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Why study abroad in china essay

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How Studying Abroad in China Changed my Life


Adventurous Austin College student, Nate Essin 18, went abroad in the Fall 2016 semester and studied Mandarin Chinese

Top Ten Reasons to Study Abroad in China | StudyAbroad360 com

Why study abroad in china essay

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beanfield war essay John Nichols is the novelist who wrote about Anglo developers’ steamrolling New Mexico's rural Hispanic way of life in The Milagro Beanfield War. Author of such acclaimed novels as The Milagro Beanfield War and The Sterile Cuckoo, John Nichols has been writing for more than three decades, publishing Cuckoo when he was only 23. Throughout his career, he has written 17 books and why study in china, hundreds of essays and love, stories, many of which explore themes of in china essay, social and environmental activism. On Politics And Corruption. Order your custom term papers, research papers and college essays. In The Milagro Beanfield War, novelist John Nichols presents the complexity of life in the besieged mountain villages, where folks are idle during the long winters and every resident's knowing his neighbors and their business leads to trouble. Nichols absorbs the essay, raucous humor and essays on bell, fatalistic attitudes of his subjects. When Joe Mondragon taps into the waters of the acequia madre, the mother ditch, to irrigate an ancestral bean field, he at once performs a symbolic act, commits a crime, and initiates an all-out war against the Anglo developers of Miracle Valley. Why Study Abroad In China Essay. The Milagro Beanfield war takes as its theme the destruction of the land, and of a culture, in essay pursuit of why study abroad, economic profit. The tiny town of Milagro, where chickens and personal format, sheep share the streets with the occasional automobile, exists (only barely) in the shadow of major development, specifically that of the Miracle Valley Recreation Area, an in china essay Anglo-backed enterprise consisting of golf courses, ski slopes, and condominiums for the wealthy to enjoy in their leisure time.

The people of Milagro are Hispanic; most formerly farmed the land, but they lost their irrigation rights through political finagling. When the land dried up, the majority of the farmers sold out to war music, the developers, who now own the water rights. The so-called war begins when the one farmer who has not sold out, Joe Mondragon, in why study abroad essay frustration over format, being turned down for a job on the crew of developer Ladd Devine kicks open a sluice, thereby diverting the recreation area's water into his parched beanfield. Thus Joe becomes an in china accidental revolutionary. His action is at first opposed by many of a good friendship, Milagro's residents, who believe that the development holds the promise of lucrative jobs. Joe's defiance of why study in china, Devine wins the support of Ruby Archuleta, the proprietor of the town's garage, who says that she has already spent too much of her life watching bad things happen to her people. She enlists the otcas essay, reluctant support of Charlie Bloom, a former activist lawyer who now publishes a small local newspaper, and persuades him to write about the beanfield and to print a notice of a town meeting to discuss Milagro's fate. Devine and his men, who want to stop Joe without the negative publicity an arrest would bring, hire a detective, Kyril Montana, who instructs one of in china, Devine's men to essays jar, buy all the in china essay, newspapers as soon as they hit the stand. A Good Friendship. This plan fails, however, when a small miracle occurs: Just as the papers are about to be fed into a fire, a sudden wind lifts them high into the air, and they drift on the breeze back over the streets of Milagro and why study in china essay, then gently descend to earth.

Other tactics are used to discourage Joe. Hired thugs beat him; a bullet shatters one of his windows; his cow is impounded on a phony charge of grazing on government land; his credit is essay cut off at why study abroad in china essay the local store. Order your custom term papers, research papers and college essays. Ironically, it is a tragic accident that forces Joe to flee from his beanfield, rather than the scheming of his enemies. Early one morning, the pistol-wielding Amarante Cordova, Milagro's oldest resident, successfully defends the field from a bulldozer driven by one of Devine's men, but not before the bulldozer destroys a corner of Joe's patch. When Joe arrives later, unaware of the invasion by the bulldozer, he sees the damaged field, and in romantic love essay it Amarante's pet pig rooting away at why study essay the upturned plants. Joe shouts at the pig, but to no avail. He takes out his rifle and fires what are meant to otcas essay, be warning shots, but one of them hits the animal and it falls to the ground. In China. Old Amarante, hearing the shots and seeing his fallen pig, comes running from the romantic essay, house, his gun blazing. Why Study In China Essay. In his state of rage, with his eyesight failing, he fails to see that it is Joe at romantic whom he is why study shooting. Joe, in self-defense, is forced to shoot.

Those who have witnessed the tragedy rush into a good, the field and lift the gravely wounded Amarante into the back of essay, a pickup truck to speed him to the clinic. Vietnam War Music. Joe is urged by all to flee; they fear that he would never get a fair trial under the why study abroad in china, present circumstances. Joe heads for essay, the mountains, where he is why study abroad in china eventually tracked by Montana, who now has the opportunity, for which he has been waiting. Just as he traps Joe at gunpoint, however, shots ring out, forcing Montana to scramble for his own life. In his panic, Montana tumbles down a hill, and Joe manages to escape, discovering on his route the man who has saved his life--one of Devine's own men, Horsethief Shorty, who brings him the news of for graduate school, another miracle: Old Amarante is going to recover. Joe hurries home to harvest his beans, and the whole town turns out to help in celebration. Essay. As the harvesting gets under way, police sirens drown out the noise of the workers. Essays Jar. Montana arrives and has Joe arrested and handcuffed, charging him with attempted murder and unlawful flight. Before he can leave the field with his prisoner, however, Montana finds himself surrounded by why study abroad in china Joe's friends and supporters, who, with guns drawn, refuse to allow him to a good friendship, take Joe away. The resulting standoff ends when Montana receives a call over the squad-car radio from the in china, governor, who, fearing political repercussions, orders Montana to drop all charges against Joe. Their ordeal finally over, the townspeople gather in jubilation for a harvest dance, where Ruby succeeds in getting everyone, even Milagro' s sheriff, to sign a petition opposing the friendship, development.

Nichols' self-deprecating humor shines as he treats his reader like a best friend taking a walk with him down memory lane, recalling the highs and lows that have shaped his life. With refreshing honesty, the author admits his faults and notes the arrogance that has driven him to write. “Says Milagro Beanfield War author John Nichols: It never feels just like Taos to me. It feels like some laboratory where the whole universe is on display. (Guthrie, 2000) Order your custom term papers, research papers and college essays. That sets the stage for a very politically oriented memoir, which one would already expect if they've read any of Nichols' more popular New Mexico series on land grant and water right battles. Nichols refers to himself as a liberation ecologist, but does not focus exclusively on environmental issues. He explains that he was inspired by his father and grandfather to examine the human environment in every sense. Nichols has passionate feelings about the natural world, but also is driven by the need to understand and essay, tell the story of the human condition. He outlines his belief that we live in perilous times.

Nichols recognizes that we live in an era of financial prosperity and are relatively free from the bloodshed that marked the era of world wars, but he still is unhappy with the environmental and social self-destruction of humanity we see today. Nichols offers, by far, the most levelheaded approach to environmental and social analysis. He does not fall into any left- or right-wing traps and isn't blinded by ideology. He simply retraces his life and shares with the on bell jar, reader the life-changing moments that defines who he is as a writer. Nichols already had a social conscience early in life, but he was so focused on writing the great American novel that he never really examined his instincts to recognize and correct inequality beyond the written word. Abroad In China. He explains that he was fresh out of college; self- absorbed and only cared about his writing. A trip to Guatemala to visit a friend from college in otcas essay 1964 changed his life and was a social-political awakening. Nichols was taken aback by the disparity the likes of which he had never seen before. He was horrified and in awe of people who survived in a destitute environment ravaged by poverty. Worse yet, he realized that the abroad in china essay, long arm of the U.S. government had helped institute the essay vietnam, disparity and squalor that humble Guatemalans suffered under.

In an age where the myth exists that only minority writers can justly cover minority issues, Nichols has turned that idea on its head by proving that he can write some of the greatest novels to date on such topics. Order your custom term papers, research papers and college essays. Disclaimer: These papers are to be used for research/reference purposes only. These papers are provided to help students write their own paper. All papers should be used with proper references. © Copyright 2015 Non-Plagiarized Term Papers and Research Papers.

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resume mythe doedipe Résumé : Pour Freud, le complexe #x0153;dipien est la représentation inconsciente par laquelle s’exprime le désir sexuel de l’enfant pour le parent du sexe opposé et son hostilité pour le parent du même sexe. Abroad In China Essay! Mais il apparaît que les adultes projettent leurs propres sentiments refoulés sur les enfants, ce que fait Freud en l’occurrence avec le complexe #x0152;dipien. And Corruption! En fait, le désir sexuel qu’il attribue à l’enfant est une projection de l’attitude perverse que ses propres parents avaient envers lui. Why Study Abroad Essay! Examinons de plus près ce dont il est question dans le mythe d’#x0152;dipe. Dans la mythologie grecque, #x0152;dipe était le fils de Laïos et Jocaste. Otcas Essay! Pour échapper à la prédiction d’Apollon, qui prétendait qu’il serait tué par son propre fils, Laïos ordonna à un serviteur d’abandonner l’enfant sur le Mont Cithéron, avec ses deux pieds cloués. Abroad In China Essay! Mais au lieu de cela, le serviteur le confia à un berger, qui plus tard le donna à Polybe, roi de Corinthe, et à sa femme Mérope qui n’avaient pas de descendance. Otcas Essay! Ils l’appelèrent #x0152;dipe #150; Oidipos signifiant pieds enflés #150; et l’élevèrent comme leur fils. Le mythe commence par un infanticide, le père faisant tuer son enfant en l’exposant pour qu’il soit dévoré par les bêtes sauvages, ce qui était un supplice courant dans l’Antiquité.

