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apollo 13 essays “HOUSTON, WE’VE HAD A PROBLEM HERE.” 1218 April 1970. The Mission Insignia for Apollo 13 showed the god Apollo, representing the crooks loneliness, Sun, riding his chariot across the surface of the Moon to symbolise the Apollo Project bringing back new knowledge from the Moon. School. The two names chosen for the Apollo 13 spacecraft turned out to be very prophetic. The Command Module was called Odyssey from crooks loneliness essay Homer and Arthur C. Clarke’s fictitious works. Lovell liked the sound and felt it was going to follow the biomechanics project, dictionary’s description of crooks, a long and eventful voyage. Good Romeo For Essays. The Lunar Module was called after the sign of the Zodiac and crooks loneliness essay, star constellation Aquarius , the water carrier, at times identified with Zeus pouring the waters of life down from the heavens. Before the mission, the sports research papers, crew had hoped that Aquarius would bring life back from the essay, Moon. After the mission they were glad it did!

Settling into the Command Module, the and juliet quotes, astronauts of crooks loneliness, Apollo 13 were an assorted trio. Lovell was a navy test pilot with 572 hours in space, including the of critical, first trip to crooks loneliness the Moon in Apollo 8. He had more time in space than any other human at good quotes the time. The other two were civilians looking forward to crooks essay their first trip into essay on benefits space. Haise, a serious family man, had been a journalist turned naval aviator. He was recognised as a specialist on the Lunar Module, having spent fourteen months at crooks Grumman, the factory building the spacecraft. Importance Of Critical Thinking. He knew every switch, wire and crooks loneliness essay, connector in the spacecraft. Swigert was a swinging bachelor with the reputation of an air hostess in every airport. The crew of Apollo 13: from left James A. Lovell, Jr, John L. Swigert, Jr., and Fred W. Haise, Jr. Photo courtesy of the Apollo Image Gallery maintained by Kipp Teague. Two days before the mission, Swigert had replaced Ken Mattingly, who had worked with backup crew member Charles Duke.

Infected by Paul House, a three year old friend, Duke developed German Measles the weekend before the launch. As Mattingly was found to have no immunity to the disease, the essay on benefits of corporate responsibility, doctors were afraid he might break out in a severe rash at the moment Lovell and Haise were on the Moon’s surface, when swollen fingers and sore muscles could have slowed him up, particularly in an emergency. Crooks Loneliness. Because of the teamwork required by the crew, normally the whole crew would be changed, but as Duke was already out, they left Lovell and Haise. The training had to be intensified to develop the teamwork required with Swigert in only two days. The new crew spent many extra hours in the simulator drilling through the procedures.

In one of the many strange twists of fate in this mission, Swigert had been trained as a specialist in malfunctions of the Command and Lunar Modules. As NASA Administrator Dr Tom Paine pointed out: “Swigert practically wrote the book on spacecraft malfunctions.” Ironically, Mattingly never did break out with Rubella. The original crew of Apollo 13: from left James A. Lovell, Jr, Thomas K. Mattingly II, and Fred W. Haise, Jr. Essays Jar. Photo courtesy of crooks essay, Ed Hengeveld via the essays on bell, Apollo Image Gallery. Apollo 13 was going to be the first moon landing with a greater degree of difficulty than either Apollos 11 or 12. The target was the Frau Mauro region, a range of rugged hills 177 kilometres to loneliness the east of the Apollo 12 landing site. Frau Mauro was going to biomechanics research be more interesting to the geologists Apollo was now going to be more scientific, rather than a flight testing exercise. Sunday 12 April 1970 LAUNCH. Launch day found light and variable winds, with a maximum strength of 12 knots from the east south east.

Altocumulus clouds with a base height of 19,000 feet covered about 40% of the sky, with cirrostratus spread over the whole sky above. The temperature was 24C and relative humidity 57%. A perfect launch day. as received in Australia by shortwave from essay The Voice of America. Recorded by Colin Mackellar. 2.2MB mp3 runs for 4:44. Photo courtesy of the Apollo Image Gallery maintained by Kipp Teague.

Originally scheduled for 12 March 1970, Apollo 13 left Pad 39A at 1413 USEST 11 April 1970 (0513 AEST on process essay, Sunday 12 April). There was trouble right away. Lovell: “At five and a half minutes after liftoff, Swigert, Haise, and crooks essay, I felt a little vibration. Then the centre engine of the S-II stage shut down two minutes early. This caused the remaining four engines to burn 34 seconds longer than planned, and the S-IVB third stage had to burn 9 seconds longer to put us into project papers orbit. No problem; the crooks essay, S-IVB had plenty of fuel.” Apollo 13 entered Earth orbit at 0525:39 AEST and went into a 185.7 by 183.9 kilometre orbit with period of 88.2 minutes and a speed of 28,053.2 kilometres per hour. Translunar injection was at 0754:47 AEST with a 5 minute 50.8 second burn and Apollo 13 was heading for the Moon at 26,600.4 kilometres per hour. The CSM separated from the SIVB at sports biomechanics research papers 0819:38 AEST and docked with the LM at crooks 0832:08 with television watching the action.

The two docked spacecraft were ejected from the SIVB at 0914:00 AEST before being separated from each other. In the previous missions the SIVB was sent off into solar orbit but for Apollo 13 the SIVB was targeted to impact the Moon so the vibrations could be detected by the Apollo 12 seismometer. Despite this problematic start, the three astronauts settled down to the relatively relaxed trans-lunar coast life. The peace of Sunday was broken by an agitated Swigert calling Houston. In the rush to replace Mattingly, he remembered he had not filed his Income Tax Return: “How do I apply for an extension?” he asked, “Things kinda happened real fast down there and on benefits social, I need an loneliness essay, extension. I’m really serious. ” “You’re breaking up the essay on benefits responsibility, room down here,” replied a laughing Joe Kerwin, but later Flight Director Glynn Lunney passed up the crooks loneliness, advice, “American citizens out of the romeo and juliet, country get a 60 day extension on filing, I assume this applies to you.” Monday 13 April 1970. On Monday morning Capcom Joe Kerwin called, “The spacecraft is in real good shape as far as we are concerned. Crooks. We are bored to tears down here.” This “boredom” was reflected in the world outside a third lunar landing hardly drew any media attention, in fact all the American television networks ignored the special television show put on by the astronauts. At the school games, Goldstone Tracking Complex in California it was a clear spring afternoon as the evening shift for Monday April 13 came in for a quiet spell of uneventful tracking. Bill Wood , C Shift leader at the DSS-12 Pioneer Wing Station: “Pioneer, the half Coyote, half German Shepherd station mascot greeted us at the gate as usual, before we took over tracking the signal from the Saturn IVB.

Ed Smith, the intersite microwave engineer, had the air to ground voice loops up so we could keep up with what was going on at the crooks essay, Prime site and hear the spacecraft and Houston talking. Things were very quiet, even boring.” It wasn’t long before this mood was to on bell change, to change dramatically. Tuesday 14 April 1970. At 1133 AEST on 14 April Lovell and Haise had entered Aquarius earlier than the flight plan had scheduled, anxious to check the pressure in the helium tank, which checked out okay. White Team Flight Director Gene Kranz on shift shortly before the television broadcast. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar.

At 1227 AEST, the astronauts put on a television show, exhibiting some of their gear such as their space helmets, sleeping hammocks and special bags for drinking water inside their spacesuits. Lovell in the CM played music from 2001:A space Odyssey and crooks loneliness, Aquarius from a small tape recorder. Sadly, the astronauts did not know that their program was ending at school the NASA centres, as the commercial networks had lost interest in broadcasting boring trips to crooks loneliness the Moon. Marilyn Lovell and Mary Haise had to go to the Mission Control Center to see their husbands on television. Fred Haise takes the few viewers of the broadcast on process essay, a tour of the Lunar Module, Aquarius . White Team Flight Director Gene Kranz (closest to the camera) watches in Mission Control, just 17 minutes and 42 seconds before the loneliness, explosion. GET: on on bell jar, screen at top left, 55:37:11; GET of explosion: 55:54:53. NASA image. Astronauts Vance Brand and Jack Lousma (Capcom) enjoy the TV show. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. Loneliness. At 1259 the astronauts finished their on-board production with: “This is the crew of Apollo 13 wishing everybody a nice evening, and we’re just about ready to close our inspection of Aquarius and get back for a pleasant evening in Odyssey . Goodnight.” Lovell: “On the tapes I sound mellow and benign, or some might say fat, dumb, and happy.

A pleasant evening indeed! Nine minutes later the roof fell in. ” As the astronauts were copying down a message from Houston, on a control panel just above them a yellow caution light glowed to indicate a low pressure in sports project papers hydrogen tank #1 in the Service Module. Back at Houston the same warning glared at EECOM Sy Liebergot from the sloping panel of his console. Crooks Essay. As he had been working on the contents of the tanks he wasn’t too concerned to see the light, as it could be a normal short-term situation. In the weightlessness of school homework games, space the cryogenically stored gases could stratify into layers of different densities and essay, give a false quantity reading, but to make sure, Liebergot told Capcom Jack Lousma to ask the astronauts to stir both the importance of critical skills, hydrogen tanks, using paddles operated by electric motors. Normally this stirring was performed each day after the essay, sleep period, but Liebergot wanted an extra stir before they went to sleep as he had been having trouble reading the quantity in the oxygen tank #2, so he suggested they stir the oxygen tanks too. Lousma: “Thirteen, we’ve got one more item for you when you get the school games, chance. Loneliness. We’d like you to stir up your cryo tanks. ” Swigert answered “Okay, stand by” and at 1306:18 AEST flicked the switches labelled H 2 and O 2 FANS on to stir the contents of the hydrogen and oxygen tanks. Nobody knew that inside Oxygen Tank #2 wires to the fan had lost their insulation from an incident during a test two weeks before.

A committee led by Edgar Cortright, Director of the papers, Langley Research Center in Virginia, was formed to investigate the incident. It found the following events led to loneliness this moment of the Apollo 13 disaster. Process Essay. None of this can ever be verified, of essay, course, because the Service Module burned up in biomechanics research papers the atmosphere on reentry. Crooks Essay. The flawed #2 oxygen tank had originally been made for Apollo 10, but had been returned to the manufacturers to improve the electromagnetic interference properties of the school, vac-ion pumps. When removing it from the Apollo 10 Service Module the frame holding the tanks was dropped about 5 centimetres. Loneliness Essay. Although there is a possibility the good romeo and juliet for essays, jar could have loosened the couplings of the fill tubes, as far as the spacecraft systems engineers are concerned, this incident did not begin the series of events leading to the explosion in space. In the oxygen tank there were a set of tube assemblies in the neck of the tank to fill and empty the tank on the ground, and a different set for use in space to pipe the oxygen to either a fuel cell, or to the cabin atmosphere. Crooks. According to process essay the engineers the real culprit was a set of couplings in these tube assemblies in the top of the oxygen tank which leaked during a Count Down Demonstration Test (CDDT) conducted on March 16, a test run to check out the launch procedures before every mission. The filling system was working normally, but technicians found they were unable to loneliness essay pump the super-critical cold oxygen fluid out of essays on bell, tank #2 after the test. Due to the leaking couplings, gas pumped in to remove the liquid oxygen was bypassing the tank contents and coming back out again, leaving up to 92% of the liquid contents behind. Looking for a solution, the engineering team thought the quickest way to empty the liquid oxygen would be to boil it off using the heaters in the tank.

After discussions between the engineers at Kennedy Space Center, the Manned Spacecraft Center, North American Rockwell (the contractor) and loneliness, Beech (the manufacturer) it was decided to go ahead. They also advised Mattingly and Lovell, assuring them it would be okay as these tubes were not used to supply the school games, oxygen during the flight. Lovell queried the crooks loneliness, implications of sports biomechanics research papers, putting a new tank in. Loneliness Essay. The flight would probably be delayed by up to a month was the answer, so Lovell told them to go ahead with the old tank: “If you’re all comfortable with this, then I am too.” The original Apollo spacecraft worked on 28 volts of electricity, but after 1965 the essay social, Apollo spacecraft’s electrical systems had been modified to handle 65 volts from the external ground test equipment. Unfortunately Beech, the manufacturer of the tank, did not advise the manufacturer of the thermostat of the change, so the bi-metal thermostat switches installed in these tanks were still the 28 volt models, so when the loneliness, heaters were switched on to boil the oxygen off after the CDDT test, the higher voltage caused arcing in homework the bi-metal thermostat and crooks essay, welded the contacts together. Romeo And Juliet. With the thermostat contacts permanently on, the crooks essay, heating elements remained on for 8 hours, instead of being turned off when the temperature reached 27C. This allowed the temperature inside the tank to climb to an estimated 538C.

As the temperature gauge on the ground test panel only went to 29.5C, no one was aware of this excessive heat, which burned the Teflon insulation off the wires in the motors driving the two fans inside the tank. The fate of Apollo 13 and sports biomechanics papers, its crew was now riding on the two bare wires sealed in Oxygen Tank #2. Perhaps the first clue of a problem in crooks the Service module was at 0318 AEST 14 April when oxygen tank #2 quantity indicated off scale high, eight hours before Lovell and Haise entered the LM to conduct some system checks, but nobody took notice of it. But now, on board Odyssey , 322,000 kilometres from Earth, the relaxed complacency of the crew and ground teams around the world was to be suddenly interrupted when Swigert switched the is the importance thinking, fans on in the oxygen tanks. Crooks Essay. When Swigert switched the fans on in O 2 Tank #2 at 55:53:18 GET, (1306:18 AEST on 14 April), some of the liquid oxygen in tank had been used, exposing the bare wiring. As a result a spark arced between the process essay, wires a spark in pure oxygen sealed under a pressure of 6,205 kPa in the super tough spherical nickel alloy steel tank. It took less than 20 seconds for crooks essay the resulting pressure to school homework games blow the tank apart . shock the essay, feed valves to two of the three fuel cells causing their failure within seconds. wreck the adjacent equipment in Bay 4 of the Service Module . and blow the essay on benefits of corporate, external side panel out. which clipped the main antenna as it hurtled out into space. Crooks Loneliness. Langley Research Center estimated the explosion was equivalent to essays on bell 3.2 kilograms of TNT, which would demolish an average sized suburban house. There was nothing to indicate what had happened; no sound in the vacuum of space; no sensors to loneliness detect explosions.

As the Service Module was not directly visible from the Command Module windows, the astronauts could not see what had happened behind their backs. Just a shudder from the spacecraft. At Goldstone and Honeysuckle Creek Tracking Stations the prime receiver’s usually steady white “Signal in Lock” light suddenly blinked out and the alarms began their two-tone singing. Sports Biomechanics Papers. The servo operator immediately switched to essay Program Track (antenna under computer control) and the receiver operators began trying to reacquire the signal but were only able to find a weak signal coming from the spacecraft. Games. Alan Foster on the Honeysuckle Creek receivers remembers: “The signal level dropped right down to crooks loneliness essay about minus 140 db, I can remember struggling with it it was pretty grim but we managed to keep in essays lock. They also went on to emergency voice and became hard to hear.” “Fred was still in the Lunar Module.

Jack was back in the Command Module in the left hand seat. And I was half way in between in loneliness the lower equipment bay wrestling with TV wires and a camera, watching Fred coming down.” Haise was crawling through the tunnel from the Lunar Module when he saw the wall of the tunnel flex, and felt the jar from the explosion. He jumped when the master alarm suddenly howled in his headset, mixed with Swigert’s voice from the Command Module yelling about a panel alarm. “Now, before that, Fred being in the Lunar Module, had actuated a valve which normally gives us the what of critical skills, same sound. since he didn’t tell us about it, we all rather jumped. But it was his joke and we all thought it was sort of fun until something happened.” “It wasn’t me!” Haise threw back at Lovell’s inquiring expression as he instinctively dived for his couch in the Command Module. Crooks Loneliness Essay. Swigert tried to slam the hatch shut behind him, thinking the jolt might have come from the Lunar Module being hit by something. The astronauts knew a high speed object not much bigger than a grain of sand could rip open the sports project papers, flimsy skin of the Lunar Module and let their life supporting atmosphere vent out in moments.

Though Swigert wrestled with the hatch, it wouldn’t lock shut as it was misaligned. As they still had their atmosphere and were still alive, they pushed the loneliness, hatch aside. All three astronauts’ pulse rates shot up to over 130. “It is interesting to note that days later, just before we jettisoned the Lunar Module, when the hatch had to be closed and locked, Jack did it – easy as pie. That’s the kind of flight it was.” “It shook the spacecraft and scared the essay on benefits of corporate social, hell out of me. Essay. I proceeded to look at Jim and school, about the same time – I guess about two seconds had elapsed – when I had a master alarm and a main bus B undervolt light. I told Houston we had a problem and proceeded to loneliness go over to the right hand side of the spacecraft to process essay look at the voltage…” He saw the B bus voltage supplying half the loneliness, power to drive the spacecraft, drop right out. Haise checked fuel cell #3 supplying its electricity, and found it dead, so connected the alternative A power Bus to line, but it seemed to be on its way out essay of corporate social responsibility too. A quick check of fuel cell #1 showed it was as dead as #3.

With only fuel cell #2 left to drive the essay, A Bus, the astronauts realised from the mission rules that landing on homework games, the moon was now impossible. At 1308 AEST Swigert called Houston with the now famous remark, “Okay, Houston, we’ve had a problem here.” Capcom Jack Lousma, “This is Houston – say again, please.” “Houston – we’ve had a problem. We’ve had a Main B Bus undervolt,” Lovell explained. “Roger. Main B undervolt. … Okay, stand by, Thirteen, we’re looking at it.” Capcom Lousma answered for the Mission Control team. In the Apollo 13 spacecraft, launched at 1313 hours (spacecraft time), it was 9:08 pm on April 13 . At Honeysuckle Creek it was 1308 hours (1:08 pm) on crooks essay, April 14. At Houston it was just after 2100 local on a pleasant clear evening. With three friends, Andy Saulietis had rigged up a telescope connected to a black and process essay, white television set on a roof of the Manned Spacecraft Center.

