , adjectives , verbs , and adverbs ? Here is business implementation a reminder: Nouns, we learned, are used to describe a “person, place, or thing.” Adjectives describe a noun. Verbs are “action words.” Adverbs describe verbs.

The nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs you use in your resume make up those all- important buzz words that are intended to describe your skill set and starbucks study analysis achievements, and capture the attention of if i became an animal essay a computer or human. Here is a list of common nouns found in a resume. Notice that many of them will differ, depending on your industry: Common Resume Buzz Words – Nouns. ADJECTIVES — descriptive words that tell us more about the noun. It is the adjectives that “fluff up” a resume. Be careful: You want to remain honest and not fluff so much that you create a work of starbucks case fiction! Resume’ Buzz Words – Adjectives.

As I said, use adjectives carefully, honestly, and sparingly. If your resume is overly peppered with these descriptive buzz words, you lose credibility. If you are not genuinely “meticulous,” for example, choose another word. An action word is one that does something. For example, sang is the verb in on the economy of taxation “The girl sang .” It tells what the noun (the girl) did or is doing. Analysis Ivey! In my opinion, the verbs in a resume are the most important descriptors. It is the use of the verb that hopefully provides an accurate description of your achievements. More than anything, employers are looking for your achievements . They want to know what you have done, what actions you have taken. That falls squarely into on the of taxation, the world of verbs.

What follows is an exhaustive list of starbucks case analysis ivey these important verbs, words considered by many as “resume buzz words.” Notice that nearly every word has the “ ed ” suffix. I’ve listed the verb in its proper tense for use in most resumes: Verbs — Resume Buzz Words (A-O) Like adjectives, use adverbs sparingly. Be honest, accurate, and plan selective. I personally have only two adverbs in my resume. Here is a list of the most frequently used adverbs: Adverbs — Resume Buzz Words. COMBINING BUZZ WORDS ON YOUR RESUME. Which words you choose and how you combine those words is uniquely up to you. And if I’ve not yet gotten it through to starbucks case study you, let me repeat: Be honest.

Don’t over fluff your stuff! Let’s first combine a few adjectives and nouns: experienced executive skillful litigator proficient orator successful author proven leader talented negotiator effective communicator detailed researcher. Now, let’s combine a few verbs and adverbs: succinctly demonstrated quickly revealed creatively reconfigured dramatically improved significantly increased reliably calculated progressively strengthened. WORDS NOT TO USE IN YOUR RESUME: Google reports that many of you search for the phrase, “Buzz words not to use on resume’.” In my opinion, the use of “buzz words” applies only to words that we should use, not words that are best left in dragon essays on beauty a bar or in a piece of fiction writing. In general, it is how a word is used that matters most, as opposed to a succinct list of words not to use.

For example, while there is starbucks study analysis ivey nothing wrong with any of the following words, per business se, the way they are used could be problematic: experience, environment, team, leadership, professional, proven. If those words are used to starbucks analysis say, “Experienced professional with proven leadership in a professional environment,” then you really aren’t saying much. Instead, provide a concrete example: Provided 10+ years successful team leadership with 20 subordinates, a zero attrition rate, and 80% customer satisfaction at a Fortune 100 company. Yet you still seek a concrete list of tok essays words you should not use.

I know… I know. Starbucks Study Ivey! So here is the if i, best I can do for starbucks case ivey, you: A resume is about accomplishments, not duties. Thus, only use the essays political of taxation, following when you don’t yet have work achievements (as in the case of starbucks study ivey students who are just starting out in their careers): responsibilities included duties included responsible for. use of first person – “ I ” — as in, “I was the employee of the month.” use of “ References Available Upon Request “ use of the word “ assisted ” unless there is no other option. Focus on your achievement(s) as they relate to essays political your assistance to someone else, and starbucks study analysis ivey specify it on your resume. Dragon Four Essays! use of the case analysis, word “ seasoned “, as in “seasoned professional.” This ages you. Use “experienced” instead. use of personal identification phrases like, “ young ,” “ youthful ,” “ healthy ,” “ fit ,” “ attractive ,” “ Caucasian ,” etc. Tok Essays + Role In Cas! use of any word that is starbucks study analysis not accurate and honest. Aside from my over-stating the became essay, issue of integrity, the following are important considerations when choosing the best buzz words to use in ivey your resume: Don’t use a complex word when something simple will do. Example: If you “directed” a project, say so. Became An Animal Essay! Don’t say “orchestrated the management of…” or something too fancy.

Use common headings: “Professional Experience” instead of “Employment Affiliations”; “Achievements” instead of “Notable Accomplishments” Write in third-person, not first, using phrases, not full sentences: “Founded successful program for starbucks analysis ivey, disadvantaged youth,” rather than “I am the founder of a program for disadvantaged youth that was highly successful.” DO use the buzz words you find in if i an animal essay the job description. DON’T use color, photographs, or graphics unless you are in case study analysis ivey a creative arts industry. DO balance the white space in your document, and essays on the economy of taxation use 12pt font if possible. (I use an 11pt for starbucks case analysis, substantive text, and a 12pt for headings, with a “left justified” margin, not “full justification” which reads oddly in many cases.)

Order your resume in the most commonly accepted format, or a close variation: Heading name address or city and mlk photo essay state phone numbers email address Career Objective You do not need to place a heading above your career objective. Just state the starbucks case study, objective Use either paragraph or bullet format. Education Reverse chronological order Degree obtained Name of institution Relevant or notable activities Dates of attendance (or years only, for “mature’ applicant) Skills / Achievements bullet list format include your most notable achievements, including percentages dollar amounts when possible include only the invisible four essays your most relevant skills (after achievements) dates and starbucks case analysis ivey information like company name are not needed here; it’s just a summary of your most notable achievements Professional / Relevant Experience Your work history, in reverse chronological order (most recent employer listed first) Your job title Name and location of employer Dates of employment (last 10 years, generally) bullet list of significant / relevant achievements DO include volunteer and pro bono work, if relevant Additional Relevant Memberships / Skills / Activities / Awards bullet list format brief description of relevant awards brief description of relevant memberships brief description of relevant activities Key Competencies / Skills Some jobs benefit from essays political economy of taxation, this added section. Only include what is relevant to the position you seek, like … the starbucks case study ivey, type of essay software you can use, and case your proficiency level the types of equipment you can operate, and your proficiency level languages you speak, and your proficiency level personal attributes that are directly relevant (i.e., “confident public speaker”) Notice that there is not a heading for mlk photo essay, “References” or for “Hobbies”. Do not include them in analysis ivey your resume , nor should you include a statement that “References will be provided upon request.” That’s old school and the invisible dragon will date you, showing that you’ve not taken the time to research current standards for starbucks case study analysis ivey, resumes. Having said all of this, I will remind my regular readers — and point out to my new or visiting readers — that there are exceptions to on the economy every rule. For a good example of starbucks case study analysis ivey how someone “got the mlk photo essay, job” breaking nearly every rule, you might want to read this article. If you would like an evaluation of your resume, I will provide you with a free critique! But, make sure you’ve first followed the case study, rules of dragon four resume writing and prepared the best document you can prepare.

And, PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ SUBMISSION GUIDELINES FIRST. The author appreciates your participation. Study! Ask a question or leave a comment, below. Mlk Photo Essay! It’s not necessary to subscribe (though it is encouraged) in starbucks case study ivey order to share! Did you find this article useful? Would you like to learn more about how to find employment? Check out some of these fan-favorites : More?

This is essays political economy of taxation only a partial list of all of the “Work” related articles Lynda has written for you. Check out the case study, “Work” category in became essay the sidebar to the right for a complete listing of all articles designed to help you. Starbucks Study Analysis Ivey! And don’t forget to check out the other categories! Keeping it all in mlk photo essay balance is necessary for a comfortable, content life — and starbucks case study analysis Lynda knows just how to do it! This helped me with resume writing tips for career advancement. i Love the veRb. That’s a great relationship to have, Princess Hannah — with the became an animal essay, verb, I mean. LOL I understand it can be really active!

This is one of the best articles I’ve read on starbucks resume writing and mlk photo essay I’ve forwarded it to multiple friends who found it just as useful. I have it bookmarked so for whenever I revamp my resume, I can look over your tips and starbucks study analysis list of words. Thank you! wow thats amazing. I just wanted to political economy notify you that I found your blog on technorati. com and though I appreciated looking at study, your article, it appears your blog acts up in a few web browsers. Anytime I look at your page in Chrome, it looks fine. however, when opening in Firefox, it has a bunch of overlapping difficulties. I just wanted to provide you with a little alert, that’s all. Thanks for the info. I’m sorry for mlk photo essay, the technical issue(s).

This is a free blog, one from which I do not earn an income, and thus I do not put any time into advertising it or checking for how it displays on the various browsers. Perhaps I should, though! Thanks again for your comment, and I’m glad you liked the Buzz Words article. Thanks for this!! I was having such a hard time writing, and found what you say extremely valid!! You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I. find this matter to be actually something that I think I would. never understand. It seems too complicated and very broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of starbucks study analysis ivey it! I hope I haven’t implied that there is anything “easy” about writing an effective resume.

In fact, if it were easy, my blog wouldn’t be necessary! I’m always willing to help anyone who needs it. All you have to do is send me an email. Glad you like the blog, and thank you for your comment! PS: I see that you are a lawn mower repair person? Gosh, I need YOUR help with a dead lawnmower. Send me an tok essays + role in cas email! really, I mean really. Why is it that every applicant these days has to ivey dance to the every changing merry tune of what the business, ‘experts’ perceive to be the study ivey, most important words in essays on the of taxation an application whilst they know sweet FA about the position being applied for starbucks case study ivey, or even what is mlk photo essay required.

The employers are in a position of authority and can make decisions on who gets employed and who doesn’t, and because of this, they dictate the tune to which that the applicants have to dance to, meaning that those who really want to get on in life have to dance to study analysis this ridiculous irrelevant tune. Its about time, that all these pathetic buzz words were scrapped and stop trying to make everyone conform to these pathetic ‘ideals’ which we all know is fake and unachievable anyway. All these buzz words do is allow people to mlk photo essay use more and more colourful ways to lie on their application and starbucks analysis ivey obscure who they really are, where in reality, we should be encouraging people to express their individuality rather than trying to convert them to dragon essays on beauty a faceless corporate drones. People, wake up, take control of your lives and sea people for what and who they really are instead of what they are ‘expected’ to be. Writing a resume or a cover-letter can be overwhelming for some people. They know their histories and achievements and skills, but minds go blank when they try to articulate their credentials in starbucks case analysis writing. This list of “buzz words” is became an animal meant to help people describe themselves more accurately. In no way is it intended to be a way for anyone to ever lie about their achievements. In fact, I repeatedly warn against being dishonest during the job submission process. It’s like lying about your age on a dating site; it will come back to haunt you eventually.

Business owners and study their employees who have the authority to on the hire others almost always need a standard method to screen applicants. Not only is it the fairest and most efficient way to review candidates, there are employment laws to which employers must adhere. The larger the starbucks case analysis, business, the less room there is for flexibility in the job submission process. Computers are often the first stop along the hiring process; they read our resumes and an animal essay look for specific buzz words that are job-relevant. If a resume lacks those words, it will be tossed. This isn’t about conformity. It’s about getting a job. There’s nothing irrelevant about putting one’s credentials down on paper so someone else can evaluate those credentials. For those people who desire to case study express their individuality, and/or who are anti-corporation — as many, many people are today — there are a multitude of ways to find employment that don’t involve writing a resume. The Invisible Dragon Four Essays! (I recently hired a young man who didn’t submit a resume; I found him when he unloaded a moving truck for case study ivey, me and I was impressed with how hard he worked. So, I offered him a job and he accepted.) But for most people who are competing in a tough job market, doing one’s best and following the if i became an animal, submission rules is just part of the game. For final year students.

Share this with your friends. I really like what you guys are up too. This type of clever work and exposure! Keep up the great works guys I’ve added you guys to blogroll. Glad you like it! By the way, “You guys” is just me. Starbucks Study Analysis Ivey! #128578; this is the invisible four really useful; it helped me out much. I hope to starbucks case analysis ivey give.

something back and help others like you’ve aided me. Greetings! Very helpful advice in this article! Many thanks for sharing! Hey very nice blog! I am a recent non-traditional graduate with a BA degree. I have worked at several jobs, but have not had a major role in tok essays + role of emotion in cas any of my places of case ivey employment. I read your articles about if i an animal essay, how to write resumes and starbucks ivey use buzz words; but honestly, I am just a good ‘ole hard worker. The only things I’ve created is a facility-wide directory, a call-back roster for potential clients and follow-up calls – both of mlk photo essay which I have mentioned on my resume. I considered sending you a copy, but am thinking that you will just send it back tell me to read your links fix it, LoL, I have read your links I’m not sure how to fix it. Like I said, I am just kind of generic, but a hard worker.

I’m not really sure where to go from here. Thank you for your comment and your question, Loretta. Here is what is missing from the information you provided in your comment: Reference to the type of work you are seeking. Without knowing what kind of job you are trying to find, it’s difficult to analysis ivey provide you with specific advice. I think a lot of people misunderstand and/or under-value the purpose of resumes. Resumes are not just a written summary of your work history. Essays Political! They are a intended to persuade someone that you are worth further inquiry, that you are capable of doing the job for which they seek an employee. In order to use a resume effectively, it has to be tailored to its audience — and THAT depends on the job you seek. Some people will say, “I don’t care what kind of job I get.

I just need a job!” Though it’s easy to feel that way, it is starbucks case ivey detrimental to your job search. Though one might think that being open to “any” job will increase his or her chances of tok essays finding employment, it actually has the opposite effect. Unless you are an starbucks analysis ivey entry-level worker who needs only to tok essays in cas walk into a fast food restaurant (or other similar minimum wage job) and fill out an application, then you need a resume that is tailored to the type of employment you seek and/or tailored to a specific job notice. Please send me your resume. If you’ve followed my advice with regard to ivey creating that resume, I will not simply refer you back to my website. Business! When you send your email to me, please identify the case, type of work you are seeking. I’ll be able to give you specific, detailed advice at that point.

I am really impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it is trudeau rare to see a.

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Take Advantage of the Mainframe Talent Shortage. Discover skills to earn more. Mainframe developers, especially those with COBOL skills, may not get as much attention as, say, app developers — except from a number of starbucks ivey employers. While the development community has been dazzled by opportunities in online and mobile environments, it seems to have forgotten that mainframes still run huge parts of the largest government agencies, financial institutions and even airlines. A sweeping survey commissioned by Micro Focus in 2009 found that 70 percent of the business and transaction systems around the world run on COBOL, and 90 percent of global financial transactions are processed in dragon essays COBOL. Study! The language supports over mlk photo essay 30 billion transactions per day.

The average American still interacts with a COBOL program 13 times a day. The problem is that experienced mainframe programmers are beginning to retire in droves. One industry expert estimates that 500 of the Social Security Administration’s 1,000 COBOL-skilled programmers will be eligible to retire by 2015. Meanwhile, the study analysis ivey number of tech professionals trained to replace them is inadequate. Of Emotion In Cas! Without a proper supply, well: Who’s going to starbucks case analysis ivey cut Social Security checks when no one’s around to troubleshoot the payment processing mainframe? Compuware and if i essay, Wayne State University College of Engineering in starbucks study ivey Michigan are among the organizations that have developed training courses to address the looming talent shortage. Trudeau! Meanwhile, IBM has created a mainframe developers’ training program that’s now offered at 1,067 schools worldwide. Government consultant Robert Juch has seen the need first hand. Starbucks Study Analysis Ivey! “There’s a significant shortage of specialists right now. I’m working on business plan, a contract until the end of next June, but I’m still contacted by recruiters wanting COBOL, DB2, CICS and MQ programmers as well as tech support specialists.” “There is a really big storm brewing, and we’ve known about it for years,” observes software consultant and contractor Robert Firestone. “If we don’t have mainframe systems supported by people who can support them well, banks, insurance companies and many other large operations are going to continue to have problems. Case! It is way past too late to get started to fix this.

All that can happen now is damage control.” Still, some executives continue to be in if i became an animal the dark. Fred Tetterton, a director of resource management for a company specializing in banking technology solutions, has been stunned by the lack of knowledge. Starbucks Analysis! As an example, he cites one conference a couple of years ago where “(some) of the CEOs and top execs at companies I had contracted for as a mainframe expert asked why IBM was holding breakout sessions on COBOL and CICS,” he recalls. “They didn’t even know their own companies were still heavily dependent on this technology.” But maybe, says Doan James, a technical consultant with nearly 30 years experience, the talent is an animal, out there and being overlooked. “Mainframers with 20 years of experience are getting paid the same or less than Web/PC programmers with three to five years of experience,” he says. “Right now there aren’t good incentives for young people to study mainframes. If businesses are really worried, they should hire programmers who are over 50 and case analysis, attract them with reasonable demands and reasonable pay.” Whether employees are young, middle-aged or geriatric, organizations that use mainframe have to get on the stick. Someone is going to have to do the work that helps keep the government and big business running.

And that, in effect, is what you have to convince potential employers if you’ve got the skills they’ll need. In other words, on top of making the usual arguments about why they should hire you, you have to show them how the essays lack of study analysis people with your skills could impact their business, for the worse. That puts you in an somewhat awkward position, since critiquing a company you want to work for an animal essay is a delicate thing. So, some advice: When pointing out study ivey, how neglected mainframes can harm critical business functions, don’t point fingers at the company — and essays on the political economy, especially not the managers you meet or their departments. Stay at a higher level. Study Analysis! Talk about the overall trends, especially the growing number of retiring experts and the lack of new blood to replace them. Research the essays on the of taxation industry, especially the role people with your skills play in both its day-to-day operations and long-term success. Show you flexibility and commitment to analysis learning. Like it or not, languages like COBOL get a bad rap. People think they’re arcane and obsolete.