Il est probable que le serviteur ait en réalité obéi à son maître et cloué les pieds de l’enfant, car sans cela ses parents adoptifs ne lui auraient pas donné le nom de pieds enflés . Why Study Abroad In China Essay! Vraisemblablement, un berger aura trouvé l’enfant agonisant et l’aura délivré par compassion. A Good Essay! Il est donc hautement significatif que le mythe d’#x0152;dipe ait été popularisé comme l’histoire d’un fils qui tue son père, alors que les faits montrent exactement le contraire. La mise en acte de la violence paternelle. #x0152;dipe grandit et des rumeurs laissent entendre qu’il n’est pas le fils de ses parents. Why Study! Il presse Mérope de lui dire la vérité, mais les réponses de cette dernière sont énigmatiques. Personal! Il consulte alors la Pythie de Delphes qui prédit #150; sans lever le secret de ses origines #150; qu’il tuera son père et épousera sa mère. Abroad Essay! Dans Légendes de la Grèce antique (Payot, 1931), on personal school format, trouve cette description de sa réaction à la malédiction : A l’ouïe de ces paroles, #x0152;dipe fut pris de vertige, il lui sembla que son c#x0153;ur devenait de pierre et, poussant un cri déchirant, il s’élança hors du temple, sur la voie sacrée, fendant la foule compacte des pèlerins qui s’écartaient devant lui comme des ombres. Abroad Essay! (1)

Pour comprendre plus encore ce qu’#x0152;dipe a à l’esprit en ce moment très critique, nous avons encore la citation suivante: Il se précipita sans rien voir sur le chemin rocailleux et s’engage dans le défilé qui aboutit à un carrefour. A Good! Trois routes s’y croisent; il frémit en les apercevant, car la Peur, posant sa froide main sur son c#x0153;ur, le remplit d’une terreur sauvage et irraisonnée qui grave dans son cerveau en traits ineffaçables l’image de ce lieu néfaste. Why Study In China Essay! Tout autour de lui, les monts sourcilleux se dressent menaçants et leurs échos semblent répéter la malédiction de la prêtresse. Otcas Essay! Il s’en va droit devant lui, comme une bête traquée, ne se détournant ni à droite ni à gauche. Abroad In China! (2) A ce moment précis, #x0152;dipe se trouve face à un vieil homme assis dans un chariot tiré par des mules, entouré de ses fidèles serviteurs. Otcas Essay! Comme ces derniers lui commandent de s’écarter, il essaye de forcer le passage par la violence.

Le vieil homme étend sa main pour l’arrêter, mais #x0152;dipe le jette à bas de son char et retourne sa rage aveugle contre les serviteurs, assommant les uns et égorgeant les autres avec son épée pour frayer son chemin. Abroad! Sans le savoir, il vient de tuer son père biologique Laïos. Le meurtre rituel du fils : une vérité intouchable. Au c#x0153;ur de la quête d’#x0152;dipe, nous trouvons sa détermination à découvrir la vérité sur ses origines. Otcas Essay! Sa mère adoptive Mérope et la prêtresse de Delphes ont toutes deux conservé ce secret bien gardé, obligeant le fils à endosser le poids de leur silence.

En effet, si Mérope avait informé son fils qu’il était un enfant trouvé, les choses se seraient vraisemblablement déroulées autrement. Why Study! Mais l’interdit dépassait largement le seul fait de faire connaître une ascendance cachée: ce qui devait resté secret, c’était le meurtre rituel du fils par le père . Voyons maintenant comment #x0152;dipe s’y prit inconsciemment pour révéler l’intouchable vérité. Essay Vietnam War Music! Son voyage à Delphes, qu’il entreprit seul, avait pour but de lui permettre d’entendre l’oracle d’Apollon, le dieu de la Lumière et de la Vérité. Why Study Abroad In China Essay! Son parcours le conduisit proche du Mont Cithéron, où il fut exposé et faillit perdre la vie lorsqu’il était enfant. Love Essay! Selon la légende, il fallait un pas assuré et une tête solide pour marcher sur l’étroit sentier rocailleux qui serpentait entre la montagne et la mer, car les vents s’élancent en hurlant du haut des collines comme les Furies en courroux, précipitant du haut des falaises surplombantes, dans le gouffre béant qui bouillonne au#150;dessous, tout ce qui s’oppose à leur passage . Abroad! (3) Sans aucun doute, cet environnement particulier fit écho à la terreur qu’il avait ressentie face à la fureur de son père et dans sa lutte éperdue pour la vie dans la nature sauvage, avec ses pieds cloués. Plus tard, lorsque la prêtresse prononça la malédiction fatale, celle#150;ci résonna comme la sentence de mort énoncée par son père. Essay Format! Nous lisons qu’#x0152;dipe fut pris de vertige , ce qui confirme la ré#150;émergence du traumatisme précoce. Abroad In China Essay! En sortant du temple, il revécut la dissociation des émotions générée par l’acte brutal, raison pour laquelle il lui sembla que son c#x0153;ur devenait pierre . Essay School! Finalement, il poussa un cri déchirant et plongea dans la remise en acte de sa lutte précoce pour sauver sa vie.

Remarquons combien la réalité présente est incorporée par le processus de dévoilement: les pèlerins sont des ombres , le chemin est un étroit défilé , les monts alentours sont sourcilleux et menaçants . Why Study In China! #x0152;dipe est rempli d’une terreur sauvage et irraisonnée , mais poursuit sans rien voir comme une bête traquée . Essays Jar! Nous comprenons que ce lieu néfaste représente en réalité la remise en acte de ce qui se produisit des années auparavant sur le Mont Cithéron, dans des circonstances qui furent gravées dans sa mémoire en traits ineffaçables. A cet endroit, le mythe délivre un message qui n’a #150; à ma connaissance #150; jamais été compris auparavant. Why Study Abroad Essay! Au carrefour, le vieil homme qui se trouve devant #x0152;dipe n’est autre que Laïos, son bourreau, entouré de ses hommes de main. Jar! Le fils est maintenant un guerrier porté par l’incroyable énergie de sa rage si longtemps réprimée. Why Study In China Essay! Il peut revivre l’extrême violence qui lui fut infligée de longues années auparavant par ces mêmes protagonistes et résoudre enfin l’origine même de sa névrose. Essays Jar! Lorsque son père lève sa main, il se soustrait à l’inexorable mort en assommant celui#150;ci et en tuant ses gardes du corps. Abroad In China Essay! Faisant cela, il révèle la brutale cruauté de l’ordre patriarcal incarné par le père. Il n’est pas surprenant que Freud n’ait jamais prêté attention à l’homicide commis par Laïos sur #x0152;dipe, son fils. Otcas Essay! Fondateur de la psychanalyse, il est lui#150;même l’incarnation d’une figure paternelle. In China Essay! Mais aucun de ses disciples n’a réalisé que ce crime était à l’origine de la névrose d’#x0152;dipe.

Cette évidence apparaît si l’on considère ce qui se passa immédiatement après la mise en acte du traumatisme subi par #x0152;dipe: délivré de la terreur qui enfermait son esprit, il surpasse facilement le Sphinx et devient un roi juste et sage. Lorsqu’#x0152;dipe quitta Delphes, poursuit la légende, il jura de ne jamais retourner à Corinthe par peur de voir se réaliser la malédiction d’Apollon et prit la direction de Thèbes. Essays On Bell! Il trouva les habitants dans une profonde détresse. In China! Non seulement leur roi Laïos venait d’être tué par des brigands, pensait#150;on, mais la ville était ravagée par un terrible monstre. School! Chaque jour, le Sphinx dévorait l’un d’entre eux parce que personne ne parvenait à résoudre l ’ énigme qu’il imposait. In China! A ce moment précis, #x0152;dipe et le peuple de Thèbe sont sur le point de rejouer ensemble leur fantasmes respectifs dans une relation leader#150;groupe. Essays On Bell! Voyons donc ce que ces protagonistes ont à l’esprit. Mourir serait coupable, s’il se trouve, fût#150;ce aux extrémités de la terre, quelqu’un qui ait besoin du bras d’un homme fort et de l’intelligence d’un homme sage. Abroad In China! Jamais plus je ne reverrai Corinthe, la très fameuse, et ma demeure sur les rives de la mer sonore, car si je retournais auprès des miens, je ne serais pour eux qu’un fléau. Romantic! Je m’en irai donc dans de lointains pays, et j’apporterai quelque bénédiction à ceux qui ne sont pas de mon sang. Why Study Abroad Essay! (4)

Enfant, #x0152;dipe avait été arraché à sa famille biologique et avait dû renouer des liens affectifs avec ses parents adoptifs, Polybe et Mérope. War Music! Néanmoins, les circonstances tragiques de son abandon précoce par Jocaste, sa mère de sang, laissèrent des blessures qui ne cicatrisent pas. Abroad In China Essay! Exilé depuis sa plus tendre enfance, il ne connut jamais de repos. Romantic Love! En décidant de ne pas retourner à Corinthe, auprès de ceux qu’il aime, #x0152;dipe remet en scène cette rupture première. Why Study Abroad In China Essay! Sa demeure sur les rives de la mer sonore #150; perdue pour toujours #150;, c’est le sein maternel. La citation montre clairement ce qu’un leader de cette époque a de si caractéristique.

Pour #x0152;dipe, mourir serait une lâcheté parce qu’il a été rendu responsable du crime que ses parents commirent contre lui. On Politics And Corruption! Par conséquent, il se vit comme un fléau . Abroad Essay! Le choix qui lui reste est d’apporter quelque bénédiction à qui pourra faire usage de sa force et de son intelligence. Friendship Essay! D’un point de vue psychogénique, nous pouvons dire qu’il a pleinement endossé le destin tragique de son rejouement. Essay! Ainsi, au peuple de Thèbes, #x0152;dipe peut#150;il rapidement affirmer : Je monterai et je défierai le monstre. Essays On Bell Jar! L’énigme serait bien difficile, en vérité, si je n’arrivais pas à la deviner. Why Study Abroad Essay! (5) Dans le même temps, les Thébains vivent dans un profond désespoir.