They were studying a slowly fading pinpoint of light approaching the crooks, Moon – the Saturn IVB rocket following Odyssey , blinking as it tumbled along. While they watched, a bright spot appeared in the middle of the screen and over the next ten minutes grew into quite a bright ball. No one connected the flare with Apollo 13 they vaguely thought it was a defect in is the their television monitor. They left the crooks loneliness, rooftop quite oblivious to what they had witnessed – the for essays, oxygen tank on crooks essay, Apollo 13 exploding, and in ten minutes spreading into romeo and juliet for essays a gaseous sphere over 48 kilometres wide, glowing in the sunlight. Inside the Mission Control Center none of the Flight Controllers sitting at loneliness their consoles were aware of what had happened either, until some of them began seeing abnormal indications coming down their telemetry channels – strange readings from temperatures, pressures, voltages, and essay of corporate responsibility, the status of various pieces of equipment. They were overwhelmed by reports of loss of the High Gain Antenna, spacecraft computer restarts, random thruster firings, and multiple system failures. It took them over fifteen minutes to figure out that there had been some sort of explosion, but they were still hopeful the crooks loneliness essay, mission was going to proceed to a normal lunar landing. EECOM Sy Liebergot, the sports research papers, Flight Controller in crooks essay charge of the Command and essays on bell, Service Module’s electrical and environmental systems, was now squarely in the hot seat: “Our data suddenly went ratty, some of it went static. I heard the announcements from the spacecraft and was already scanning my readouts. Nothing made sense.

I called Kranz, ‘We may have an instrumentation problem, Flight. Let me go ahead and check,’ which was my way of crooks, putting Kranz off, and he knew that.” “Rog.” Kranz replied. Hear Sy Liebergot’s EECOM loop starting just six seconds before the explosion. He asks about the cryo stir, and then we hear a burst of static as lock is jar, lost on the High Gain Antenna. We hear the crooks, team beginning to troubleshoot the problem.

This recording is process essay, part of longer audio on a disc included with Sy’s book, “Apollo EECOM: Journey of loneliness essay, a Lifetime” available from CG Publishing/Apogee Books. This audio clip is also available on Sy’s website. Used with kind permission of, and with thanks to, Sy Liebergot. 1.1MB mp3 / 2 minutes 12 seconds. Essays. Clip starts at 055:54:49GET. Charlie Dumas (left) speaks with Gerry Griffin at the EECOM console. Sy Liebergot, smoking a pipe, is at right.

From 16mm NASA footage several minutes before the explosion. Screenshot by Colin Mackellar. Liebergot never saw the pressure spike in the oxygen tank that caused the explosion: “You look away, you blink, and it’s gone. That’s exactly what happened. We were doing the cryo stir and I was just looking to the right of the oxygen tanks at the hydrogen tanks where the changes usually showed up first.

Everybody was looking at the hydrogen, which was about two inches over. When I looked back the essay, spike had already gone. My backroom guys, Dick Brown, electrical system expert, and George Bliss and Larry Sheaks, my environmental control systems experts, were trying to figure out what was going on importance of critical skills, as well. To begin with we figured we just had a fuel cell problem and concentrated on that. Pretty soon we knew the tank was gone, so I asked for an estimate of crooks essay, how long we had on the remaining tank.” Liebergot had little to work on, only displays of nearly fifty parameters all showing out of limit readings on his console. This was so sudden, without any warning, that he felt overwhelmed.

No amount of training or mission experience could prepare him for this crisis. Initially he knew that the two dead fuel cells drew their oxygen from the same source, and as the essay on benefits of corporate responsibility, third cell was still working, at first he didn’t suspect the crooks essay, oxygen tanks. He was working on a Fuel Cell #3 leak, and trying to research project isolate it. Also, he was still trying to crooks essay figure out why two fuel cells would fail. Then he saw that oxygen tank #2 was showing empty.

Its contents had all gone! Half the oxygen for on bell jar the cabin atmosphere and the spacecraft power for the mission had gone in two minutes – just vanished. They hadn’t even reached the moon. All their training and simulations had always relied on backup systems to keep the mission going, nobody had been game enough to introduce a complete failure of all the power systems into the simulations. As one of the Flight Controllers said later, “This was so far down the line, if anyone had asked us to simulate it ahead of time we would all have said he was being unrealistic.” “I had all the feelings that went with not having the answers to the problem and crooks loneliness essay, not seeing any way out of it. What Is The Importance Of Critical Thinking. It happened too quickly – it was a cascading failure which means the loneliness, original failure got masked by the subsequent failures it created. We were never trained for a cascading series of problems leading to a catastrophe. That’s not training. It was like saying the what is the importance of critical skills, structure of the loneliness essay, spacecraft was going to fail.” A minute or so after the explosion Alan Glines, the communications engineer (INCO), reported to Kranz that the signal from the spacecraft had switched to the smaller omni antennas, which was probably due to the side panel hitting the big antenna on its way past. Essays On Bell Jar. The weaker signal combined with the erratic behaviour of the spacecraft caused the receiver operators at Goldstone and Honeysuckle Creek and the other stations difficulty in crooks loneliness essay holding onto the weak, fluctuating signal for the rest of the mission.

Then Lovell announced the voltage on the A Bus was beginning to drop. An uneasy silence fell on the voice loops… “Okay, Houston, are you still reading Apollo 13?” Lovell couldn’t contain his anxiety any longer. “That’s affirmative,” replied Lousma, “We are reading you. We’re trying to come up with some good ideas here for homework you.” He looked appealingly at Kranz: “What can I tell them?” Kranz did not have an crooks essay, answer. Nobody had an answer. Capcom Jack Lousma apeaks with the crew onboard Apollo 13 after the explosion. Astronaut John Young is seated next to him. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar.

Lovell couldn’t understand why his ship was reeling drunkenly about the heavens. The thrusters were firing away trying to bring the spacecraft under control, but unknown to either the astronauts or the process essay, flight controllers at the time the crooks essay, explosion had knocked some of the thrusters out. Lovell took over manual control, but found no matter how he tried, he could do no better than the automatic pilot – the spacecraft seemed to have a mind of its own, always trying to veer away from the course. He decided to look out of the window in case he could see something outside. As he swung himself onto the left seat and peered out, the sight that met his inquiring eyes formed a knot in essay on benefits his stomach – the sun was shining on a powerful stream of gas spurting out of the essay, side of the Service Module. Sixteen minutes after the homework games, explosion, at crooks loneliness 1322 AEST, Lovell remembers, “I happened to look out of the left hand window, and saw the school homework games, final evidence pointing toward potential catastrophe. ‘We are venting something out into crooks loneliness the . into space,’ I reported to Houston.” “Roger, we copy you are venting,” acknowledged Lousma. Essays On Bell. In Mission Control a report of gas venting into space spread among the consoles like wildfire, and crooks loneliness, put a whole new dimension on the situation. Biomechanics Research Papers. Liebergot: “I ignored that, I couldn’t deal with that.

I needed to go and loneliness essay, find what I could do about it. ” Fuel cell #2 was still producing electricity but when Lovell looked back at the oxygen pressures again Tank #2 was still reading zilch, but now Tank #1 was only half full, and dropping! They were going to lose all their oxygen – they weren’t going to have enough to bring the ship back home to Earth! This was it! Lovell knew they were in trouble. Process Essay. But how serious was it? Was it only oxygen gas squirting out into space? How long did they have?

He immediately sensed that their next moves would be crucial to their survival, and their lives would depend on maintaining communication with Houston, and for essay that they needed power. There were only 15 minutes of battery power left in the Command Module, and that was needed for reentry into the Earth’s atmosphere. School Homework. The Earth was over 90 hours away . Lovell: “The knot in crooks my stomach tightened, and all regrets about not landing on the moon vanished. Now it was strictly a case for survival. Essay On Benefits Of Corporate Social Responsibility. I had seen the loneliness essay, film Marooned and I must admit that the parallel crossed my mind.” He looked across to school homework games Haise, the LM expert and pilot, “We’re going to have to use Aquarius to get home.” Back in loneliness mission control, Liebergot also saw oxygen tank #1 contents disappearing before his eyes – the process essay, pressure dropping from loneliness 6,068 kPa down to 2,760 kPa in less than three minutes. Process Essay. Two thirds of the electrical power generation system was dead, and crooks, there was only three hours of life left. Sports Research. Looking into the immediate future, he felt momentarily sick in the stomach. He grabbed the crooks loneliness essay, security handles on his console to school steady himself down. Was he going to crooks be the first flight controller to lose a spacecraft and its crew out in school games space? “In all my life I have never felt so alone, as I did then.

I didn’t have the answers. It seemed we were on the point of losing everybody and everything.” What had to be done before the Command Module completely died? Would this crippled combination of a dead Command Service Module and a Lunar Module only designed to go down to loneliness the lunar surface and back with two people cope with demands and manoeuvres they were never designed for? There was little time left to make any plans. Process Essay. Everybody was facing problems that seemed to be leading to more problems. except the essay, Lunar Module systems people they were standing by with a fully operational spacecraft, powered down waiting to arrive at the moon. It wasn’t long before they realised the Lunar Module was going to be involved. During the Trans Lunar Coast phase of the mission, the Lunar Module was powered down to on bell conserve power, except for some critical systems kept warm by thermostatically controlled heaters powered by the Service Module batteries fed through the Command Module. Now they had lost the power to the relays that controlled the transfer of the power source to the Lunar Module batteries – so they could not turn the essay, power on in the Lunar Module from its batteries in the descent stage. That was the good romeo and juliet quotes, first big problem to be overcome. Loneliness Essay. Strangely enough a year earlier, on 25 April 1969, during an Apollo 10 simulation the simulation team had failed the homework, fuel cells in almost the same spot, and the simulation ended with a dead crew. It was decided that this failure was a bit unrealistic and the incident was forgotten as the crooks essay, Apollo program forged ahead.

Fortunately some of the more conscientious Lunar Module flight controllers had worried about their simulation failure, and decided to look into essay on benefits the problem. Crooks. Jim Hannigan, branch chief of the Lunar Module flight controllers, assigned Donald Puddy to pick a team to work on the problem. Bill Legler, one of the papers, key members of the team (who had been present during the Apollo 10 simulation) worked out essay some procedures that could reverse the power flow to go from the Lunar Module back into the Command Module and energise the power transfer relays. These emergency procedures had never been completed and incorporated into the official procedures, but with the Apollo 13 situation these preliminary procedures were recovered and dusted off. They gave the Lunar Module controllers a head start. The engineer in charge of the electrical and environmental systems of the Lunar Module was Bill Peters, “I had just unplugged from the console and only taken two steps away when Bob Heselmeyer called out ‘You’d better come back here, I think something’s going on.’ I figured out on bell jar pretty quickly it looked like a major disaster, and one of the crooks, plans in cases like this was to close all the telephone lines in and out of the good and juliet, Control Center so just in case I called my wife real quick and told her not to expect me home that night – turn on the TV to find out why – and hung up.” At the Goldstone tracking station a team was quickly formed to analyse the crooks loneliness essay, telemetry information they had just recorded, particularly the last few moments before the explosion. Bill Wood , lead USB Engineer: “We were able to read all bits up to signal loss by recording the data at a high speed of 60 inches per second and jar, playing it back at crooks loneliness essay 3½ inches per second. Then we rolled the chart paper onto the control room floor and counted the frames of data by eye to find out good romeo and juliet quotes what each parameter was reading up to the signal loss, and what things looked like right after the signal was reacquired. My recollection was that the engineers found a pressure spike in the oxygen tank that exploded.” The telemetry showed the pressure shot up to essay 6,950 kPa for two seconds before dropping to zero in the next two seconds. Then Larry Sheaks called Liebergot to tell him that the biomechanics, oxygen surge tank in the Command Module was losing pressure. The surge tank was usually used for reentry only, but was used as a buffer to keep the oxygen levels steady.

The EECOM from Milt Windler’s Maroon shift, John Aaron, was quietly shaving at home when the phone shrilled. It was Arnold Aldrich, his office manager, at Mission Control. “Arnie said ‘Hey, John, these guys are working some kind of problem and I know your specialty is instrumentation patterns and they think this is a telemetry problem, but I don’t know.’ So I said to crooks Arnie, ‘Go and and juliet, read me some parameters off displays such and such, then go to displays such and loneliness essay, such and read those out to biomechanics research project papers me. He did all that and I said ‘Arnie, that is not a telemetry failure there is no pattern there that fits. Tell those guys they’ve got a real problem and I’ll be right there. By the time I came in, I got in on the tail end of analysing what had happened there, and started convincing the guys that they ought to power down the Command Module and save the crooks essay, batteries, because we were using battery power to troubleshoot the problem, and essay on benefits of corporate social, I knew these were the same batteries that were going to essay bring us home.

That was pretty traumatic because the Command and Service Module was never designed to be powered down in space and we didn’t have any procedures to power it up from sports biomechanics research papers scratch. Normally it was powered up over a period of crooks loneliness essay, days on the pad before you launched, using a lot of power.” Forty six minutes after the explosion George Bliss informed Liebergot that there was only homework games, 1 hour 54 minutes left in O 2 Tank #1, when the last fuel cell would die. Then there would only loneliness, be the Command Module’s reentry batteries left – and they were needed for sports research project reentry. The unthinkable had happened and there was no back up or redundant system to pull them out of this one. They were facing a major disaster in space. Liebergot announced on the intercom loop: “Flight, the pressure in O 2 tank 1 has dropped all the way down to 297 (psi) (2048 kPa) and we’d better think about getting into the LM.” Flight dynamics chief Jerry Bostick was sitting in the Trench listening to the drama deepening on the console behind him, and began to think of getting the spacecraft back as soon as possible. He and his team soon discarded the immediate turn-around (direct abort which would bring them home in 34 hours) using the main SPS engine because the LM ‘lifeboat’ would have to be cast off, and doubt about the integrity of the crooks loneliness, Service Module – that is, how much damage had been done to the internal systems of the Service Module? Was the engine damaged? Even if it wasn’t, there was no electricity to operate the engine controls such opening or closing valves. The alternative was to carry on and sling around the games, Moon. This was going to take up to four days – could they keep the astronauts alive for such a long period?

That was up to the LM systems controllers. Crooks Loneliness Essay. The Trench waited for the Flight Directors to make up their minds. Ken Mattingly slid alongside Lousma and plugged his headset in. On Benefits. He wanted to help his mates if he could. Kranz said this was his toughest call on Apollo 13. “My team was pretty much split down the middle.

Many of my systems controllers wanted to crooks loneliness get home in the fastest fashion possible.” By now there were two teams gathered around the consoles discussing the emergency and the chatter was getting out of essays, hand so Kranz stood up and yelled around the room, “Okay all flight controllers cut the chatter. I want every member of the White team to settle down and get back on the voice loops – the crooks loneliness, rest of you shut up.” Still damp from being called from and juliet quotes a shower at home, Chris Kraft had arrived by now and joined the intercom conversation at crooks loneliness his Director’s console, just before thirty three year old Glynn Lunney was due to take over the next shift. Leader of the Maroon team, Milt Windler, also joined the group. Biomechanics Project Papers. Lunney had been discussing the return options with Bostick and an intense discussion developed between the crooks loneliness essay, Flight Directors on the best course of action, ending with Kranz addressing Kraft, “Our only real option is to sports biomechanics papers go around the Moon.” Chris Kraft, Astronaut Jim McDivitt, and Robert Gilruth in the back row of the MOCR. Behind them is the glass window of the VIP viwewing room. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. Kraft agreed, “When do you want to crooks loneliness essay do the burn?” The decision was made, and the Flight Dynamics controllers in the Trench breathed a sigh of relief and began to work out a burn procedure for homework games a trajectory to loneliness sling around the Moon and sports research papers, return home. So 53 minutes after the explosion, an emergency plan began to evolve. Astronauts Gene Cernan (left), Deke Slayton (coat) and loneliness, Ed Mitchell look on as Jack Lousma sits as his Capcom console.

From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by on benefits of corporate social Colin Mackellar. “I was already in a back room of the Control Center when we got the report that there was a problem. We were due on shift at about 10:00 pm (USCST) that night. The spacecraft crew were supposed to go to sleep and crooks loneliness, we were supposed to project sit there and watch a sleep shift. I went in and plugged in with Gene; I knew the spacecraft crew had reported a bang and some venting, so there was a suspicion there was some kind of loneliness, problem, but people still weren’t sure how serious the problem was. There were a set of confusing indicators we had lost the oxygen in one tank so we lost the fuel cell that was plugged to it, and sports, that fuel cell was plugged to crooks the B electrical Buss. The RCS thrusters were split between main Bus A and Main Bus B, so we had lost half the thrusters which gave us these attitude control problems.

We became involved in sports research papers closing off the fuel cells, one at a time, to try to isolate a leak within the fuel cells, but once you shut them down, you can’t get them back, and I remember doing that as a last resort. We had a number of situations to deal with. Crooks. We were on sports biomechanics papers, a non free-return trajectory. Crooks Essay. Up until Apollo 13 we had used trajectories that would loop around the Moon to return approximately into the entry corridor. Here we were not going to come back to any safe kind of sports, Earth entry at crooks loneliness essay all. We were also at school games a point where it would have been very expensive in terms of propulsion to turn around and come back without looping around the Moon. That was considered for a while, but the only way we knew how to do that was to loneliness essay dump the descent stage of the Lunar Module and use all of the Service Propulsion fuel, but the on benefits of corporate, two problems with that were we couldn’t power the Service Module up any more, we were only crooks essay, down to homework games batteries, so we couldn’t sustain a power load to crooks loneliness essay run the good romeo and juliet quotes, Service Propulsion engine, and essay, we didn’t want to dump the descent stage of the Lunar Module because it was our lifeboat where most of the batteries, water and research, so on loneliness essay, were stored. Parallel with all this going on with the guidance people was what are we going to do to power the Lunar Module up. We knew we had to get it powered up enough to take care of the manoeuvre later, but we also began to realise that the quotes for essays, way the telescope worked for aligning the platform in the Lunar Module that it probably wouldn’t work by itself while it was attached to the Command Module out in free space. We realised we had to get an alignment from the Command Module guidance reference system, the inertial platform, and transfer it over to the Lunar Module which was a lot of number plugging by the crew members, followed and checked by the people on the ground.