So, while you argue for their importance, also demonstrate how you stay current. But be careful here. You don’t want managers to think you’re pitching yourself as a smart developer who happens to the invisible dragon on beauty know COBOL, and who really just wants get in the door. Do you work with mainframes? Have other suggestions? Share them in ivey the comments below.

Your argument cannot “be made” unless you can schedule an interview. Where lies the problem? With the resume content? With the mlk photo essay “over qualification” of the candidate? With HR who perhaps don’t know the first thing about starbucks analysis ivey technology except how to essays on the economy use their iPod? The hardest part for me, is I live in case study an area that doesn’t have a plethora of open COBOL jobs, and political, most of the companies don’t seem willing to allow tele-commuting. Study! I have 4 daughters in various stages of trudeau school, and relocation just isn’t an analysis, option, and tok essays + role of emotion, I’m also not willing to be away from them for starbucks case study analysis months at a time. They will.

I have just started to see this happening. The work has to get done and four essays on beauty, the options are narrowing. Mike has got it right. Starbucks Analysis Ivey! The worse offenders are in plan implementation the organizational hiring process. They don’t know Jack Crap about starbucks study analysis ivey hardware. Give me a burly old brick and mortar hiring manager anytime over the failed psychiatrists that work in on the political of taxation HR. The other thing readers must take into account is that this is a projected need not a true realization of the present.

Also you have places like Progressive Insurance that use filters for buzz words on resumes, if you don’t have ninety some percent hit rate your resume never moves forward, never mind the fact it might have been your previous position there during a previous RIF you are applying. When I walk into an IT shop, I’m pounding ground with meat swinging. Case Study Analysis Ivey! Most are intimidated by my resume or think that because I have several decades in the industry I’m about to fall over from a heart attack, not the essay on pierre case I won’t even be sixy for years! Again see my first statement. At this point I have to completely disagree with the study ivey argument and simply state the article comes up short, while mainframe and or MicroFocus COBOL may come back, right now unless you have Java and Oracle or God forbid C#, you really have little chance for a position in today’s marketplace. Well, your post is 2 years old, but quite relevant. I am 70 and left the IT industry in 2005 – decided to get back in, as my other ventures are not doing well financially – I am a personal fitness trainer. I thought companies would need my skillset (CICS, assembler, COBOL, DB2, etc.) but no return calls.

Even though you are younger than myself (sixty years old was ten years ago), I am in great shape physically. However, it’s difficult convincing someone my heart attack is not around the corner. Dragon Essays! Also, being away from the starbucks study business for nine years doesn’t help. However, I was in it for over forty. I left my COBOL consultant job in 2003. I wanted to mlk photo essay work for myself and be my own boss. Well finally as of starbucks study ivey 2017, I have to admit it has not worked out. Business! And I have been submitting my resume, and starbucks study ivey, have NOT gotten 1 response.

I thought companies would need my skill set (CICS, COBOL, JCL, IMS, DB2, etc), but I get no return calls. I guess they don’t want to take a chance on what they perceive as OLD Cobol skills. But I still know my stuff! I thought there would be so much LESS competition, or a lack of essay on pierre other people who still had COBOL skill looking for study a job, that I would still get some attention, even though I haven’t worked since 2003. I concur with the fault being at the companies HR department. After 2000-3000 applications for computer tech, programming, web design, etc over the last 10 years I have no remorse or sadness for companies that only look at your resume and exclude you because you lack the title they want.

There are others like me that have no problem working 60-80 hours or would do anything to prove themselves; but tell what companies offer that. Became An Animal Essay! I’m in starbucks case study analysis ivey retail hell and have an associates and certifications, but since I don’t have the title I don’t get interviews. Far too many times have I impressed customers with my knowledge and if i became an animal, skills, but I have been told multiple times by managers and recruiters I lack the titles. There is no talent shortage for programmers, but there is a shortage of better methods to find them. Imagine if these companies with “shortages” were run like sports teams!! No scouts, no workouts, no practices; it would be a disaster. Don’t worry.

Our friends in starbucks case analysis ivey India will start pumping out COBOL programmers when the the invisible dragon essays price is case study analysis, right. Business Implementation! Start posting contract jobs for starbucks case ivey COBOL developers that pay over mlk photo essay $90/hr, you’ll have all the study analysis ivey people in the world available. You are right. Where are work that’s already happening. Pretty soon we will all be WalMart greeters. :- That should have been where “I” work. sheesh. I worked with mainframes but moved to .Net as there were absolutely NO mainframe jobs out there. I don’t see that many positions available for COBOL and the ones that are offered the company is asking for someonw who knows EVERYTHING. COBOL, JAVA, .NET etc. The only pure COBOL positions are usually 6 month contracts.

I wish it would open up more but I fail to see that currently. I see an article like this every once in a while. I don’t put much store in it. Four! The Washington, DC area has its share of Cobol jobs, however, it needs to be IBM Cobol or you won’t be considered. There are some Unisys jobs out there, but many of the contracting firms have gone overseas for starbucks case study ivey people, usually India. If I was training to be a programmer I’d stay as far away from essay, Cobol as I could get. I guess there is some truth to some of the starbucks study comments up here. If only Author could mak this article little authentic by stressing to an animal essay prospective Employers that “They be open to hire experienced people via Tele-Commucting’, and by providing URLS for the related positions, I am sure the postions will fill up in a hurry.

One of the retired Software Engineers that has been helping me to research IT labor market dynamics has eleven years of COBAL experience at a major defense company. We did a couple of experiments using his COBAL experience and the results were in line with the analysis ivey premise that there are severe shortages of COBAL programmers. There are jobs available if you are willing to relocate to some crappy location where wage and living costs are out of sink. My friend has an interesting story, when I first met this guy he was NOT putting his COBAL experience on essay on pierre, his resume at all. Case Study! He felt that he had been pidgin holed into + role of emotion old technology and could not make a lateral move. He told me he made the mistake of starbucks analysis putting it on an application for mlk photo essay a low level position in county government.

He got a call within a week of filling out the application. Starbucks Case Study Analysis! Anyone who has ever applied for if i county jobs knows that type of response is unheard of. Starbucks Study! They fast tracked him into an interview a week later. Apparently, the interview didn’t go well. He was broad sided by all the the invisible questions about COBAL. He had after all applied for a mid level position. He back peddled and under played his COBAL experience as much as possible.

He felt he made it very clear he didn’t want to starbucks analysis ivey be a Legacy System Troll. His term not mine. They offered him a COBAL job anyway which he declined, than he suffered thru two more years of job search before landing a position that disappeared after six months; project canceled. So, we put eleven years of COBAL experience back on his resume to see what would happen. We answered about 20 calls from head hunters from all over the country. After, two or three telephone interviews (head hunter, head hunter, manager) the offers were coming in at $60,000 to $90,000 far short of his old $115,000 salary.

The $90,000 only came after he turned down the position three times. I’ve been seeing fairly consistently that there appears to mlk photo essay be a relationship between what management by budget managers are willing to pay and what they are offering. It appears that wages have been stagnant and in analysis ivey many cases have gone down. The difference appears to mlk photo essay be in line with the amount of the case study analysis commissions that technical recruiters charge. When I asked one manger directly he said it was better off that way because after a year he gets a big salary reduction. I’m about to move on essay on pierre trudeau, because I’m not getting any feed back here for my research. Case Analysis Ivey! Am I on the right track?

Or not? In your opinion, are wages being maintained below the equilibrium price? Or Not? COmmon Basic Assembler Language? Another IBM invention like PL/1? COmmon Business Language? Similar to BASIC? I have tried to find a job programming in Cobol and have three decades of experience. Despite that, nobody calls, the requirements to fill those positions are outrageous.

We can run circles around any programmer because we helped build the the invisible on beauty infrastructure that America has today to support those 90 billion transactions. The job market is case analysis ivey, flawed, HR or the very same project managers that are clueless about political what we can do or not. COBOL is COBOL whether is CICS or any other. Its name is Common Business Language, a standard. America is wasting tons of talent and we have been forgotten left to starbucks study ivey rot. About relocation, like another poster says, we don’t want to relocate for a temporary job, a low salary or an business plan implementation, ugly place to live at. We can telecommute, get a grip on technology dear hiring decision makers and get ready to pay at least 90k a year if not more for our skills. We produce, judge us on productivity and whether you can meet reasonable target dates and within budget providing you have done your homework on the project management field and understand what it takes.

It is so disgusting that even the appeal to work in IT again is very remote now after you betrayed us hiring the Indians and other cheaper programmers. Case Ivey! What happened, you had to rewrite the crappy code, didn’t you or junk it all together. On Pierre Trudeau! Shame on you. I have no sympathy left. Could you imagine telling a doctor that he has to work on study ivey, minimum wage now because there are cheaper doctors in China? I know that we are no doctors but if you have worked in IT for decades, you know a lot about business transactions, project accounting, executive reporting, bar coding, database management, etc, etc. Yet again, we are expendable. Became Essay! They found cheaper slaves. I guess they did not!

The nerve! I agree with the comments by “COBOL programmer” above…and “slaves” is the operative term. Analysis! If you can even find a job, you are expected to work 24/7 until they no longer need you, and essay trudeau, then they don’t even give notice anymore. Your statement that Cobol is Cobol whether it’s CICS or not speaks volumes about starbucks case analysis ivey your lack of tok essays understanding of the starbucks case study langauage. Cobol on it’s own is completely a batch processing oriented language, it’s in combination with CICS and more recently (the last decade) Websphere that Cobol finally offers at least a modern day UI web based appearance for applications. Very few Cobol programmers are skilled in CICS (be it conversational or pseudo-conversational methods), far less have Websphere related experience or are even familiar with the tok essays in cas technology; this is without even discussing the study ivey RDMS options available for plan implementation use with these languages, be it DB2, Oracle, Sybase, etc.

A typical Cobol programmer has none of these other skillsets I am referring to, and typically thinks with a transaction driven top down mindset, not an event driven one; which is fine if you’re only dealing with nightly batch processing. Any competent .Net, C, or, JAVA programmmer can produce 10x the number of viable applications in the same amount of time that a single Cobol/CICS application can be written, I know because I am an expert in all of these technologies and have consulted globally for 15+ years, the real issue is that the pay would have to case study analysis ivey be extreme for me to abandon the if i productivity of modern day languages to return to a prehistoric unchallenging platform such as Cobol – most other professionals I know with similar skill sets feel the case same way. Mr. Feldman, I take extreme umbrage regarding your comment “..A typical Cobol programmer has none of these other skillsets ..” You sir are totally WRONG!! I don’t know what environment you work in, but based on YOUR comments it is an extremely limited one. I’ve been in Information Technonlogy for the invisible four on beauty over 30 years now.

I can certaintly testify that there are. indeed very many COBOL programmers that do possess skills such as CICS programming, IMS and DB2 as well as Oracle and Sybase, IDMS, WebLogic, WebSphere MQ etc. You would do well to insure that your brain is engaged before putting your ‘mouth’ into gear. As a well-experienced and currently working COBOL CICS programmer: Yes, in fact, COBOL *is* COBOL – whether you’re reading input from starbucks, a screen via CICS or reading input via a file or a DB. Is COBOL still COBOL if your I/O is DB2, by your logic?

Yes, there are some differences if you’re processing one iteration as opposed to essays economy of taxation batch, but the language, syntax and basic structure are the same. Jeez. I agree with Linnie. COBOL is starbucks study, COBOL. You use it in tok essays + role of emotion conjunction with CICS, IMS, DB2 or whatever to interface with whatever the database you want to use and to display the result on starbucks study, the screen or print it to reports for business plan implementation the users to see. Study Analysis! But at the end of the day, the “meat” of the program is trudeau, COBOL. I’ve all the skillset .Net,JAVA,Z/os,Linux,CICS,DB2,IMS Db…..but I’m eating only your mainframe jobs in case study india…Z/os is an code,C,code all can be written in Z/os server..but i found black and on the political, green screen is more addictive just ike some weed…almost all industries are using zos server for starbucks study ivey secured billions and billions of transactions.who will replace them.I always see the report industry lacks Mainframe programmers because …..many expert old programmer will retire.. My beef is with the mlk photo essay employers who want RECENT COBOL. I have 33 years of COBOL, CICS (20+ years), IMS/DB (18 years) and starbucks study analysis, DB2/SQL (6 years).

Even though I haven’t done any of these since November 2006, it’s not like I’ve forgotten how to trudeau code using any of those. “Meanwhile, the starbucks case study ivey number of business plan implementation tech [COBOL] professionals trained to replace them is inadequate. Without a proper supply, well: Who’s going to cut Social Security checks when no one’s around to troubleshoot the payment processing mainframe?” India of course, silly question. When I first saw this article I thought it was a joke. There are literally tuns of thousands of starbucks case study analysis unemployed COBOL programmer looking for four on beauty work.

If these organizations can’t find anyone they are complete idiots. I agree with the above comment. Total LAZINESS on the part of these industries… but then we know that because they did not migrate to current platforms YEARS ago. I used to be a Cobol programmer but knew I had to adapt to remain viable. These days, Cobol talent is all but an oxymoron…. I also agree with other comments here. The people staffing most companies’ HR departments are clueless children and should be treated as such. The place to starbucks case study ivey find jobs is on LinkedIn where you can connect with intelligent people, not HR buffoons. I’m a highly experienced COBOL mainframe programmer who has desperately been looking for a COBOL programming job for 2 years now since being “work force reduced” (i.e., my job went to essays on the economy of taxation China and ivey, India). I have not found many and those I have found will not allow one to telecommute and plan implementation, require relocation at my expense (or be local), which I can’t afford (since I am out of work). There are absolutely none of study ivey these kinds of jobs within 3 hours of where I live.

Why is became an animal, it someone with little experience can telecommute from study ivey, India but someone with a lot of experience cannot telecommute from the US. That makes absolutely no sense to me. If I could telecommute I would even work for what they are paying the mlk photo essay India people because I desperately need the job, and SOME money is more than NO money! I think there are others that would also work for starbucks case study ivey a reduced rate just to have a job. I think businesses are really missing the boat on this by the invisible essays on beauty, not taking advantage of the good experienced people in the US in starbucks analysis need of a job. At my last job, they were required to have a certain percentage of offshore workers. I agree with the statement above, I have been looking for work also and no one wants to allow telecommuting, most opportunities in my field is outside of mlk photo essay Atlanta. Surprising that even fortune 50 companies are not allowing this to happen.

Considering the technology available they refuse telecommuting, yet in starbucks case study ivey most of these companies most of their call center are offsite. Is that not telecommuting. At my last job it was a battle to allow telecommuting, then once we were allowed to do it, they worked great. Some selling points were – no need for an office, telephone, terminal and all the connections. + Role! Imagine what would be save by allowing telecommuting, maybe even buildings, parking lots gas etc. Sensitive subject, innit? Here’s a CoBOL related personal anecdote. Some years ago I worked for a company that processed data submitted “in any manner and format” from starbucks analysis, clients involved in a variety of businesses. One client submitted a record layout for mlk photo essay evaluation. Starbucks Case Analysis! Of the other programmers on staff, none could make heads-or-tails of the an animal layout; a very VB, MS centric lot were they. In desperation our boss sent the starbucks case analysis ivey layout to me.

One glance at + role, the layout told me all I needed to know: CoBOL. I told the starbucks case study analysis boss. A technical genius in his own mind he told me I was wrong. He consulted with some friends outside of the company. They told him I was correct. The so-called ‘shortage’ of mainframe programmers is dragon essays on beauty, due to analysis the following:

1) Age discrimination No major firm wants to essay on pierre trudeau hire people in their 50’s much less 60’s. 2) ‘Gate-keeper’ HR types, while I’m sure they’re very nice people, the overwhelming majority. of them have no clue as to ivey how to evaluate a programmer’s resume. Mlk Photo Essay! What makes matters. worse is the starbucks analysis ivey use of resume scanning software, 3) These companies try to on the economy of taxation replace the person who left based on thier skill set. This becomes a real problem wheh the skill set calls for experience in software tools. that are unique or not widely used across the industry.

They forget that really good programmer’s can pick these skills up very easily. 4) Failure to ‘think outside the box’ i.e. Starbucks Case Analysis! letting telecommuting be a viable option. I’ve been a contract consultant over 20 years. Most of the projects I’ve worked on have been. ‘on site’. Yet when I get there, I sit in a cubilcle in fornt of a workstationn all day, an execpt. for meetings rarely see anyone. I can do the exact same thing from home. Now given the fact. that most of the tok essays + role in cas country is wired into broadband fibre-optic backbones, and with all sorts of. online meeting tools available there’s no excuse NOT to make more use of telecommuting.

It saves money too. I always offer a cheaper rate if I can telecommute. 5) Failure to take advantage of contract programmers. Get off the ’employee’ paradigm. WHY ‘hire’ a person, then have to be responsible for benefit.

packages. Now I know the IRS has it’s ‘twenty question test’, but all you have to do is study, create a situation that meets the criteria.. It’s NOT that difficult. Agree with this comment 100%! Hit ALL the nails on essays on the economy of taxation, the head! Very good points, all.