Leur roi #150; une figure paternelle emblématique #150; est mort et sa dépouille est enterrée loin de son pays natal, au carrefour de trois chemins. On Politics! De ce fait, apparemment, aucun rituel de deuil n’a pu être organisé et tous sont saisis d’une grande anxiété. Why Study In China! Et chose plus affreuse encore, poursuit la légende, leur ville était ravagée par le Sphinx, monstre terrible à visage de femme, mi#150;aigle, mi#150;lion, qui, chaque jour, dévorait un homme, parce qu’il n’y en avait pas un à pouvoir résoudre l’énigme qu’il leur proposait. Personal Essay For Graduate! (6) L’origine de ce fantasme particulier n’est pas mentionnée, mais nous pouvons sans doute possible le mettre en relation avec l’anxiété induite par la perte de la figure paternelle. Why Study Essay! Remarquons que cette terreur est encore plus grande que le trouble causé par la mort de Laïos. On Bell! La disparition soudaine d’un voile invisible semble les plonger tous dans un sentiment d’impuissance innommable, personnifié par la figure maternelle dévorante du Sphinx. In China! D’un point de vue psychohistorique, nous pouvons dire que les Thébains vivent une phase d’effondrement paranoïaque, et qu’ils recherchent une solution illusoire à leur anxiété en sacrifiant rituellement leurs enfants au Sphinx. Romantic Essay! Lorsqu’#x0152;dipe propose de défier ce dernier, les Thébains réalisent inconsciemment qu’il pourrait bien être suffisamment fort pour mettre en place un nouveau fantasme de groupe et devenir leur leader. Pour saisir l’espoir qu’ils déposent en lui, nous avons l’extrait suivant : Tous l’accompagnent de leurs prières et de leurs bénédictions jusqu’à la porte de la ville.

Ils le quittent là, car celui qui a dessein d’affronter le Sphinx doit s’en aller seul à sa rencontre et nul ne saurait lui venir en aide. Why Study! (7) #x0152;dipe face à la violence maternelle. Voyons de plus près le fantasme organisé par les Thébains autour de la figure du Sphinx. Essays Jar! Tandis qu’#x0152;dipe s’avance hardiment vers ce dernier, poursuit l’histoire, son c#x0153;ur bat parce qu’il lui apparaît d’abord comme un oiseau puissant dont les grandes ailes d’or et d’airain miroitent aux rayons du soleil, qui l’enveloppent d’une auréole de lumière. Abroad Essay! Et au centre de ce cercle lumineux, brille un visage pâle et beau comme une étoile au lever de l’aurore . Essay On Politics! (8) La figure maternelle se tient sur un rocher surélevé, de sorte qu’#x0152;dipe la contemple depuis le bas, exactement comme il voyait sa mère alors qu’il était nourrisson. Abroad In China Essay! Elle est distante, mais auréolée du regard aimant que lui offre son enfant. Lorsqu’il s’approche, néanmoins, le feu de la convoitise s’allume dans ses yeux : [le Sphinx] étend vers lui ses griffes cruelles et se met à agiter sa queue de côté et d’autre, comme un lion furieux qui guette sa proie . Essay For Graduate! (9) Et c’est #150; bien sûr #150; ainsi que se comporta sa mère envers lui. Abroad In China Essay! Ses bras ressemblaient aux pattes d’un lion et elle fondait sur lui comme un aigle impitoyable. Vietnam! #x0152;dipe comprend alors que celle qu’il avait inconsciemment idéalisée comme la plus belle des femmes, était en fait le plus vil des monstres au c#x0153;ur meurtri par la convoitise et la cruauté. Abroad Essay! C’est elle, Jocaste, qui #150; au bout du compte #150; l’abandonna à son sort cruel sur le Mont Cithéron pour conserver les privilèges de son rang. Devant le Sphinx, #x0152;dipe fait face à la violence maternelle (10).

Manifestement, les Thébains s’étaient tenu à distance de la vision insoutenable du Sphinx. Essay On Politics And Corruption! Ils avaient choisi un leader puissant #150; Laïos #150; pour refouler la violence de l’homicide maternel. Why Study Abroad! Lorsque leur souverain avait été tué, ils avaient offert des sacrifices humains, précipitant rituellement leurs enfants du haut des falaises pour tenter d’exorciser leur propre traumatisme. A Good Friendship Essay! Seul celui qui aurait le courage de regarder cette réalité en face pourrait les délivrer #150; pour un temps #150; de la malédiction fatale. L’énigme imposée par le Sphinx est une métaphore de la réalisation de l’homme. Why Study Abroad Essay! Le fait qu’elle soit gardée par une figure maternelle en dit long sur l’enjeu que représente la relation mère#150;enfant dans l’accomplissement de l’adulte. War Music! Voici cette énigme: À l’aurore, il se traîne sur quatre pieds; à midi, il marche sur deux; le soir, c’est sur trois qu’il avance en chancelant. Why Study Abroad In China Essay! Quel est cet être, jamais le même et cependant jamais plusieurs, mais un seul ? (11) Ayant traversé à Delphes la terreur qu’il avait de son père, #x0152;dipe résout sans difficulté la sordide devinette et se libère de l’emprise maternelle : Quel serait cet être, sinon l’homme ? A ces mots, la furie se jette du haut de son rocher et se précipite dans le gouffre ouvert à ses pieds. Essay War Music! D’une manière significative, elle se donne le genre de mort qui fut infligée à de nombreux jeunes Thébains dans une tentative illusoire pour apaiser les traumatismes très précoces issus de leur enfance.

Nous avons vu jusqu’ici qu’un mode de parentalité basé sur l’infanticide #150; tel qu’il prévalait dans la Grèce antique #150; est l’origine inconsciente des évènements relatés dans le mythe d’#x0152;dipe. Why Study In China! La tâche qui est assignée au nouveau leader est celle d’en conserver intacte la structure répressive. War Music! Nous savons que l’histoire ne connaîtra pas une fin heureuse. Why Study Abroad In China! La solution illusoire que les Thébains choisissent pour réprimer leur anxiété névrotique est donc précaire, parce que les souffrances humaines cherchent un chemin vers une pleine reconnaissance. Essay War Music! Finalement, #x0152;dipe se crèvera les yeux et nous examinerons la portée symbolique de cet acte. Why Study! Voyons pour l’instant comment le groupe fait face à une nouvelle phase d’effondrement paranoïaque, matérialisée par une épidémie de peste. Selon la légende, une clameur d’allégresse salua la mort du monstre et #x0152;dipe fut proclamé roi sur l’heure, parce que qui, mieux que le vainqueur du Sphinx, le sauveur de la cité, était digne de régner sur eux? (12) On lui donna la veuve de Laïos en mariage et il hérita des biens du royaume. Otcas Essay! Le pays connut de longues années de prospérité, tantôt dans la paix, tantôt dans la guerre.

Mais un jour, en raison de l’irritation persistante des divinités, une effroyable peste emporta des milliers de victimes. Il est intéressant de revenir sur l’interprétation que Freud fit de ce mythe, au moment où s’accomplit la seconde prédiction de l’oracle de Delphes et qu’#x0152;dipe devient l’époux de sa mère. In China! Pour la première fois en 1897, dans une lettre à Wilhelm Fliess, le fondateur de la psychanalyse décoda la destinée tragique d’#x0152;dipe comme le point nodal d’un désir infantile incestueux. School! Il écrivait: J’ai trouvé en moi comme partout ailleurs des sentiments d’amour envers ma mère et de jalousie envers mon père, sentiments qui sont, je pense, communs à tous les jeunes enfants, même quand leur apparition n’est pas aussi précoce que chez les enfants rendus hystériques (#x2026;). Why Study In China! La légende grecque a saisi une compulsion que tous reconnaissent parce que tous l’ont ressentie.

Chaque auditeur fut un jour en germe, en imagination, un #x0152;dipe, et s’épouvante devant la réalisation de son rêve transposé dans la réalité. Love! (13) On ne peut qu’être perplexe en considérant le décalage existant entre le mythe et son interprétation par Freud. Abroad In China! Aucun indice n’atteste l’existence d’une compulsion qui entraînerait #x0152;dipe #150; prétendument hystérique #150; vers sa mère biologique. Essay! Plus prosaïquement, la veuve de Laïos fait partie du butin offert au vainqueur du Sphinx, parmi d’autres biens. Why Study In China! Comme nous l’avons vu précédemment, les souffrances refoulées de Freud lui font projeter sur l’enfant des sentiments pervers qui témoignent en réalité de sa propre névrose. Otcas Essay! Malgré cela, la vulgarisation du complexe d’#x0152;dipe tel qu’il fut imaginé par Freud a contribué à voiler d’une suspicion pathologique tout l’amour qu’un enfant manifeste naturellement envers sa mère.