This of course happened some time after we got the crooks loneliness essay, Lunar Module powered up. We got the essay on benefits of corporate responsibility, Lunar Module powered up but as we went through it we were trying to figure out what we didn’t have to bring up because we knew we were going to be power limited and water coolant limited to get home. The Lunar Module was designed for two men for two days and we knew we were at least four or five days from essay home with three people. We knew we couldn’t stay powered up at on bell these levels so we had to figure out crooks a way to on bell jar cut the loneliness, power down. We also knew we had limited amounts of consumables on board.

We got the Lunar Module configured so it could do a passive thermal control. Instead of a rolling manoeuvre, which we normally used, we rotated the vehicle ninety degrees every hour so we could get equal sun (heating) and cooling on the vehicle. As we could watch this on what is the thinking skills, the ground the loneliness essay, crew didn’t have to worry about it. Essay Social Responsibility. Once we got in that position we said we’re on crooks, this non-free return, why don’t we trim that out and get the vehicle on a free return so if anything happens later we are least heading for the reentry corridor. School Games. So we did this 40 foot per essay, second manoeuvre that put us on a free return trajectory. After that we began to try to take power off everything that we didn’t need and we began to lay out in detail the options for how big or small a manoeuvre we would do at seventy nine and a half hours into the mission, after we got around the Moon. Homework Games. We settled on essay, a manoeuvre that wasn’t quite maximum but would get us back by about 142 hours. Games. We had also figured out how to husband the crooks loneliness essay, consumables. By the essay on benefits of corporate, end of my shift about ten hours later we had put the vehicle back on an Earth return trajectory, the inertial guidance platform had been transferred to the Lunar Module, and we kept the Lunar Module reasonably powered up for the burn planned for two hours after we had turned the crooks loneliness, corner at good romeo the Moon. Crooks Loneliness. We had a plan for what that manoeuvre would be, and we had a consumable profile that really left us with reasonable margins at what is the of critical skills the end.”

Glynn Lunney (left) and Milt Windler, take stock of the situation. Behind them, in the background, is Robert Gilruth. Deke Slayton is in the foreground. Essay. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. Here’s a view of the MOCR during Glynn Lunney’s shift, after the accident. Panorama assembled from process essay 16mm NASA footage by CM. Gene Kranz and his White Team continued their shift for an extra hour before handing over to Glynn Lunney and the Black Team, and went to loneliness essay the back of the homework, building to study data from the spacecraft. Kranz decided to step out of the Houston shift sequence and head a Tiger Team to concentrate on the engineering and essay, procedures to get the crippled spacecraft and its crew back home. “The key thing here was I didn’t form the Tiger Team the Tiger Team to a great extent always existed. During the Apollo Program we flew with four mission control teams, and one team was always designated as the Lead Team and in case of any mission difficulties it was that team’s responsibility to establish the game plan, the recovery plan, do the trouble shooting and that just happened to fall into my team. We had many problems here we had a variety of survival problems, we had electrical management, water management, and we had to figure out how to project papers navigate because the stars were occluded by essay the debris cloud surrounding the spacecraft. Basically we had to turn a two day spacecraft into a four and a half day spacecraft with an extra crewmember to get the crew back home.

We were literally working outside the design and test boundaries of the spacecraft so we had to invent everything as we went along. There were many lead people, but the three people I would name were Arnie Aldrich who handled the sports project papers, checklist, John Aaron with the loneliness, power management, and Bill Peters who looked at the Lunar Module and tried to figure out how it could be most effective as a lifeboat.” There were no official procedures to refer to essay responsibility even the emergency procedures didn’t cover losing all three Command Module fuel cell power sources and using the crooks essay, Lunar Module in on benefits of corporate responsibility lieu of the crooks loneliness essay, Command Module. At 1456 AEST on 14 April Lovell and Haise had already decided to climb into the Lunar Module, “Without much discussion from the ground, both Jim and I decided to head for the LM. At this point we only had one choice and school, took it,” Haise explained. Swigert was left to crooks essay wind down the Command Module.

The last oxygen tank was nearly empty. Capcom Jack Lousma told the astronauts, “Thirteen, Houston. We’d like you to start making your way over to on bell jar the LM now” Swigert replied: “Fred and Jim are in the LM.” Lovell had joined Haise in the LM, who was already throwing switches to bring the power up when Swigert yelled down the tunnel, “Houston wants the LM powered up.” Haise advised Houston, “. and Jack, I got LM power on.” GUIDO Will Fenner (green shirt) at the Guidance console as the navigation platform is transferred from Odyssey to Aquarius . Crooks Loneliness. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by and juliet Colin Mackellar. Loneliness Essay. Swigert said he had never seen the LM activated so fast, but it still wasn’t fast enough. He had to turn the on bell jar, reentry battery in loneliness the Command Module on to keep the navigation guidance system going until the crucial settings were transferred to the Lunar Module system. Just as Lovell set up a good alignment at 1513 AEST, the last Fuel Cell #2, died.

Lovell: “Getting that transfer was the first big turning point.” The concern is evident on essay on benefits of corporate, the face of astronaut John Young as he stands beside Capcom Jack Lousma. Behind him is astronaut Tom Stafford. Loneliness Essay. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by importance skills Colin Mackellar. Houston told Swigert to close the Command Module down. The power had to be turned off in crooks essay a carefully planned sequence so it could be brought back up ready for reentry. At 1553 he turned off the last switch, looked around the essays jar, lifeless cabin no cosy lights, no friendly voices from the radio, no gurgling from pipes or whirring of fans their cheerful home of a moment ago was just dark and dead 333,125 empty kilometres from Earth, and racing away from it at 3,380 kilometres per hour! He floated into the Lunar Module, and said to Lovell and Haise, “It’s up to you now.” He suddenly felt lost. He was trained for the Command and Service Module, a position normally busy right through the mission.

Now he could only watch the other two expertly bringing the crooks essay, Lunar Module to sports biomechanics project life. The last few hours had been fast and crooks loneliness, furious, crammed with momentous life threatening events; now it was just waiting. for what? Haise said that he lost all track of time during those hectic five hours, full of good and juliet quotes for essays, rapid-fire events. It was more like a dream than reality because of the jolt from the security of comfort and crooks loneliness, order to the onslaught of unexpected events and fleeting images and feeling very vulnerable to the hostile environment of empty space. Dead tired, he was the first to drag himself into the Command Module to sleep soundly for what is the of critical thinking the next five hours. RIGHT ACROSS THE CONTINENT, FROM PERTH TO SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA PITCHES IN TO HELP APOLLO 13. “At the crooks essay, time of the explosion I was operating the ranging system, which measured the distance and speed of the spacecraft, when I heard Swigert send his problem call, and process essay, then listened as the flight controllers sent a barrage of instructions up to the spacecraft, punctuated by crooks loneliness essay terse responses from the astronauts. Once we had acquired on games, the smaller omni antenna, my equipment was managing to keep locked on the spacecraft signal, but my finger was hovering beside the ‘acquire’ button in case of drop-outs. At that stage we did not know it was a life-threatening situation, we thought it was a communications problem with the spacecraft.

The first indication of the seriousness of the crooks loneliness essay, crisis to us at good and juliet for essays Honeysuckle Creek was when Mission Control in Houston called the Operations Supervisor at Honeysuckle Creek and asked, ‘How long would it take to get Parkes up?’ Parkes was the CSIRO’s radio telescope used during the loneliness, Apollo 11 mission. It was not called up for the Apollo 13 mission because the astronauts now used a big portable umbrella antenna for communications from the lunar surface. I knew the situation was really serious as you don’t just casually ask to school games use the 64 metre radio astronomy antenna at Parkes without making high level arrangements with plenty of warning.” In Mission Control the low signal levels from the spacecraft were causing concern. Chris Kraft, Director of Flight Operations, “We wanted to make sure that we got a good telemetry signal, and Parkes was one of the places where we knew we could get it.” “Parkes isn’t committed to this mission,” Mike Dinn informed them. “Oh, then Mr Kraft will be calling your Director on the phone shortly, “ Houston replied.

Honeysuckle Creek Station Director Don Gray : Don Gray, Station Director, in his office at Honeysuckle Creek. Photo: Hamish Lindsay. “I was sitting in my office listening to this conversation on the net, and in moments the phone rang. Chris Kraft said to me ‘We have a serious problem on the spacecraft; it looks like we are going to have to power down and will need all the crooks, antennas we can get. Do what you can to get Parkes up as soon as possible.’ First of all I called Tom Reid, the Director at Tidbinbilla, to organise a crew to go to Parkes, then I rang John Bolton at Parkes to find he was already aware of the on bell jar, problem and was prepared to change the antenna over to support the crooks loneliness essay, NASA signals.” At the essays, Deep Space Station at Tidbinbilla the request took Station Director Tom Reid by surprise: “What are you talking about? It takes weeks of negotiations between the CSIRO and NASA Headquarters, agreements and money and budgets.’ Then I got a black phone call , ‘Hey look, we’ve got a problem on board the spacecraft this is a serious thing, think again about how soon you can do it – never mind about budgets and money.’ The contractor’s people responded magnificently, got themselves down to Parkes luckily the equipment was still there, it just wasn’t configured. NASA hastily flew out Bob Taylor, one of the Goddard engineers, to be there, as he knew the system.”

Dr John Bolton, Director of Parkes. Photo from crooks essay a 1967 ABC publication, via John Sarkissian. Jar. “I was listening to the conversation between Houston and James Lovell, and as had been my habit, had thoroughly digested the flight plan. I realised that the only solution was to crooks occupy the LM and use its facilities. The very low power (signal from the spacecraft) and the fact that the process essay, journey would be in Parkes coverage time meant we would certainly be called in. I rang Tom Reid, the Director of crooks essay, Tidbinbilla, with whom I had an process essay, excellent relationship, to loneliness ask for the NASA crew to be sent in; I rang Taffy (Dr. E.G.

Bowen) to let him know what assistance I would need from Sydney; and good romeo quotes for essays, then Charlie Chenhall (RP Workshop Supervisor) to organise supplies and aircraft. Fortunately Radhakrishnan (Venkataraman Radhakrishnan, Director of the Raman Research Institute, Bangladore, India) was conducting a special experiment on the telescope and essay, a number of engineers were on hand. They dismantled and carried Rad’s equipment down the ladder of one of the feed legs, while Parkes staff used the lift to get the NASA gear to the focus. We accomplished in 10 hours what normally took close to a week.” Bruce Window , Tidbinbilla USB Supervisor: “It was about 6 pm. I was working on shift at Tidbinbilla when we were cranked up straight away to get to Parkes in a hurry in a light aircraft, a Cessna 337. It was a hairy trip. Process Essay. At the same time the essay, CSIRO had been given the message and they had taken their feedcone off and had started to assemble our feedcone.

We arrived in the dark, drove out to the site, by good and juliet quotes for essays which time the crooks loneliness essay, CSIRO had flashed up all their part of the equipment. On that first day we had got the voice but we hadn’t got all the links through to Honeysuckle. I can remember holding the cable and shouting in frustration, I had the stuff in my hand but I couldn’t do anything with it! Predictions were the problem (the information where to point the antenna), they were a big problem early on. We just had to rely on predictions from essays on bell NASA. Crooks. John Bolton and his boys had to work around them as much as they could. We didn’t get any really good data from Parkes that first night. They were relying heavily on us because of the improved quality of signal they were able to on benefits social responsibility up the bit rate by one step with our signal from what they were getting from the 26 metre dishes (such as Honeysuckle) that was why they needed us at Parkes. We worked 16 hour days.” “I was relaxing at home when I had a phone call from the essay, shift supervisor at the time to of corporate social responsibility say there was a problem, so I immediately went in to find that Apollo 13 really was in crooks essay trouble.

Next there was a call from the sports biomechanics research, Network Manager in the United States to say they wanted two things immediately they wanted to activate the lines to Parkes, and the second one, which was a bit more difficult, was to get some kind of broadband communication between the Carnarvon OTC Earth station and the Carnarvon Tracking Station. They wanted everything they could get. I worked out I still had a few friends left in the PMG (Post Master General’s Department) in Western Australia who could help us out. So, by 4 o’clock in the morning I dragged one of my friends out of bed, and he said, ‘Oh, I think I have got an OB (Outside Broadcast) link we could use, I’ll see what I can do give me a call back in crooks essay an hour.’ When I called him back he said, ‘Yes, I’ve organised it, two OB vans will be leaving the depot in Perth for Carnarvon at 8 o’clock this morning, as soon as the guys get to work.’ There was no mention of money, or anything like that, it was a matter of let’s do it and sort things out afterwards. At the on benefits responsibility, same time I got cracking with the PMG. Because we already had circuits into Parkes, there was a probability most of it was still working. I called people out of bed and they found most of the loneliness essay, link was there, and pretty soon after the Tidbinbilla guys arrived we had the links up.” Trevor Gray , PMG technician: “We worked non-stop through the school games, night to get the links going.

After Apollo 11 we had trouble with the connections exploding when we switched the equipment on crooks essay, because of the high voltage and moisture getting in, so we had left the process essay, equipment switched on, but then all the electronic valves had deteriorated, and we were frantically trying to find the sick valves and change them before we could get the links going.” Wilfred Laing , Senior Technical Officer at crooks loneliness the Redfern Microwave Terminal in Sydney was interrupted by the phone ringing: “It was the process essay, City South Control to say they needed Parkes up in a hurry. I rang through to Parkes to find they were already setting their end up. Somebody must have had a premonition because only a few days before we had put up a temporary link from Parkes to Sydney via Orange just in case it may be required. We dropped everything we were doing with the state networks and concentrated on the Apollo circuits.” Meanwhile out in space the astronauts found that as soon as they brought the Lunar Module communications system on loneliness, line it clashed with the Saturn IVB rocket following them, as they were both transmitting on the same frequency. Because the Apollo 12 mission had left a seismometer on the moon, the Saturn IVB was organised to crash on the moon for seismic readings, and extra batteries had been added for communications to last until impact. Normally, this should occur well before the Lunar Module was fired up. So with both the Saturn IVB and process essay, Lunar Module transmitters on the same frequency it was the same as having two radio stations on crooks loneliness, the same spot on the dial of your radio.

Which one does it try to lock onto? Bill Wood at the Goldstone Tracking Station, “The Flight Controllers at Houston wanted us to move the signal from the Lunar Module across to the other side of the Saturn IVB signal to homework games allow for expected doppler changes. Tom Jonas, our receiver-exciter engineer, yelled at me, ‘that’s not going to work! We will end up locking both spacecraft to one up-link and wipe out the telemetry and voice contact with the crew.’ I jumped on the station intercom and strongly requested Bill Sheridan, the Station Operations Supervisor, to tell Houston what would happen, but they just told us to follow instructions.

So at that time Houston lost telemetry with the Saturn IVB and voice contact with the spacecraft crew. Luckily our big 64 metre Mars antenna was already switching over to the Apollo emergency and crooks loneliness, their narrower beam width managed to discriminate between the two signals and the telemetry and voice links were restored. Process Essay. So the situation stabilised from our point of loneliness, view until it was time for us to hand this ‘mess’ over to on benefits social responsibility Honeysuckle Creek in Australia.” Honeysuckle Creek was tracking with its smaller 26 metre antenna. Deputy Director Mike Dinn : “This was where the crooks essay, receiver operators earned their money. When they fired up the LM, we had both signals in the same bandwidth and we had ten receivers that could lock to one or the other and did!

Before the mission I had foreseen the essays, possibility of our having to cope with the Saturn IVB and the LM together. Crooks Essay. There was nothing written down in the procedures and I remember calling Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland, our technical advisors, to discuss what we might do, and we agreed there would be no difficulty in “pulling” the frequencies apart by essays on bell tuning the station transmitters appropriately. I was used to crooks this procedure in the Deep Space Network in the early years of lunar and school homework, planetary exploration. Crooks. Anyway, I remember that we acquired the essays, two spacecraft and crooks loneliness, successfully pulled the games, two links apart. Then Houston asked us to tune the loneliness essay, frequency of one transmitter and I immediately recognised this would bring all the frequencies back together again. I tried to talk Houston out of this, even asking Goddard to tell them, but was unsuccessful, and we had to essays jar carry out the request.

The problems we knew would happen, occurred.” John Mitchell , Honeysuckle USB Shift Supervisor: “Back when Apollo 1 had the fire, during the long suspension period that followed we used to hire a Cessna 210 and practice handovers and crooks loneliness essay, that sort of thing. School Homework. When Mike Dinn was looking for emergency procedures I put up the theory that what happens if the Saturn IVB signal does keep going for some reason? So I proposed the crooks loneliness, theory of essay, getting the LM to switch off and we practiced that time and time again with the crooks loneliness essay, aircraft. I told Mike Dinn that this was the biomechanics research project papers, way to go.” From his previous discussions with Goddard, Dinn agreed: “I advised Houston that the only way out of this mess was to ask the astronauts in the LM to turn off its signal so we could lock on to the Saturn IVB, then turn the LM back on and pull it away from the crooks essay, Saturn signal.” “They came back in an hour and told us to go ahead, and sports biomechanics, Houston transmitted the instructions up to loneliness essay the astronauts ‘in the blind’ hoping the astronauts could hear, as we couldn’t hear them at that moment. The downlink from the spacecraft suddenly disappeared, so we knew they got the homework, message. When we could see the Saturn IV downlink go way out to the prescribed frequency, we put the second uplink on, acquired the LM, put the loneliness, sidebands on, locked up and tuned away from the good for essays, Saturn IVB.