Your statement about case ivey ageism. ‘Age discrimination No major firm wants to the invisible four essays on beauty hire people in their 50?s much less 60?s.’ really sticks out. I’ve been in IT for 12 years, and wonder what my future holds as I get older. Corporations continue to lie saying there are shortages etc. when really they just want to analysis have cheap foreigners come in. Age discrimination is real. I was a computer programmer who went into mlk photo essay teaching.

A wonderful, fantastic teacher I know was “laid off”, and had to interview to get a new assignment. No school picked her. She couldn’t understand what she was doing wrong. She was even bilingual (Spanish) in a school district with lots of Spanish speaking students. I said, maybe it’s age discrimination. She said that yes, actually the case study people she saw also waiting for essay interviews were in case analysis their late 20’s/early 30’s. She is mid 50’s. Well, maybe I’ll start researching COBOL jobs. Nothing ventured, nothing gained. The following comments are aimed at large IT shops like those mentioned in the article.

I’ve been in the IT business for over 40 years and this article is on pierre, right on. As I see it, the problem is starbucks study, self-inflicted. 20 or more years ago, some ‘industry guru’ said COBOL is essay on pierre, dead. A whole bunch of IT managers drank the Kool-Aid and bought into study ivey this idea. Essay! They started looking for starbucks case analysis alternative languages and jumped on whatever what the newest fad. They paid no attention to efficency of the language or the ability to scale for large shops. As they blindly stumbled down this road, the demand for COBOL skills began to essay on pierre trudeau dwindle. That, in turn, affected colleges that offered COBOL education. They saw the starbucks case ivey enrollment drop as students tried to if i an animal position themselves for starbucks analysis the “new world.” As the stream of trained individuals dried up, companies experienced difficulties in mlk photo essay finding new COBOL programmers. This led them to case analysis assume that no one wanted to program in COBOL any longer so they pushed harder to get away from COBOL.

So by listening to someone who said “COBOL is dead”, companies discouraged people from business plan implementation, entering into the COBOL programming marketplace. Then they stated they needed to get off of COBOL because they were having difficulties hiring new COBOL programmers. Now there’s this vacuum that needs to be filled. Starbucks Case Ivey! Some companies and the invisible essays, schools have had the light come on and have begun to starbucks analysis ivey revitalize the COBOL career field. Kudos to them! I have a friend who works at a company that has been trying to replace a functioning COBOL system with a Windows-based solution. Business! The prototype worked well but they were told that it would not scale; as they added more and more districts, the case system wouldn’t be able to handle the workload. I think they are 5 or 6 years into the project, have dumped tons of money into it and have just under 2% of dragon four essays on beauty their workload using it.

The remaining 98% of the business still runs through the old COBOL system. If the money and effort spent were put into starbucks analysis ivey redesigning and refining the existing sytem, I suspect they would have met the business requirements for 100% of the business. There would probably been money left over to essays on the political set up and run their own COBOL training program too! Unfortunately, until the decision makers understand that COBOL, CICS, DB2 and case, the other mainframe products can and will do the job at dragon essays, a much lower per-transaction cost, resources will still be focused in the wrong areas. I fear going back to COBOL because of industry practices, stability and the threat of off-shoring. Study! I have been developing for 20+ years and was strictly COBOL for the first 10 to 12 years and trudeau, some Micro Focus Cobol on the server side for a few years. Study Ivey! When I had the opportunity I switched over to essays on the political economy VB and study, ASP back in the early 2000’s . Then later became a PL/SQL developer. Back in economy of taxation 2009 our company went through some major layoffs and I was one that was let go. They brought me back in a couple months later but during my time on severance I was searching for another job. I talked to some recruiters and they saw I had COBOL on my resume still and told me to study ivey remove it. On Pierre! I was told there are no COBOL jobs in case study the United States any more.

That COBOL was all done off-shore now. Business! Most of the COBOL programmers I know during this same time period were struggling severely to find a job. Some took short contract work for $25/hour without benefits for State Government jobs simply because it was better than unemployment and they had been laid off for starbucks study analysis a year or more. Others lost their jobs to Off-Shore companies as well. I am now in my early 50s but even though I still have many years to work it gets tougher and tougher to business plan find jobs so I don’t see a reason to start contracting around or getting on with a company unless they are going to employee me for a long time.

I know the IT industry is never a stable long term employment opportunities. We are always subject to overhead cost reductions since we are all overhead. Case Analysis! Even when I worked for essay IBM and was their Resource it was still regulated by costs and competition with Offshore. So, unless the COBOL jobs are going to pay a great deal and have some glimmer of stability then I don’t see a mass exodus into that market. But that is my opinion. Perceptions of COBOL’s demise were certainly a factor, but that is not the mechanism that caused COBOL worker shortages. Shortages only occur when prices are maintained below the equilibrium price. Case Study Analysis Ivey! Wage stagnation by management by implementation, budget managers doing more with less caused these shortages. They froze the analysis wages where they wanted them knowing that legacy system workers would get pidgin holed because of extreme specialization and they got away with it for essay trudeau a period of time.

In the starbucks ivey mean time market forces dictated that new entrants move to tok essays + role what they perceived to be higher paying jobs in Now the pidgin holed extreme specialists are retiring and case analysis ivey, there is nothing in the pipe line to replace them. Essays Political Of Taxation! It’s an starbucks case, empty cylinder. So, rather then fix the mlk photo essay actual problem by letting the starbucks analysis ivey market fix float, the same incompetent managers who failed to maintain their own supply chain are looking for other solutions. Like the crony capitalist they are, they want government bail outs, education subsidies, and government sanctioned cheep imported labor. They want any solution that allows them to business implementation continue pidgin holing anyone foolish enough to think this is a positive career move while continuing to suppress wages below the cost of education. There are two real victims here; the starbucks study tax payer flipping the business implementation bill and the workers who have to eat the opportunity costs plus actual costs plus living expenses. It is a win win for the managers or is it.

Infinity cannot exist in starbucks case study ivey a closed environment period the end. Where is the tok essays of emotion government going to find the analysis money to pay for all this? It is not going to continue for ever. What does this mean to the extreme specialists with the pedigree? It means the pidgin holing is over and it is time to temporarily push wages way up above the equilibrium price ($150K). It is time to + role of emotion break the impaction and fill the pipe line with new applicants. Waaaaa, they can’t find workers! Waaaaa, they can’t afford training! Waaaaa, India doesn’t produce enough to meet their needs!

Waaaaa, they cannot get foreign workers fast enough to meet their demand! Waaaa, the government is limiting the flow! Waaaaa, the government is study ivey, not helping them run their businesses for essay on pierre them! It is crony capitalism at its finest. The free market needs to be restored and case study analysis ivey, that means $250,000 for “the pedigree”. The more the pedigree’s move around the more pain they will inflict. Pain equals money. The more pedigree’s that retire and pull their skills off the market the more pain they will inflict. Absence makes the heart grow fonder. There is only one way to show respect in a capitalist society and that is with money. These employers with their do more with less philosophy are very disrespectful.

Get a pair of ball you are going to need them; the gold rush is on, but the free market needs to be restored before new entrants should even consider jumping in the pipe line. There is business plan, nothing like debt and starbucks study, an impacted labor market to teach you to on the economy choose wisely. I keep hearing about the mainframe “talent shortage”. Starbucks! And I’m a well qualified consultant. If there’s a “talent shortage” then why is dragon four essays on beauty, it so difficult to find work? I’m a consultant, I’m always looking for starbucks ivey work, and, ok, I’m not perfect, but I know how to go about political it. And trust me, in my area, it’s tough. I’ve kept working by analysis, temporarily relocating, and I am no longer willing to do this. And other people have validated my perception about the mainframe job market. It isn’t just me.

I think part of the problem is the recruitment process. The majority of recruiters have no knowledge of the jobs they are recruiting for, so they cannot possibly match appropriate candidates with jobs they are a fit for. “The majority of recruiters have no knowledge of the jobs they are recruiting for, so they cannot possibly match appropriate candidates with jobs they are a fit for.” I agree. I always ask for a job description; no other way to tell. They always want to implementation BS on the phone. So I get the JD and there’s all these keywords that imply Java Enterprise (J2EE) but it never comes right out and starbucks case, says J2EE (cuz each one of these areas is a closed religion and everybody in essay on pierre it thinks their lingo is common english). I’ve sent them page-long lectures on starbucks study analysis, some of these areas and the buzzwords and what they mean, and what goes/doesnt go with what. Honestly, it’s hard for even us to keep up.

Look em up in Wikipedia. Or there’ll be a JD that says “5 years of Python required”. and I say I’ve got more like 5 months, no this won’t work. Tok Essays! Although I have everything else. Then they get me on the phone and starbucks study analysis ivey, convince me that the whole 5 year thing is no big deal. OK, go ahead, I say, submit my resume but I don’t think anything will become of of emotion it. which is what happens. Case! (Unless he gets on the phone with the employer and trudeau, convinces them that really I have 3 years and i’m a really smart guy. Starbucks Study Analysis! I’ve been on phone interviews like this where we decide, it’s just not a fit.) COBOL programmers have gotten very little respect for the last 20+ years so I hope everyone with COBOL experience moves on to something else.

That is absolutely correct…to say we are treated badly is an understatement. I think lots of people with COBOL skills are just giving up the business. Perhaps that’s another reason for the “talent shortage”. I agree. To say COBOL programmers are treated badly is a major understatement. I think a lot of people have just thrown up their hands and gotten out of the four on beauty business altogether because they can’t find work and they are tired of being expected to work 24/7 for mediocre pay (which has gone down in the last decade, BTW). Another factor contributing to the “talent shortage”. From the previous posts, I see that some people have been able to move to study analysis new technologies. I certainly like to know how you did it.

Although I have programmed in essay on pierre trudeau COBOL for more than 2 decades, the majority of study analysis my experience has been non mainframe work. In fact I started out as a Wang VS COBOL porgrammer. Business! After that I became a Unix Microfocus COBOL programmer, working on several large scale applications for nearly 2 decades. I agree COBOL is COBOL, but when I do get the rare call for mainframe work, the starbucks study conservation is cut short when I discuss my background. I have even attended IBM training at my own expense, but to no avail. As for implementation new technologies, I have also attended several classes and seminars on case ivey, Java and .NET, but have been unable to find employment to gain the experience everyone is asking for.

Moving into the new technologies can be done, but the dragon four opportunity costs are very expensive; two years, eight or more hours per day working on your own projects for no pay and the technology has a tendency to blow past you while you are learning the previous technology. The cycle is only three years. That gives you a one year window. Once you get there you will have to donate half your salary in opportunity costs to stay relevant and starbucks case analysis, you have to repeat it every single year. Became An Animal! When you do the math it’s just not worth the effort at current rates and the costs/risks are all on you so the employer doesn’t care if they are reasonable. The cost benefit analysis just doesn’t add up and that is why the shortages exist. Sure the jobs are there but so are the obstacles to get them. In my opinion you’re in a better place with a stable technology, but the labor market entry costs in starbucks case study all the IT disciplines are so high they prevent movement and movement equals more money. The employers thru their agents are controlling your movement by keeping these market entry costs high and their current work force anemic living paycheck to paycheck. It is working for them and they see no reason to change until they don’t have a choice. There are a lot of essay on pierre opportunities for your skill set, but they tend to be government jobs and case study ivey, austerity is suppressing wages in the public sector, too.

The problem in all the IT labor markets is essays on the economy of taxation, management perception. Case Analysis! They have a group of pidgin holed extreme specialists retired on the job and of taxation, when they leave they cannot replace them at the same rate they maintained the previous employee at for decades. Then they have to face the reality that the labor pipe line is almost empty. There is a push in case ivey government for essays on the political of taxation education subsidies, but there is a better way to create and free up private sector jobs that will benefit your pedigree directly. Instead of spending money on education subsidies spend the money on higher government wages for IT workers and shut down the visa programs. The sucking sound will be talent leaving the private sector in mass causing shortages and breaking the impaction. Currently, government positions are not paying enough to starbucks case study compete with the private sector. Producing students that no one wants to business hire is starbucks study, a waste of tax payer money. It is an exercise in futility. Essay On Pierre! You have to case study break the impaction first and the private sector doesn’t want to be held accountable for their failed labor policies, but it is plan implementation, going to starbucks case analysis ivey happen eventually. You write, and I quote: “Moving into the new technologies can be done, but the opportunity costs are very expensive”.

Moving into the mobile field has a lower barrier to if i became an animal essay entry. I’m a 61yo guy, and was twiddling my thumbs. I started out in case study mainframes, moved to Unix boxes, thence to PCs and thence to device-independent applications. But with nothing to do and essentially no money (another story, don’t play the gold-platinum spread unless you know what you’re doing and are willing to if i an animal take small losses to case prevent catastrophic ones), I picked up a book on Android programming and developed a couple of apps. I was able to became essay parlay this into a job. I think my story may be useful to others. This might entail learning a new language (Java for Android folks, Objective-C for case study iOS), but there are a fair amount of resources to help you with this. You don’t, however, need to go super-deep, and you can get up to speed relatively quickly on mlk photo essay, the frameworks. Develop anything – if you need ideas, go the the Apple or Android store. In this case it’s not a sin to duplicate someone else’s work; just make it look different from the UI perspective. Case Study Ivey! But BE SURE you publish any apps you develop to the appropriate store (you’ll need to pay a small fee – in addition you’ll have to pony up $99 to become a registered Apple developer if you want to develop iOS apps).

The best thing you can do is tok essays of emotion in cas, become someone who can develop apps on starbucks study analysis ivey, both Android and iOS. Lastly, look into HTML5/CSS3 if you want to develop device-independent apps. Business! I have not written any of these last, but have been told that they are even easier to starbucks case study analysis develop than native ones. I would suggest that you not bill yourself as a senior-level mobile developer; instead I’d suggest you demonstrate your apps to a prospective employer and label yourself intermediate-level. I concur; it is very hard to switch technologies.

I started out as a GUI C/C++ programmer and mlk photo essay, wanted to move into web dev. Starbucks! After catching some work for my own private projects in Perl and PHP, and jumping thru various hybrid jobs like web-server-side C++, client-side JS and C++, I landed a job doing straight web dev in LAMP, Python and JS. Didn’t know Python but learned on the job (this was back when python was more obscure). They finally fired me cuz I was too marginal – not enough webdev experience. Fell back to LAMP/PHP and business plan, it went OK for starbucks study a while, but PHP sucks really as a language. If I Became Essay! Tried to move into Ruby on case analysis, Rails, but after investing about a year of on-my-own time into it, and about 20 f2f interviews over several years, I never got a Ruby job – always PHP. I’ve since decided Ruby people are arrogant and nobody is good enough for them. But now Python has passed me by and everybody’s asking for an expert. I’ve also tried Drupal (runs in the invisible dragon four essays on beauty PHP) but it’s huge and again I’m behind the study analysis curve. I knew Java long ago but J2EE has way way passed me by became, – too many ‘new’ add-ons you have to keep up with and it’s been 1.5 decades for starbucks case Java. They don’t want to teach you or to pay for you learning on your own.

They want you to be already experienced. which is tok essays + role of emotion in cas, chickenandegg of course. Maybe the best is to latch on to a technology early when employers are willing to hire inexperienced people. Case Study Ivey! Like, there ain’t no people with 5 years experience in it cuz it’s only been around for essay on pierre trudeau 4 years and only popular for 2 years. Then study like hell on the weekends, while you stumble along at work and get up to speed, and your wife divorces you. And start out analysis, with broad experience in ‘similar’ things like if it’s a new programming language, it helps to dragon four essays on beauty have lots of other programming languages under your belt. At least I know I’m not alone. I have been in the job market for almost two years now, looking for projects, etc. I think the issue stems from compensation. If there is a talent shortage, I have not seen it as yet. Anyone looking for starbucks ivey a COBOL VSAM, CICS please let me know.

Sounds like there is still a lot of people with the skill set. Utter nonsense. I have an M.S. in Computer Science and decades of earlier successful experience with COBOL, DB2 and essays on beauty, CICS. No one has even looked at my resume for mainframe skills in the past 6 years, and the more remote the mainframe experience, the starbucks analysis ivey lower the likelihood — already almost nill — that anyone will be interested. Recruiters tell me they get hundreds of resumes for trudeau any rare mainframe spot that opens, and any spot that does requires precise knowledge of a 3rd party product like Peoplesoft. By contrast. just the words “PHP” or “JAVA” get. me an avalanche of responses. I think you are defining the problem incorrectly. You are probably not getting past the key word searches and you have two more layers to go.

Try this take every acronym and every technical term you have ever used and past them in a resume. You don’t care what it looks like or even if it makes sense because SQL doesn’t care. You have to starbucks case study analysis ivey get past resume mills to mlk photo essay get on the technical recruiter call lists. A technical recruiter working off a call list is not going to see your resume and the first thing they ask for is a CURRENT resume like something has change since the previous night when you posted it. That is what is happening with “PHP” and “JAVA”. Starbucks Analysis! The key words are putting the resume on a call list. + Role Of Emotion In Cas! Now you have to deal with the recruiters. Starbucks Study Ivey! They are going to waste your time in ways you never thought possible. Time is money and they will drive the cost of job search up so high that most people just stay where they are at and that works for on the of taxation the people that hire them. Starbucks Case Analysis Ivey! It is not unusual to find 20 recruiters trying to mlk photo essay fill the case same position. They are commissioned sales people that don’t get paid unless they find someone.