Dans le mythe grec, l’effroyable peste est attribuée au fait que le meurtrier de Laïos n’a jamais été découvert. Why Study Abroad In China! Malgré des investigations plus intenses, l’épidémie poursuit ses ravages et les Thébains se tournent alors à nouveau vers des sacrifices humains pour tenter de calmer leur sombre désespoir. A Good Friendship Essay! Une génération s’est écoulée depuis le couronnement d’#x0152;dipe. Why Study Abroad Essay! Le leader a vieilli et la cité se souvient à peine qu’un jour il les tira des griffes du Sphinx. For Graduate School! Une nouvelle issue fantasmatique est sur le point d’émerger: le sacrifice du leader lui#150;même. Pour tirer l’affaire au clair, #x0152;dipe interroge Tirésias, le devin aveugle qui a connu six générations de mortels. Essay! C’est lui qui #150; bien des années auparavant #150; avait rapporté la malédiction d’Apollon prédisant que Laïos serait tué par son premier fils. War Music! Tirésias se refuse d’abord à parler, mais devant les insinuations d’#x0152;dipe qui le soupçonne de cacher la vérité, il finit par prononcer une nouvelle imprécation: Malheur à toi, #x0152;dipe, malheur à toi! Car tes yeux voient et cependant tu n’aperçois pas ce que tu es, et tu ne discernes point tes propres actes. Why Study Essay! Bientôt, étranger sur une terre étrangère, tu erreras privé de la vue, tâtant le sol de ton bâton; et, à l’ouïe de ton nom et de ton crime, les hommes s’éloigneront de toi, remplis d’horreur. Otcas Essay! (14)

Pourquoi l’omniscient Tirésias ne mentionne#150;t#150;il pas le crime que Laïos a commis sur son propre fils? Quelle est cette crainte mortelle qui se glisse dans le c#x0153;ur d’#x0152;dipe, pareille à un reptile visqueux et rampant? Manifestement, ce n’est pas une vérité qui saisit celui#150;ci mais un nouveau mensonge, un message contradictoire qui crée dans son esprit ce que les psychologues nomment aujourd’hui un double n#x0153;ud. Essay! #x0152;dipe est prisonnier de la sentence qui le rend coupable du meurtre de son père en dépit de son innocence . Essay Vietnam War Music! C’est ce conflit intrapsychique qui caractérise le destin d’#x0152;dipe et fait de lui un personnage si proche de nous. Essay! En tant que leader de Thèbes, il avait essayé d’adoucir les souffrances de ses contemporains. Otcas Essay! Maintenant, il va également supporter le poids de leur aveuglement. Le seul témoin à comparaître dans l’affaire de ce présumé crime, est un des plus fidèles serviteurs de Laïos. Why Study In China Essay! C’est lui qui fut chargé d’exécuter la sentence de mort prononcée contre #x0152;dipe, lui encore qui estropia l’enfant avant de l’abandonner à l’un des bergers de Polybe. Love Essay! Questionné par #x0152;dipe, il commence par nier, puis est contraint d’avouer. Why Study Abroad In China! Un dialogue significatif se tient alors devant l’assistance royale, durant lequel le crime réellement commis par Laïos est à peine mentionné. Otcas Essay! D’une manière prévisible, le fils victime devient bientôt le bourreau de son père : #x0152;dipe: #150; Qui t’avait chargé de me mettre à mort sur la pente de la montagne ? Serviteur: #150; N’en demande pas davantage, ô roi, je t’en conjure!

Il est des choses qu’il vaut mieux taire. #x0152;dipe: #150; (#x2026;) Parle, je te l’ordonne. Abroad Essay! Dussé#150;je même apprendre de toi que je suis fils d’esclave, je suis prêt à le supporter. Serviteur: #150; Tu n’es pas fils d’esclave, mais de race royale. Essay For Graduate School Format! Ne m’en demande pas davantage, ô roi! #x0152;dipe: #150; Parle, vieillard, parle. Why Study In China Essay! Ton silence excite mon courroux. Vietnam War Music! Je t’obligerai à tout dire, dussé#150;je employer la violence. Serviteur: #150; Oh! Ne porte pas sur moi des mains cruelles! C’est par égard pour toi que je voulais me taire.

Je t’ai reçu de ta mère, et ton père était? le roi Laïos. Why Study In China Essay! Tu le rencontras dans son chariot au carrefour de trois chemins, lorsque tu fuyais Delphes, et, dans ta fureur, tu le tuas sans le connaître. Personal Essay! Malheur à moi! Car les dieux m’ont choisi pour être le témoin involontaire de leurs oracles. Why Study Abroad In China Essay! (15) Par la bouche du fidèle serviteur, trois secrets sont mis à jour successivement: l’infanticide ordonné par le père, les origines royales d’#x0152;dipe et les circonstances de la mort de Laïos. Essay! Mais seul le dernier retient l’attention de l’assistance parce que la culpabilité d’#x0152;dipe a déjà été établie par l’oracle.

Au contraire, Laïos et Jocaste #150; les parents infanticides #150; ne sont pas remis en question: les Thébains n’ont simplement pas la maturité affective nécessaire pour le faire. Why Study! La légende raconte que, de prime abord, ceux#150;ci eurent de la peine à saisir le sens des paroles prononcées par le serviteur. Friendship! Mais lorsqu’ils comprirent que l’épouvantable prédiction s’était accomplie et qu’#x0152;dipe avait tué son père, un tumulte s’éleva de la foule. Il y a une autre raison qui explique cette issue prévisible. Abroad In China Essay! #x0152;dipe est un enfant abandonné, condamné à mort par ses parents biologiques. School! Inconsciemment, il reconnaît son destin dans la malédiction de Tirésias. Why Study In China Essay! Il remet donc à nouveau sa vie entre les mains d’une projection parentale représentée par la foule en colère, avec ces paroles : Chassez#150;moi de ce pays, ô peuple de Thèbes!

Traitez#150;moi comme il vous semblera bon; car les dieux ont fait de moi un maudit et un impur, et ma mort seule vous délivrera de la peste. Essay War Music! (16) Tirésias, porte#150;parole du rejouement. Il est temps d’examiner de plus près le rôle joué par le devin Tirésias, dans le déroulement du drame mythique. Why Study! Ce personnage central avait prédit à Laïos qu’il serait tué par son premier fils, justifiant la décision du roi d’exposer #x0152;dipe sur le Mont Cithéron. Essay For Graduate Format! C’est lui également #150; bien des années plus tard #150; qui dévoile à ce dernier son destin funeste d’aveugle errant. Why Study Essay! Au moment où le leader de Thèbes s’apprête à remettre sa vie entre les mains de la foule, l’homme sage prononce à la place son bannissement. Essays! Alors, écrasé de honte et de douleur, #x0152;dipe arrache ses propres yeux #150; témoins de ces choses inconcevables #150; accomplissant ainsi la prédiction de Tirésias. Why Study In China! Les mortels semblent n’être que des pantins dans les mains des dieux, tels que prophètes et prêtresses s’en font les porte#150;parole.

Mais le sont#150;ils vraiment ? Pourquoi Laïos eut#150;il foi en la malédiction d’Apollon ? Pourquoi #x0152;dipe prit#150;il les mots de la prêtresse de Delphes pour une vérité? Enfin, pourquoi les Thébains ne mirent#150;ils pas en doute l’imprécation de Tirésias en se fondant sur la bonne foi et la droiture d’#x0152;dipe ? Il y a une réponse unique à ces questions: parce que les protagonistes n’étaient pas conscients de la violence parentale infanticide à laquelle ils furent soumis. Personal Essay School Format! En conséquence, il leur était impossible de se soustraire au rejouement de cette violence, qu’ils mettent en acte par l’identification projective à des figures royales et le sacrifice rituel de bouc émissaires. Why Study Essay! Si les prophètes étaient si bien avisés, ce n’était pas du fait d’un degré supérieur de conscience, mais de leur intuition des rejouements qui enchaînent les humains à leur destinée. Incidemment, la légende décrit très justement le vieux Tirésias comme celui qui connaissait les choses cachées du présent et de l’avenir . For Graduate School! Il n’est pas mention du passé, et pour cause, puisque c’est dans le passé refoulé que réside la clé des rejouements présents et à venir! Cette disposition magique de l’esprit explique pourquoi les hommes de l’Antiquité prenaient si facilement les mots des prophètes pour leur propre compte, pourquoi prédictions rimaient le plus souvent avec condamnations. Why Study Essay! Il y avait des émotions interdites que personne ne pouvaient ressentir, et #x0152;dipe était allé plus loin que ce qui était communément accepté en ces temps. Essay! Tirésias le condamne précisément sur cette transgression : #x0152;dipe, n’accuse pas les dieux de ton destin fatal.

Nul ne peut approcher son doigt de la flamme sans se brûler, qu’il agisse sciemment ou non, C’est sans le connaître, en effet, que tu as frappé ton père. Why Study Abroad In China! Mais le sang répandu retombe sur ta tête, car ce fut ton âme irascible qui, faute de frein, s’emporta comme une bête furieuse. A Good! Si tu n’avais pas porté la main sur un vieillard, jamais tu n’aurais tué ton père. Essay! (17) Finalement, qu’est#150;ce que symbolise l’aveuglement qu’#x0152;dipe inflige à sa propre vue, se condamnant à vivre dans l’errance pour le restant de ses jours? Depuis toujours, il a porté le secret de ses origines.

Sa force et sa droiture extraordinaires l’ont conduit à l’orée d’une vérité inconcevable: ses parents biologiques sont des meurtriers. Friendship Essay! Mais le processus de dévoilement met en péril la structure sociale, inconsciemment construite pour permettre le refoulement des traumatismes infanticides. Abroad In China! Sa mort semble inévitable, en tant que rejouement du sacrifice routinier de si nombreux enfants pendant l’Antiquité. Friendship Essay! Lorsque Tirésias prononce à la place un bannissement, ce dernier fait également la promesse suivante: Et cependant, dans le miroir confus de la prophétie, je crois te voir, reposant dans un bosquet d’arbres sacrés, gardien tutélaire du pays qui sera ton dernier asile, après que tes pieds auront parcouru jusqu’au bout la voie de l’expiation et que les jours de ton pèlerinage seront accomplis. Abroad In China Essay! (18) L’aveuglement et l’errance sont pour #x0152;dipe une alternative à la mort. Essay! C’est le prix qu’il paie pour ce qu’il a vu. Abroad In China! Mais en se conformant aux paroles de Tirésias, il va inaugurer un nouveau standard de comportement pour les générations à venir: la figure d’un fils qui mutile sa conscience pour laver le crime de son père. Otcas Essay! Parce qu’il a su dompter son âme fougueuse et porter la peine de son prétendu péché, #x0152;dipe incarne une structure de refoulement d’un type nouveau, qui préfigure la personnalité ambivalente du Moyen âge. M.A.

Cotton #150; 04.2001 / www.regardconscient.net. (1) E. Abroad In China! F. Otcas Essay! Buckley (traduction de S. Why Study Abroad Essay! Godet), Légendes de la Grèce antique , Librairie Payot Cie, 1931, p. Personal For Graduate Format! 17. (10) Gravure tirée de E. Essay! F. Otcas Essay! Buckley, op. In China Essay! cit . Love Essay! , p. Why Study! 25. (13) Lettre du 15 octobre 1897, citée par Elisabeth Roudinesco et Michel Plon in essay school, Dictionnaire de la psychanalyse , éd. In China Essay! Fayard 1997, p. Essay Vietnam War Music! 744.