Then everything worked fine.” In the left foreground at the servo console is Brian Bell, behind him is Bernard Smith bending over the System Monitor chart recorder. Along the receiver console behind are the receiver operators, Graham Fraser, Ross Barnes, and Jerry Bissicks. Photo: Hamish Lindsay, exact date unknown. Crooks Loneliness. In Houston, the Director of Flight Operations, Chris Kraft, came out and grimly told the media, “This is as serious a situation as we have ever had in a manned spaceflight.” People around the world, already blas about moon missions, suddenly became engrossed in this gripping drama from process essay space as the world’s media wound themselves up for this journalists’ manna from the Apollo program. Everybody was wondering would they come back alive?

Director of Flight Operations, Chris Kraft, speaks to the media at loneliness essay a midnight press conference in the MSC Auditorium. Courtesy Spacecraft Films. With no power, the Command Module lapsed into and juliet a dark tomb, steadily getting colder and colder. Crooks Loneliness. Beads of moisture formed over all the surfaces, crusting the windows. Occasional flashes of sunlight through the essays on bell jar, windows pierced the darkness lit only by crooks loneliness essay their torches. Outside, a cloud of vented gases and debris gathered around the spacecraft. Of Corporate Responsibility. Sparkling in the brilliant sunlight, they stopped any chance of the astronauts taking sights on crooks, stars for project their navigation. “The spacecraft was doing things I had never seen before. The LM was never designed to have a 27,000 kilogram dead Command and Service Module attached to it, so I literally had to learn to fly the crooks loneliness essay, vehicle all over essays on bell jar, again.” Apollo 13 was the second mission that had deviated from the crooks loneliness essay, ‘free-return’ trajectory, where the spacecraft would automatically sling around the Moon and of critical skills, return to Earth if anything had gone wrong. Crooks Loneliness Essay. When the missions began to aim at the western landing sites the spacecraft took a different path and would not automatically return to Earth. Now they had to get back on to a free return trajectory, or they would miss the Earth by something like 70,000 kilometres.

The only reliable engine available was the LM’s descent motor, but that was never designed to push the combined CSM and LM, and there were no procedures to use it in this way or simulations. Although pilots are reluctant to admit it, the computer can control burns much more accurately and reliably than manual control, so the sports biomechanics research project papers, astronauts waited anxiously while Houston figured out the rocket’s burn times. Fred Haise calls Capcom Jack Lousa, to crooks essay ask about plans for the return flight. Starting at 059:17:53GET. This recording illustrates another problem caused by locking the IU and LM transponders to the same frequency. Project Papers. Bill Wood: “The GDS Wing was uplinking to the IU and crooks, GDS prime was uplinking to essays on bell jar the LM. That would have caused problems receiving both voice and command from the ground.

While there was only one 30 kHz voice subcarrier from the GDS Prime, the essay, presence of two uplink carriers would have caused the interference that the crew was hearing.” Clip starts at 059:59:05GET. The headline on Sydney’s The Sun newspaper, printed just hours after the explosion, tells the story. Meanwhile Lovell and Haise were wrestling with an uncontrollable spacecraft, trying to stabilise it and get away from the glittering debris enveloping them. They needed to see the stars to check they were pointing in the right direction for the burn. Every ruse failed.

They could only hope the data transferred from the Command Module was still accurate enough. Romeo Quotes For Essays. “Roger, Aquarius, You are go for the burn,” Capcom Lousma finally announced. Haise commented, “This was yet untried. I knew, of course, that if we failed to blast into the free return trajectory we were doomed to swing around the Moon, miss the Earth, and go into eternal orbit around it.” First of crooks, all Lovell had to remember to of critical unfold the Lunar Module’s legs so they wouldn’t get blasted by the descent rocket’s exhaust. Then he carefully followed the loneliness, burn procedures radioed up from Houston, hunched over the computer display with his hand on the throttle control. At 1842:43 AEST Tuesday 14 April the engine burned for 34.23 seconds, just over process essay, the scheduled 30 seconds. “Auto shutdown.” Lovell advised Houston and everyone hung anxiously onto the trajectory displays. Loneliness. Was the Lunar Module’s motor able to do the job? Was Apollo 13 coming home?

Soon the tracking data showed that the burn was perfect. Apollo 13 was going to round the moon at about 209 kilometres instead of essays jar, 97 kilometres above the surface and would return to crooks essay Earth . into the Indian Ocean. “Any old ocean would do as long as it was on the Earth,” announced a relieved Lovell. A long way away from the main recovery forces waiting for them in the Pacific, but at least it was back on jar, Earth. The nearest American ship was the destroyer Bordelon , cruising off the coast of Mauritius, but the American Department of Defense sent assurances they could get aircraft to the area. Due to the growing confidence in crooks essay the Apollo program, this was the first time mission secondary recovery forces had not been sent to the South Atlantic, let alone the Indian Ocean. What Is The Importance Of Critical Thinking. Lovell checked around the instrument panels, and announced the next major item on his mind: “Okay, Houston, burn’s complete. Now we have to talk about loneliness essay, powering down.” The next big problem were the consumables it wasn’t much good the spacecraft arriving back on Earth with the astronauts dead from asphyxiation. The Lunar Module was only essay on benefits of corporate social responsibility, designed for crooks essay two people for 45 hours, now it was going to have to support three bodies jammed in it for 90 hours.

There just wasn’t enough water or power to last the voyage back to Earth. Lovell figured that the earliest they could get back would be around midnight on Friday; and he couldn’t see how it could possibly keep them going that long. In the Lunar Module Haise was looking at the situation. There was plenty of oxygen but the electrical power and cooling water worried him. The LM had no fuel cells, only batteries for two days of normal operation, and the water used for biomechanics research papers cooling the crooks loneliness, electronic systems would run out about 5 hours before reentry by his calculations. Earlier tests had shown that the Lunar Module could survive for about 7 hours without cooling before the guidance system would be the first to succumb to the heat. Haise waited for Mission Control’s assessment.

The Tiger Team at Mission Control knuckled down to working out how to cut all consumables down to a basic existence level. “We gathered up in the back room with Kranz because there was nothing for sports biomechanics research the Command and Service Module guys to do in real time on the consoles because the spacecraft was dead. Kranz started talking about the strategy, what we were going to do going around the Moon and when we get back close to Earth we will power the spacecraft up and do the crooks loneliness essay, reentry. and I said, ‘Kranz you can’t do that because you don’t have the essays jar, power’ and he said, ‘Okay John Aaron, you’re in charge of power if anybody wants any power you go and see John Aaron.’ So I said, ‘Tell you what guys, I’ve got some ideas, but let me put them down a piece of paper and come back in an hour and I’ll show you a way we might be able to do this.’ So they came back in about an hour, and I had sketched out a rough profile and crooks loneliness, I told them, ‘Okay guys, this is all the power we’ve got so we’ll have to process essay do the crooks, guidance system and all this stuff this way. ’ and everybody started saying ‘Oh my God, you can’t do that - we’ve got to have this, we’ve got to have that’ and that started a whole sequence of the brokerage process between me allocating subsystems and switch turn-ons and circuit breakers and keeping track of the power profile. That went on until we got very close to reentry, and it started taking on more and more refinement, until it finally got to the point that a crew started trying it in the simulators just to make sure these guys could actually do that. It was an what is the skills, endless iteration of brokerages across those days, and you have to remember all the power analysis was done on arithmetic and slide rules we never had any calculators.” Bill Peters, Lunar Module TELMU, or electrical and environmental systems engineer, “We had developed some off-line computer programs that gave a time line power profile output. We were running a load of anything up to essay 30 amps with the on bell jar, computers up, and there was no way we could get back with that sort of load. I figured if we could get down to about 12 amps we would be okay. Crooks Loneliness. We only essays jar, knew this from our ground computations. Actually we had an error in our ground computation that under calculated so those batteries were consuming more than we had calculated. The first time I felt we could make it home was when we went around the Moon and did the real LM power down and the numbers came up on the screen. Before that there was a possibility they would not make it.

Once we hit the 12 amps I was convinced we had it made. We had very little powered up, only some communication equipment and the cabin fan to circulate the air. Crooks. John Aaron came to me and wanted me to charge up the reentry batteries in the Command Module. We had concocted a scheme where we ran two CSM to LM umbilical cables backwards they were designed for the CSM to send power to the LM to essays jar heaters to keep some components warm while travelling to the Moon. This powered the Command Module’s inverters to charge its batteries.

I gave them all the fat that I could come up with, as much power as I felt we could afford.” On Earth emergency teams swung into crooks loneliness essay action around the country, from California to New York, where there were 10 phone lines kept open between Mission Control and a room staffed with 70 Lunar Module experts at the manufacturer’s plant in process essay Bethpage, Long Island. On 14 April the US Senate adopted a resolution urging all communications media and businesses to pause at 2100, their local time, to “permit persons to loneliness essay join in prayer for the safety of the jar, astronauts.” On the crooks loneliness essay, same day President Nixon cancelled his appointments and drove out to the Goddard Space Flight Centre in Maryland, accompanied by Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins, at the time Assistant Secretary of State for essay of corporate social Public Affairs, to find out the details of how the mission was progressing. Crooks. Despite the Cold War, the Russians ordered four ships to the splashdown area, and Premier Aleksei Kosygin sent a message, “I want to inform you the Soviet Government has given orders to all citizens and members of the armed forces to thinking use all necessary means to render assistance in the rescue of the American astronauts.” 6 min 47s / 1.4MB mp3. This is 12 hours after the loneliness, explosion and essay of corporate, the comms is now much better. Starting at 066:35GET.

Wednesday 15 April 1970. By 1520 on 15 April the crew in the crippled spacecraft had followed the ground instructions. Lovell, “We shut off all those exotic electronic devices that we would not normally be caught without out there the guidance systems, the loneliness essay, computer, the auto pilot. We only had the radio for communications and a little fan to circulate the atmosphere.” “For most of the first two days after the school homework, explosion we split shifts . I was awake in the LM alone while Jim and Jack slept in the CSM and vice versa. So there was no crowding during that period. It finally became so cold that we all just stayed in the LM. In zero G, though crowded, it was just a soft nudge if you happened to bump into someone. Loneliness. Most of the time Jack floated in the back area of the LM crew cabin out of the way, so the area was really not that confining. And it was good to have the three of and juliet quotes for essays, us together in loneliness the same vehicle. The added ‘heat of the good romeo for essays, third body’ helped to raise the loneliness, temperature in biomechanics research the LM.” The moonlight was flooding into the spacecraft’s interior and the astronauts were able to crooks loneliness essay put their torches away.

They had cut their consumption of water down to is the importance of critical thinking skills 170 grams per day. As Houston told them to save the loneliness, Lunar Module’s water for cooling, Lovell told Swigert to transfer all the drinking water from the Command Module to social the Lunar Module, which he did using plastic juice bags, but he sloshed some of the water into his boots, and suffered the misery of cold wet feet for the rest of the trip. They ate cold hot dogs and wet pack foods, when they ate at loneliness essay all, the what is the of critical skills, Command Module having the only water heating system. All the food and essay, drinks were cold refrigerator cold! They didn’t get very thirsty and became quite dehydrated. This crew set a record by losing 50% more weight than any other crew, Lovell losing 6 kilograms. As Apollo 13 approached the backside of the Moon the Sun set behind the thinking skills, rim. An eerie darkness enveloped the crooks loneliness, spacecraft. The glinting, blinding debris surrounding them vanished and the surrounding velvet blackness was studded with an illimitable sea of bright stars stars in every direction. The thick band of sports biomechanics project, stars making up the crooks loneliness essay, Milky Way stretched across the void. The crew then became aware some of the stars were blotted out by on benefits social two sinister black clouds accompanying the spacecraft.

Lovell, “I can’t for the life of me figure out what that dark stuff is.” Haise, “Yes – did you look at it, Jack?” Swigert, “Yes, okay. Crooks Loneliness Essay. see it there like two black clouds.” They decided it was the debris from the explosion. They became subdued as they remembered the crisis-laden moments of the explosion until a voice from Earth broke the good quotes, spell, “Go ahead Houston.” “Okay, Jim, we have a little over crooks essay, two minutes until loss of signal and everything’s looking good here.” Vance Brand’s matter-of-fact voice from the biomechanics research project, security of the crooks loneliness essay, Mission Control Center showed he was unaware of the mood in the spacecraft’s cabin. “Roger, I take it you don’t want us to thinking skills activate any other systems or make any other preparations until we reacquire signal?” Lovell checked. “Okay, we’ll just sit tight, then. See you on the other side.” Apollo 13 rounds the Moon. View from Aquarius, with the Command Module at right.

NASA JSC scan via the ALSJ. AS13-62-8909. APOLLO 13 SETS A RECORD, TAKING HUMANS TO THE GREATEST DISTANCE FROM EARTH. At 1021:35 AEST on Wednesday 15 April (GET 77:08:35) Apollo 13 coasted behind the crooks loneliness, Moon and lost contact with the tracking stations on Earth for about 24 minutes 35 seconds. As they looped around the essays on bell, back of the crooks, Moon, at a maximum height of 253.7 kilometres above the lunar surface, the Moon was 400,171 kilometres away from the Earth, further than any other Apollo mission. According to the Guinness Book of Records at romeo and juliet for essays this point Lovell, Swigert, and Haise set a record as the crooks loneliness essay, humans to travel the farthest away from Earth. The crew lost the crescent sunlit edge of the Moon behind them and flew over sports biomechanics research, a totally black lunar surface until about five minutes before Earthrise a glow appeared on the lunar horizon.

Haise saw it first, then Lovell moved back to let Swigert see the view through the window. While Lovell hovered at the back of the cabin the two first timers were glued to the Command Module’s windows, gazing in awe at the grim and desolate landscape of chaotic craters and loneliness, torturous rilles, taking photographs and exclaiming, “Wow, look at that!” “Hey, you guys come on we’ve got a burn to do. If we don’t get this right you won’t get your pictures developed!” Lovell had seen it all before on Apollo 8. “It’s all right for you you’ve been here before – we haven’t.” They still couldn’t take their eyes from the on benefits of corporate, passing spectacle. Mare Moscoviense. View from Aquarius . AS13-62-8922. From the Apollo Image Atlas of the Lunar and Planetary Institute.

After reacquiring the tracking stations on Earth at 1046:10 AEST the crew began to prepare for loneliness the Lunar Module’s descent rocket firing to bring them home faster. AOS. On Benefits Of Corporate Social. Starting at 077:35:39GET. While they were waiting for the burn, Houston called up, “By the way, Aquarius, we see the crooks loneliness, results of what importance of critical, Apollo 12’s seismometer. Looks like your third stage just hit the moon, and it’s rocking it a little bit.” Lovell answered, “Well, at least something worked on this flight.

Sure glad we didn’t have a LM impact too!” The Saturn IVB smashed into crooks loneliness the lunar surface at 1109:40 AEST 15 April, 140 kilometres west north west of the Apollo 12 seismometer with a force equal to 11 tonnes of TNT. Dr. What Is The Importance Of Critical Thinking. Gary Latham, principal investigator of the loneliness, experiment, commented: “The Apollo 12 Lunar Module’s signal only lasted for about 55 minutes. This signal (from the Apollo 13 Saturn IVB) arrived about 30 seconds after impact, the peak amplitude was a factor of 20 to 30 times larger than the LM, and lasted for 4 hours, which was astounding to us.” Choosing the safest option of the three available, one that did not require the Service Module to be dropped off, but took the longest time, Houston told the crew they could shorten the trip by 10 hours with a PC+2 burn, or a burn 2 hours after Pericynthion, the closest point they would come to biomechanics research the Moon. It would also bring them down in the Pacific Ocean the original target where all the recovery forces were. Unfortunately at this point there was a tropical storm “Helen” threatening the area, and they were considering an crooks loneliness essay, alternate landing spot. Due to the software in the LM not being able to accommodate the attached dead bulk of the CSM, Lovell had to fire the engine manually. At 1240:39 AEST on Wednesday afternoon Swigert sat on the ascent engine cover during the 4 minute 23 second Trans Earth Insertion (TEI), or PC+2 burn, which increased their speed by essay social 966 kilometres per hour: “Now we were really on our way home, I felt much better about crooks, our chances,” he said.

As heard live via the Voice of America, Rhett Turner reporting. 79:28GET. Now it became a matter of waiting. And how the sports biomechanics papers, time dragged! “It was very quiet . very quiet. And suddenly when there was nothing to do and you’re in essay a tight spot that’s bad news, because you start thinking about the tight situation you’re in and you want something to jar do!” In the computer room at Honeysuckle Creek it was anything but quiet. Crooks Loneliness Essay. Geoff Seymour , Computer Supervising Engineer: “We had an on bell, intermittent hardware problem in the telemetry computer. Prior to the launch we had experienced this problem and at one stage they were anticipating delaying the essay, launch until we could fix the research, problem, but the computer managed to stay up long enough for the launch to go ahead.

Round about the loneliness essay, time of the explosion the same computer began to fail again, which put the pressure on us because they needed the ability to send commands up to the spacecraft, and to school homework games receive the telemetry down, they needed both computers up. We began to crooks essay troubleshoot this computer and managed to narrow it down to three printed circuit boards on one chassis. We replaced those, but it didn’t solve the problem. I stayed on site, sleeping in one of the bedrooms below until we fixed it. As the spacecraft rounded the moon and was coming back the NASA engineers decided to ship out a chassis from the computer in the training facility in Goddard and strapped it into a first class seat on an airliner. We believed we could fix it before the chassis arrived from the States. The only thing left for homework games us to do was to take the chassis out crooks of the process essay, computer and we removed several hundred printed circuit boards, we cleaned every socket in the chassis, we cleaned every pin on every printed circuit board we could remove – we put it all back in, and from that day onwards the crooks essay, intermittent problem just went away.” Early on Wednesday morning out in space a new development threatened the astronauts. A light warned them that the carbon dioxide had built up to a dangerous level, and in the confines of the Lunar Module they would have eventually gone to sleep and died, poisoned by their own breath.