Excessive profits breed ruinous competition and essays economy of taxation, they receive a portion of a $25,000+ dollar commission. They are aggressive. Starbucks Case Study Ivey! They are annoying. They run false listings. They lie. They control 96% of the listings so you have to get past them. I suggest not talking to them on + role of emotion in cas, the phone initially. Case Study Analysis! Give them a contact email and auto reply them a request for the listing they supposedly are trying to fill. You can now cut the crap by deleting the ones you are not interested in and email the ones you are interested in from another email account.

Getting 20 calls in essays on the political of taxation a day can decimate your productivity so never give your cell or work number. You have to control job search costs anyway you can; time, effort, and ivey, money. Keep track of the costs or they will get away from you every time. Employers and their agents have no comprehension of business how expensive jumping thru their hoops can be. IT IS ALL ON YOU, so they don’t care. They only pay technical recruiters for case analysis ivey people they actually hire. A very lucid point indeed. You apparently don’t have many years of implementation experience. I really don’t care about this recruiter vs. Starbucks Case! that recruiter. Business Implementation! The point is there is case study, almost NO interest in mainframe skills anywhere. Most astonishing to me was when an IBM Corp. recruiter (a contractor) recently tried to recruit me — for $15 an hour, My last.

IBM gig — even through a subccontractor, worked out to in cas about 10K a month. When IBM itself values mainframe skills at almost nothing, it’s time to starbucks ivey get the message. As for PHP, that is mlk photo essay, something I can do through my own LLC. You don’t need a brain to do PHP or JAVA. Any recruiter that calls has to starbucks case show me what he can do for me. In the interest of disclosure, I don’t really care about it an more. I am in law school p/t, and will only business implementation do web programming if it fits my schedule. I don’t know who is out there, but if you have any brains, IT is starbucks case study analysis ivey, not the place to be. anymore. I am not saying I was not happy writing new pieces to tok essays + role of emotion in cas the VM operating system in REXX and Assembler, and God knows IBM and study, Wall Street offered me the essays political of taxation world years ago — but that world is gone. Folks, take your smarts and study analysis ivey, apply them to essays of taxation an exploding field like medicine, even law —- something that stays relevant because it has to do with real life.

Max, It is not this recruiter vs that recruiter. It is starbucks case study analysis, not any particular recruiter. Mlk Photo Essay! It is analysis, recruiters in aggregate and essays on beauty, more precisely it is there business model that is problematic. In addition, there are companies that capture job listing feeds from big companies and they use them to run job ads collecting personal data to case study sell. I know that Lockheed was having a problem with this for a while and my web sites are getting hit by crawlers looking of useful data feeds all the if i an animal essay time. I’ll bet dice knows a thing or two about these nefarious business models, also.

You spend an hour or two filling out their on line applications under false pretenses and case ivey, never here a thing, but your phone start ringing 20 times a day and your email fills with spam. It is real easy to get discouraged by the apparent rejection, but the fact is you have been scammed and business, the company never received your resume. These nefarious businesses are driving the cost of job search up under false pretence. Head hunters running false ads are another similar problem that affects your perception of the labor market. The hiring managers themselves can be a problem. I see there is a position at Lockheed Martin in Arlington.

If you want that job and are willing to starbucks case study analysis move I’m going to tell you how to get it. Find an on the political economy, online yellow page site for Arlington and find a mail box place. Call them on the phone and get a box for a month. I’m sorry but you are going to have to starbucks case analysis put some money on a credit card, but that is unfortunately the labor market you are in. Mlk Photo Essay! Now go directly to their official Lockheed site and put the address of the mail box place (not the po box) on their online application and the resume you give them. I know for a fact that many of the mangers and case ivey, HR departments filter out resumes and political of taxation, applications that are not local. This one simple strategy will increase the starbucks case study ivey probably of your getting an interview by a ten fold. Just try it; you might be surprised in a good way. If I! If you have the case study pedigree all you have to do is get past the HR people. + Role Of Emotion! So cut paste there job requirements using their exact words and rearrange them to make sense. This is the analysis ivey kind of crap you have to do to mlk photo essay keep job search costs down.

A few well placed resumes are better then placing it on a resume mill and waiting to see what happens. Mr. Starbucks Case Study! Heretic, I am not getting across, somehow, how it worked when it was working. IBM managers would call me directly and say, for example, we have so many hundred hours owed to a big firm in NJ, and they need someone who can invent an integrated environment on CMS using PROFS and the program products they want installed. Or. someone very close to hiring managers on on pierre trudeau, Wall. Street would call me when they knew of starbucks a need from a private converstaion. The phone jockeys you refer to as “recruiters” never even see the meaningful requirements. Unless one can show you he can actually do something big for you, don’t waste your time with them.

I have seen some other comments on the board that ring true. Over-50 discrimination is rampant and overt. A buddy emailed me the other day to say he took early retirement at tok essays of emotion, 50, and it hit me how absurd it was to try to get a job with the same companies that are paying people hundreds of thousands of dolllars each to get lost at age 50. If there is any “demand” for COBOL folks, it is for folks in their 20’s who will work for $12 an hour. Don’t infer from the article above that the laws of supply and demand are at work — at least within the U.S. One real evil that needs addressing is credit discrimination. This is really just traditional forms of discrimination in disguise — some groups have lower credit profiles in the aggregate. The EEOC has filed some law suits, but action by Congress is what is really needed.

I hope no one is lured into wasting their time because of misleading articles such as this. EXACTLY ….. For someone like me as well, over age 50, who has over 35 years of professional COBOL / RPG programming experience ….. Starbucks! unless the writer of the mlk photo essay article can set up a job interview with someone who might hire me …… then I think that the study article is essay trudeau, full of starbucks analysis ivey “bull crap” ….. but again …… set me up with a real job interview ….. and I’ll rethink my feelings towards the person(s) who wrote the article. Any questions. Max, you and I are not in disagreement. Developers and engineers are prototypers building things that didn’t exist before they came along. The head hunter business model is mlk photo essay, not suited for finding prototypers.

It never has been. It is better suited for stealing employees for a competitor through agency. You were a go to guy at IBM. Starbucks Analysis Ivey! I get that. You have a proven track record as a prototyper. I get that, too. If you are making the argument that managers in general don’t manage their supply chain. Business Plan Implementation! I’m with you. The fact is that you devoted yourself to extreme specialization and paid all the costs associated with that decision expecting to work long enough to starbucks case ivey recuperate that investment. Katona’s rule states that, “Managers don’t appreciate what they are not paying for.” They didn’t pay the education costs associated with you achieving your extreme specialty; consequently they don’t appreciate your sacrifice.

You did sacrifice your career for mlk photo essay them by sticking around past the shelf life of the starbucks case technology, but in their minds you should consider your sacrifice a sunk cost and write it off discarded. They want you to move on while they externalize the same costs on to the next generation of extreme specialists; business as usual. Essays! One problem, who will fix the lingering technology? The problem with hiring the study ivey old timers, over 40 in essays economy of taxation this industry, is their life experiences. Externalizing managers have to fear that the old timers will teach the new kids coming up to starbucks study analysis watch out for the invisible four on beauty there externality and demand reimbursement up front in the form of much higher wages. Externality is stealing and case study analysis ivey, they don’t want to business be caught. Starbucks Ivey! It will tarnish their reputation as nice guys and “job creators”. Lol Engineers create jobs, managers are overhead. You are absolutely right that they are low balling the legacy system trolls of Dilbert fame. The same trolls they have abuses for years and now need back to trudeau keep their aging infrastructure going.

It is quite a conundrum. The more sociopathic mangers see the labor market they created as a means of extracting cheep labor. The management by budget folks sees it as an study analysis ivey, opportunity to recapture recruiter commissions and get a wage reduction after a year. They both seem to be ignoring there own history and are doubling down by essay, tenderizing the trolls they NEED back to get an abusive wage. I’ll bet that retired on the job and passive aggressive people have to choose from are a real headache to deal with. Starbucks Study! Work one hour (even at $15 per business plan implementation, hour) gets paid for ivey eight. One has to four essays wonder whether it is worth it, because hostile work environments are hostile for both management and labor.

I think I get it. Man is one of the few animals that prey on their own kind. Heresy you say, well all great truths begin as blasphemy. Mr. Heretic — you may be over-analyzing things. I suspect this is not the first time in your life you have been told this. It is probably human nature for the young to be dismissive of the old.

At any rate, a manager of 25 or 35 or 45 years of age does not want a guy of 60 around who who knows a lot more than him/her about his/her own job. Case Ivey! Yes, there are also practical considerations like health care costs and salary expectations. IBM bore the cost of my specialization, not me. My M.S. Dragon! was essentially free, between social security benefits (which existed at the time but don’t any more), tuition waivers and teaching stipends. I brought BAL, PL/I and other raw knowledge to IBM, they gave me VM systems – hardware and software – to play with.

I am not sure what a “go to” guy was at IBM, but I was pleased to be offered a spot at the Watson research center at Yorktown Heights, only a couple of years out of grad school. To me, what I brought to case study analysis the table was creativity. Essays On The Political Of Taxation! BAL and REXX and starbucks case study analysis ivey, all that were just the language I created in. Hence, if my manager wanted something that made two big coupled processors have the same user id’s on both machines if either went down, I was asked to plan invent it. There was a building full of people who knew BAL, REXX, VM/CMS, DIRMAINT and even CP/CMS internals. Starbucks! There wasn’t a building full of on pierre people with imagination. Let me illustrate in a way that sounds way too flattering to me. A guitarist like Eric Claption, or my own teacher, Jorma Kaukonen from Hot Tuna and Jefferson Aitrplane, isn’t paid for his knowledge of analysis notes and licks, which can be duplicated by a bright high school kid. Of Emotion In Cas! They are paid for the sounds they produce with that “language” — particularly when they solo and study ivey, create something that didn’t exist before (or perhaps write a song).

Anyone can acquire knowledge. Not everyone can use it creatively. Plan Implementation! And someone who is creative enough — a John Lennon, say, does not even need that much technical knowledge (although Lennon’s was constantly growing), There are few firms of long standing today interested in analysis technical creativity. If you are innovative, you move to on pierre trudeau Silicon Valley and case study ivey, become entrepreneurial. IBM simply isn’t hatching ideas like “Facebook.” For you, Mr. Heretic, if you love producing verbiage to explain or rationize things, devoid of any quantitative basis or mathematical viability — law school is definitely the place for you! Cobol on it’s own is completely a batch processing oriented language, it’s in of emotion combination with CICS and analysis ivey, more recently (the last decade) Websphere that Cobol finally offers at least a modern day UI web based appearance for applications. Very few Cobol programmers are skilled in CICS (be it conversational or pseudo-conversational methods), far less have Websphere related experience or are even familiar with the technology; this is mlk photo essay, without even discussing the RDMS options available for starbucks case study ivey use with these languages, be it DB2, Oracle, Sybase, etc.

A typical Cobol programmer has none of these other skillsets I am referring to, and typically thinks with a transaction driven top down mindset, not an tok essays of emotion, event driven one; which is fine if you’re only dealing with nightly batch processing. Any competent .Net, C, or, JAVA programmmer can produce 10x the number of viable applications in the same amount of time that a single Cobol/CICS application can be written, I know because I am an starbucks analysis ivey, expert in all of these technologies and if i, have consulted globally for 15+ years. All this said, the pay would have to be extreme for me to abandon the starbucks analysis ivey productivity of modern day languages to return to a prehistoric unchallenging platform such as Cobol – most other professionals I know with similar skill sets feel the same way. Hmmmm….then I must definitely be in the minority. I have done LOTS of online COBOL and PL/1 programming, both with IMS and CICS onlines – and mlk photo essay, all versions of DB2 so years and years of DB2 experience, including DB2 and IMS DBA. Have also done some programming of interface from CICS to client/server applications. Just a few minutes ago I received an email from a recruiter looking for IMS and DB2 skillset – but SYSTEMS programming, not application programming…and it’s in Richmond, VA – 5 hours from case study, where I live. Essays Of Taxation! So it seems all he saw was DB2/IMS, not realizing that systems and application programming are entirely different. Starbucks Case! But still, seems no company is willing to let a US worker telecommute, no matter what skillset! Liz , Mr.

Feldman is one of those pompus ‘know it all’ individuals that from time to time one encounters in became an animal essay our field. they’re are best left to their own devices, and in my experience (31 years) given enough rope they always hang themselves. Liz, me too…I’ve done lots of CICS, DB2, MQ, and plenty of work with Websphere. I have also worked (not extensively but a bit) with Unix and Oracle. Only 15+ years experience ! That means you started just before the change of the century. Jim, you ought to know there are tons of technicians out there who have 30+ more years than you who have laid the starbucks analysis ivey technical foundation of what you call regard as your career.

Show a bit more respect and pray the essays on the political economy market doesn’t turn against you like it has for so many of analysis ivey us. I have been out of essays on the work for over 2 years. There are no mainframe jobs. I have been in the field for over 20 yrs. I have COBOL and starbucks analysis ivey, RPG and can not find a job. I am completely disgusted with the IT market. On Pierre! It is a rip off for American Programmers but a paradise for starbucks case study analysis ivey Indians and others that come here to steal our jobs. On Pierre! The fact of the matter is that we have never been respected anywhere because we are overhead. Starbucks Case Study! Disgusting overhead. The unwanted ones and I don’t care what skill set you have.

Nobody likes you. Essays On The Political! Why? Because there is a tremendous lack of competency on Project Management skills nationwide. Project Managers have a tight budget and completion dates and the pass the starbucks study analysis crap down to the developers and the pressure is immense due to their oversight. Concerning wages, they are used to rip us off, especially recruiters. On The Of Taxation! Here, I hire a plumber or and case, electrician, carpenter, what have you and they have the nerve to charge $80+ an hour but programmers that have way more education, skills and experience, get $50 or $80k a year approximately. A great rip off. It will be hard for me to go back to the industry. I am pissed off! We mean nothing to implementation an employer but a big overhead sign on our foreheads.

We get no respect! If I could do it again, I would have gone to starbucks case study ivey the health care field and stay there. I wasted my professional life in IT. Truly! Never again! I would rather eat beans until I die in order to survive than to submit to inconsiderate project managers and mlk photo essay, recruiters.

You are completely correct on this one! At my last job, we were referred to as “resources”, not people or team members. Case Study Analysis Ivey! Plenty of reason to feel worthless. They can get a few Indians and Chinese with far less experience to do the same job….yeah, right. It was quite demeaning.

I have known several people I worked with that have gotten out of programming entirely. One of them went back to essays school and became a nurse when he was in his late 40s. A few of them have gone into quality assurance as testers, so no more coding for them. Another is now a teacher. Starbucks Study Analysis! I was just trying to hang in there until I could retire, but the company had different ideas to get rid of the older workers. Mlk Photo Essay! Nearly all of the people I worked with that were WFR’d were over 50….and had plenty of COBOL experience.

COBOL Programmer, I completely agree with you. Mainframe programmers now have the stress and starbucks case study analysis ivey, hours of doctors, with wages less than blue color wokers, and plan implementation, respect less than sanitation workers. In NY City, where I live, live in nannies make $90,000 and up (with free housing) which is starbucks study ivey, more than most programmers get now. I have been very tempted to apply to one of these jobs. Serioously? You think project managers determine the budget?

They are nothing more than a resource themselves. MDSanborn, I believe your comments are in reply to COBOL Programmer above, not to my comments. However, you did put your reply under mine…(not intentionally I believe). August 30, 2012 at 4:54 pm, If Article Is True Hire Me And Others said: I challenge the author of this article, to prove that facts presented are “true”. I see so many comments that other “Mainframe Programmers” (and myself) have been unemployed for years now. If I An Animal! If there are employeers who truly need us “old farts” with “mainframe skills”, since we provide an e-mail, then either connect those of us who have skills with the study employeers who are seeking those of us with the needed skills, or, this article is a bunch of crap. Please help connect the people and the companies who need us together (make this article a “truth”), or, please ban the writer(s) of this article for posting “false information”. Get the picture. August 30, 2012 at 5:23 pm, Why No Mainframe Skills Options said:

OK ….. Let’s see if the writer and “DICE” can answer this one ….. if “Mainframe Skills” and languages (such as COBOL and RPG) are starting to become in the invisible dragon demand, then why are such items currently “NOT” listed as an option while looking for a job. Case Study Analysis Ivey! For example, “C” and “C++” are options that a person can have included in the “skills set” while looking for a job on “DICE”. Is perhaps the reason why we don’t have “Mainframe Skills”, “COBOL”, and “RPG” as options that we can check, to help in our job search, is because these jobs DON’T exist, or if they really do exist, why won’t “DICE” include such box options to check for a job search. Just wondering the real truth. I am Cobol expert, it is difficult I go back to program Cobol not even if they pay $150 per hour and permament position. Now I am LAMP developer and I am good, Cobol is and will be very good for business transactions.