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Saving Private Ryan and The Longest Day Essay Sample. In this essay I am going compare the two films ‘Saving Private Ryan’ and ‘The longest day’ and explain how the films represent war in the landing sequences. Both films are based on abroad essay, the US landings on Omaha, 6th June 1944 (D-day) ‘The longest day’ was made in 1962, produced by Darryl F. Zanuck and was shot in black and white. This film concentrates more on the events of otcas essay, D-day and portrays war as being less daunting and more glorious thing to do. ‘Saving Private Ryan’ was made in 1996, directed by Steven Spielberg and shot in colour. Why Study In China Essay. This film is the more accurate of the two films as it captures the true violence of war. The film is for graduate format extremely graphic and violent which separates the two films. ‘The longest day” was shot in black and white which would give you the sense that you were back in abroad in china essay the war era. This may have the otcas essay down played peoples expectations when or if they see the movie as color TV had not been invented. ‘Saving Private Ryan’ was directed by one of the best directors of its time; Steven Spielberg so it had lot to live up to as he had filmed 2 other war films before so he would have had good experiences and abroad in china essay, ideas whilst making the other films.

The landing sequence consists of soldiers coming on otcas essay, to Omaha beach by boat to try and take over/kill the Germans. Why Study Essay. The soldiers have to try and make their way up towards the love essay beach to the enemy whilst trying not to get shot or bombed on, which would have been a horrifying thing for them to injure. As the soldiers come to land in ‘Saving Private Ryan’ there are mixed emotions among the boat, some soldiers sit trembling, anxious and vomit because they are so distressed. Other men sit with blank expressions as though they are in shock and then there are men who carry on as normal; giving out orders talking and abroad in china essay, eating. Essays. It is obvious that some of these men were better prepared for abroad, war than others. Jar. There are a lot of close-ups at this point to why study show the soldiers emotions and how the men are responding to essay war music going to war. As the why study abroad in china boat reaches the beach it hits home to romantic essay some of the soldiers what they have got them self’s in for. At this point we see soldiers praying, crying and vomiting; we have shots of this at every angle this will give people a better view of the soldiers and how they are coping.

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When the soldiers disembark from the boat in essay on politics ‘Saving Private Ryan’ they are being killed with in an instance. This scene is a lot more graphic than ‘The longest day’ as you get to abroad in china essay see more soldiers die, watch them being blown up or drown. None of the soldiers hold back, even though there is essays a possibility that they could be shot at. As the essay soldiers emerge from the vessels in ‘The Longest Day’ the killings are a lot less graphic and quick compared to ‘Saving Private Ryan’. The soldiers look as though they are making no attempt to dodge being killed as the try to escape from the vessel, which makes things look staged. When the soldiers die in ‘Saving Private Ryan’ it is very different from ‘The longest day’. You get to see the soldiers being shot at repeatedly, drown and also being blown up. There is lots of gun and bombs exploding which contributes to a lot of the sound.

The splashing sound of the sea has gone completely, but you can hear murmurs of people under water drowning. The camera angles here change from long shots; where the Germans are firing from; and mid shots and close ups; where the soldiers are dropping into the sea or falling backwards. The effect of this is to give the on politics and corruption audience a view of that the soldiers are up against essay and clearly show there emotions. The colors in this scene changes from the thick black smoke in the sky with the firing shots of red to the deep blue water with drifts of essays on bell jar, blood from the why study abroad in china essay injured soldiers which again is personal essay for graduate format giving the audience a better view and feel of what is happening. In ‘The Longest day’ the abroad essay soldiers die with little resistance and action. When a soldier is fired at they just drop to the ground, you don’t get to see any thing gory or upsetting. War Music. I felt that the camera holds back on why study in china essay, the soldiers dieing as you get to see little reactions to a good the soldiers being shot or someone being killed. The camera shots in this scene are mostly mid shot to long distance. As the why study abroad film is in romantic essay black and white the main colours you get to see are thick blacks from the smoke from bombs and firing, to the light grey from the sea and why study abroad in china, landscape.

For the soldiers in ‘Saving Private Ryan’ moving up the otcas essay beach was like dodging death. The soldiers are being constantly shot or having bombs thrown at them. You can hear screams and abroad in china, cries for help; some men are even calling out for essay for graduate school, the mothers, other soldiers are shouting, screaming giving out orders or trying to help the in china injured. The sound effects here are excellent; they range from the explosives and gun shots going off to someone being shell shocked; to give the viewer a feel of what it is essay and corruption like. You can see soldier’s dead or dieing, streams and splats of blood, men with half there insides hanging every where the camera turns.

The camera angles used here are close-ups; so you can see the abroad in china essay pain and fear on the soldier’s faces and essay war music, mid-shots; where you can see what’s happened to essay the soldier or where they are running too. The colours in war music this scene are manly vivid reds form the soldier’s blood and oranges and black form the smoke and gun firing. I think that the audience; having first seen ‘ Saving Private Ryan’ would have been most shocked by the graphical nature of the in china essay film and would be surprised at how war is portrayed in this film because this film is one of the first to show war in its true entirety. Having watched ‘Saving Private Ryan’ the Soldiers in ‘The Longest Day ‘have it easy when it comes to moving up the beach. The soldiers seem to move up the beach with ease as they have little fire being shot at them. There is a good essay little sound from the soldier’s; apart form when people are giving orders. The firing shots that do go off are either single shots or a few at a time which gives you a less dramatic feel. The camera angle used in this scene are manly a side shots, which means that you don’t get to see the emotions or get a feel of what is happening. The colours you can see are manly spurts of black form the bombs going off and deep grays from the sky. The audience having seen ‘The longest day’ first would not be shocked in why study essay any way about the film, they may be even feel bored watching it. The audience would also get a false idea of what war and what D-day was truly like.

Brigadier General Norman Cota (Robert Mitchum) who stared in ‘The Longest Day’ is portrayed as being a laid back person. Essay. Being general means you are fairly high up in the army ranks which means that you should be in command and in china essay, giving out orders; which he is not. Essay On Politics And Corruption. When R.Mitchum is on abroad in china essay, the beach the camera angle is a low shot; this is to make him look bigger and look superior to the audience. As the vietnam war music soldiers move up the beach Mitchum sits there with a cigar in his hand and abroad in china, his top button undone with no helmet on; this signifies that he doesn’t really care about what is going on otcas essay, or what is happening to his troops, which he should be. R.Mitchum is shown like this to give out a message that war isn’t that bad or that he is so brave and fearless of abroad in china essay, war that he doesn’t have to bother. Captain Miller (Tom hanks) who stared in ‘Saving Private Ryan’ is represented far differently form R.Mitchum.

Miller commands his men like a captain should, he tells the soldiers where to go what to do example. Essay On Politics. Miller is in there with his men unlike R.Mitchum, you see miller aligning with the abroad essay troops and helping them. When miller first arrives on the beach he gets shell shock which shown as everything happens in slow motion and essay school, the sounds of why study abroad in china, other soldiers and firing fades out. The colours here are dull and dim but the blood and flames still stand out. The camera angles when miller gets shell shock are close-ups so you can see the reaction on his face, there is also side shots used when he is addressing soldiers.

The camera that was used in this seen was a hand held; this was to give more of essays on bell jar, a documentary feel where as in ‘The Longest Day’ was mostly shot on why study abroad in china, a track camera. ‘The Longest Day’ was filmed not long after the war so it would have had a 1960’s audience, which means that a lot of the vietnam people would have either been in or seen through the war. Some people may have responded different to this film than others. If they were in the war it may bring back to abroad many memories and be to sad or scared to and corruption watch the film or the film may not be anything like what actual war was like to them. War in ‘The Longest Day’ is represented as being not as bad as it might seem, well compared to ‘Saving Private Ryan’ it isn’t. A modern day audience will definitely react differently to ‘The Longest Day’.

This is because of the change attitudes towards violence have changed; films are allowed to abroad in china essay show the graphic details and violence a lot more now than when this filmed was produced. The special affects will seem trash compared to the things what we can do today and I think that a modern day audience will find ‘The Longest Day’ boring and unentertaining compared to the films that we have out now. I think that when anyone watches’s ‘Saving Private Ryan’; the essays landing sequence for the first time, will be surprised at how graphic the why study in china essay film is. The audience may not believe how fast killing and devastating a war can be; I think that Spielberg was trying to a good essay show people what war was truly like. I also think that Spielberg tries to involve the audience as much as he can example; when some of the soldiers drown the camera goes down with them making you feel that you are there and in china, also Spielberg uses hand held camera a lot of the time which gives a more realistic view of the essay on politics soldier. I felt that war was represented very different in both film. In ‘The Longest Day’ I felt that you were held back on a lot of essay, what was going on and you didn’t get to see what the soldiers reactions were towards war.

In ‘Saving Private Ryan’ you saw the soldiers reactions and in a way you felt sorry for them, also you felt as though you where there with the soldiers because of the clever camera editing. I enjoyed ‘Saving Private Ryan’ more because there was much more going; action and fighting and also the obvious reason that it was in colour. I also think that ‘Saving Private Ryan captures war as best as it can. The short bit of the love essay film I saw; the landing sequence makes you feel almost scared and tearful because of the why study graphical nature of the film. I didn’t think that ‘The Longest day’ as I didn’t get the same effect and so that why I preferred ‘Saving Private Ryan’ to ‘The Longest day’. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Saving Private Ryan and The Longest Day.

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95 theses facts Facts about the 95 Theses. Abroad. If you would like to contact Pastor Richard Bucher, he is now the Pastor of Our Redeemer Lutheran Church, Lexington, KY . (1) On Oct. 31, 1517, Martin Luther mailed the 95 Theses to local bishops that they might take action against essay, indulgences. According to Luther's co-worker, Philipp Melanchthon, Luther also posted the Theses to the Castle church door on this same day, though that is the only source that we have that mentions it. It was customary to post public notices on the Castle church door. (2) Inside the Castle church at this time were seven aisles full of abroad in china essay relics (the bones of saints and other supposedly holy items) to be adored the next day. Duke Frederick the Wise, was very high on relics.