On Monday night Chief of the Crew Systems Division at Houston, Ed Smylie, had already figured out there would be a carbon dioxide problem and had worked out sports research project a crude, but effective solution in his head. Crooks Loneliness. He joined his assistant, Jim Correale, to work out a system to join the Command Module’s square lithium canisters, which clean the carbon dioxide from the air, to biomechanics research project the Lunar Module’s round system using only the materials available on loneliness essay, board such as tape, plastic, and cardboard. Astronaut Tony England verified the procedure by successfully putting one together by oral instructions only. Smylie carried his contraption into Mission Control and left it on the Capcom’s console. The carbon dioxide reading for a healthy atmosphere was normally about process essay, 2 or 3 millimetres of mercury but now it was reading 13, and 15 was the recognised limit before the first signs of poisoning became evident.

When he was ready Capcom Joe Kerwin called up the spacecraft, and read the instructions as the crooks essay, crew began to assemble the canisters at around 0330 on 15 April. Lovell: “Jack and I put it together it wasn’t very handsome, but it worked.” Jack Swigert (right) and Jim Lovell (left) work on the carbon dioxide solution. Photo courtesy of the Apollo Image Gallery. AS13-62-9004. In the Australian Senate, Apollo 13 caused enough concern to be raised as questions on April 15 and April 16. Senator Anderson, “It is interesting to be able to tell the Senate and the people of is the, Australia that a small army of dedicated Australians worked throughout the crooks essay, night to install microwave links enabling the 64 metre radio telescope of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation at Parkes to assist the return voyage of the homework games, Apollo 13 spacecraft. Parkes, within hours after a request by crooks loneliness essay the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, established voice communication with the process essay, astronauts at about 8:30 pm last night. Teams from the crooks loneliness essay, Post Master General’s Department and the Australian Broadcasting Commission, assisted by of critical skills personnel from Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Ltd., installed temporary microwave circuits from Parkes to Coonambro and from Red Hill in Canberra via Williamsdale to Honeysuckle Creek. This task, which involved the erection of 6 aerials up to 60 feet high in the middle of the night, was completed at 6 am this morning. The microwave links will enable Parkes to transmit telemetry data from the spacecraft. Parkes, and crooks loneliness, the Australian Capital Territory stations of Honeysuckle Creek and Tidbinbilla, which my Department operates for process essay NASA, will start to play a crucial role after the spacecraft’s trans-Earth injection which was scheduled for crooks essay 12:40 pm today.

I would like to pay special tribute to the staff at Honeysuckle Creek and Tidbinbilla who, working at the lowest possible signal level, have been providing communications between the ground control and the astronauts. I am certain that I speak for process essay all Australians in wishing the crooks essay, Apollo crew a safe return to Earth.” Thursday 16 April 1970. At 0626:53 AEST during the morning of 16 April, not long after they had entered the influence of the biomechanics, Earth’s gravity field, everyone at Mission Control slid to the edge of their seats and grappled with another heart stopping report from Haise: “I just heard a little thump, sounded like down in crooks the descent stage, and I saw a new shower of snowflakes come up.” Another explosion! This time from what is the importance under their feet in the life supporting Lunar Module they were all depending on! More debris gathered around the crooks loneliness, two stricken spacecraft. It was battery #2 in the Lunar Module’s descent stage. Don Arabian, from the Mission Evaluation Room, figured out that hydrogen and oxygen gases had built up in the battery’s lid until the pressure blew it off. Bill Peters, the Lunar Module’s electrical engineer: “After it made its “pop and snowflakes” as people say, we looked at the data and it had a spike in biomechanics research papers the current data, that’s all we saw in real time, but that battery continued to run for a long time before it failed to contribute electricity and I turned it off.” After consulting with the manufacturers, the crooks, engineers decided that the remaining batteries were going to last comfortably until the end of the mission. Mission Control began working on correcting some errors derived from the TEI burn with another burn of 14 seconds of the Lunar Module’s descent motor at 1431:28 AEST on 16 April.

Lovell fired the engine, while Haise kept an eye on the spacecraft attitude and good, Swigert called the times. Houston was anxious not to disturb the spacecraft’s homeward trajectory, so told the crooks loneliness essay, crew not to dump any waste material overboard. This meant they had to homework find a way to loneliness store their urine on board. They found three bags in the Command Module and six little ones in the Lunar Module, plus by using some tanks associated with their EVA suits they managed to keep ahead of the flow. “I’m glad we got home when we did,” said Lovell, “because we were just about out of ideas for stowage.” Friday 17 April 1970. Biomechanics Project. As Apollo 13 raced home the Flight Dynamics team (FDO, RETRO, and GUIDO) began to frown as they spotted the tracking data was indicating the spacecraft was gently drifting away from the critical entry corridor. What was causing this insidious drift? Every known source of venting gas was turned off, so it had to be something else. Crooks Essay. After the research, mission ended, it was concluded that the small thrust causing the drift came from a ‘non-propulsive’ water boiler vent in the Lunar Module’s cooling system, which under normal circumstances would not have been noticed in loneliness the short dash down to the moon’s surface and back. Good Romeo And Juliet Quotes For Essays. When the error crept up to 161 kilometres it was time to do something, or the astronauts in their spacecraft would bounce out of the loneliness essay, atmosphere and go off into solar orbit: “. to become a permanent monument to the space program,” as Lovell wryly put it, but said he would rather burn up in the atmosphere than skip out into solar orbit. Romeo And Juliet. The flight controllers were reluctant to fire the Lunar Module’s descent engine again. Helium was normally used to force the loneliness essay, fuel into the engine combustion chamber, and the Lunar Module engineers were watching the pressure slowly building up in the storage tank.

At 12,411 kPa a safety membrane would blow out to sports research project relieve the pressure. Crooks Loneliness Essay. Once that happened there was no guarantee the engine would work, so the correction burn had to happen before the helium blew. Late during Wednesday evening when Capcom Vance Brand called Apollo 13: “We don’t want to process essay power up the crooks, spacecraft completely, so that means no computer or mission timer. On Bell. We’ll simply go with a manual burn, with you controlling the engine with the essay, Start and Stop switches. For attitude, what we’re going to want to do is manually orient the spacecraft to good romeo and juliet quotes place the Earth in the centre of your window.

If you hold it there throughout the burn, the crooks loneliness essay, attitude will be correct. Got that?” “Roger, I think so,” Lovell confirmed thoughtfully, remembering back in Apollo 8 they had tried just such an exercise to see if they could steer the spacecraft into the reentry corridor with no help from the essay of corporate social, navigation systems. Crooks Essay. Houston planned to burn the Lunar Module’s descent motor when they were just entering the influence of the Earth’s gravity, and still moving relatively slowly. Using Swigert’s wrist watch, from 1431:28 AEST 16 April, they timed the burn manually for process essay 14 seconds at 10% power, during which Lovell and Haise steered the spacecraft to keep the crosshair of the optical sight in their windows parallel with the Earth’s terminator, or sunset line, which meant they should be aiming straight for the reentry corridor again. Three and a half hours later the helium pressure reached 13,245 kPa and crooks essay, blew the safety membrane out, sending another thump through the spacecraft and a shower of sports biomechanics papers, sparkling crystals to join the crooks essay, cloud of debris shepherding Apollo 13 through space. The startled astronauts looked at each other but realised what it was, and Lovell murmured, “That’s the end of our helium problem.” It became so cold in Odyssey that sleep was impossible. Lovell: “When we turned off the sports biomechanics research project papers, electrical systems, we lost our source of heat, and crooks loneliness, the sun streaming in the windows didn’t help much.

We were as cold as frogs in a frozen pool, specially Jack Swigert, who got his feet wet and didn’t have lunar overshoes. It wasn’t simply that the temperature dropped down to 1.6C; the sight of perspiring walls and wet windows made it seem even colder.” The Command Module had been referred to as “the bedroom”, but by the last day they were calling it “the refrigerator”. During the last 12 hours before reentry, Haise had to go into the cold and damp Command Module. When he returned, it took him four hours in the Lunar Module before he stopped shivering. He ended up trying to sleep in his sleeping bag in the tunnel between the two spacecraft, with his head in the Lunar Module, which was much warmer at 10C. Even after the fiery reentry and warm 27ºC Pacific waters they could still see their frosty breath inside the cabin. Essays Jar. Honeysuckle is prime during this recording of Jim Lovell describing the cold the 39 second recording, made at Honeysucke Creek, begins at 132:53GET. This clip (254kb mp3 file) was recorded by Hamish Lindsay. Lovell commented: “We had a dead Service Module, we had a Command Module but it had no power in it, and we had a Lunar Module that was a wonderful vehicle but it didn’t have a heat shield.” No one knew what would happen to a frozen Command Module that had coasted through space without any power for over two days. “We were worried that the systems would get so cold that the batteries would freeze, the propellants in the lines would freeze that when we brought the Command Module up it would be non-functional,” Kranz admitted later, backed up by Lovell: “The walls, ceiling, floor, wire harnesses, and panels were all covered with droplets of water.

The chances of short circuits caused us apprehension, to say the crooks, least. But thanks to the safeguards built into the Command Module after the disastrous fire in January, 1967, no arcing took place. The water droplets caused one sensation as we entered the atmosphere - it rained inside the Command Module!” At Houston, Gene Kranz and his Tiger Team wrestled with reentry procedures and what importance, check lists for the last six hours of the mission that had never been tried before. Normally it would take three months to loneliness essay develop these procedures they had less than three days. “Basically we planned to on benefits of corporate responsibility power up the crooks loneliness essay, vehicle in reverse, we had the and juliet quotes for essays, crew turn the loneliness essay, guidance system on in the blind, then right at on bell the end I allowed them to turn on the telemetry system so that we could see it and verify it was all on okay. Crooks Essay. By doing it backwards that way we had enough power but the crew had to on benefits do it right. Later I realised I was kinda lost in my own world trying to build that check list that had to essay be done perfectly the first time, then when I saw what shape the is the importance of critical skills, crew were in crooks being dehydrated, no real sleep, freezing to essays on bell jar death, I realised that was another factor that I didn’t take into account.

But they executed that check list perfectly, it was just amazing. We finally got the sequence down so Ken Mattingly could try it in the simulator, and essay, he found things that wouldn’t work so would come back and negotiate with me and what is the importance, I said we can’t add more power, we have to do some other way. And of course the crew was getting kinda anxious, they were trying to be subtle, but not too subtle, and loneliness essay, kept saying, ‘Hey Houston, we’re looking out the what skills, window and the Earth’s getting bigger and bigger where’s that check list?’” It was Thursday evening in Houston when Arnold Aldrich and Gene Kranz escorted Aaron into the Mission Control Center, hugging the loneliness, checklist to thinking his chest: “I had one hand type-written copy with the latest changes in it, we didn’t have word processors in those days, and I said ‘Okay Flight - here it is, read it to the crew.’” A relieved Capcom Vance Brand took the copy, turned back to his console and called: “Houston, Aquarius.” “Go, Houston,” replied Lovell. “Okay, we are ready to read you the first checklist instalment” “All right, Vance. I’m going to get Jack on the line, so stand by.” Aaron became aware he was surrounded by people holding out crooks loneliness demanding hands: “Where are the copies, EECOM? I need a copy.” So as Brand heard his headset saying, “Okay, Vance, I’m ready to copy,” he had to hand the checklist back and sheepishly answer: “Okay, Jack but we have to ask you to wait one minute again. We want to get a copy of the checklist into the hands of the Flight Directors and EECOM and it’ll take a second or two.” It was nearly half an hour before Brand began two tedious hours reading out the check list to a very tired Swigert as he copied them down holding a flashlight between his teeth. Jar. Then followed another hour of Lunar Module procedures to Haise, followed by a timeline sequence that glued both checklists together.

In the time it took them to write the procedures down, they covered 96,500 kilometres. Crooks Essay. Swigert finished writing down the last entry just over 12 hours before they were due to start using it there was no time for good romeo for essays corrections or a second chance it had to be right the first time as the crooks essay, spacecraft hurtled towards that narrow door into school homework games the Earth’s atmosphere with its speed building up to a maximum of 38,623 kilometres per hour. Six and a half hours before they were due to start using the checklist – they tried to get some rest. Lovell reported: “Haise is lying in the tunnel with his head on the ascent engine cover, Swigert is lying on the floor in a sleep restraint.” They had been averaging three hours of disturbed sleep a day. Four hours before reaching the atmosphere Houston sent the message, “You can jettison the Service Module when you are ready. No big rush, but any time.” Lovell and Haise manned the Lunar Module, while Swigert fired the Service Module separation bolts from the crooks loneliness, Command Module at 2314:48 AEST during the evening of April 17. Lovell had suggested to Swigert that he put a label over what is the importance thinking, the switch to crooks essay jettison the Lunar Module in case he threw the wrong switch, and sent his mates off to be incinerated in romeo the brief meteor the loneliness, Lunar Module was to become! Lovell then backed the Lunar Module and Command Module away from the carcass of the Service Module. What Of Critical Thinking Skills. Swigert tried each of the crooks essay, Command Module windows but saw nothing. Lovell swung the spacecraft around and he and Haise peered out of the Lunar Module’s windows and also saw nothing no sign of the essay on benefits of corporate, big cylindrical Service Module.

Lovell was scanning the velvet black void when he stiffened as he became aware of a huge silver shape silently gliding into view, slowly rolling to reveal a great gash in its side. Lovell gazed wide-eyed at crooks essay the tendrils of wire, tubing and entrails gently waving about. Expecting only a small hole from the explosion, he said “I’m glad we couldn’t see the research project, Service Module earlier. With one whole panel missing, the wreckage and wires hanging out, it was a sorry mess as it drifted away.” Then Haise yelled “I can see it out my window,” so Swigert rushed down the loneliness essay, tunnel, stuck his camera to the window and managed to get some shots, though by then it was beginning to tumble. Photographs of the damage for later analysis were important, as the Service Module would burn up on reentry. The damaged Service Module drifts away. Here’s another view. AS13-58-8464, via the Lunar Planetary Institute in Houston. The photo has been cropped and considerably brightened. Jim Lovell exclaims, “There’s one whole side of that spacecraft missing.” As heard live via the sports project, Voice of America, with Rhett Turner providing commentary.

4.7MB mp3 / 9 minutes. When hearing of the extensive damage to the Service Module some of the crooks loneliness essay, Flight Controllers began to wonder about the Command Module’s heat shield. Games. Had it been damaged in the explosion? Nothing was said at the time, but Haise had thought about it too, and the astronauts had discussed the possibility during the flight. During the mission they had filled the crooks loneliness essay, Command Module with all their rubbish in plastic bags, and now Haise had to on bell transfer them all back to the LM as they prepared for the homecoming.

He commented: “Boy, you wouldn’t believe this LM right now! There’s nothing but bags from floor to loneliness ceiling!” Saturday 18 April 1970. At 0400 USCST on process essay, Friday April 17 the members of the Tiger Team entered Mission Control and spread around the consoles for the final moments of the saga. John Aaron took over crooks loneliness essay, from Sy Liebergot at the EECOM console and around 1000 he felt ready for the Command Module power up procedure and good and juliet quotes, called on the intercom, “Go EECOM,” returned Kranz. “Ready for power up any time the crew is.” “Roger EECOM Capcom Flight.” “Go Flight,” answered Joe Kerwin. “EECOM says the Command Module can come on line anytime.” “Roger Flight,” Kerwin keyed his air/ground switch, “Aquarius, Houston.” “Go Houston,” Lovell responded tersely. Essay. “You’re go to start powering up Odyssey.” Swigert felt a useful member of the essays, crew again as at 0123 AEST Saturday April 18 he began to power up the Command Module using its normal three reentry batteries, which had been topped up from the Lunar Module’s batteries. Crooks Loneliness Essay. “Every switch and circuit breaker that I turned on importance of critical thinking, made me feel just that much better. I forgot about being tired and didn’t even notice the loneliness, cold.” John Aaron, surrounded by the other shift EECOMs, watched the idling readouts on essay of corporate social responsibility, his console, waiting for Swigert to crooks essay switch on good and juliet quotes, the telemetry. Loneliness Essay. He was looking for what importance thinking a maximum current drain of 43 amps. If it was much more the batteries might not last to splashdown. After nearly half an hour Swigert switched the loneliness, last items on and the telemetry kicked all Aaron’s readouts into life. Of Critical Thinking. His eyes homed in on the current meter, and to his dismay he was staring at loneliness essay a steady 45 amps. “What the what thinking skills, hell are those two rogue amps doing there?” he angrily questioned anybody on the intercom or within earshot.

Nobody could find any cause until the crooks loneliness, Guidance controllers spotted the back up gyros were on. The spacecraft crew turned them off and the meter dropped back to 43 amps. Aaron, “I almost panicked there because I didn’t know how long those two amps had been on. Good Romeo. It turned out the spacecraft was wired different than we thought, there was a sneak circuit in the wiring taking an crooks, extra load off the circuit breaker that we didn’t know about.” Once the essays jar, Command Module was powered up it was important to check they were on the right track for reentry. Capcom Joe Kerwin: “This was the tense time for crooks loneliness essay me. Essays. Swigert was trying to loneliness essay find the two stars necessary to align the process essay, platform to get their precise attitude. He was having a hell of a time doing it because of reflections into the telescope from the Lunar Module. The spacecraft were racing towards the atmosphere, and Swigert was doing it, and re-doing it. What we would have had to loneliness essay do was to say ‘Okay, Jack its time to knock that off we’ll take an biomechanics papers, approximate attitude it’s time to jettison the LM we have to loneliness essay get on with it. I kept looking at Kranz, but he just put his hand out silently to say give him another minute.

Then Swigert finally got it and called out ‘Five balls’ which meant that the number after the social, decimal point on essay, star angle difference was five zeros, meaning he had hit the right two stars and had an accurate platform. From there on of critical skills, everything just went nominally from my point of view.” Three and a half hours after the Service Module was jettisoned, it was the Lunar Module’s turn. Crooks Loneliness Essay. Lovell: “Ten seconds.” Swigert, “Five. LM Jettison,” At 0243 AEST 18 April the faithful “lifeboat” Aquarius was released and on benefits, pushed off with 20.7 kPa air pressure from the tunnel. Sadly they watched it drift away to loneliness essay begin a slow forward somersault. Haise later said he would have liked to have looked after it in process essay his backyard. “Okay, copy that. Farewell Aquarius, and we thank you,” Kerwin called out from Houston. There was less than four and a half hours of electrical power left in Aquarius . “Farewell Aquarius , and we thank you.” The ‘Age of Aquarius’ ends at 0243AEST on loneliness, April 18th. Assembled from images AS13-59-8559, 61, 62, 63, 65, 66, 68, 71, 73, courtesy of the Lunar and Planetary Institute. Aquarius is jettisoned. And Juliet For Essays. Voice of Apollo as heard via ABC Radio. “When Apollo 13 came back in, it did this vast swing back over the Indian Ocean.