Maybe there is a looming shortfall of skilled COBOL (and by association mainframe) resources, but until forced to acknowledge this by something like the business Y2K issue then I don’t see this becoming a major issue. Starbucks Analysis! So many systems are now functioning on autopilot with no one left in the company who can troubleshoot, but as the mlk photo essay system is stable it continues to run. Study! Companies will only feel the pinch when they encounter an issue. Essays Political Of Taxation! As for accusing foreigners of starbucks study ivey stealing jobs, I find this to by cyclical. Essays Economy Of Taxation! I’ve seen companies outsource systems, only to bring them inhouse again after having spent much money on the process and realizing it is not in their best interest to have done so (either they don’t receive the quality they require or they realize that having a system built to a deadline and budget has resulted in something that was slapped together and not scalable). I am currently unemployed, with nearly 25 years of industry experience in both mainframe and client server technologies. to starbucks case study ivey see the positions on offer in the US has been laughable, and somewhat insulting. It is definitely the fault of HR getting involved in hiring for positions they have no knowledge of. To be honest, I would probably fail an online COBOL tech quiz, I don’t know what the first line of a COBOL program is, I don’t even remember the last time I had to type that line of code, and I don’t memorize return codes, that is what google is for. Luckily though I am young enough, at 45, that I should see the tide turn before I retire, and I promise to have the last laugh for all the essays on the economy mainframe resource who retired before they got the chance. I saw this job listing not long after reading this article.

Now this is what I like to see, and I wish more places could see the value in starbucks analysis the mainframe skillet and advertise like this. I have been looking for mainframe applications job opportunities in Toronto, Canada for a while. And it is becoming quite bothersome!! I have an extremely strong background in mainframe development: over 20+ years in Australia, Canada, and India. I am currently studying towards my PMP certification. Does anyone know of any opportunities? My email address is Ha! I left COBOL design a long time ago…with the old main frame and terminal. I used to design pop up windows in COBOL that was a bit of fun.

Then came C, C++, C#/VB.NET all paying much better than any COBOL installation. But I must say, the methodology I received in learning IBM Assembly and then COBOL has been training that carries through the ages. I am always quite bemused by the changes in terminology and methodology that all come back to dragon the same basic fundamental structure. Today the fame is found in AGILE development, back when it was better known as an On Demand Management Style, only we were able to meet deadlines then….Seems the new generation does not quite get the term deadline. Case Study! #128539; COBOL stays in my heart…kinda like the APPLE II and TurboC, the Beagle Brothers….what a time it was… So where’s the shortage? Searched Dice nationwide: 600 COBOL, 18,600 Java.

Sowhere’s the became an animal shortage. This post gives positive energy but where the requirement?? you may know that COBOL programmers/Mainframe guys are paid very bad compare to latest emerging technologies though lot of study analysis ivey business requires mainframe skills. […] [10] Si l’on en croit une etude datant de 2009, 70% des transactions dans le monde etaient effectuees a partir d’applications developpees en COBOL ( […] My last “Cobol” contract ended June 2011 and I have not been able to find any thing else in 3 years – I have had some nibbles, however, it is a case of what have you done lately – well nothing..if I could only find some company willing to let me show them what I can do…….. This is a load of crap, can’t even get a cobol job these days. I hope there is massive shortages and all these corporations go to hell , haaa . corporations and all this background and drug test and getting rid of older people it couldn’t happen to a more deserving bunch, when they come begging ask for a $100,000 a month n if they hesitate tell them what they can do, then tell the next one in line $150,000 a month.

I did 20+ years of legacy COBOL with DB2, CICS, JCL using TSO/ISPF, SPUFI and ENDEAVOR. If I Became An Animal Essay! I also used Microfocus COBOL in study ivey many flavors. About 14 years ago I started to learn C++ then proceeded on to Java, VB.NET, C#.NET, JavaScript, JQuery, AJAX and most recently WebAPI, AngularJS and just started doing Android native phone apps. I do contract work and mlk photo essay, have been trying to get more of it as a remote worker. When I started in contracting the firms that I worked for paid me a salary and sent me all over the US to clients sites. In recent years clients have been looking for cheap solutions offshoring work and cutting experienced staff. There are even those that would like to rewind the clock on me and ivey, say throw out 20 years of legacy experience and only count my 8 years of dragon four .NET. That’s insane because I got out of college only knowing COBOL and learned all the rest on the job.

Anyway I’m willing to take on the legacy work part time remote and even support production. The thing is I only see requirements that would have me move to remote MN or WI or other areas that are even difficult to travel to case study analysis for temporary work assignments. Its not a lack of help but a refusal on the part of the new gatekeepers to work things out with the available talent. Plan! A problem only too rampant in the US these days.

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Calon yang mendaftar SPMU dan menduduki peperiksaan pada 11, 12 Jun juga boleh mendaftar sebagai calon persendirian dan menduduki peperiksaan SPM pada bulan Nov 2013. Mata pelajaran SPM 2013 yang ditawarkan pada Nov dan Bayaran. Borang pemohonan boleh didapatkan dari PPD yang berdekatan (Senarai PPD 1, Senarai PPD2, Senarai PPD3). Semua pertanyaan tentang pendaftaran peperiksaan SPM(U) 2013 hendaklah dirujuk kepada Sektor Penilaian dan Peperiksaan , Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri tempat calon mengambil peperiksaan. Untuk maklumat lanjut sila layari laman web Lembaga Peperiksaan Malaysia di dan MANUAL PENGGUNA PORTAL CALON PERSENDIRIAN. boleh tak bantu saya cari soalan ramalan spmu atau apa apa yang boleh membantu saya dalam menjawab soalan peperiksaan spmu? macam mana kan saya sudah isi borang ,tetapi saya tidak tahu soalan apa yang keluar dan di mana saya akan menduduki peperiksaan spmu. saya sudah ambil peperiksaan pmr pada tahun 1998 di Kedah tetapi tidak duduki peperiksaan spm tahun 2000.boleh tak saya mengambil peperiksaan spm tahun ini dan saya sekarang tinggal di Johor bahru. Starbucks Analysis Ivey. dimanakah saya kena daftar? pendaftaran tahun ini sudah ditutup. Plan Implementation. Daftar sebelum 30 Mac tahun depan di mana-mana Pejabat Pelajaran Daerah. Admin tolong kami!

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Tapi saya nak tambah satu lagi mata pelajaran. Starbucks Case Analysis. Macam mana nak tambah satu lagi mata pelajaran. bole saya mendaftar online untuk calon persendirian spm 2012? boleh tak bantu saya untuk dapat soala ramalan spmu…….? Boleh x saya nk ambik spm….sy ambik pmr tahun 2002 tp x ambik spm pada 2004….macam mana cara ye untuk saya nk ambik spm semula…..harap sgt dapat membantu.

Boleh daftar SPM biasa setiap Nov sebagai calon persendirian dan duduki peperiksaan SPM pada masa yag sama seperti pelajar sekolah harian biasa. boleh tak bantu saya dafter ujian spm,kerana saya fail.saya nak re-try. Readers pls help this guy to plan, register for study, spmu using the an animal, form here. boleh x kalau tahun ni saya ambil SPm dari luar walaupon saya masih berumur 17 thun ni. tolong saya,saya nak sangat untuk daftar spm tapi tiada siapa yang bantu dan saya tak tahu nak buat macam mana..saya nak sekolah untuk ambil spm. awk g lah pejabat PPD ambk borang…senanag je…online pun boleh. macam mana nak buat rayuan untuk pendaftaran spmu.saya nak sangat ulang balik kertas mathematics saya. Study Ivey. nampaknya saya dah terlepas pandang ni.dan saya juga tak tahu macam mana nak daftar sebenarnya, sebab tak ada siapa pun tahu dan bagi tahu saya..saya sememangnya teringin nak buat spmu. On The Political Of Taxation. tolonglah saya!! kalau sesiapa yang tahu jika boleh rayuan dibuat untuk spmu please reply asap. Case Study Analysis. please help me. nk buat pendaftaran SPMU thun 2012 kena pegi dkat Jabatan Pendidikan berdekatan seblah terminal bas JALAN DUTA….pendaftaran akhir 15 april thun 2012 bgi yg nk ambik thun ni…tpi mcm mna sya nk thu exam Bm ap yg msuk sdangkn cikgu,pegawai pendidikan semua x tau ap yg msuk, klau mcm tu susah la nk study lebih2 lgi soalan komsas berkaitan dengan novel..klau sape2 yg thu soalan ramalan SPMU 2012 tolong lah bantu sya… boleh daftar lagi tak SPMU? Aplikasi Telah Ditutup. Saya belajar sampai tingkatan 4. Became An Animal Essay. Sekarang umur saya 22.

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Tapi mcm mna yea. Boleh tak Saya tahu kertas ramalam spmu. I’m 19..last year i missed SPM because health condition…sekarang dah masuk bulan jun….boleh lagi ke saya nak daftar untak spm tahun ni? kan senang kalau pergi jabatan pelajaran tu sendiri..sume nye dia akan bagi tahu..tarikh tutup daftar SPM persendirian dah tutup 31 Mac lepas..umur saya 19 tahun and starbucks case study analysis ivey, tahun ni ambek spm persendirian.. mcm ne nak ambl spm ni?boleh dftr on9 ke? adakah slip dan jadual SPMU dihantar melalui alamat pelajar? assalamualaikum… saye ingin mndftar sbgai calon spm persendirian pade tahun dpan 2013… macam mana cara nak dftar ? SY PON NAK AMEK JUGAK SPMU,, 2013 PUNYA… TOLONG REPLY NANTI KALAU DAH BUKA PENDAFTARAN… Sila beritahu saya apabila pendaftaran calon persendirian spm dan spmu 2013 di buka.

Terima kasih. Saya berumur 18 tahun dan saya ingin SPMU pada tahun 2014 . Plan Implementation. .macam mana saya hendak mendaftar. Boleh tak seseorang mengambil peperiksaan persendirian spm tanpa mengambil periksaan pmr ? Boleh tak kamu bina tingkat 4, 5 satu bangunan tanpa bina tingkat 1, 2, 3 ? SILA MAKLUMKAN KEPADA SAYA MELALUI EMEL JIKA PENDAFTARAN CALON PERSENDIRIAN SPMU 2013 SUDAH DIBUKA. assalamualaikum.. Study Analysis. bagaimana hendak saya daftar secara online menduduki peperiksaan persendirian SPM 2013. Essay Trudeau. terima kasih. cek nama calon persendirian. Sila Maklumkan kepada saya melalui emel jike pendaftaran calon persendirian SPMU 2013 sudah dibuka. Analysis. Terima Kasih. subjek elektif cam fizik, add math bole buat ulangan tak ?? tolong balas kat e-mail saya .. SPMU tidak menawarkan mp elektif. Essay. Nak juga chem, fi, add m tu kena ulang SPM di sekolah harian sbg pelajar sepenuh masa. saya nak ambil spm 2013 untuk calon persendirian…blh tlong bagitahu bila tarikh untuk mendaftar…thanks.

Saya nak ambil SPM persendirian 2013.. Bila pendaftaran ya? saye pun nak ambil spm persendirian 2013…. Case Study Analysis Ivey. nak daftar kat mana? saya nak ambil peperiksaan spm tapi beberapa subjek sahaja, kerana dulu saya dapat sijil SAP je. Mlk Photo Essay. boleh ke? boleh kah calon persendirian spm 2013 mendaftar secara online ? sy ingin mengambil SPM…untuk 2013 dh di buka ke…?bile tarikhye…tolong maklum kan yer… nk tanye spmu daftar on9 bln 3,so nanti kat mane nk ambik peperiksaan 2,,n nanti ade bg ape2 surat or email utk tarikh peperiksaan. reply kat email ye,,tq. Study. -) ambik spm ni sampai umur brapa ye?dan kalau selepas darjah 6 belajar sklh pondok,sampai umur 30 nak ambik spm boleh x?atau kena pmr jugak?teringin sgt nak tahu… Anda boleh mengambil spm pada mana2 umur pun boleh…:) Saya berumur 30 tahun , bolehkah menduduki peperiksaan SPM ? Ada ambil PMR tapi sijil dah hilang . Essay Trudeau. Tolong balas yea , Jika boleh saya nak ambil SPM tahun ini . - Tiada masalah. Starbucks Case Study Analysis. pendaftaran dibuka awal bulan Mac. boleh….rsenye ada msk news hritu 50++ yrs old ambik spm…. Essays On The Political Of Taxation. (: nk ambk smpu kertas science and starbucks, technology and mlk photo essay, seni kertas dua ni bila ? dan bila tarikh daftaran ? SAYA NK AMBIL PAPER JULY UNTUK 2013 .. Starbucks Analysis Ivey. BILE YE DIBUKA ? KLU DI BUKA BOLEH INFORM SAYA TAK … TQ .. Kindly please notify me by plan implementation send the study ivey, email about the invisible four essays on beauty, SPMU 2013.

Thank You. asalammulaikum tolong maklumkan kalau da buka pendaftaran calon spm 2013. Assalamualaikum Geng SPMP SPMU 2013. Bersyukur dengan apa yang telah terjadi, teruskan belajar dan berusaha untuk meraih mimpi. Case. Bila kita berharap melakukan sesuatu dengan mudah, pertama kali kita harus belajar dari yang hal2 yang susah dulu. Mlk Photo Essay. Jangan melihat masa lalu lagi inilah peluang yang perlu kita rebut. Tentang saya: Seorang ibu berumur 40 tahun #128512; salam. Case Analysis Ivey. .saya nak tnya boleh x klau sya nk ambk spm. Business Plan Implementation. .bila boleh ambik lgi? brapa kena byar? papew tlg bgi tau sya. Starbucks Case. .klau area nilai n9 kt mne boleh ambik. Mlk Photo Essay. .untuj on9 pon ada ke? papew cntxt no sya 0182354086. kalau dah dibuka untuk pendaftaran 2013 tolong inform saya juga untuk spm .. Case. tapi saya nak tanye sikit , saya tiada pmr boleh ke ambil spm .. Mlk Photo Essay. sebab mase nak ambil PMR tu saya pindah ke sekolah kemahiran .. Starbucks Case. yang saya ada sekarang hanyalah upsr sijil kemahiran sahaja .. Mlk Photo Essay. ade yang kate boleh dan ade yang kate tidak .. Study Ivey. saya betul2 confius .. The Invisible Four. mungkin para admin yang lebih berpengatahuan lagi bijaksana nie mungkin boleh berikan jawapan pada saya .. Study Analysis. pllssss .. Plan Implementation. need our resp0n .. Tanpa sijil PMR, tidak boleh daftar peperiksaan SPM. do inform me as soon as possible about starbucks ivey, registering spm 2013. Of Emotion In Cas. thank you. bila boleh daftar spmu 2013boleh tak daftar online?

sila emil saya selepas keluar tarik daftaran spm (u) slm…sy ingin bertanya bila boleh sy mula daftar SPMU untuk tahun 2013…kertas bahasa inggeris sahaja… Saya berumur 27 tahun,,sebelum ni sy bersekolah di tahfiz..jd sy x ambil spm…sy nk tanya bole x sy nk amik spm pd tahun ni…sy cuma ade sijil upsr shj…sebab sy masuk tahfiz darjah 6…so pmr dn spm mmg x amik,jd cammne ye….bole x sy nk amik spm tahun ni….. Salam. Study Analysis. Pendaftaran untuk spm persendirian 2013 belum di buka. Tok Essays + Role. Adalah lebih baik pergi terus ke jab pendidikan negeri untuk pendaftaran. Starbucks Case Analysis. Di sana maklumat lanjut tentang pusat peperiksaan, matapelajaran teras dan pilihan, yuran dsb akan diperolehi. On The Political Economy. Calon diwajibkan menghadiri ujian lisan sama seperti calon spm sekolah. Starbucks Case Ivey. Tiada ujian percubaan spm bagi calon persendirian.

salam … tahun nie saya cadang ingin mengambil spm persendirian. Became Essay. umo sy 23. Starbucks Analysis. sy ada pmr. The Invisible On Beauty. soalan saya, bilakah pendaftaran spm 2013 akan di buka ? dan di mana saya register as calon persendirian. Ivey. saya duduk di cheras. Essays On The Political. dan saya tak tahu nak daftar kat mna , dokumen ape yg di perlukan. Starbucks Ivey. kalau secara online macam mna register ? kalau dh bkk pendftaran spm 2013 tlg email sy.tq. tak sabar tgu spmu ni…. ramai yg nak ulang semula spm. salam, please inform me jugak bila permohonan spm persendirian dh dibuka.. Essay. tQ #128521; I already get “buang” by starbucks study analysis ivey school, but now i still want to became, take spm. and starbucks case analysis, i already 17 year old. + Role In Cas. pls inform me if the case analysis ivey, register have been open. Mlk Photo Essay. thank you =) ada tak SPMU utk kertas bahasa inggeris.. Starbucks Analysis. bila blh mendftr bagi tahun 2013. Tok Essays + Role Of Emotion In Cas. tq. sy nak ambik peperiksaan spm 2013 .spatutnya sy spm 2012 tp ade msalah skit. Starbucks Study Analysis Ivey. cmne ea nk dftar? saya nk ambil spm 2013 jika lau suda boleh mendaftar tolong maklum kn..saya sangat mengharap kn supaya tuan dan puan dapat maklum kn..

saya ingin memohon ulangan spm…adakah spm ulangn 2013 dah bukak ?? Assalammualaikum…..saya nak ambil SPMP bila agaknya boleh daftar….sape boleh tolong… salam …sya nak tnya kalau kte ambek ulangan spm..kita jawap kat skolah….or tmpt len. diagihkan ke pusat peperiksaan yang paling dekat dengan alamat kediaman seperti yang dinyatakan dalam borang permohonan. saya nak tanya ambik spm persendirian di tempat dimana? Saya ingin tahu bilakah keputusan SPMU 2012 november akan keluar.? Sy nk ambik SPM 2013..sepatutnya sy ambik SPM tahun 2012 tpi sy masuk kolej 2011-2012. On Pierre Trudeau. Mcmane nk daftar dan bila boleh daftar..thks. Sy nak ambil SPMU 2013…tpi umo sy skrng 20 Thn..thun lpas sy nk ambik dh ini borang pn,tpi xjdi..klu sy nk ambik thun nie n gna borang thun lpas yg dh Di isi bleh ke x..klu blh inform sy Di e-mail guys, i was told to case study ivey, register nearest to became an animal essay, PJ branch is case study analysis ivey, shah alam JPN branch. Tok Essays + Role Of Emotion. other state im not sure. Case Study. bm paper is in dragon four on beauty june 2013 on starbucks ivey, the 11th and tok essays, 12th. nak repeat spm semula kebanyakan yg feel.boleh ke saya mahu menduduki peperiksaan semula tapi umur saya hampir nak masuk 21 tahun mintak kerja sama.ble boleh daftar.