His Castle church housed 19,000 pieces, worth more than 1,900,000 days indulgence. The relic collection supposedly had a piece of the burning bush, soot from the fiery furnace, milk from Mary, and essays on bell, a piece of Jesus' crib, to name a few. (3) The purpose of the 95 Theses was to why study abroad invite local scholars to a disputation on indulgences. Otcas Essay. It was an academic exercise. The subtitle read, Out of love and zeal for truth and the desire to why study bring it to light, the following theses will be publicly discussed at Wittenberg under the chairmanship of the reverend father Martin Lutther, Master of Arts and Sacred Theology and regularly appointed Lecturer on essay, these subjects at that place. He requests that those who cannot be present to debate orally with us will do so by letter. Why Study Abroad In China Essay. In the Name of Our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen.

That disputation took place in Wittenberg two weeks later. Luther did not intend the war music Theses to be a program for reform, an attack on the Pope, etc. He was simply questioning indulgences, something he had done ever since his first lectures on the Psalms (1513-14). (4) Luther was not the only one to question indulgences. Why Study In China. Many throughout Europe had complained and were complaining about them. This explains in part why the Theses spread so rapidly and found such enthusiastic support.

Luther was the first to think through a Scriptural response to indulgences so thoroughly. (5) Indulgences were part of the Church's teaching of penance. By Luther's time it was taught that there were three parts to for graduate format penance: (a) confession and sorrow for sin, (b) absolution/forgiveness spoken by the priest, and (c) satisfaction, some good work done to pay for the temporal punishment of sin. Visiting relics, pilgrimages to holy places, the why study abroad praying of the rosary, and the purchasing of essays indulgences were all examples of satisfaction, the why study abroad in china third part of penance. An indulgence was a certificate, which when purchased, and when confession was made, assured the holder of the of temporal punishment (not eternal punishment in hell but punishments in personal for graduate school, this life and in purgatory for in china sins already forgiven). It was not ordinarily taught that indulgences forgave sin or eternal punishment. (6) What prompted Luther to romantic write the 95 Theses was a special jubilee indulgence instituted by Pope Leo X. The purpose of this indulgence was to build St. Peter's Cathedral in Rome. (Actually 50% of the proceeds was to go to the building of St. Peter's; the other 50% was to go to Albrecht, who had recently bought his position as archbishop of abroad essay Mainz - he needed the friendship money to pay off his loan). In China. This indulgence was a plenary indulgence, which meant that all sin and eternal and temporal punishment would be forgiven to those who purchased them. (7) This jubilee indulgence was claimed to give four chief graces: a) the complete forgiveness of all sin; b) the possibility to on bell receive a confessional letter which would grant one the right to why study in china twice receive absolution for all sins; c) purchasers of the indulgence and their dead relatives would participate in all the pious works and merits of the personal for graduate school church; d) the full forgiveness of punishment for those already in purgatory when one bought an indulgence for someone already there.

(8) Though Luther's prince, Duke Frederick the Wise, had prohibited the sale of the jubilee indulgence in his Saxon territory, they were being sold across the river. John Tetzel, a Dominican, was the chief salesman and preacher. He had been hired by Archbishop Albrecht. (9) When indulgence salesmen came to town, they would set up inside the local church. Abroad In China Essay. While they were there, regular preaching was suspended and forbidden. Actual drafts of indulgence sermons from this time exist. One sermon reads: You should know: whoever has confessed and is contrite and put alms into on bell, the box, as his confessor counsels him, will have all of his sins forgiven, and even after confession and after the jubilee year will acquire an indulgence on why study in china, every day that he visits the cross and the altars, as if her were visiting the seven altars in the Church of St.

Peter, where the otcas essay perfect indulgence is granted. So why are you standing about in china idly? Run, all of you, for the salvation of your souls . . . Do you not hear the voices of your dead parents and love essay, other people, screaming and saying: `Have pity on me, have pity on me . Why Study Abroad. . . for the hand of God has touched me' (Job 19:21)? We are suffering severe punishments and pain [in purgatory], from which you could rescue us with a few alms, if only you would. Open you ears, because the father is calling to the son and the mother to on bell jar the daughter. (Oberman: 1992, 188). (10) How much did this indulgence cost? It depended on one's station in life. Kings and Queens: 25 gulden; high counts and prelates: 10 gulden; low counts and prelates: 6 gulden; merchants and townspeople: 3 gulden; artisans: 1 gulden; others: .5 gulden; the indigent were to fast and pray. Abroad In China Essay. (11) The main topics of the 95 Theses are repentance and good works. War Music. However, Luther makes several startling statements about the Pope, which later brought him into conflict with the Roman Church. Many viewed this document as an attack on the papacy, which was not Luther's intent. (12) Luther later tells us that within two weeks the why study abroad in china Theses had been translated into German and spread throughout Germany.

Prior to essay this Luther was only known locally. The Theses catapulted him into international fame. (13) John Tetzel died in 1519, a disgraced and abroad, broken man. Sources: Martin Brecht, Martin Luther: His Road to Reformation, 1483-1521 , Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1985; Heiko A. Oberman, Luther, Man Between God and the Devil , New York: Image, 1992.

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Study abroad in china essay

etl ssis resume Mr. Abroad Essay! Sanchez is a Senior Business Intelligence Solution Architect with over ten plus years of experience in the Information Technology (IT) industry in essay and corruption helping clients align IT strategies with corporate strategic objectives across all departments, divisions, and locations. Mr. Why Study Abroad In China Essay! Sanchez has demonstrated and/or proven ability to effectively communicate with all levels of management and lead complete project life cycles, from initial planning and needs determination to final testing and deployment of financial reporting systems in a client/server architecture and network environment. Throughout his IT consulting career, Mr. Sanchez has led over a dozen of business intelligence projects for clients in the automotive services, energy/commodity, retail, sports and recreation, insurance, healthcare, telecommunication, and financial services industries.

Mr. Sanchez continues to be involved with every phase of the life cycle development, including feasibility studies, design, and coding for large and medium business intelligence projects. He has acquired over the years a comprehensive understanding of school format, database design and methodology from multiple perspectives (user, designer, and developer) and has hands-on experience in designing, developing, and implementing Extraction, Transformation, and Load (ETL) techniques on abroad in china essay multiple database platforms and operating system environments using today's cutting edge technology. Mr. Sanchez is detail oriented and committed to delivering superior quality work.

Nov 1998 - Current. Mar 1997 #150; Dec 1998. Jun 1994 #150; Mar 1997. Butler Technology Solutions, Inc. Data Mart Architect/Oracle DBA. Nov 1993 #150; May 1994.

Analysts International Corporation. Jul 1992 #150; Mar 1993. Lead Application Developer. Jun 1991 #150; Aug 1991. Orange County Information Services. Jun 1989 #150; Aug 1989. Orange County Information Services. IBM 4381, 3090, AS/400, SUN, IBM Compatible. UNIX(Solaris 2.7), Windows 95/NT/2000/XP, OS/2 2.11, VMS, IDS/MVS, OS/400,

Perl, SQL, PL/SQL, Visual Basic 6,C/C++, Pro*C, JavaScript, HTML, VBScript, ActiveX Script, COBOL II, APPC, JCL, CICS/VS. Oracle Data Integrator 11g(Formerly known as Sunopsis), SQL Server 2008 SSIS, Oracle 11g, Sunopsis, SQL Server 2000 (DTS,Analysis Services), Informatica PowerMart v5, Oracle Express, Essbase v3.2 and v6.0, DB2/400, DB2/2, MS Access 97, PowerDesigner 6.1, ERWIN 3, Oracle Enterprise Manager, Transformation Server for the AS/400, Transformation Server for MS Windows NT. QlikView, Business Objects XI R2, MS Visual Studio 2008, OpenLink Endur v52r2, Cognos Impromtu and PowerPlay, Cognos PowerPlay Web Edition, Cognos Impromptu Web Reports, Informatica, Commander 4.2, DMLan 4, TSO/ISPF, MS Internet Information Server 4.0, MS Site Server 3.0 Commerce Edition, MS Transaction Server 2.0, MS Index Server, MS Developer Studio97, As a member of the essay and corruption Shared Application Services team,managed a team of QlikView platform engineers responsible for supporting over 4,700 users globally, 264 QlikView applications, and in china 124 Windows 2008 servers across multiple locations within the Shared Application Services at Deutsch Bank. Oversaw the shared platform, day to day requests, book of work, and roadmap strategy. Worked closely with project/program management as well domain leads with on-boarding of applications to on bell jar, the shared platform. Managed risks, issues, and abroad essay escalations in the day to day operation of the shared platform. Reviewed and war music signed off of new applications and ensured applications on-boarded adhere to QlikView best practices and industry standards. Reviewed and approved weekly production changes in order to prevent risk of why study abroad, failure and romantic love essay guarantee system stability. Planned and/or conducted major hardware, network, software, and why study abroad operating system upgrades and migrations. Ensured all audit compliance issues were closed on time and jar no outstanding risks or gaps on abroad essay scorecards.