Because of the Earth turning it appeared to turn around and come back the other way. We put the crooks essay, FPQ6 radar on and watched separation with it when they dumped the LM. We could actually see all three parts of the spacecraft on our radar screens.” John Saxon at Honeysuckle Creek: “We were the last site, as we generally were, to track the reentry phase of the mission when they entered the Earth’s atmosphere. We were tracking both the Command Module and the Lunar Module. There was a great deal of interest in where the LM came down because it had a package to be installed on the Moon which had a radio isotope power supply, and there was a concern that had it entered over land there might have been a radio active contamination problem. We were required to take very careful records of antenna angles when we lost contact. It entered the atmosphere and went into jar the sea somewhere in the deepest part of the crooks, ocean between Australia and of corporate social responsibility, New Zealand.” This was right where Flight Dynamics Officer (FDO) Jerry Bostick in Mission Control had carefully planned to put the Lunar Module.

Mike Dinn’s Groundtrack map for crooks essay Apollo 13 has been annotated to show the splashdown location. Honeysuckle was the last ground station to track Apollo 13 before re-entry, when ARIA took over the comms. Process Essay. Click the image to get a 730kb scan of the entire map. Paul Mullen , antenna driver at Honeysuckle: “We lost the LM at the end it was going too fast for our 3 per crooks loneliness essay, second antenna speed it just dived out of sight ahead of essay of corporate responsibility, our antenna.” Entering the dark side of the Earth above the Indian Ocean, the crooks essay, three astronauts concentrated on the clock and Moon, sweating that it would set when Houston had calculated, confirming they were on the right track for a safe reentry.

At precisely the right second a black notch bit into the bottom of the Moon, and it sank below the Earth’s horizon. The Commander looked at his crew: “Gentlemen, we’re about to reenter. I suggest you get ready for a ride.” Kerwin, “Odyssey, Houston standing by. Over.” Swigert, “You have a good bedside manner, Joe.” Kerwin, “That’s the nicest thing anybody’s said. How about that?” Swigert: “Sure wish I could go to the FIDO (Flight Dynamics) party tonight.” Kerwin, “Yes it’s going to be a wild one. Somebody said we’ll cover for you guys and if Jack’s got any phone numbers he wants us to call, why, pass them down . We just had a last time around the room and everybody says it’s looking great . Odyssey then plunged into the atmosphere at romeo and juliet for essays 0353:45 AEST, to be engulfed in a streaming firestorm, a fireball streaking across the sky. All communications with the crooks essay, spacecraft were cut off during the blackout period.

A blanket of suspended anxiety descended over all the watchers around the world during the three minutes of silence of the blackout period. The seconds flicked away with no response from the spacecraft. Unable to do any more for the mission now, the what is the importance of critical skills, Houston Flight Controllers could only watch the recovery forces at crooks loneliness work on their large television screens and listen for the spacecraft to respond to their Capcom. It was suspected they had entered the atmosphere at a shallower angle than the optimum, which prolonged the blackout period. The tension built up. a minute after the expected time and research, still no sight or sound of Odyssey the cameras stared at essay a vacant sky, the speakers just hissed static. Joe Kerwin called out from Houston, “Odyssey, Houston standing by.” Suddenly Swigert’s voice filled the airwaves over the Pacific, “Okay, Joe!” and at 0402 AEST three healthy parachutes were seen. Luckily the is the importance skills, original landing area was calm now the tropical storm was raging over the alternate landing area. Joe Kerwin on the Capcom console, earlier in the mission. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar.

Mission Control erupted into a frenzy of cheering, handshaking and clapping. John Aaron: “Since I had designed the reentry sequence, Kranz put me on the console as it came in and that worked out fine, but that sure was something when they made it through the blackout and out came the chutes. We had live video coverage from the ship – that really was a lucky strike extra to get that close for the finish.” So how close was it to three fatalities? According to Sy Liebergot, the LM had 104 hours of breathing oxygen left, but only crooks loneliness essay, 10 hours of water and 13 hours of electrical power. After a TransEarth Coast TEC time of 63 hours 8 minutes 43 seconds, at 0407:41 AEST on Saturday 18 April, the parachutes dunked Odyssey into the Pacific Ocean 6.5 kilometres from the USS Iwo Jima , and thinking, the crew were greeted by cheering sailors, a brass band, and Rear Admiral Donald Davis with, “We’re glad you made it, boys.” All around the world an audience of many millions joined in grateful thanks, each in their own way, for the safe return of Apollo 13 and its crew. The Apollo 13 crew arrive on crooks, the Iwo Jima . Flight Director Gene Kranz (right) celebrates as Jim Lovell speaks onboard the Iwo Jima . Nine doctors checked them out to be in reasonable shape considering their ordeal, except for a urinary tract infection for Haise, brought on good, by not drinking enough fluids, which allowed the toxins to build up. Essay. If the mission had gone on much longer, the other two would have probably suffered the same problem. Process Essay. Stepping ashore in crooks loneliness Pago Pago they were greeted by gaily dressed Samoans, their smiling faces moving Lovell to say, “We do not realise what we have on Earth until we leave it.” Dale Call, Goddard Network Director, made the following statement after the mission: “I would like to essay of corporate express my personal thanks along with the appreciation of everyone involved in the Apollo 13 mission for the outstanding support provided by Honeysuckle, Carnarvon, and Parkes. This support contributed significantly to the safe return of the Apollo 13 crew. Crooks Essay. I would especially like to single out those responsible for bringing up the project papers, Parkes antenna and associated data systems in record time. This response was so impressive that special mention of it was made to President Nixon during his visit to Goddard last Tuesday.” President Nixon addressed a message to Australian Prime Minister John Gorton: “Dear Mr.

Prime Minister: On behalf of the people of the United States I wish to express to you and to loneliness the people of Australia my deep appreciation for your nation’s assistance in the successful recovery of the Apollo XIII astronauts. The disabling of the Apollo spacecraft during its lunar mission evoked the concern of all mankind. Good For Essays. I was indeed touched by the many expressions of sympathy and offers of assistance I received. The safe recovery of the astronauts, for which we are all profoundly thankful, in no way lessens the crooks, gratitude of the Government and people of the United States for your nation’s immediate response to our need for assistance. Please convey my personal thanks to all of your people who worked so hard to maintain our communications with the weakened Apollo XIII spacecraft as it returned to Earth. Their involvement in the Apollo XIII recovery was but another instance of the sports, close cooperation and essay, warm friendship that exists between our countries.

For a brief moment Apollo 13 put the hassles of money and budgets and politics aside as people followed the progress of a mission where sheer guts and is the importance skills, determination, teamwork and comradeship, ingenuity and skill brought the crew safely home. Loneliness Essay. No doubt luck was a large factor in the equation. A triskaidekaphobic person would freak out at what is the thinking this list of thirteens – it was the 13th Apollo mission, launched at loneliness essay 1313 hours spacecraft time, the school homework games, explosion occurred on April 13, 13:08 hours Honeysuckle Creek time, with 13 nations offering to provide rescue ships or aircraft. And stretching credibility a bit the astronauts first names of James, Fred, and Jack add up to crooks 13 letters, the launch date of 4/11/70 add up to 13 from process essay pad 39 which is 3 x 13. Even German Measles has 13 letters. Crooks Essay. Not surprisingly the essays on bell, Horoscope for Aquarius from the Houston Post of crooks essay, April 13 1970 said ‘Do surprises turn you on? Then this is the day for the unexpected.’ Was Apollo 13 good luck or bad luck? Probably good luck because it brings up a lot of “What ifs. ” For instance, what if the school games, explosion had happened while Lovell and crooks essay, Haise were on the lunar surface. “To get Apollo 13 home required a lot of good romeo, innovation.

Most of the material written about crooks loneliness essay, our mission described the ground-based activities, however I would be remiss not to state that it really was the teamwork between the ground and what of critical thinking skills, the flight crew that resulted in a successful return. Some people would call the Apollo 13 mission a $375 million failure. Crooks. I look back on it as a triumph; a triumph of teamwork, initiative, and essays on bell jar, ingenuity. Crooks Essay. Nobody believes me, but during this six day odyssey we had no idea what an impression Apollo 13 made on the people of Earth. We never dreamed a billion people were following us on television and radio, and reading about school homework games, us in banner headlines of every newspaper published. Essay. We still missed the point on board the carrier Iwo Jima which picked us up because the sports research project, sailors had been as remote from the media as we were. Only when we reached Honolulu did we comprehend our impact.” For fun, Grumman, the crooks, builders of the Lunar Module, sent a bill for $US400,000 to romeo for essays North American Rockwell for towing the Command and essay, Service Module 482,800 kilometres back home! Jack Swigert said after the mission, “I knew that no matter how dark the good quotes for essays, situation looked, we had a lot of help from the ground. I didn’t come back from this mission with less confidence in the goals of the space program.

I came back with more.” Haise admitted that after the explosion Mission Control directed everything the astronauts did. “I think Apollo 13 was a classic example of what the ground flight operations was all about. Crooks Essay. It proved that the ground was worthwhile. Papers. The people on the ground did a fantastic job of saving the lives of the crew.” That ground crew included the tracking stations, connecting Mission Control with the spacecraft. President Nixon summed up this dramatic odyssey with: “The three astronauts did not reach the moon, but they reached the hearts of millions of people in America and in the world.” (5 Days 22 Hours 54 Minutes) Fra Mauro was the crooks, planned landing area.

Distance travelled : 1,002,123 kilometres. The text has been checked by sports biomechanics project papers Chris Kraft and loneliness essay, Jim Lovell. Illustrations sourced by Hamish Lindsay and Colin Mackellar. Unless otherwise specified, audio was recorded by Colin Mackellar from Australian radio coverage or the Voice of homework, America, except the HSK comms loop audio by Hamish Lindsay and the MOCR EECOM loop audio courtesy Sy Liebergot. Audio selected and edited by CM.

Frames from Apollo 13 film and video selected and processed by CM with thanks to Mark Gray at Spacecraft Films.

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They are now available on Amazon’s Kindle Store. We’re excited about crooks essay these stories and research papers the four ebooks. We hope you will join in congratulating all of the talented authors in these volumes. Here are the comments of crooks essay, some early reviewers:: It is true that each woman is a story waiting to romeo and juliet be told—and in this outstanding collection of memoirs you’ll find many wonderful women’s stories. It is also true that each woman’s story is crooks loneliness essay, everywoman’s story, for we share so many of the same experiences. Essays Jar? As I read these stories [in Seasons of Our Lives ], I am reading bits and pieces from my own life, and I am inspired to write my own with a more passionate and crooks compassionate heart. I hope you are, too. Susan Wittig Albert, bestselling author of Writing from Life, New York Times bestselling series China Bayles, two memoirs, An Extraordinary Year of Ordinary Days and Together, Alone: A Memoir of Marriage and Place , and the nonfiction book A Wilder Rose . Seasons of Our Lives , a compilation of memoirists’ vignettes, brings poignant stories of history and nostalgia to the reader, as well as writing observations and lessons for the author in everyone. Essay On Benefits? Seasons of our Lives is sure to be another award-winning work from the dynamic duo of Butler and Bonnett.

Judy Sheer Watters, author of crooks essay, The Road Home: The Legacy that was, is and is to Come. A summer’s bouquet of award–winning stories that engage, inspire, and also teach. Good And Juliet? Matilda Butler and Kendra Bonnett’s “takeaways” on each piece illuminate the crooks loneliness, modes of thought and specific techniques that make each story work. A delight for anyone who enjoys compelling stories as well as a handbook for school, those who desire to tell or write their own. I’m proud to be included in Seasons of Our Lives: Summer. Judith Newton, Professor Emerita, UC Davis, Women and Gender Studies, award-winning food memoir author, Tasting Home. The stories in Seasons of Our Lives collectively sparkle like facets of a crystal chandelier.

Each enjoyable, thought-provoking story is loneliness essay, told in an authentic voice that reads like a letter from school games a friend. But these are no ordinary anthologies. The editors’ insightful remarks at the end of each piece turn the crooks loneliness, volumes into is the skills uniquely powerful writing texts for students of crooks loneliness essay, memoir. Sharon Lippincott, life writing coach and author of Adventures of a Chilehead, The Heart and Craft of Writing Compelling Description , and more. Each Seasons Of Our Lives volume is a treasure trove filled with life experiences crafted into memoir and offered as gifts to the reader by the women who lived them. Take time to savor each story, then go deeper and examine the literary tools used by the editors Matilda Butler and process essay Kendra Bonnett in their takeaway/mini-lesson at the end of each piece. With suggestions and prompts for those seeking to loneliness tell the stories of their own lives, these books are sure to please readers and life story writers alike. Linda Hoye, author of Two Hearts: An Adoptee’s Journey Through Grief to Gratitude . What gems! These memoir vignettes pull us into and delight us with the rich stories of homework, women’s lives. I literally couldn’t put the book down.

Each story highlights a facet of life that speaks to essay our shared humanity. I found myself recalling moments from my own life and thinking, “It’s time to start writing my life stories!” The beauty of this anthology is that the editors Matilda Butler and Kendra Bonnett have written “takeaways” at essay on benefits responsibility the end of loneliness, each story to help budding memoir writers. These mini-lessons are a gold mine of tips and advice. I believe that in telling our stories we illuminate the world one voice at a time. Seasons of Our Lives has made my world glow a little brighter. Dan Curtis award-winning documentary filmmaker, personal historian, and founder/coordinator of Victor Hospice’s “Life Stories” Seasons of Our Lives-is a series of four anthologies of memoir and heart-warming stories written by women about seemingly unnoticed moments. Their deeply personal stories will embrace you to slow down and homework take a deep breath. They lead you back to your own heart, filling you with a sense of purity and beauty, meaning and purpose as you turn from the page.

Seasons of our Lives is a must read. It will give you a new perspective out of which your own stories will peek through. Jan Marquart, Author and CEO and Founder of loneliness essay, About the Author Network. The magic of story is inherent in this valuable collection of women’s memoirs. Is The Of Critical Thinking Skills? The stories showcase seasons of our lives, as well as calendar seasons – from crooks loneliness our awakening as youths in Spring, through the openness of Summer, to the wisdom (or not) that comes in late Fall or early Winter. They not only entertain and educate (especially for beginning memoirists), but make us feel less alone. Essay On Benefits Of Corporate Social Responsibility? I couldn’t stop reading.

Brenda Clem Black, author of “Lil Alice”, read on NPR’s “Tales From the South”, and “Red Shoes”, 1st place Memoir OWFI and OWL. Now completing a memoir of her in-laws, Black and crooks Kiddo. Writing memoir is like walking into sports an immense clearing and finding a wild stallion waiting there just for you. Climbing up, you wonder if you can take this ride. …but wait. Loneliness Essay? Help is there to skills accompany you on your ride. Help in the form of award-winning memoir vignettes to read and takeaway lessons to give you guidance in sharing your life stories. That’s what Matilda Butler and Kendra Bonnett, editors of Seasons of Our Lives have given all of us, readers and writers. I am so proud to be part of this anthology series. Kathleen Hewitt, author of The Scent of Her. NEW MEMOIR WRITING CONTEST FOR 2014/2015.

WANT TO GET PUBLISHED IN A SUCCESSFUL EBOOK — TO BE AN AWARD-WINNING AUTHOR? [NOTE: Entries Closed…Winners to be Announced Soon] Our Women’s Memoirs Contests provide an exciting opportunity for you whether you have ever been published before or not. We are offering you the possibility to become a bestselling Amazon author. Although no one can promise how successful a book will be, we think that based on the ranks of the four volumes of the Seasons of Our Lives anthologies, we can create more bestselling ebooks. Of course, the real value of entering and essay winning in is the of critical thinking our contests is that you have a marvelous chance to essay share your life story, your message, your life lessons with others. A 2014/2015 Twist: Enter Our Memoir Contest and Get Information to Help Improve Your Writing. 2014/2015 Contest Entry Rules. [Entries Are No Longer Being Accepted.

PLEASE RETURN SOON for the announcement of winners.] [NOTE: We do not give cash prizes and do not pay for entries. Nor do we charge writers to submit entries although most contests have entry fees. Contests sponsored by WomensMemoirs.com offer contestants an of corporate social responsibility opportunity to have their work reviewed by award-winning authors and memoir coaches. Winning entries are included in a published ebook for wider exposure of the anthology authors. Publication is the only prize. Not all entries are winners. If you win--congratulations. Crooks Loneliness Essay? If you do not win, don't get discouraged. Keep polishing and keep writing.]

Here are the general entry rules. Below the list of content categories you’ll find the specific entry rules. 1. Submit a 750 – 1500 word memoir vignette. Be sure to polish it. We’re not looking for rough drafts.

2. We will read your vignette. IF SELECTED to essays on bell go into the second round of our contest, we will give you a FREE document with information on an approach that may help you improve your entry. The document will contain suggestions for how you can go deeper into crooks loneliness your story and how you can improve your craft of memoir writing. 3. You rework your vignette based on the document and then submit it to us. Given our previous experience with paid coaching clients, we believe that your story will then meet our criteria and be accepted for publication in our upcoming ebook. 4. What topics? All of our previous contests have directed writers to specific topics.

And while we have a list of categories this time, we are adding a Wildcard so that you can write about any topic of essays jar, strong interest to you. We want to support your passion for writing and storytelling. MEMOIR CONTEST TOPICS FOR 2014/2015, YOU PICK. LIFE TURNING POINT : Write about the one thing that has shaped you the most, that caused you to crooks loneliness essay become the person you are. Most of our important life stories are generated because of that one turning point. It is the situation or the person that lead to you being on your current life path. On Bell? Maybe it put you on the right path, maybe the wrong path. Exploring the turning point will lead you into the depth of your story. FIRST LOVE : Love comes many times in a life. It comes in many shapes and forms. Think back on your loves and write about the first one.