@ tiada had umur untuk daftar SPMU. Harap saya amat lemah dlm peperiksaan SPM yang sudah gagal supaya jadi saya minta ambil peperiksaan SPMU semula….Saya rasa sedih kerana lemah dlm subjek iaitu BM,BI,SEJARAH dan P.ISLAM. Ivey. Supaya sy mohon ambil subjek 6 kredit…Jadi saya nak daftar online SPMU….. ingin menduduki sijil pelajaran malaysia 2013 di melaka untuk 6subjek..umur hmpir 23thn…daftar online spmu boleh tak.. borang yang suda d isi boleh d fax. Mlk Photo Essay. atau hantar guna email … Sya tdak pernah ambik spm krn masalah kluarge.umo sya da 33 skrg..sya trigin nk smbung blaja..tetapi kbyakan kolej atau u perlukan sijil spm..walaupon kalo sya ade sijil bkn utk sya mndpt pkerjaan yg bgus..hnye utk mncapai cita2 sya mse kecik dlu..adekah sya trlalu lewat utk ambil spm atau smbg blaja.ada had umur tuk ambik spm? sy tak perna skolah kat sini . Starbucks Case Analysis Ivey. but saya btol2 nak ambik spm n nak smbung belajr . Mlk Photo Essay. but sy tak taw nak buat macam mana . PM BILA BORANG DA KELUAR.

slmt tg hari…aq nak ambil spm ulgan pda jun ni..subjek ade la BM dgn MM. macam mane nak daftar spm untuk 2013 ni . Starbucks Case. pening kepala la… cam mane daftar cara online spm sendiri.. hai….macam mana nak dapat kata laluan untuk permohonan spmu…saya x dpt enter page tu sebab dia minta kata laluan…bingung …lagi satu borang tu nak hantar mana. Dragon Four On Beauty. dah downld borang tp borang tu ckp pastikan dah buat permohonan online dulu..sya jd lg keliru…mohon bantuan. Tahun ini permohonan SPMU online tidak dimurnikan. Study. JPN menasihatkan calon mendaftar di PPD terdekat. Dragon Four. Senarai PPD di sini : kaw utara kaw selatan Mal timur. alaa korang jangan la nak menyusahkan admin minta macam2 bagai….suruh pm by case study analysis ivey email la, tolong inform sorang2 la, bukan korang ni bodoh sangat sampai tak tahu cari jabatan pelajaran negeri di negeri korang masing2, tanya kat pekerja jabatan tu dan minta tolong diaorang daftar. The Invisible Essays. kalau nak berjaya spm korang tak boleh malu pergi dan tanya orang kat pelajaran negeri camne nak daftar. pada yang tanya soalan ramalan tu kalau boleh tak yah la nak soalan ramalan berbagai2. Starbucks Case Study Ivey. usaha la sendiri dengan buat ulang kaji, kalau nak sangat beli la buku soalan ramalan yang berlambak dijual di kedai2 buku. An Animal. kenapa la susah sangat korang nak faham camne nak buat suatu2 benda ni?? sampai nak menyusahkan admin bagai2, kalau internet korang boleh surf takkan nak daftar spm korang tak reti. saya nak ulang bi math sebab saya dapat D kedua-dua subjek . Case Analysis Ivey. bi math saya lulus tp tak credit , maknanya susah nak diterima dekat universiti , kalau saya ulang balik saya kena amek kertas bm, bi , matematik lah ye ? atau mcm mane ? dgr cerita sejarah wajib lulus utk spm 2013 , kalau saya amek spm 2013 , saya kena amek kertas sejarah sekali ke ? calon bebas menggabung mata p. Mlk Photo Essay. spmu dan spm bulan Nov. Starbucks Case Study Analysis Ivey. mata pelajaran apakah yang calon perlukan bergantung kepada kehendak pasaran pekerjaan, iaitu di mana seseorang itu nak mohon kerja.

Excuse me , nak tanya , boleh tak kalau ambik bahasa inggeris sahaja , and mlk photo essay, exam time bile , tak kan la exam skli dgn bdk spm thun nie kowt ?? And , cuti sekolah nie JPN tak tutup ke ? Brp lme nak tgu keputusan keluar lepas exam ? Betul. Starbucks Case Analysis Ivey. Kena ambik bersama budak biasa pada Nov 2013. The Invisible Dragon Four. Daftar di PPD terdekat dan tanya soalan. Starbucks Ivey. JPN bukan sekolah, tak tutup masa cuti. Mcm mne nk daftar spm pensendirian online ye?tolong email sy..Tq.. masih boleh daftar spm lagi tak ? please. tidak, pendaftaran sudah ditutup sepenuhnya.

sy nk repeat spm tahun ni . Tok Essays + Role Of Emotion. . Starbucks Study Analysis. nak dftar mcm mane eh . Essay. . Starbucks Study. ? mksd sy mcm mane nak daftar gune online . Essays On The Political Economy Of Taxation. . Boleh ambil paper julai tak ? Kalau ambil bahasa BI then ambil dalam bulan julai , result keluar bila ye ? Result keluar bulan Ogos, tetapi kadang-kadang ditangguh hingga tahun berikutnya. Salam , saya da pergi daftar spm ulangan da .. Case Study Analysis. Saya nk ambil bahasa inggeris pd bulan JUN tp bahasa Inggeris diorang suruh ambil dalam November jugak , macam mana ye , memang tak boleh ke ambil dalam JUn ?? Then kalau nak tunggu jadual bulan bile ye sampai ?? In Malaysia, you have only on the economy two choices. 1. Starbucks Study Ivey. SPM June which is for political of taxation, Bahasa Melayu and starbucks case study ivey, Mathematics ONLY. Essay Trudeau. Period. 2. Starbucks Case Analysis Ivey. Normal SPM at on the political economy of taxation, November comprising of starbucks case analysis ivey, 34 subjects for mlk photo essay, calon persendirian.

Look at case study, the table above. Closing date is if i an animal essay, 31.03.2013. pls help ! i dunno the starbucks analysis ivey, Spmu jun expire date is tok essays + role of emotion in cas, 31/ can i online apply the starbucks analysis ivey, spmu? but i go web page lembaga peperiksaan cant login..can u help me? pls.. You can try HERE.. Became. You need to ivey, buy kata laluan from essay on pierre trudeau, Nearest JPN, (counter Sektor Penilaian dan Peperiksaan). Closing date for starbucks analysis, online SPMU is plan implementation, 15 April 2013 for starbucks case study, JPN Selangor. hye boleh x bagi portal cara nak isi borang spmu secara online. Essays Economy. sbbnye dye nk kata laluan…. Starbucks Case. mana nak dapat kata laluan tu . beli dari JPN terdekat. salam.. Trudeau. ad sspe bole bntu sy.. Starbucks Study. sy igin mndftr nme sy mggunakn on9. On Pierre Trudeau. sy tdak ngerti nk buad cmne.. Starbucks Case Analysis Ivey. arinie last trikh mndfta plak tuh.. Essay Trudeau. borg pn blm anta lg. Analysis Ivey. stay kt uma lg borgnye. Mlk Photo Essay. sy skrg otw ke butterworth(pineng). Starbucks Case Study. sy dga bole dftar gne on9 je dlu.. If I An Animal. byaran pn kmudian pn bole.. Starbucks Analysis. bantu saye… bgaimne sy nk dftar nme gne online. hw to mlk photo essay, register spmu for study analysis ivey, the spm 2012 candidates. asalamualaikum ,, saye both 95 , time amik result bm and mlk photo essay, bi saye dapt d n e , bole ke kalo saye repeat untik bulan 7 nie ??

Bagi Calon yang perlukan bimbingan/coaching untuk BM/Math seeloknya dapatkan pusat2 tuisyen yang menawarkan kumpulan khas. Starbucks. Maknanya kelas tersebut terdiri daripada pelajar2 yang akan mengambil SPM-U sahaja agar tumpuan adalah ditahap maksimum. Kepada calon2 di Lembah Klang atau berdekatan dengan Taman Danau Kota, Off Jalan Genting Klang, Setapak KL anda boleh la mendaftar untuk kelas “coaching” atau bimbingan khas di Pusat Tuisyen Kesuma(terhad kepada purata 25 orang/kelas – kami buka 2 kelas shj), No. Essay. 23 23A, Jln 6/23E, Tmn Danau Kota, Off Jln Genting Klang, Setapak 53300 KL. Case Study Ivey. Sila hubungi 03-40221232 atau sms 012-2385662(Cikgu Naza) atau Kami sedia membantu anda dgn pengalaman yg kami ada. Trudeau. Kami telah beroperasi selama 16 tahun di pasaran.

Kami juga adalah Pusat Tuisyen Bertauliah (JPWP 388) daripada Jabatan Pelajaran Wilayah Persekutuan, KL (JPWP-KL) salam,sy nk tnye tarikh tutup permohonan 31 mac,bley x sy nk memohon nk ambik bm july ? mohon penjelasan. tarikh tutp paper november 2013 bila yek. masih boleh mendaftar spmu lagi? masih boleh mohon online spmu x? salam…macam mne nk bt rayuan pedaftaran calon persendirian 2013….sy x tthu bla tarikh tutup pendaftaran….tolong sy….sy nk ambik exzam spm utk subjek mat tahun nie…. Da berdaftar .. Starbucks Case Analysis. Then bila mereka nak hantar surat ke rumah .. Economy Of Taxation. Sebab saya on case, the way nak pindah .. Assalamualaikum. Tok Essays Of Emotion. saya ingin menanya bolehkah lagi mendaftar peperiksaan ulangan matematik pada bulan november ini? Saya berumur 19 tahun. salam tolong info saya berkenaan cara nak ambil pmr dan spm pensendirian. sempat lagi ke daftar spm paper julai 2013. Analysis. bila tarikh tutup? nk mendaftar paper julai (BM) tadi baru pegi ppd cakap diorang permohonan dah ditutup…boleh ke buat rayuan untuk ambil tapi tarikh dah tutup….dah 22 tahun tapi nak masuk blajar tahun nie jugak tapi…math tak kredit.any suggestion untuk buat rayuan atau ape.

Bila surat akan dihantar di rumah , ya ? Bila tarikh tutup pendaftaran calon persendirian spm 2013? kalau dah tutup boleh buat rayuan? thank u.. dah tutup pada 31-3-13. If I. KPM tidak menyediakan saluran rayuan. I will be taking the starbucks analysis, SPMU in essays political economy this Jun 2013. Starbucks. I already leave my high school on the invisible dragon four on beauty, year 2000, my last time result for case study analysis ivey, Bahasa Melayu is tok essays + role, fail. Starbucks Case Study. Now I want to plan, resit back my Bahasa Melayu paper because I need to analysis, continue my further study. Last year 2012 I already resit for economy of taxation, Bahasa Melayu paper but the case analysis ivey, result is dragon, fail. Starbucks Study Analysis. I only if i became essay want to study, get the political, pass result only.

Did you have any guide line for starbucks ivey, this Jun 2013? We advice you to on pierre, spend some serious time in starbucks study analysis looking for essays political economy of taxation, a good BM tuition teacher in case study ivey your area. If I. He/she plays very important role and starbucks study ivey, holds tips and mlk photo essay, techniques to starbucks study ivey, answering SPM BM papers. If he/she forecast the essays on the political of taxation, essay questions sharply. Case Study Ivey. You just write the on the political, outlined points given by starbucks him/her. On Pierre Trudeau. a pass is case study ivey, no problem. sy mohd eri.1997 keputusan spmv saya SAP..sebab 2 mata pelajaran vokasional saya x lulus..

saya nak ambik SPM semula ..dan saya nak tanya , berapa. mata pelajaran kah perlu saya ambik untuk saya lulus SPM. bila BM lulus layak terima sijil SPM. If I An Animal. Tambahan mp lain bergantung kepada kehendak kamu. Starbucks Ivey. Baca di sini lagi. salam,tarikh permohonan ambil spm persendirian masih bolehka memohon? tolongla saya bm tak kridit itu jak harapan saya untuk masuk form 6. Mlk Photo Essay. tolong saya ya. Sijil stpm saya tercicir dan ingin mendapatkan salinan sijil berkenaan. Starbucks Case Ivey. Saya telah mendudukinya pada tahun 1987, masalahnya saya dah lupa kod sekolah, angka giliran dan tidak ada salinan sijil tersebut. Tok Essays + Role In Cas. Di mana saya boleh dapatkan maklumat angka giliran dan kod sekolah itu ? macam mana saya nx repeat spm kali kedua…. nak daftar dekat mana… siapa yang perlu saya jumpa….

SAYA BELAJAR SMP TINGKATAN 1 ,SKRNG UMUR SAYA 24, BOLEH TAK SAYA AMBIL SPM TAHUN INI. saya pelajar dari smk beaufort boleh ke saya ambil balik ujian spm tahun ini. adakah spm Dan calon persendirian spm sama ?? kaulau sudah calon persendirian spm mesti tawarkan perperiksaan pads nov ?? tapi yang saya nx tawar pd July paper ?? yng saya nak July paper tapi pejabat semua calon persendirian. tak faham apa yang dimaksudkan. Hello Admin. Starbucks Case Study Ivey. Nak tanya la. Mlk Photo Essay. Kalo nak tukar alamat rumah dan tempat peperiksaan dari negeri sembilan ke selangor macam mana ye. Ivey. Sebab hujung bulan ni nak kene pindah rumah.

Reply please ASAP. Business Plan Implementation. Huhuhu… Lg satu macam mana tau kita amik paper maths july atau disember?? Sebab aritu daftar kat ppd seremban amik subjek maths, add maths, fizik dan kimia. Case. Yang saya tau math memang ade kertas july. Essay On Pierre. Yg lain drpd subjek saya amik adalah pada disember. Starbucks Ivey. Adakah dia akan hantar surat atau lain2 cara.

Adakah kene guna cara lain utk apply kertas math july dan atau disember. An Animal Essay. Ke da apply kat ppd seremban tu kira amik kertas july skali. Starbucks Study Analysis. Keliru…..huhuhu… ppd seremban boleh beri semua jawapan. salam hormat..saya nak ambi spmu tahun 2011 saja untuk satu subjek saja iaitu matematik..persoalan sy, 1.berapa kos untuk satu saja?. 2.bila tarikh pendaftaran spmu 2013?. 3.bagaimana cara nak mndftr secara online?.,kalau ambi hanya paper spmu 2011 saja..bolehkah?.Thank you.:) tahun 2013 nak daftar spmu 2011? maklumat lain semua terdapat di atas. Saya ingin membuat pertanyaan dahulu saya bersekolah agama dan tidak mempunyai PMR dan SPM. A) Adakah saya layak untuk mengambil SPM pada tahun hadapan? B) Perlukah saya mengambil PMR dahulu?

Sepatutnya ambil PMR dahulu. Business. tetapi tahun 2014 tiada PMR lagi. Starbucks Study Analysis. lawat ppd terdekat untuk penjelasan. boleh tak nak tnya saya nak ambik spm balik ketas math ngn bi bulan nov bila tarikh pendaftarn ?? ke mmg 1 tarikh pendaftaran 31 mac last dah xde taraik lain ke??… tolong inform saya if ada tarikh lain yg buka untuk bulan nov keyh. saya ingin bertanya,apakah yang harus saya boleh lakukan mengenai masalah saya iaitu tidak menduduki ujian lisan bahasa melayu julai tetapi saya menduduki peperiksaan bahasa melayu kertas julai pada 2012.saya tidak menghadiri ujian bahasa melayu julai tersebut adalah kerana saya tidak memperolehi jadual dan tidak dimaklumkan oleh pihak pelajaran daerah tawau.saya yang amat menyesali atas masalah yang dihadapi dan adalah di luar niat sebenar saya untuk tidak menghadiri ujian tersebut.saya harap bantuan pihak tuan puan dapat menyelesaikan masalah saya. Tidak ada kekecualian untuk lulus ujian lisan. Business Plan Implementation. daftar dan duduki semula pada 2014. Adakah slip dan jadual akan dikirim ke alamat yang saya mendaftar untuk SPMU? Sebab saya hanya dapat Surat yang memberitahu SPMU akan dijalan pada 1213, tapi tak dapat jadual dan slip. Starbucks Analysis Ivey. Ini amat penting. Hey there! I am a SPM leaver. Mlk Photo Essay. I took SPM last year and study, passed successfully,but I’d like to if i, repeat SPM for case ivey, certain science subjects,and they are Phy,Chem,Bio,Maths Add Maths.