Created and managed $450K annual budget, purchased hardware, and essay for graduate format software. Ensured all essential maintenance CTB projects were delivered on time and within budget; oversaw CTB delivery that is regulatory mandated to ensure regulatory deadlines were met. Served as the abroad ETL Architect/Senior ODI Developer in the development of a custom built Enterprise Data Warehouse (EDW)/Cognos initiative that support the essays company’s Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) and abroad investment services at Brown Brother Harriman Corporation; the newly built ETF EDW eliminated extensive use of Excel macros and improved efficiency, productivity and personal for graduate school most of in china, all reduced risk. Thus, enhancing the essay current workflow/process and increasing the number of funds, baskets, and clients. Developed ETL processes using Oracle Data Integrator (ODI) 11g to extract, transform, and load the operation data (i.e., Authorized Participant, Basket Fund, Basket Market Value, Securities, Sponsor, Trader) from the transactional business systems, Eagle Star, into the Data Warehouse repository. Set up and why study in china configured the essays on bell jar Oracle Data Integrator (ODI) 11g with multiple Master Repositories in a three-tier environment and performed periodic upgrades when required. In China! Performed detail data analysis of school, both data elements requested by why study abroad the business and data sources; documented data source definition, source-to-target mapping, and logical structures to support the ETL batch process. On Politics And Corruption! Created Oracle database objects such as tables, views, indexes, triggers, procedures, and in china essay functions to support the on politics Oracle Data Integrator Solutions and essay Cognos Reporting system. Provided additional support, guidance, and romantic essay training in the deployment of the Oracle Data Integrator solution in various environments such as integration, QA, and production which included automation of why study abroad in china, production release of ODI Scenarios and friendship database objects. Helped estimating ETL project tasks and defining project scope. Served as one of the ETL Architect/Informatica Developer in the deployment of a custom built ETL strategy in supporting the implementation of an Enterprise Data Warehousing/OBIEE initiative that collected, cleansed, and integrated the company’s data (i.e., membership, inventory, allocation, owner/customer, reservations) from a newly developed transactional business systems.

Worked closely with other team members and business users in understanding the business requirements and the source operational systems. Performed detail data analysis of both data elements requested by the business and why study transactional source systems. Estimated ETL project tasks and helped project manager defining scope. Essay! Documented data source definition and ETL specification (a.k.a., logical source-to-target mapping) for each environment (i.e., staging, central repository, data mart). Managed a small offshore team in the development of the ETL processes using Informatica PowerCenter V9.1 in a Linux/Oracle11g environment, which included weekly code reviews to ensure standards and best development and design practices. Created, executed, and abroad essay maintained QA test plans for each environment (i.e., staging, central repository, data mart). Served as a Lead ETL Developer/DB2 Developer in the enhancement of an existing custom ETL framework that collected, cleansed, And integrated the company’s performance data (i.e., cash-flows, liquidity positions) from various operational source systems.

The enhancements were part of an overall initiative in improving an internal custom built Liquidity Risk Management System (LRSMS) that supported and provided Bank of essay, America Corporate Treasury executives, senior managers, and business analyst with analytical reporting capability on why study abroad in china essay the company’s liquidity position, sources and essays jar uses of cash, forecasting of why study in china, cash flows and stress test modeling, funding counterparties, and developing funding plan as needed. Major contributions and/or accomplishments included: designing and developing an ETL component that dynamically constructed in real time the SQL to load over 100 source feeds into a good friendship the Liquidity Position fact table using a Meta Data strategy; designing and essay developing an ETL process that mapped custom products and/or services hierarchical relationship with the company’s general ledger products for a good friendship reporting purposes; developing DB2 objects such as tables, views, indexes, triggers, procedures, and functions to support the ETL Meta Data Rule component; providing support, guidance, and training in the deployment of the solution in various environments such as integration, QA, and production; and creating database objects to support the development of in china, Spotfire reports to allow users access to source reference data; The following tools and/or technologies were used in the development and deployment of the solution: DB2 V9.7, DB2 V9.7 SQL Procedure, Windows, Linux, LRM Studio, Toad For DB2 V4.7, and Spotfire Client and Server. Served as a Lead ETL Developer/Data Architect in personal the deployment of the agency Auction Securities Data Warehouse in order to make easier access of auction securities data, provide analytics, trending and comparisons, reporting and exporting capabilities that support the business needs, but most of all increase data utilization, and improve customer services and productivity. Primary responsibilities included but not limited to in china, performing source-to-target mapping, installing and essay creating Oracle11g database objects (i.e., views, tables, functions), architecting and abroad in china essay developing of otcas essay, a custom ETL framework that consisted of over why study 144 processes using Oracle native language (PL/SQL). The following tools and/or technologies were used in otcas essay the development and abroad in china essay deployment of the solution: Oracle11g, Oracle PL/SQL, and Business Objects 3.1 (i.e., Universe, Webi).

Served as a Senior Oracle Data Integrator (ODI) Developer in the development of the company's budget, forecast, and capital planning reporting system in order to improve the cycle time of the current planning process, reduce the dependency on Excel and other proprietary tools for data entry and reporting, and provide property and on bell jar department level budgeting/forecasting so as to why study abroad essay, produce a consolidated budget and forecast. Primary responsibility include but not limited to installing and configuring the essay Oracle Data Integrator software tool in a three-tier environment and performing periodic upgrades, performing source-to-target mappings, storage capacity planning, developing ETL processes using the Oracle Data Integrator 10g (formerly called Sunopsis) to update the Hyperion Planning and several Hyperion Essbase 11g applications including updates to meta data for various dimensions and loading of raw data; Other tasks include creating scripts such as load rules, calc, and Maxl to clear the Hyperion Essbase applications in order to why study essay, facilitate the ETL processes, creating MS SQL Server 2008 SQL scripts and database objects in order to friendship essay, establish various environments such as development, test, and production, and creating Smart Views in order to test and validate the loading of raw data into the Hyperion Essbase application. Served as a Senior Business Intelligence Solution Architect in defining, developing, and enhancing of two separate custom DW/BI systems for why study abroad in china essay the corporate loans and school investment business units. Primary responsibility include but not limited to coordinating, planning, and why study conducting interviews with various business users in identifying and capturing business requirements, defining and essay on politics and corruption developing project scope/plan, creating and developing two separate multi-dimensional data models using the Ralph Kimball methodology, performing source-to-target mapping, building database schemas in an Oracle8i environment which included creating scripts and procedures for production migration, and why study abroad in china building two separate ETL batch processes (over 120 packages) using MS SQL Server 2008 Integration Services (SSIS) . Romantic Essay! Note: the ETL processes were originally developed in abroad in china essay MS SQL Server 2000 DTS and later migrated to the new platform. Additional tasks include the vietnam creation of a custom analytical application using MS SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services for the investment services in order to track primary and why study abroad in china essay secondary commission by region and salesperson, the migration of the a good friendship essay original reporting solution to Business Objects Enterprise (BOE) XI R2, the creation of the migration procedures for installing and configuring BOE in a production environment, performing BOE software upgrade and in china essay patch installation in the development environment, creating and developing of BOE Web Intelligence reports, training business users in how to navigate through BOE Info View and creating and essays on bell accessing reports. Served as a Data Warehouse Architect/Consultant in abroad in china essay the enhancement and development of a SAP Business Warehouse application at Pitney Bowes Corporation. Responsibilities included but not limited to love essay, conducting intereviews with executives, senior managers, SME's, business analysts, and abroad technical staff in otcas essay capturing and understanding business requirements, and defining project scope; performed detail data analysis of why study abroad in china, both data elements requested by the business and data source (IMS and SAP R/3), and documenting data source definition, source-to-target mapping, and logical structures for the data warehouse/data mart; translated business requirements into essay on politics and corruption dimensional data model to support the billing/invoice data mart using Erwin; communicated and/or provided knowledge transfer to consultant (SAP BW Developers), both on and offshore, in the development and support of the project (SAP BW). The following tools and/or technologies were used in the development: MS Windows 2000, Sun Solaris, Oracle8i, SAP BW, Erwin, and Qualiware. Served as a Data Warehouse Specialist/Consultant in why study abroad essay the enhancement and development of an enterprise data warehouse/business intelligence application for the automotive services at Automotive Finance Corporation.

Primary focus and/or development efforts were in the reengineering of the ETL processes using the jar Oracle Data Integrator (formerly known as Sunopsis) tool. Additional tasks included the why study in china essay creation of essay, schema objects (tables, views, indexes, packages, triggers, etc.) in an Oracle8i environment, the expansion of a single dimensional data model (star schema) into multiple star schemas, source to target mapping, storage capacity planning and the support and maintenance of the Cognos EP Series 7 reporting environment. Why Study In China! The following tools and/or technologies were used in the development: MS Windows 2000 Server, Sun Solaris, Oracle8i, Sunopsis, PL/SQL, Cognos EP Series 7, Erwin, and Oracle Enterprise Manager. Served as a Senior Data Warehouse Specialist/Consultant in the enhancement and development of a custom analytical application for trading and risk management in the energy/commodity marketplace. Essay For Graduate School! The development efforts of the analytical application consisted of integrating various subject matter data (Profit Loss, MTM, Exposure, Cash Flows, Impact, Counterparties, etc.) from the Endur application. In addition to the development role, helped build the data warehousing services of the why study abroad company and trained and mentored internal staff on data warehousing. Tasks included conducting requirement analysis; the design and development of a dimensional data model (star schema); the creation of a database, in personal both Oracle8i and SQL Server 2000; the abroad in china essay development of ETL processes (PL/SQL, DTS Packages); the creation of several multidimensional cubes; the romantic love essay development of a web reporting application; client training and documentations. The following tools and/or technologies were used in why study in china the development: MS Windows 2000 Server, Sun Solaris, Oracle8i, SQL Server 2000 (DTS and Analysis Services), PL/SQL, MS Office Web Components, Erwin, FrontPage 2000, Oracle Enterprise Manager. Served as a Lead Data Warehouse Architect in on politics and corruption the development of in china essay, a web-based Enterprise Customer Relationship Management (eCRM) reporting application for the eCommerce department at J.Crew. The development efforts of the reporting application consisted of integrated customer data from various enterprise channels (web clickstream, catalog, retail, etc.), thus providing a consistent view of the customer.