Or, if you prefer, write about your current love–what makes it special, what love means at this time in your life. COMING OF AGE : Write about the time when you first recognized that you had an adult perspective on a situation, or at least thought that you were entering the adult world. It might have been part of the expected maturation or it might have occurred in a scary situation. EDUCATION : College education is loneliness essay, now fully open to women. The latest statistics show that 916,000 women and 685,000 men received college degrees in 2009, the most recent year with available statistics.

But women entering college in the 1950s and 1960s often had less access to college and good romeo and juliet for essays decidedly less access to crooks loneliness the full range of majors than their male counterparts. Scholarships were restricted for women. Even families often favored their sons when it came time to pay for is the importance of critical thinking skills, college. What types of education experiences did you have? How did the experiences change you? How has your life been changed by the education you had…or didn’t have.

EMPLOYMENT : Tell a young woman today that her employment opportunities are restricted and crooks essay she’s likely to essays on bell jar laugh at you. Crooks Loneliness? Of course, she’d be right. But women born in the 1930s and 1940s had few opportunities outside of the three “Ts” — teach, type, take temps. Jar? Do you have one work experience that is particularly important to you? A challenge accepted? A job denied you? Growth from your work life?

Managing work and home life? WHEN GOOD GOES BAD OR BAD GOES GOOD : Good isn’t always good and bad isn’t always bad. When we conducted interviews with women for loneliness, our Rosie’s Daughters: The First Woman to Generation Tells Its Story, Second Edition collective memoir, we had a standard pair of questions: Tell me the three best things that have happened in your life. Tell me the three worst things that have happened in your life. It was amazing how many of the homework games, women said, I don’t have three worst things.

For example, one woman said, “Even though the divorce was terrible, I can’t say it was a worst thing. Loneliness? I learned so much from it and ended up developing myself as a person. I’d have to say that it was really one of the best things that happened to me.” Reflect on a time when a good or bad situation turned out to embody the opposite element and write about it. Dig deep on this one because it may require you to rethink previous situations in your life. SUCCESS/FAILURE : Some goals are small and some are large.

All are worth achieving. Consider one of your successes in life. Why is it important to you? How has it changed your life? What did you learn from and juliet quotes it? What can you pass on to others based on your experience? And while success is always worth a celebration, failure is sometimes the better teacher. Loneliness Essay? I’ve learned much in and juliet quotes for essays life when things didn’t go as anticipated or as wanted. Maybe you will choose to write about a failure and loneliness what it has meant in your life. THRIVING IN ADVERSITY : Life is tough.

Some aspects of it are beyond our control. Research Project Papers? Other times we manage to undercut ourselves. The only thing we can do is manage how we deal with the situation. Has there been a serious adversity in your life? Sharing the ways you worked through it, sharing how you thrived in spite of adversity can be a marvelous help to others going through similar situations. It may also be healing for you to look at the ways you did thrive in spite of the loneliness essay, adversity. AGING : When young, life stretches out in front of you and the road seems to good for essays go into infinity. But the years pass quickly and you find yourself facing the real consequences of crooks, aging.

Attitudes, friendships, living circumstances, families, and of course, our bodies change. What kinds of essays on bell jar, stories come to mind? They might be humorous or sad, ordinary or extraordinary. What counts is the way you write about crooks essay them. HEALTH : Every life includes some illness or an accident, minor or major.

Illness wants to define us and yet many people don’t let it. Good Romeo And Juliet Quotes For Essays? What have been your experiences with illness? FRIENDSHIP : Do you have a BFF? Describe her or him. What brought you two together? What do you share?

How do you make each other’s lives better? Maybe the topic of friendship brings to mind a friend from kindergarten or from high school. What happened with the essay, friendship? Have you ever tried to find the person again? Share your memories. Share what you have learned about friendships–both its demands and its rewards. MARRIAGE/DIVORCE : Sometimes it seems marriage and divorce are two sides of the same coin. Even strong marriages go through times when a separation seems like a good choice.

There was a time when women thought there would be a Prince Charming and life would be lived “happily ever after.” A laughable idea today but one that filled our heads when we were young. Write about something significant in your marriage…a turning point…a cherished memory…a low point. Divorce is a part of modern life with about sports biomechanics research project papers 50 percent of marriages ending this way (actual percentages are influenced by age at time of crooks loneliness, marriage and other factors). But when you are the one involved in a divorce, the statistics don’t matter. For you it is romeo and juliet, 100 percent. There is no such thing as a happy or easy divorce although some are much worse than others. What was your experience? What did you learn about yourself from the divorce? Have you and your ex-spouse been able to forgive each other? Define this Marriage/Divorce topic in a way that is meaningful to you.

CHILDREN : A decision to have or to essay not have children influences an entire life. Process Essay? At the time of decision, you have no way of knowing the consequences. Write about your decision and the unexpected outcomes. If you could go back to an earlier time in crooks loneliness essay your life would you make the same decision? Why? In what way would you be different today if you had made a different choice?

TRAVEL : Stories of trips are hard to develop in biomechanics project memoir because the reader wants to crooks know more than where you went and what you did. Is The Of Critical Skills? The reader wants to know the insights you had or the lessons you learned and the ways in crooks which travel changed you. The writer needs to on bell develop a way of showcasing the different culture and the sights while letting the reader see your unique perspective on loneliness essay, the experience. DEATH : The death of a family member or close friend is one of the good romeo quotes for essays, most difficult of life experiences. Neither a slow descent nor an abrupt and unexpected end is acceptable. But we have no control over the events that lead to the death. Loneliness Essay? Your emotions are bound to return when you write and you’ll want to find ways to and juliet quotes convey them to the reader. Although it will be difficult, you may find you are ready to write about a death that affected you. SPIRITUAL LIFE : Are you a seeker, someone who searches for that which is larger than you?

Spirituality is not necessarily associated with a religion. It is a perspective on life and your role in life. Loneliness? It is knowing that fads and essays products are not “what it’s all about.” Life is about relationships, about essay finding peace in essay of corporate social nature or in music or art, about finding meaning, and about so much more. Crooks Loneliness? Spirituality and a spiritual life mean different things to school different people. When you write on this topic, be sure to loneliness essay let your reader understand your perspective. WILD CARD : The story you want to responsibility write for essay, your contest entry may not be on this list or may cross the boundary between two items.

That’s fine. Write your memoir vignette and just let us know how you define the Wild Card category. SPECIFIC RULES FOR OUR WOMEN’S MEMOIRS CONTEST FOR 2014. 1 — We have four deadlines (and one possible additional one) on romeo and juliet for essays, the following dates: October 31, 2014. November 30, 2014.

2 — Length of your memoir vignette is between 750 – 1500 words. 3 — The story should not have been previously published. 4 — We know you will write and carefully edit your entry. Loneliness Essay? If you are part of on benefits social, a writing group, you hope you share it with them. BUT WAIT.

Before you send us your memoir vignette, stop and read your story aloud. It is amazing how often you will find typos, poor word choices, and confusing sentences at crooks loneliness essay this point. This will lead to essays jar the final polishing of your contest entry. And double check your spelling. Small typos create a negative feeling. 5 — Include your name and crooks essay a brief 2-4 sentence bio as part of what skills, your entry. 6 — Email contest entries to:matilda (at) womensmemoirs (dot) com. 7 — The subject line should read: “2014 Contest” followed by crooks loneliness, the category. For example:

2014 Contest – Friendship. 2014 Contest – Wild Card xxx (where xxx is the topic you are writing about.) We need this Subject Line so that your entry won’t get lost in our email. We can’t promise to spot your entry if you use another subject line. Trust me. Kendra and I get hundreds of emails each day and we don’t want yours to get buried. 8 — Attach your entry to the email as a .doc file or, if you prefer, copy and paste the what is the of critical thinking skills, entry into the email itself. We have some people who do both, just to loneliness essay make sure we can read the entry. Essays On Bell? Do not attach a PDF as we cannot work with a file in that format. 9 — Please contact us if you do not have an acknowledgement within one week from submitting your entry. We carefully monitor emails, but it is always possible that something happens and the entry doesn’t get to the inbox or that it isn’t seen.

We’re excited about this new contest and crooks loneliness essay hope you are also. We look forward to receiving your vignettes. NOW CLOSED — SPRING MEMOIR CONTEST 2013 : Gilbert and Sullivan have brought many of us hours of delight. Remember 78 RPM records? We had a boxed set of biomechanics project, all the Gilbert and Sullivan operettas and they often played in the background while we were fixing dinner. Essay? Who could forget a song like… “I am the very model of a modern Major-General.

I’ve information vegetable, animal, and mineral,…” Another favorite song was featured in school homework Mikado and crooks is called to mind as I look out on Oregon in the full bloom of spring: “The flowers that bloom in the spring, Breathe promise of project, merry sunshine - As we merrily dance and we sing, We welcome the hope that they bring, Yes, spring does seem to lift our spirits. Crooks Loneliness Essay? I know there may be cold and importance rain still headed this way, but the days are longer now and the promise of warm summer days is in the air. This means it is time to crooks loneliness essay start thinking about your favorite stories of spring. Choose the best one and write it as your submission for our Women’s Memoirs Spring Contest. We intend to what is the importance of critical publish the best of crooks loneliness, these as an ebook. So be sure we have your permission to publish your story, if it is process essay, a winner.

You retain your copyright. You simply grant us the right to crooks essay publish it as part of our compilation of spring memoirs. Do you remember a special spring from your childhood? This might include Mother’s Day, Easter, as well as others. Maybe you are thinking of a story from your adult years. Your story might be light and process essay fun or poignant and sad. Write your story and submit it to our Spring Memoir Contest.

Below are the few rules we have: 1 — Deadline is July 31, 2013. 2 — Length is essay, between 750 – 1200 words. 3 — Be sure to give your story a title and craft a powerful opening and closing. The opening is your one chance to grab your reader and make us want to read on. 4 — Have your described the people in social your story? Have you used dialogue to help the reader “hear” the people and get to know them? Have you let the reader find out when and crooks loneliness where your story took place? Have you created an emotional link between you and the reader?

These are some of the elements that you want to consider when writing your contest entry. 5 — You write and process essay rewrite and are ready to essay submit. Wait! Read your story aloud before submitting. Essays On Bell Jar? This will help you find typos, poor word choices, and essay confusing sentences. Process Essay? This will lead to your final polishing of loneliness, your contest entry. 6 — Include your name and a brief 2-4 sentence bio. 7 — Include a photo relevant to the story, if possible. 8 — Email contest entries to: matilda (at) womensmemoirs (dot) com. 9 — Put: SPRING CONTEST ENTRY — as your subject line so that it won’t get lost in our email. We can’t promise to is the importance of critical thinking spot your entry if you use another subject line.

10 — Either attach your entry to the email as a .doc file or copy and paste the crooks, entry into and juliet the email itself. Either way is fine. Crooks Loneliness? Attach any photos to the email, we prefer .jpg format. All Contests Described Below Are Now Closed. Although all contests shown below are now closed, we have left them here so that you can see the range of contests that we have offered. We invite you to submit to our one open contest that is sports biomechanics papers, described above. Thank you for your interest. PLEASE NOTE OUR CONTEST DEADLINE for WINTER STORIES has been extended to February 28, 2013. Also check out our contest for crooks loneliness, stories of women in your life (mothers, grandmothers, aunts, family friends) who worked during World War II.

Share their ROSIE THE RIVETER STORIES — stories that include all women who worked or volunteered or were in the military during World War II. This deadline is now February 28, 2013 as well. Our new contest is different from homework games any of our previous ones. This is a memoir writing website so we have always asked you to crooks loneliness share your own stories. But this time, we want you to find a woman in your family or a family friend who worked during World War II. NOTE: Although we hope you can find a Rosie in your family or community that may not be possible or easy for you. Therefore, if you have a family member who worked during World War II, but who is deceased, we urge you to biomechanics research write her story. You’ll need to loneliness go with memories as well as research about process essay what she did. It was be an crooks interesting challenge but we think it will be rewarding.

If the person you write about is deceased, then some of the process essay, items stated below will need to be modified. Crooks Essay? We trust you to do a great job. Why this contest? 2012 was the 70th anniversary of the Rosie the Riveter “We Can Do It” poster and 2013 is the 70th anniversary of the famous Norman Rockwell painting of Rosie. Many have said, and we agree, that World War II was won because so many women picked up where the process essay, men left off. Not only essay, did women become riveters, but they also became welders, mechanics, drivers, pilots and more. Women became secretaries — positions previously held primarily by men.

Those that poured into Washington, DC became known as Government Girls. Many women volunteered with the importance of critical, Red Cross and loneliness essay the USO to help. Some women took over what had been husband-wife companies, leading them through the war years on their own. Process Essay? And still other women kept the family farm going. You name it, women did it. We’d like you to find a Rosie, a woman who worked or volunteered during World War II and tell her story. Interview her about her experiences and crooks essay get a few specific memories or if she is what importance of critical skills, no longer alive, find people who heard her talk about those years and create a story around those memories. This contest offers you the opportunity to turn your writing skills to saving the memories of another person. If you don’t know someone in your family or close circle, then you can go to the library or the local historical society and get some help finding a Rosie. - Describe the woman — perhaps she has a photo from the war years as well as her physical description now. - Include details on the when and where.

During which years did she work? Where did she work? What specifically was her job? - Then try to find out her emotions about the work. Loneliness? What did it mean to her to have a job during the war? - You may want to record what she says, or at least take good notes. Jar? This will give you some dialogue to crooks loneliness include in good romeo and juliet for essays your contest entry. Try to let her comments help you capture the loneliness essay, essence of the process essay, woman’s experiences. - And don’t forget about the five senses. These might be used in many ways — if she had a factory job, she might be able to describe the crooks loneliness, sights, sounds, and smells.

And/or you might include the sensory details relevant to good and juliet quotes for essays the time of crooks loneliness, your interview. Let’s all resolve to capture the stories of this wonderful and amazing generation of women before it is too late. We will publish as many of school homework, these stories as we can. In addition, I know that family members will value and appreciate that you have helped to crooks essay document the story. LENGTH: Approximately 2000 words. Essay Social Responsibility? If you feel you need more, please send us an email to discuss. FORMAT: Please attach the story as a .doc file to your email. Send the email to: matilda@womensmemoirs (dot) com. If you prefer, you can simply do a copy and paste right into the text of your email. AUTHORSHIP: Please provide your name, email address we can use to reach you, and a short (2 to crooks loneliness essay 4 sentence) bio that will be used with your story if it is selected. DEADLINE: Please send us your vignettes by February 28, 2013.

SUBJECT LINE: Be sure to put ROSIE CONTEST as the Subject Line. That way, it won’t get lost in my emails. Thanks. PS We modified this contest to include telling the stories of mothers or relatives who worked (or volunteered) during World War II because one of our readers, Becky Povich, said that she didn’t think there were any Rosie’s still alive in her community. Thanks Becky for your comment.

Those who are deceased can still be honored by telling their stories. We look forward to reading your mother’s story. 2013: Memoir Writing Contest Rules, Deadlines and Themes. First, Kendra and I want to thank the hundreds of women who submitted their contest entries over the past year. We had some amazing winning stories that will be published in ebooks. For 2013, we have two ongoing contests — the one about romeo quotes Winter stories and the Rosie the Riveter story one. We hope to use these to help you expand your writing skills and increase the pleasure you get from writing. You will find the information on the Winter stories contest below. Essay? Information on the Rosie the of corporate social, Riveter contest appear above. For all our contests, attach your entry as a .doc file or put into the text of the email using copy/paste. – Be sure that the word CONTEST is in crooks loneliness the Subject Line.

Winter 2012-2013 Memoir Contest : Winter brings a new mood. We spend more time indoors. This is a season for biomechanics research, reflection — for crooks, looking back at what was as well as looking forward to what will come. School Games? Send us a memory, written as a story, about your most vivid winter experience. It might be an event from one day or it might encompass the entire season. The story may have taken place in crooks loneliness essay your childhood years or more recently. Be sure to write in a way that draws us into your story. 1 — Deadline is February 28, 2013. 2 — Length is between 500 – 1500 words. 3 — Be sure to give your story a title, craft a powerful opening and closing. 4 — Include one or more photos, if possible.

5 — Email contest entries to: matilda (at) womensmemoirs (dot) com. 6 — Include your name and a brief 2-4 sentence bio. (Either attach your entry to the email as a .doc file or copy and paste the entry into the email itself. Either way is fine. Of Corporate? Attach any photos to loneliness essay the email, we prefer .jpg format.) Food Memoir and Recipe, CONTEST CLOSED. UPDATE: The ebook version of the winning stories of this contest has been the essay social responsibility, focus of loneliness, our recent effort. Learning the new publishing software has taken much more time than we anticipated. We’ll let you know as soon as it is available. Women’s Memoirs invites you to send us a 500-1500 word story about your favorite recipe.

Is it a nostalgic dish that reminds you of your mother? Is it a romantic recipe that you make for good romeo and juliet for essays, your partner on loneliness essay, Valentine’s Day? Is it a self-invented recipe that you love to share with your friends? Whatever your story, whatever your recipe, we’d like to biomechanics research project papers receive it for consideration in a new ebook from Women’s Memoirs. A few years ago, I decided to put together a family recipe book to crooks loneliness share with my sons at what is the skills Christmas. It was only when I began to select recipes that I realized the crooks, story behind each choice was as important as the actual recipe.

For example, there was the night that three of our sons called to ask about a cookie recipe. One called from Dallas, one from Eugene, and one from Sunnyvale — three states, three uncoordinated calls, one magical evening of process essay, sharing. Those three cookie recipes definitely made it into the cookbook. And then there was the recipe for crooks essay, blueberry muffins, our eldest son’s favorite. Quotes For Essays? It’s not surprising to learn, as I did on a recent visit to his home in Ft. Crooks? Worth, that he has fresh blueberries every morning before heading to the office.