I know it’s too late to plan implementation, register as I didn’t know the starbucks analysis ivey, closing date. On Pierre Trudeau. Do I have to case study, wait to essays on the of taxation, register next year? And where do I have to starbucks case study, sit for became, these exams? Do I have to study analysis ivey, go to mlk photo essay, school like any other SPM students? Register before 31 March next year. Case Analysis. Your exam center is business, based on case, the address you specify in essay on pierre trudeau your application form. Saya da daftar untuk spm ulangan bulan november ni .. Study. So bila dapat surat nya ?? Takut pendaftaran tak diluluskan .. Salam…saya ingin mendaftar calon spmu pada bulan november…bagaimana caranya.. tarikh tutup pendaftaran SPMU bulan Jun dan Nov adalah pada 31-03 (31 Mac) setiap tahun.

i nak tanya satu perkara kenapa saya tak ade dapat surat daripada jabatan pelajaran negeri tentang lisan BM kawan saya semua sudah dapat surat. kenapa saya tak ade dapat surat?? saya berusia 29 dan menetap di melaka..saya cuma ada pmr.masih bolehkah saya mengambil spm?dan dimana saya patut megambil khusus atau belajar subjek yg saya pilih?adakah kementerian pelajaran menyediakan guru2 untuk mengajar saya @ kami yang secara amnya sudah berusia? salam..saya nak ambi spmu tahun 2014 untuk 2 subjek saja iaitu BM dengan Sejarah boleh ke.. salam, maaf sya nk tya blh tak kalau sya nk repeat paper untuk subjek sains mcm chemistry?? sya bercadang untuk meduduki spmu 2014… tq. boleh. Mlk Photo Essay. daftar spmu 2014 apabila pendaftaran dibuka pada 1 Mac 2014. macm mna ambil ujian luar..pmr dn spm…dkat mna ambil borng. tarikh pendaftaran: 1 – 31 Mac setiap tahun. Starbucks Study Analysis. ambil borang dari pejabat pelajaran daerah terdekat (ppd) isi dan terus hantar ke ppd. saya nak ambil spm balik .. If I Became An Animal. masih boleh daftar lagi ke? pendaftaran untuk spmu hanya dibuka dalam tempoh 1 Mac – 31 Mac setiap tahun.

assalamualaikum…tuan,saya ingin bertanya bla surat bg calon persendirian akan smpai. Study Ivey. saya tkut surat sPm 2 tdak smpai…n tidak mengapa ka surat itU tidak smpai kpada saya dn sya trus mgambl ujian bertUlis spm persendirian NOVEMBER ini…harap tUan puan mMblas pertanyaAn saya … tqiew. kunjungi PPD/JPN di mana anda mendaftar SPMU Nov akan lebih cepat menyelesaikan masalah. Kenapa saya tidak tersenarai dalam spm persendirian sedangkan saya sudah mendaftar dan membayar jumlah mata palajaran yg saya ambil. If I Became. Saya tidak menerima sebarang surat utk lisan atau surat pemberitahuan saya tidak tersenarai sedangkan alamat dan nombor telefon ada di dalam borang pendaftaran saya.Tolong beri bantuan. Mungkin keciciran, hubungi dengan no telefon di atas dgn segera. salam sejahtera, saya ingin meminta jasa baik pihak admin mendapatkan paper Julai Matematik ( 2013 ) tahun ini.

Saya sangat2 berharap… tq… kami telah mengemukakan permintaan 3 bulan dulu, tetapi tidak kesampaian hingga hari ini. nk tnya cket,sy xde spm tetapi sy beli sijil spm dgn hrga rm800 xpyh ambil peper julai blh dpt sijil spm semua nk nk tau sama ada sijil yg sy beli ney sah atau tidak sah?? Uikss…sijil haram pun ada…membazir je duit tu…bole gune utk bende lain….huhuhu… Fade up , macam-macam masalah timbul , lagi 3 hari nk SpM . salam…saya nak ambik spmu pada tahun 2014 ….bila saya boleh memohon dan ada x subjek tambahan seperti ekonomi rumah tangga dan pendidikan seni. Case Study Analysis. saya tengok mcm x ada je kat dalam kertas subjek elektif spmu….. pendaftaran dibuka 1 Mac setiap tahun. Tok Essays Of Emotion. rujuk kepada JPN negeri untuk mp yang tidak tersenarai di atas. Admin, Nak tanya,calon spm persendirian dan calon spmu tu berbeza ke dan tarikh pendaftaran pun berbeza ke? spm persendirian bererti murid belajar di tempat yang bukan sekolah harian biasa, dipanggil calon persendirian dan boleh daftar bm dan mate shj dan ambil periksa pada bulan Jun. Study. juga boleh daftar mp lain dan ambil periksa pada Nov. Mlk Photo Essay. spmu untuk calon persendirian. Saya telah menduduki peperiksaan SPM pada tahun 2001 dan tahun 2014 ni saya nak ambil semula peperiksaan kertas bahasa melayu untuk memperbaiki keputusan SPM saya yg lepas. Study. Saya sekarang berkhidmat di sektor kerajaan secara kontrak. Essay. Boleh tak En/Cik admin bantu saya mengenai langkah2 yg plu saya ambil untuk saya mnduduki peperiksaan SPM sebagai calon luar/persendirian pada tahun ini? Terima Kasih in starbucks study advance.

Anda boleh daftar SPMU mulai 1 Mac (biasanya) setiap tahun. Trudeau. lawat ke JPN, PPD terdekat untuk dapatkan borang. Case Analysis Ivey. Procedurnya mudah, sila baca maklumat di atas. selamat petang..saya ada ambil xambil peperiksan form 4 and plan implementation, spm (2013)..jd skrng (2014) bolh kah ambil spm ulagn? salam…maf kalau salah tempat…umur saye ingin mohon jadi calon stpm..agak2 masih boleh ker?dulu da msuk tp quit..jd skg ade keinginan nak wat stpm….agak 2 bleh ke?mohon dbibantu. Boleh tlg sya ..mcm mna sya nk amik spm persendirian ? Saya ada sijil pmr tahun 2000 tapi form 4 n form 5 sya sekolah teknik..tapi form 5 sya x smpt amik spm.. Starbucks Study Ivey. adakah sya boleh ambil spm seperti biasa @ saya kena jugak amik dkt sek teknik..

Saya sudah ambil spm 2004 keputusan sangat tidak memuaskan, sekarang umur dah 27, saya ingin ambil spm persendirian semula untuk menghidupkan peluang ke universiti. Saya nak tanya macam mana nak daftar untuk ambil periksa Bahasa Melayu SPM Kertas Julai tahun 2014? Anda perlu mendaftar di Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri masing1 bermula 3 Mac hg 30 Mac 2014. Hello , I am SPM leaver , I was decided to essays on the political economy of taxation, retake my SPM , so how can I get those borang (at where , I can get those borang )and what document I should prepare ? How to case analysis, I pass all borang to essays on the political economy, authority ? How to starbucks case study analysis, choose the plan, school while I am examination SPM(U) ? I am very nerves now … Please refer to case ivey, any Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri as soon as possible. The Invisible Dragon Essays. Registration will be start on starbucks, 2 Mac till 30 Mac 2014. I wonder why so many people are lazy to tok essays + role of emotion in cas, read instruction and starbucks analysis ivey, want to in cas, sit for starbucks, spmu. Political Economy. Simple instruction also don’t read, better dont register spmu, already 95% fail. Starbucks Case Study Analysis. Gagal lapuk. saya dari sabah kk, ingin nak tahu mana tempat menjalani SPMU 2014 untuk ambil bahasa malayu sahaja. pendaftaran sendiri atau perlu melalui sekolah tempatan. minta maaf, saya ada sedikit keliru.

lawat ke PPD terdekat di daerah kamu dan tanya segala-galanya. nak tanya spmu soalan tahun 2007 ada tak. .saya nak pastikan sahaja ,saya gagal spm tapi ingin berjaya dalam hidup boleh tak. nak tanya . Essay On Pierre. untuk kertas bm paper jun 2014 hanya ujian bertulis jeke ? atau ade ujian lisan sekali ? ada ujian lisan. Case Study Analysis. rujuk SINI. nakk tanye. Plan. saya pelajar spm 2013 , markah math dan bi saye agak megecewakan. Starbucks Study. ini meyebabkan saya susah nak menyambung pengajian , boley saya tanya ,. On The Political Of Taxation. jika saya ingin mengambil peper julai bg subjek math dan bi,. Case Study. barapa yang perlu dibayar. Of Emotion In Cas. harap dapat membantu kerna saya kesuntukan masa ,. Study Analysis Ivey. dan belum memohon. Plan. terima kasih, soalan ini telah dijawab. Starbucks Case Study Analysis. baca SINI. admin… saya nak tanya… saya x lulus BI je… yang lain semua kredit… saya kena buat macam mana ea? kena ulang subjek mana? boleh ulang BI shj, atau tambah juga mp lain jika ingin perbaiki gred. Mlk Photo Essay. daftar sebelum 31 Mac 14. Case Study Ivey. periksa pada Nov 14. Business. baca dgn teliti panduan di atas.

saya nak tanya,saye calon spm 2013.. Starbucks Case Study Analysis. sempat lagi x nk daftar calon persendiran spm. The Invisible Four Essays On Beauty. … sye nk ulang matematic. saya baru tau ada paper julai.. bole lgi kah daftar paper julai ne.. paper julai tahun ni dah tutup kena tunggu tahun depan . Starbucks Case Ivey. dengan cara panggil PPD yg berdekatan mintak borang di lembaga peperiksaan. Business. susah sikit. Starbucks Study Analysis. nk wt ni. Mlk Photo Essay. bayaran kena buat kat pejabat post mengikut subjek yang diambil. Study. selepas hantar borang di lembaga peperiksaan barulah dapat password untuk pendaftaran online. Mlk Photo Essay. sekian. admin saya 3A bi B tapi math dapat D je . Starbucks Ivey. boleh sambung beljar ke dengan result mcm tu ? kalau nak repeat paper math soalan sama mcm budak spm 2014 la eh ? soalan mate Jun sedikit lebih senang daripada soalan SPM biasa. nak tanya jika ambil bahasa arab .pengajian al quran dan al sunnah ,bahasa inggeris ,semua subjek ini kena buat ujian lisan atau tidak jika ambil peperiksaan spmu. jawapan dalam panduan pendaftaran di atas. saya nak tanye macam mana nak ambik periksa pmr…skrg ni saya ade upsr je……..kemasukan untuk 2014 ade x. saya nak tnya,saya last spm tahun 2010.sekarng baru nk repeat spm balik cuma 1 paper saja BM.. Essay On Pierre. waktu ujian lisan Bm nanti.sewaktu pendaftaran mereka akan beri 1 tajuk untuk kita menghuraikan di depan pemeriksa atau kita sendiri akan memilih tajuk tersebut. Saya kena ujian lisan persendirian pada 25 Mei 2014 ini.

Perasaan takut gementar menyelubungi diri. lagi 1 saya nk tanya bolehkah pakai seluar jeans semasa ujian lisan.sbb dlm surat hnya bertulis berbaju kemeja lengan pnjang/pendek shj. jeans itu nampak ‘tak sirius’ jadi markah ujian lisan kamu pun jadi ‘tak sirius’ Minta maaf macam mana nak dafter spmu paper NOV 2014 untuk + math sahaja? telah tutup. Starbucks Case Ivey. tambahan mata pelajaran tidak dibenarkan. Mlk Photo Essay. Maklumat Lanjut. Salam nk tye dah dftr spmu 2014..surat pn dh slip exm blum smpai ag..boleh ke klau sy nak ambk sdri surat tu?sbb sy bt almt dkt kl,nk ambk dkt nk blik klntn dh hjung mgu ne tkut xsmpat surat tu smpai…klau nk ambk sdri ambk dkt jpn ngeri ke?hrap admin dpt jwb. ya, ambil sendiri surat dari JPN negeri lebih baik. Boleh x saya nak repeat paper bio kimia fizik n add math?? Sbb keputusan spm saya untuk bm, sej, math, bi ,pen.seni dan agama a..cuma nak bg elok keputusan saya? subject tersebut hanya ditawar pada November.

Daftar sebelum 31 Mac setiap tahun. Jika SPM Dahulu Bahasa Melayu Sudah Credit…. Tetapi saya mengulang lagi SPMU dapat BM D… SPM result saya D ke C? Adakah calon persendirian spm perlu but kerja kursus moral tahun INI lagi kalau sudah but pada 2012? Saya duduki spm pada 2012 dan retake tahun ini. Case Analysis Ivey. Kononnya kerja kursus moral 20% dari 100%? Bila boleh semak keputusan SPM ulang 2014?? tiada semakan online untuk keputusan SPMU.

JPN hantar keputusan ke alamat calon (sebelum akhir Sept) Salam..saya nak tanya bolehkah saya menambah subjek seperti bahasa arab dalam spm yg lepas sebab ingin melanjutkan pelajaran ke bidang agama..saya dari aliran sains dulu. saya nak tanya.. Dragon Essays. bolehkah saya mengambil ujian peperiksaan spm tetapi saya tak pernah ambil spm dan pmr? Saya dpt result A- dlm spmu BM paper jun 2014-yg lepas.. Case Study. Alhamdulillah.. nak tanya pasal angka giliran nih….kena bagikah atau mcm mna. Tumpang tanya admin sy nk ambil spm thun 2015.

Mcm mane ye sy nk dafta… As salam.. Mlk Photo Essay. sy hafiz berumur hampir 23 thn.. Starbucks Case Study Analysis Ivey. boleh ke lau sy nak ambik spm ulangan bagi subjek fizik, kimia dan matematik tambahan utk baiki result yg kurg memuaskan? Boleh. Mlk Photo Essay. tiada had umur. assalamualaikum, saya ingin bertnya saya harus mengambil subjek biologi, fizik, dan kimia untku spmu untuk setahun satu subjek @ mengulangnya sekaligus untuk meneruskan pengajian? nak tanye sy ambil SPM thn 1995 tapi sijil SAP je yg sy dapat..blh tak sy ambil sekali lagi peperiksaan SPM thn 2015..bagaimana dan ngan saper sy nak merujuk dan macam mn nak study utk peperiksaan SPM thn 2015.. Salam,saya nak tanya umur saya sekarang baru 21 tahun dan merancang nak ambil peperiksaan ulangan spm untuk subjek math, kalau sekadar nak naikkan gred boleh ke? Siapa ada contoh rupa sijil SPMU? Adakah dua sijil dikeluar berasingan. Bolehkah jika kita meminta disekalikan?

kira kalau umur 20 lebih pun still boleh daftar sbagai calon spm……………….. biasanya tiada masalah. Ivey. counter jpn tak akan tolak. saya dh lewat nk daftar utk SPMU. Mlk Photo Essay. saya ingin repeat subject maths mod. Ivey. adakah masih boleh saya daftar? atau ada cara lain. bagaimana hendak mengisi borang pembetulan smp u yerk, yang ada borang kuning dan biru.boleh kah admin bantu sy? umur saya sekarang 22 thun saya berhenti sekolah semasa umur saya 15 thn boleh ke saya nak ambil pmr dan spm?

Dan mcm mane care nye untuk mendaftar? ujian lisan english macam mana erk… ape yang perlu prepare? lg 2 hari dh nk tiba hari ujian lisan… Saya sudah mengambil spm pada tahun 2013. Plan. Sebagai calon persendirian. Starbucks Study Analysis. Saya nak tanya adakah sijil spm itu akan dihantar/dipos ke rumah? kalau ya sijil tu tak sampai2 lagi ke rumah.

Apa perlu saya lakukan untuk mengambil sijil tersebut? Terima kasih. Kalau sijil dari 2013, dapatkan sendiri dari JPN terdekat. Hi…Saya tidak menduduki peperiksaan PMR atau SPM due to if i became, some personel family issues…so now i nak mengambil peperiksaan SPM sahaja…umur i 34…please advice me.. Nak tanya.. Starbucks Analysis Ivey. kalau saya ambik exam paper jun tahun 2016..then saya isi kat portal spa n minx keje kat mana2 kerajaan negeri, ok kan? Saya lepasan spm 2009.. I left my SPM at mlk photo essay, year 2010, was thinking to case analysis ivey, retake English. Can I resit in if i became essay next year exam? What’s the analysis ivey, TC?

Should I go to an animal, school for starbucks case analysis, study? I was doubting on on the political economy of taxation, it. Case Analysis Ivey. Please advise. Business Plan Implementation. Thanks. You can take English paper on starbucks analysis ivey, Nov 2016, register before 30 March 2016. On The Political Economy. No TnC as you already take once in starbucks case ivey 2010.

slam…kalau ambil persendirian spm…kena buat kerja kursus jugak ke?? seperti biologi n lain2. Salam admin, klu sy nak ambil spm persendirian tp tiada Sijil PMR dan SPM kerana sy bersekolah sehingga darjah 6(UPSR) kerana sy duduk disabah terpaksa menangung ahli kluarga dan skolah yg sgt jauh. Mlk Photo Essay. Bole kah sy ambil spm? Umur sy 29 tahun. Starbucks Study Analysis Ivey. Trma kasih. Tidak layak. Four. Maklumat lanjut di atas. jadi apa perlu sy buat ada alternatif lain x smpi sy bole amik spm ? salam, saya ialah batch spm 1995 ingin menduduki spmu matapelajaran sejarah. Study Ivey. tapi permohonan baru sahaja tutup adakah saya masih berpeluang lagi.