Most importantly, the planning, execution, and measurement of the effectiveness of marketing campaign and website navigation. Tasks included conducting requirement analysis, designing and developing of a data model (star schema), the creation a Oracle8i database, coding of ETL procedures (PL/SQL, Perl and Informatica), designing of Cognos Impromptu and PowerPlay reports, software installation, and the automation of production jobs. Otcas Essay! The following tools and/or technologies were used in the development: MS Windows NT, Sun Solaris, Oracle8I, PL/SQL, Perl, Unix, Essbase, Cognos, Erwin, IIS, and shell scripts. Served as a Lead Oracle Database Administrator in a development environment for an enterprise database applicaton, Move.com. Abroad In China Essay! The enterprise database application supports the company's Internet services in providing consumers a one-stop resource for all their housing needs before, during, and after a move. Essays! Tasks include designing and building of logical and why study abroad in china physical database structures, administrating several Oracle database applications and security, analyzing and translating end users requirements into essay and corruption database objects (tables,views,indexes,procedures,functions,etc.) and data models, automating backup and recovery scripts (Cshell and Bash), installing and/or upgrading Oracle software, and database performance tuning. The development environment consists of MS Windows NT, and Unix using the following technologies and/or tools: Oracle 8x, Oracle Enterprise Manager, BroadVision, and PowerDesigner. Served as an why study abroad in china essay Oracle Database Administrator for an enterprise database application,The Guardian Insurance.

The enterprise database application supported the day-to-day business activities for for graduate school format over 51 sites. Most administration activities were done remotely using third party tools (OEM and why study BMC Patrol). Tasks included monitoring daily activities, troubleshooting problems, software and application upgrades on essay war music various platforms (MS Windows NT, Sun, and AIX), performance tuning, automation of backup and recovery scripts, and maintenance of system security and database objects. Served as a Decision Support Analyst in the deployment of a web-based enterprise reporting application for Reckitt Colman. Tasks included the installation and configuration of the Cognos and abroad essay MS IIS (version 4.0) software, development of various reports (performance, status, and Ad Hoc), setting up LDAP security, and the automation of the reporting environment.

The development was done under MS Windows NT platform using the following front-end tools to essay, retrieve and manipulate data from an Oracle database application: Cognos Impromptu and Impromptu Web Reports. Served as a Decision Support Analyst in in china essay the deployment of an enterprise data warehouse application for CitiCorp Global Technology, Inc (CGTI), a division of love, Citigroup. The enterprise data warehouse application is to support the abroad in china essay business processes (Order Management, End User Billing Detail, Carrier Services, and Products) of CGTI. Task include analyzing and documenting business data reporting needs, designing and developing of Impromptu reports, designing and developing of multi-dimension models in PowerPlay, and a good essay assisting in why study abroad in china essay the development of user training materials. Additional responsibilities include the creation of Oracle database objects (Index, Tables, Views, etc.), database performance tuning and SQL statements, data extraction scripts, installation and configuration of on bell, Cognos software in why study in china a MS Windows NT environment, and the automation of the reporting environment. Assisted in the support and maintenance of an Electronic Order Entry (EOE) Web-based application for the Avon Corporation. The EOE Web-based application allowed remote Sales Representatives to submit their orders via the Internet. Essay! Tasks included enhancements to HTML, JavaScript, and VBscript source code. The following Web and/or technologies were used in the developing and deploying the application in abroad a Windows NT Server 4.0 environment: MS Internet Information Server 4.0 (IIS), MS Site Server 3.0, Commerce Edition, MS Transaction Server 2.0, MS Index Server, SQL Server 6.5, and MS Developer Studio97. Served as an Oracle Database Administrator (DBA) in the deployment of an essay on politics and corruption enterprise data warehouse database in Oracle for the Chase Manhattan Bank.

The data warehouse database was deployed to abroad in china essay, support the Profitability Reporting Facility (PRF) application for the financial analysis community. Essays On Bell! Tasks include the why study in china essay design, development, and the administration of several Oracle database applications exceeding 50 Gbytes in data, Oracle performance tuning, translation of business requirements into database application design and data models, and migration of various database schemas between databases. Additional responsibilities include the installation and vietnam configuration of Oracle software (RDBMS 7.3 and Oracle Enterprise Manager 1.5) in a UNIX and Windows NT environment. Served as a Technical Architect in leading a group of team members in the design, development, and implementation of a data warehouse database application for the Major League Baseball Corporation. Information maintained in the data warehouse database were used by General Managers, Assistant General Managers, and other club personnel in analyzing and supporting player contract arbitration and negotiation. Tasks included the abroad in china design and essays jar development of abroad in china essay, a Conceptual System Blueprint, the presentation of the propose system to the client, the evaluation and selection of hardware and software vendors, the logical and physical design and implementation of the database application, and the design and development of the data distribution program between databases. Additional responsibilities included the installation and configuration of an MS Windows NT architecture environment, and SQL Server software. The development were done under MS Windows NT, MS Windows 95 and IBM AS/400 using the following front-end tools and/or technologies: SQL Server 6.5, DB2/400, MS Access 97, Business Objects 4.0, Transformation Server for love AS/400 and MS Windows NT, Visual Basic 5.0, and Wise Installation 5.0.

Participated in the feasibility study of a data warehouse project for the Mailing System Division at Pitney Bowes. Tasks included interviewing the user community and documentation of fact finds. Additional responsibilities included the in china essay assessment of an Oracle on-line transaction processing database in an MS Windows NT 4.0 architecture environment. Designed, developed, and implemented a two-tier client/server application that consisted of a good, a Decision Support System (DSS) for the XES finance organization at Xerox Corporation. Tasks included the design, development, and the administration of a Oracle data mart, the distribution of why study, global data from the Data Warehouse, installation and essay configuration of the Oracle software in why study abroad in china essay both production and test environment, performance tuning, implementation of a backup and recovery strategy, conducting requirements analysis, data modeling, automation of love, production jobs and support. The development were done under Windows for Workgroups and Unix using the following front-end tools and/or technologies to retrieve and manipulate data from various database systems (Oracle, Essbase, Access, and DB2): Essbase Application Manager, Visual Basic, Access, Embedded SQL, ODBC, Pro*C, Cshell, and why study essay SQL*Plus. A Good! In addition to the implementation of the DSS, provided support for integrating various components of the development of an C++ application, evaluation and acquiring of new installation software for productivity enhancements, and functional and/or technical support of an why study abroad MS inter-application (Visual Basic, Excel, and Access). Designed, developed, and implemented a Decision Support System (DSS) for the Personal Product Division at Bausch and Lomb, Inc. Essay Vietnam! The DSS application was designed in abroad essay a two-tier client/server environment that integrated various platforms - OS/2, Windows 3.1, NT, IBM 3090, and AS/400.

Tasks included the design and essay war music development of a Graphical User Interface (GUI) using Commander Builder (EIS), the design and development a multi-dimensional database (MDDB) application using Essbase that stored and maintained company's financial, marketing, and sales data, and the loading and manipulation of the data into the database using ADL and why study abroad in china Essbase SQL Interface. Additional tasks included installation, configuration, and support of package software, training users, documentation, and production support. Developed, tested, and implemented a batch application in on bell C that calculated the required reserve for all policies at Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York. Designed OWL application interface in C++ that allowed the output results to in china, be viewed by end users. The development was done under MS-Dos/Windows environment using Borland C/C++ version 4.0. Additional tasks included designing and friendship testing of reports using EasyTrieve Plus and Cobol II, and retrieval of why study in china essay, customer data from an IMS/VS database. Host development was done under ISPF (MVS/ESA) environment using Panvalet as an editor.

XPEDITOR was used as a debugging tool for all Cobol II applications. Designed, tested, and implemented several distributed processing programs using Advanced Program-to-Program Communications (APPC) for the Information Technology Division at and corruption, Rochester Gas Electric Corporation. Essay! The distributed processing programs allowed customer service orders to personal essay, be sent and received from a Mobil Telecommunication application, thus allowing Field Personnel to view customer service order on their PC Radio (laptops). The distributed processing programs were developed under the following platforms and/or environment IBM 3090, IBM OS/2 Mod 95, and MS-Dos using COBOL CICS, Microsoft C, and Vermont Views. Additional tasks included providing support in the enhancement and development of the Mobil Telecommunication application using Turbo C/C++ in a Dos environment. Coordinated and implemented an Information Delivery System (IDS) for the technical support department at IBM Corporation. Tasks included the in china design, development, and personal essay school the administration of a DB2 database application, the design and essay development of a distribution program that allowed personnel remote access to data from a portable terminal, conducting requirement analysis, and the automation of production jobs and support. Essay On Politics! The development of the IDS was done under OS/2 2.11 using the following front-end tools and/or technologies to retrieve and manipulate data from various database systems: OS/2 Presentation Manager, RF Communication, EHLLAPI, and IBM C Set/2. Designed, developed, and abroad implemented an inventory and automation tracking system for romantic love essay the Orange County Information Services.

The development was done on a Wang 100 system. Tasks included logical and physical layout of the database, coding of programs to load the database, interviewing the user community, documentation of reference manual, and in china training end users on the Wang 100 system. Designed, developed, and implemented a recovery application using COBOL for the Orange County Information Services. The development was done in a TSO/ISPF environment using PANVALET for an editor. The recovery application ran on an IBM 4381 (MVS/XA). 1993 B.S., Information Systems. Rochester Institute of Technology. Aug 2010 MS SQL Server 2008 SSIS Training Jul 2006 Business Objects Enterprise XI R2 Training Mar 2004 Board M.I.T.

Training(v4.7) Jun 2003 Sunopsis training Jun 1999 Cognos Impromptu Web Reports v5.0 - Report Administration Jun 1999 Cognos Impromptu Web Reports v5.0 - Server Administration Oct 1998 Mastering Distributed Application Design and Development using MS Visual Studio v6.0 Jul 1998 Implementing DB Design SQL Server v6.5 Apr 1998 MS Windows Architecture for Developers Aug 1997 MS Windows NT v4.0 Accelerated Training Apr 1997 Oracle Express Database Design and Control Feb 1996 Advance Visual Basic Training Feb 1995 Arbor Essbase OLAP Server Training Feb 1995 Commander Builder and ADL Training. Additional Contact information is available on the Information Page. Copyright(c) 1995 - 1999 Software Contractors' Guild, Post Office Box 257,Nottingham, NH USA 03290-0257.