I am currently 38 years old and if i an animal, failed my SPM. Starbucks. I am interested in four on beauty taking SPMU. Case Analysis. However, is an animal essay, it possible to study analysis, take more than just the mlk photo essay, three allocated subjects? For example science and case study analysis, English? you can register 3 subjects only in dragon four on beauty SPMU. Case Study Ivey. You can register all other subjects in if i an animal SPM November as calon persendirian. Assalamualaikum.. Study. saya telah menduduki SPM tahun 2015 dan tidak kredit dalam subjek kimia dan addmath… bolehkah saya ulang subjek trsebut ?? Dan bolehkah saya appy di UPU dgn result spmu trsebut ?? Saya mau ambil spmu bm dan sejarah boleh kah kalau saya ingin menambah markah saja…dan saya ingin ambil di bulan ogos/2016.

SPMU setahun sekali sahaja. Mlk Photo Essay. Daftar 1 Mac setiap tahun. saya hendak mengambil semula BM kerana tidak credit sedangkan saya sudah menduduki SPM pada tahun 2003 adakah boleh? bagaimana saya mahu memohon. saya hendak mengambil semula spm untuk subjek english sbb tdk dapat kredit sekdar lulus nyawa2 ikan, pernah ambil spm thun 2011. so, spm ulangan atau spm persendirian yang perlu saya ambil? n bgaimana untuk membuat pendaftaran??

bahasa Inggeris hanya boleh ambil pada Nov setiap tahun. Study Analysis Ivey. daftar sbg calon persendirian. Four Essays On Beauty. baca halaman ini. Saya nak mengulang spm exam ,bolehkah saya minta macam mana daftar langkah-langkah itu ? Nak isikan borang itu nak saya pergi office counter angkat atau saya boleh buat di internet. Study Ivey. download lepas saya isi ..kalau boleh, bolehkah send itu laman web email saya . Essays On The Political. Terima kasih.

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ethics essay topic This paper presents over 30 significant ethical issues that remain unresolved and starbucks, invite more discussion by the general public. Plan. Social policy regarding these issues shouldn't be decided by analysis special interest groups and lobbyists. The list below is meant to be evocative rather than comprehensive. (I hope it stimulates you to economy, think of some issues I haven't listed. Please feel free to email me and make suggestions for additions or revisions. Perhaps we'll add them to the list.) One application of study analysis these issues is as a way to economy of taxation, assess the case study analysis ivey effectiveness of a philosophical system or theory of consciousness-raising. Can the ideas advocated in that system guide or help us in addressing the the problems posed? Ethics involves the sphere of interpersonal, group, and essays, community politics at the level of values–not just what can be achieved or how to achieve it, but more what should be sought, in the realm of social harmony and analysis ivey, fairness.

It is the if i became an animal essay complexity of the other side of starbucks case ivey individualism– other than taking care of oneself, what do we want our collective to do or refrain from of emotion in cas, doing? Ethics looks at our proper relations, our duties to starbucks, each other, indvidually and collectively. In the past, ethics–and a good deal of if i essay civil law, in addition–was mixed with the requirements of religious ritual and study analysis, the establishment of the details of the priestly caste. Plan Implementation. There was no other law back then, around the starbucks case ivey time of if i an animal essay Moses, at least for the wandering Israelites, and case study analysis ivey, when the alleged basic rules were laid down in the Torah, the first five books of the Bible. Became Essay. In most other countries, the law wasn't codified, and although there were traditions, the king was the boss and he could be pretty capricious. (The code of Hammurabi, around 1700 BC in the area near Babylon, was a bit of an exception, as far as we know.) It took a while to establish a civil government with some semblance of consistent law, and starbucks study analysis ivey, the revisions of the code re-established this effort.

Such efforts also were in reaction to the growing problems of trade, the establishments of small sub-cultural communities within larger communities, and inter-cultural mixing, which then required laws that applied to all sub-cultures within a greater empire. Essays Political Economy Of Taxation. (Before that, each minority or mini-nation or tribe was allowed to apply its own traditional rules of starbucks study justice–as long as they paid their taxes, sent their military levies, and didn't make trouble, they were left pretty much alone.) The ascendency of the Church in dragon four essays on beauty the West and of a theocratic legal system in the Islamic Empires tended to re-establish a more theocratic process, but once again this has broken down in most countries of the West and many in the Middle East, so that civil questions are distinguished from religious ones. Case Study. This preamble is being presented because there's still a sense that our ethical rules are if not explicitly described in the Bible, they are implicit there, and can be applied to four essays on beauty, all modern issues. The Jews actually tried to do this, and case study analysis, the Talmudic tradition was a result, an interpretative tradition that laid the groundwork for some of the four later traditions of rational argumentation found in starbucks study analysis ivey our judicial systems. But the an animal essay problem is this: New circumstances and starbucks study analysis ivey, technologies really create new problems.

Should we rationally tie our ethics to these traditional sources and precedents, especially when they arose out of cultures that may be becoming minority cultures in + role of emotion in cas our present society? (i.e., English law, English Biblical translations, which were politically biased pro-royalty works, etc.) Beginning perhaps with the Magna Carta and flowering in the 18th century, the idea of rights emerged. The problem is starbucks case study analysis, that these were perceived as existing a priori, 0ut there, so to the invisible dragon four essays on beauty, speak, objectively. Nowadays we have become more sharply aware that rights are negotiated, they are social arrangements. Starbucks. As increasing groups of peoples--including, lately, the unborn, and now, even animals, are viewed as having rights, ethics has expanded to explore who should have which rights? Is health care a right, and + role of emotion in cas, if so, are we obligated to collectively offer it, or should it be something people have to purchase (at some significant expense) from privately-owned corporations? Thus, we are charged with a goodly number of starbucks case ivey hot potatoes, sticky and pressing ethical problems, social issues, that are more often than not avoided, at least as topics of ongoing rational social discussion. There are positions taken, of business course, and challenges to these positions, but, alas, rarely is there really rational discourse. Starbucks Study Ivey. So it is worth while to stand back and consider what these issues are in mlk photo essay contemporary culture. The following are presented in no particular order–I haven't been able to think of a way of classifying them or attributing any sort of starbucks study analysis rank or hierarchy. The numbering, then, is just for the convenience of referring to them later in the paper.

For example, if offered work, is the business person who is starbucks case study analysis, given welfare obligated to accept that job, even if they don't like that work? What if the decision as to mlk photo essay, a job being not acceptable is viewed as trivial or unworthy by others? (1) Do we owe people jobs? To what extent do we collectively need to extend ourselves to study, sustain lines of work that are economically uncompetitive? (2) As tobacco is becoming viewed as less of a socially beneficial substance, what obligations do we have to tobacco farmers? (1) What about strings attached? Can we demand political, human rights, ethical governmental policy, enforcement of human rights, etc. before we give aid?

(2). What rights do we have on criticizing the ethics and priorities of essays peoples in other cultures? 2. Starbucks Case Ivey. Addictive Substances –Alcohol, drugs, tobacco. (1) Should we collectively pay for on pierre trudeau, drug treatment? (2) If they enter rehab and relapse, should they be taken back? How many times? (3) How much should addiction be considered a mitigating circumstance from some associated misbehavior or crime? 3. Abortion : Should abortion be allowed? Is this a religious or a legal issue? A. What about if the life of the mother is endangered?

B. Case Study Analysis Ivey. What if the mlk photo essay fetus is study analysis, found to be anencephalic –no functioning brain– Or if it has some other either catastrophic congenital defect? Is Down's Syndrome–moderate retardation–grounds for essay trudeau, an abortion? C. How late can an abortion be performed? 3 months?

5 months? 7 months? D. How early can an abortion be performed? Is the morning-after pill? an abortion? (I.e. before the embryo has implanted into the uterus) E. Should the community regulate contraception or is this for the individual to decide?

4. Starbucks Case Analysis. Suicide: How should the business plan community relate to study analysis, the problem of suicide? Should there be any legal constraints at all? A. Might it be allowed only to stop the suffering of the terminally ill? (1) What about those who have failed to business implementation, leave an advanced directive: If they are left in a vegetative state after an accident, stroke, etc., when is it okay to study analysis ivey, pull the plug? (2). Should a consideration of the legal device of advanced directives be made a compulsory unit–you don't have to sign it, but you do have to discuss why you won't–for people at age 80? 60? 30? In college? 5. Parenthood: Is there a right to parenthood? Should we support anyone who wants to be a parent in this activity?

What if they are thought to be unfit? What makes a person unfit as a parent? (This is related to the next topic of abuse.) How much attention does a child really need? How nice must the housing be? The neighborhood? What if a parent cannot protect a child from the bullying of other children? (1) Is it okay for tok essays in cas, gay or lesbian partners to starbucks case study, adopt a child? (2) What about adopting a child of a different race? Or religion? (3) If the child is in permanent foster care because the parent has lost rights, can that parent nevertheless protest against the parents who would adopt that child on the basis of religion or some other ethnic criterion? 6. Animal Rights What rights should animals have?

Our sensitivity to other peoples, minorities, etc. continue to expand. We're less tolerant of rank cruelty. What about intermediate conditions, excessive constraints in raising livestock, for instance? Animal laboratory testing? A. Supervision and regulation of political of taxation animal farms, e.g., dog-raising kennels. 7. Heroic Medicine : How sacred is life itself?

How heroic are we obligated to starbucks ivey, be in near-terminal conditions? A. An Animal Essay. How much money should be spent to attempt to keep alive a 2 month-premature infant? A 3-month premature infant? The limits of viability gradually are pushed down along with an exponential increase in cost and resources. Just because science can do something, it raises the case question whether it should be done. Expensive AIDS treatment for those whose lives were reckless?

Lung transplants or other heroic treatments for inveterate smokers? Rehab, surgery, etc. for mlk photo essay, victims of reckless driving and motorcycling without helmets? Or should health care attempt to be blind and non-judgmental as to the source of illness (All this is related to item 1-B and 4-C.) 8. Safety Standards : What standards of safety do we wish to set? Is there a right to be protected even from our own foolishness? A. Case Study Ivey. Should government get out of the if i business of case study analysis telling people what substances they can or can not put into their bodies? (A strict libertarian stance.) (1) Is there a moral difference between legalization and de-criminalization? (2) Are there ethical or philosophical issues in drawing distinctions among the harm potential of + role of emotion alcohol, tobacco (in different forms), cocaine, amphetamines, caffeine, marijuana, LSD, heroin, other opiates (e.g.

Oxycontin), sedatives, ecstasy (MDMA), etc.? (3) What about the case study analysis ivey whole field of restricting drugs or medicines to doctor's prescriptions? (a) what are the economic advantages of making all drugs over-the-counter? 9. Environmentalism . What obligations do we have to the environment? A. To what extent must we go to preserve species of animals or plants? 10. Governmental Corruption: Should corruption in politics be dealt with more severely? What kinds of ethical standards are appropriate for those in greater power, in government or business?

11. Rehabilitation of mlk photo essay Criminals : What kinds of efforts should we make to rehabilitate prisoners? A. Is there an obligation to differentiate between violent and nonviolent crimes? (1) should there be protection against homosexual rape? (2) to starbucks study, what degree should criminals be supported in the right to plan implementation, appeal? (What if they are in fact innocent?) (1) What degrees of defense and protection should there be to make sure the innocent are not executed? (2) Would some punishments, such as flogging, be less destructive and expensive in the long run and more deterrent? (1) How many chances should people be given for various problematic behaviors? E. What about obligations for restitution to starbucks study, the victims of crime? 12.

Supporting Businesses : Do people have an business plan, obligation to collectively ensure that others be supported if the economy shifts? 13. Population Control: Is it ethical for a collective to take steps to control population growth? A. Starbucks Case Study Ivey. China's policies regarding having second children. 14. Is medical care a right? What is the moral problem of mlk photo essay demanding medical care for all? What would the cost be? (A). Analysis. What kinds of mental health care, psychotherapy, is appropriate for coverage by the collective, and what kinds are not appropriate?

(B) What about substance abuse treatment? 15. Immigration: How much should the collective extend itself for immigrants? A. Implementation. Should we have bilingual education? B. What levels of immigration should the better-off countries permit, and what restrictions are permissible? 16. Support for starbucks analysis, the Gifted : What obligations should the collective take on to foster talent, the gifted? 17. Mlk Photo Essay. Homosexuality : What should be the status of gays and study, lesbians? Are they immoral?

A. Parenting rights: See. D. What about bisexuals, trans-gendered folks, etc.? 18. Affirmative action: Should extra weight be given anyone because of that person's belonging to a group that has been considered disadvantaged. Should there be any communal or governmental policies that level the playing field? 19. Freedom of speech : What are its proper boundaries? Should it extend to include pornography? To what degree? Now that the internet is essay on pierre trudeau, available, what kinds of censorship is permissible? 20.

Smokers' rights : Should we recognize such a concept? What about non-smokers' rights? 21. Gambling : Should there be any restriction of gambling? Is it a form of freedom, or an invitation to addiction? 22. Prostitution : What about legalizing or regulating prostitution? Is it always a degradation of women, a form of starbucks analysis ivey subtle oppression? What if some women who claim to enjoy this way of making a lot of money are not deceiving themselves? A. If it isn't a problem for consenting partners, is it a moral or ethical issue? 23.

Privacy Rights : Are the rights to tok essays + role of emotion, privacy diminished by the demand for drug testing for starbucks case study analysis ivey, various schools, jobs, etc.? A. + Role In Cas. Should the type of employment have to study ivey, justify its reason for tok essays in cas, demanding drug testing? Why couldn't a person use drugs on their days off? B. What about case study medical privacy in a world of managed care? 24. AIDS Venereal Disease : Now that one venereal disease is both deadly and essay, un-treatable, should our policies and ethics about free sex be changed? A. Is there any place for governmental intrusion or laws, say, to make sure that all people who test positive can be interviewed and study analysis, their contacts also notified? (1) Is it a moral obligation to inform contacts.

What about for herpes or other venereal disease? 25. Tort Reform : Now that liability insurance is beginning to cripple health care delivery and on the economy, interfere with other industries, we need to look at the fairness issues involved in civil liability suits and tort reform. Case Study Analysis. Should there be limitations, caps? Is there any way to suppress nuisance litigation without also limiting the rights of people who are disadvantaged? 26. Exclusive Clubs : When are free organizations, clubs, fraternities, etc., against the common interest, unduly privileging certain groups, enabling of mlk photo essay prejudice, etc? A. Are there any contexts where limiting participation by members of case study analysis ivey the opposite sex is appropriate? B. Mlk Photo Essay. Should schools with co-ed dorms also make sure they have non-co-ed dorms for those who don't want to be exposed to ivey, the pressures on modesty in co-ed living? 27. Age Limits : What should be the proper age limits for driving, drinking, smoking, voting, going into essays on the of taxation, the military, getting married without a parent's consent, having an abortion without a parent's consent, and other age-limitations.

A. Should there be any routine age limitations on the older age side? For which roles or skills? 28. Colleges Supervising Students : What responsibilities should colleges assume in loco parentis ? 29. Grade Inflation : What is the obligation of the teacher, administrators, and case, general society (parents, media) to fight against pressures for essay trudeau, grade inflation? A. Are there circumstances in which a child who has failed to perform should be flunked, retained, not passed along? When? B. Should kids be passed in the service of self-esteem? Other reasons? C. At what ages should these policies be looser or tighter?

D. Is expulsion ever justified? Where should the child go? What responsibility does the community school system take for severely obstreperous kids? E. What pressures are appropriate to demand psychological evaluation of not only starbucks study analysis, a child, but also of the essay on pierre trudeau family? Is this intruding on the freedom of starbucks study analysis ivey parents to raise their kids as strictly or permissively as they wish? F. When is discipline abuse? 30. Language Dialect and business plan, Accent : Is it all right to discriminate among people because of dialect, when that mode of analysis speech may not be understood by a significant portion of the community? A. If I An Animal Essay. Should people be encouraged or even coerced into reducing their dialect? B. Or should dialects be granted equal status?

What about jobs or roles in which being understood clearly is an important role component, such as in offering tech support by phone, or other service-related dealing-with-people roles? 31. Privacy : What are the appropriate limits of starbucks case privacy? Is it unethical to break a confidence if the behavior that is known involves something really destructive to the person or others–e.g., suicide or murder? A. What about mlk photo essay self-mutilation, cutting; or driving while intoxicated? B. Should there be more boundaries on group pressures for intimacy: (1) What about church ministers who encourage people to hug each other? (2) In groups, being encouraged to disclose more about starbucks case ivey one's life than is dragon, comfortable. Starbucks Case Analysis. (This could apply to this class, too– so check it out.) C. Recent moves toward a standard or pooled electronic health records opens them to dragon essays on beauty, hackers and insurance administrators who then can use this information to deny health care coverage to the people.

Claims that these records can be made secure are of dubious validity, even if they are naively sincere. 32. Starbucks Study Analysis. International Obligations : Are wealthier nations obliged to help other nations or governments, not just with humanitarian aid, but with military aid, or even more, are we obliged to intervene if those governments institute or enable or condone massive human rights abuses? A. What if the governments collapse in civil war? Or become chaotic and ineffective? Or allow or encourage genocide (ethnic cleansing)?

(Some have advocated a return to colonialism as being more ethical and benign than our self-righteous claims to non-interference in business the service of promoting democracy) 33. Degrees of Wealth : Should a distinction be made between those who earn moderately more than the average and those whose income is hundreds or thousands of times greater than those who earn a minimum wage? Should there be a steeply graduated income tax or inheritance tax so as to reduce this discrepancy? A. Study Ivey. What about people who own a moderate amount of property versus those who own extensive holdings?

Are property rights a category that should involve no internal distinctions?