One of my sons often called me to remind him of the recipe for my mother’s plum kuchen (made each year with fresh French prunes during their limited appearance in sports research papers the grocery store). So it had to crooks loneliness essay be included. My mother’s version stands in stark contrast to the typical yeast sweet cakes. I always thought she just had the name wrong. But recently, I learned that it is more like a clafouti than a kuchen and probably came to her via Russia or Poland rather than Germany. I’m sure it was given to jar her by crooks loneliness essay, a friend in Oklahoma City when she was a bride learning to cook.

Wish I knew who. And speaking of Oklahoma. My mother made a marvelous Hoppin John — a dish we ate every New Year’s Day to have good luck throughout the year. Well, I could go on and on. These are some of the recipes and meanings in my life. I hope that these hints of school homework games, stories remind you of crooks loneliness essay, your own special stories about food. Stories and recipes just go together.

So choose a story and recipe combination and of critical tempt us with your details and imagery. And don’t forget, stories about recipes are the perfect excuse for using the loneliness, five senses in your writing. Jar? If you have a photo or want to make the crooks loneliness essay, dish and take a picture, please send that along as well. The Inspiration for This Contest. Did you know that more people are eating out than ever before? As you can see from the chart on skills, the left, away-from-home food (this includes take out as well as restaurant meals) is almost half of all food consumed. Wow. When I grew up, eating out was a rare and special treat — not something you did just because it was dinner time. Let’s bring back kitchen table wisdom. 1 — Deadline is July 1, 2012. 2 — Length is between 500 – 1500 words.

3 — Be sure to give your story a title, craft a powerful opening and closing. 4 — Read your story out loud. That’s a good way to find typos, missing words, and even a confusing sentence. Crooks Loneliness? Then revise to send us a polished story. 5 — Include one or more photos, if possible. 6 — Be sure to include the recipe. 7 — Email contest entries to: matilda (at) womensmemoirs (dot) com.

(Either attach your entry to the email as a .doc file or copy and paste the what is the thinking, entry into crooks loneliness the email itself. Process Essay? Either way is fine. Attach any photos to the email, we prefer .jpg format.) Remember, your story and crooks loneliness recipe is due July 1, 2012. Essay On Benefits Of Corporate Social? Just email a .doc file (or copy and paste your story and recipe into the email) that includes both the story and the recipe to: matilda (at) womensmemoirs (dot) com. BE SURE TO PUT IN THE SUBJECT LINE OF THE EMAIL:

Food Memoir and Recipe Contest. (If you use a different subject line, your story might get lost in my email.) Finishing our Writing Alchemy book will keep us busy for the first quarter of crooks essay, 2012. However, for each of the three remaining seasons, we’re offering contests. On Benefits Social? Following are the rules, themes, and deadlines: Summer 2012 Memoir Contest : Summertime and the Livin’ is Easy : Did you love summers when you were a child?

Do you have a special story you’d like to share? Maybe there is crooks loneliness, a significant summer from school homework your adult years — a particularly fun or happy or poignant or even sad summer. Loneliness? Write that story and essays submit it to our Summer Memoir Contest. 1 — Deadline is June 30, 2012. 2 — Length is between 500 – 1000 words. 3 — Be sure to give your story a title, craft a powerful opening and closing.

4 — Include a photo, if possible. 5 — Email contest entries to: matilda (at) womensmemoirs (dot) com. (Either attach your entry to the email as a .doc file or copy and paste the crooks loneliness, entry into the email itself. Either way is process essay, fine. Attach any photos to the email, we prefer .jpg format.) Fall 2012 Memoir Contest : Explore your memories of fall seasons past. Maybe a story from your childhood. Maybe a story from your adult years. The fall is loneliness, a time of harvest. Harvest the most vivid of your recollections, write about it, and submit your story to our Fall 2012 Memoir Contest. 1 — Deadline is September 30, 2012.

2 — Length is between 500 – 1500 words. 3 — Be sure to give your story a title, craft a powerful opening and closing. 4 — Include one or more photos, if possible. 5 — Email contest entries to: matilda (at) womensmemoirs (dot) com. (Either attach your entry to what is the importance of critical the email as a .doc file or copy and paste the entry into crooks loneliness the email itself.

Either way is fine. Attach any photos to process essay the email, we prefer .jpg format.) Have you heard about our exciting new product — StoryMap: The Neverending Story Prompt? If you haven’t, click here to read about it. StoryMap is the map of Five Points, Oklahoma where the establishments, their owners, and the locations give you all the elements you need to crooks create fun stories and to stretch your writing ability. You’ll find embedded in this map the sports biomechanics research papers, five essential ingredients — characters, emotions, the five senses, time and crooks essay place, and what of critical thinking skills even a few bits of dialogue. Each time you sit to write, start your session with a 10 minute story based in Five Points.

Have fun. Put yourself into the story and crooks see what develops. Sports Biomechanics Project? Then, once your creative juices are flowing, switch to your memoir writing. StoryMap puts FUN into the FUNdamentals of writing. Well, back to our StoryMap Contest… StoryMap Contest #1 : A great way to test your writing skills is to crooks loneliness essay pick up a story started by someone else and what importance of critical finish it. This requires that you understand how the characters are developed, what is loneliness, happening with the plot, and how you can bring the story to conclusion. Kendra has written the first five episodes of process essay, a story. We’ve provided the crooks loneliness essay, five links below: Five Points, OK: Snow Moon, No Moon, Part 2. Five Points, OK: Snow Moon, No Moon, Part 6 — written by what of critical skills, YOU.

That’s right. Read parts 1 through 5 and crooks then write the conclusion to school homework the story. Loneliness Essay? Be sure to school homework work yourself into the story. In Part 5, you’ll see that Kendra worked both of crooks loneliness essay, us into school Five Points, OK: Snow Moon, No Moon. Then just send us your conclusion and essay we’ll publish it. Of course, we reserve the right to reject entries that are poorly written or haven’t been polished. So: 1 — You need to purchase a copy of biomechanics research papers, StoryMap in loneliness essay order to games submit your contest entry. There will be multiple StoryMap contests throughout the year — all based on the StoryMap of Five Points, Oklahoma. The regular price of StoryMap: The Neverending Writing Prompt is loneliness, $19.97.

However, here’s a discount coupon code for $2 off since you’ll be using it to essays jar enter one or more contest entries: COUPON CODE: CONTEST This coupon code will be valid for all of 2012. Here’s the link to purchase StoryMap. 2 — Be sure to give yourself enough time to craft a great conclusion to crooks loneliness essay the story — between 500 – 1200 words. 3 — Read your story aloud as that will help you spot problems. Edit to create a polished story. 4 — Email your conclusion to romeo Snow Moon, No Moon to: matilda (at) womensmemoirs (dot) com. 5 — Be sure that you send your entry no later than October 30, 2012. Then return to crooks essay this contest page later where you’ll find more StoryMap contests. Memoir Writing Contest deadlines and themes for 2011. We announced our 11 memoir writing contests for 2011 in our blog post on January 7. Since many people come directly to this Contest tab on our website, we are repeating the sports research project, information here.

We are quite excited about this year’s contests and essay look forward to receiving your contest entries. As you’ll see, the themes relate to the months but can be interpreted in biomechanics research project many ways. We are always open to creativity. As we like to say, “You can’t win unless to take the first step to enter.” Sometimes submitting to a contest means moving outside our normal comfort zones. However, we invite you to do just that.

Share you stories with others. Memoir Writing Contest #1 for 2011: Deadline is January 31, 2011. Memoir Writing Contest Topic: The Best Valentine’s Day in Your Life. Or. The Worst Valentine’s Day in Your Life. The winner(s) will be published in February.

Memoir Writing Contest #2 for 2011: Deadline is February 28, 2011. Memoir Writing Contest Theme: Reflections on crooks essay, Green. This topic gives you room for creativity. You might write about spring or a dress or St. Patrick’s Day or … The winner(s) will be published in March. Memoir Writing Contest #3 for sports biomechanics research papers, 2011: Deadline is March 31, 2011. Memoir Writing Contest Topic: Memories of crooks essay, Aprils Past. April Fools’ Day might be the spark for what of critical, your story. Easter comes between March 22 and April 25, but we’ll put Easter remembrances into Contest #3. Crooks Loneliness? If you have an April birthday, then your might draw your story from that occasion. The winner(s) will be published in April.

Memoir Writing Contest #4 for school homework games, 2011: Deadline is April 30, 2011. Memoir Writing Contest Topic: The Best Mother’s Day. Or. The Worst Mother’s Day. Your contest entry might be drawn from your childhood or could be after you became a mother. Loneliness Essay? You might want to write about your mother even though the story has nothing to do with Mother’s Day. Romeo For Essays? Mother’s Day this year, by the way, is May 8. The winner(s) will be published in May. Memoir Writing Contest #5 for 2011: Deadline is May 31, 2011. Memoir Writing Contest Theme: Remembering Junes of the Past. Contest entries might focus on celebrating Father’s Day.

Did you and crooks your siblings get or make your father a special gift or meal? Did Father’s Day have any special traditions when you were young? What about on benefits social Father’s Day celebrations as an adult? In most states, June represents the end of school, an occasion marked with joy by children but not necessarily by all adults. All types of crooks essay, memories are welcome here. Is The Importance Of Critical Skills? Father’s Day this year, by the way, is June 19. The winner(s) will be published in crooks essay June.

Memoir Writing Contest #6 for process essay, 2011: Deadline is crooks loneliness essay, June 30, 2011. Memoir Writing Contest Theme: Independence Day. You might take this topic literally or figuratively. Let your mind wrap around a special July 4th and tell us about sports biomechanics it. Crooks Loneliness Essay? Or, you may have your own story of independence from homework a bad job or a bad marriage. Focus your story on independence.

The winner(s) will be published in July. Memoir Writing Contest #–: No deadline. Give yourself a month off. Or, get started on your story for next month’s contest. Memoir Writing Contest #7 for crooks, 2011: Deadline is romeo and juliet quotes for essays, August 31, 2011. Memoir Writing Contest Theme: Labor Day. This topic is meant to expand rather than restrict your creativity. Crooks Loneliness Essay? You might have a story for a specific Labor Day. But you can also consider when you were in labor with your first child or when you were first in the labor force or going back to school right after Labor Day.

The winner(s) will be published in essay on benefits of corporate September. Memoir Writing Contest #8 for 2011: Deadline is September 30, 2011. Crooks Loneliness Essay? Memoir Writing Contest Topic: Halloween, Halloween, Halloween. Project Papers? As you may know by now, Halloween is Kendra’s favorite holiday. Crooks Loneliness? Our Rosie the Riveter bandana is always popular to create an easy and inexpensive and EMPOWERED look for a Halloween party or even for handing out treats to the children who ring your doorbell. Importance Of Critical Thinking Skills? Send us your story of crooks loneliness essay, a halloween costume or halloween party. Maybe you’ll recall the excitement of going out trick or treating with your parents or when you first took your child for the candy walk. The winner(s) will be published in October. Memoir Writing Contest #9 for 2011: Deadline is October 31, 2011.

Memoir Writing Contest Theme: Gratitude. This is school games, a special topic. Thanksgiving is a time to consider all that we are grateful in our lives. No matter today’s circumstances, we can still express gratitude for friendships or kindnesses or health or family or co-workers or surroundings or music or … Write to express your gratitude. Crooks? The winner(s) will be published in November. Memoir Writing Contest #10 for 2011: Deadline is and juliet for essays, November 30, 2011. Memoir Writing Contest Topic: December Holidays. Stories of the holiday season are an important part of crooks loneliness essay, our experience base from childhood through adulthood.

Although we have both sad and process essay happy memories of crooks loneliness, earlier times in our lives, let’s focus on happy or poignant moments for the November 2011 contest. The winner(s) will be published in December. Memoir Writing Contest #11 for 2011: Deadline is December 31, 2011. Memoir Writing Contest Topic: Writers’ New Year’s Resolutions. This contest is different. Send us your New Year’s resolutions and we’ll publish a collection of them. Inspire yourself with your resolutions and we’re share them with others.

Before December 31, 2011 brings the year to an end, be ready with your writing goals for process essay, 2012. If you don’t know where you’re going, how will you know if you got there? Resolutions will be published in loneliness January 2012. Tips for good, Writing Memoir Contest Entries: 1. About 1000 words but we accept fewer and crooks loneliness essay greater. 2. Good And Juliet? Copy your entry into crooks the text of an email to: Matilda at WomensMemoirs dot com.

We can accept .doc files but it is easier for us to take your entry from an email. Do not submit .pdf files. 3. School Homework Games? Attach one or more .jpg or .tif images of your photos. We can resize them if we publish your story so you don’t need to worry about that. 4. Remember that you are submitting a story. This means that there needs to be a turning point or a consequence or a life lesson learned — not just a string of events.

5. Include details from the five senses, when appropriate. They help to involve readers in the story. 6. If your story has a related recipe, please do share it with us. We all like to conjure with a new recipe, even if we only make it in crooks loneliness essay our minds. 7. Essay Of Corporate Social Responsibility? You may submit either unpublished or previously published stories as long as you still retain your copyright.

8. And finally, remember that a brief vignette is like a single gem. Be sure to polish it until all its facets sparkle. We find that reading a finished piece out loud will help you find any final errors or ambiguities. We’re looking forward to receiving your contest entries. NEW MEMOIR WRITING CONTEST FOR SEPTEMBER AND OCTOBER, 2010. Women’s Memoirs is crooks loneliness essay, pleased to announce our new memoir writing contest. Here’s a link to our blog that describes the essay of corporate social responsibility, contest and its prize. As a quick summary: 1. The contest begins now and ends on October 31.

2. Crooks Loneliness? To submit, send the text of your story including the recipe in an email to: matilda at womensmemoirs dot com (Of course, the at becomes an @ and the dot becomes a . in the actual email address). Attach the photos to games the email. 3. The focus of this contest is on holidays. Write about any holiday — the best, the worst, the essay, most outlandish, your favorite. We’ll even accept stories about your birthday. Birthdays are our personal holidays, after all.

4. Because this contest is in our KitchenScraps series, we’d like you to include a recipe. It doesn’t have to be the focus of the essays on bell, story but it should be related to loneliness essay your story. On Benefits Of Corporate? The recipe should appear at the bottom of your story. 5. We like stories (actually memoir vignettes) between 1000-1500 words. Essay? But we can always be persuaded to accept a shorter or longer story when it is well done. 6. What Thinking Skills? Remember that we need a story that has a beginning, a middle (a turning point), and an ending.

This is more than a “what I did on crooks essay, my favorite holiday.” There should be events and consequences of these events. There doesn’t have to be a major consequence, but it should be there. Here’s an essays on bell example I use in my classes: My mother died and my father died. (This is not a story.) My mother died and my father died two weeks later of a broken heart. (This is crooks loneliness essay, closer to a story line, but it would be nice to have more that relates to you – the story teller.

After all, this is a memoir vignette.) My mother died and then my father died two weeks later of a broken heart, leaving my five-year old brother and me orphans. (Now, we have a story line. There are events and consequences.) 7. Just be sure to submit your entry no later than Halloween, October 31. 8. Contact Matilda if you have any questions. TWO MEMOIR WRITING CONTESTS FOR JULY. CONTEST #1: TableScraps, Stories and Photos of biomechanics project papers, Your Life with Pets. Alice the most wonderful Airedale.

TODAY we are starting a new series in our ScrapMoir line of stories that combine the crooks essay, best of memoir with the what is the importance thinking, best of scrapbooking–TableScraps. TableScraps, stories of crooks essay, you and process essay your pet(s) combined with photos, joins KitchenScraps, stories with recipes and essay photos, as a way to tell our life stories. FROM today (June 18th) until July 31st, 2010, you are encouraged to submit an approximately 1000-word memoir vignette about you and/or your family and process essay a favorite pet (or any animal, for that matter). Loneliness? Kendra has had dogs, cats, turtles, even a Mallard duckling among her treasured friends. Matilda considers all the fauna–wild deer, boar, quail, even Phil and Fiona the Pheasant–that enjoy her flora and is the importance of critical thinking the 10 acres she lives on crooks loneliness essay, in California to be her pets. Actually, she considers them the best kind of pets. Essay On Benefits Social Responsibility? She can enjoy watching them without having to crooks loneliness essay feed and care for them. Do you have a story about the process essay, animals in your life? Submit your TableScraps vignette to Women’s Memoirs on or before July 31, 2010 to enter our contest.

You can send to crooks Matilda via email: matilda at womensmemoirs dot com. You can either paste your story into biomechanics the text of the email or attach a .doc file. And be sure to submit a photo or two (or three) of you and your animal friend(s). Remember that while a vignette is a very short memoir story, it is a story (not an anecdote) and needs to be a complete thought with a theme and crooks loneliness message (although simple) and a plot with a beginning, middle and end. We look forward to essay on benefits your stories. After all, who doesn’t like to read animal stories? Remember, cold nose=warm heart.

The prize for this month’s TableScraps contest winner is quite special too. We’re giving away a copy of Dr. Greg’s Dog Dish Diet: Sensible Nutrition for Your Dog’s Health . Essay? This is the first book we’ve published under our Riparian Press imprint. It has won four national book awards including the coveted Gold Medal in the Living Now Awards, and essays jar it’s author Dr. Crooks? Greg Martinez won the Gilroy, California, Best Vet award. Process Essay? You can read much more about Dr. Greg and his book Dog Dish Diet HERE. REMEMBER: Approximately 1000 word story plus one or more photographs. CONTEST #2: KitchenScraps, Stories, Recipes, and Photos of Summer’s Abundant Produce.

We couldn’t resist adding a second contest for July. If your parents or grandparents had a garden with fruits or vegetables that were part of loneliness essay, your childhood, submit your story along with a treasured family recipe and photographs. Perhaps you have become the is the, gardener who grows food for your table in the summer. Juicy tomatoes, just-dug Yukon Gold potatoes, baby arugula, ears of corn eaten 10 minutes after picking — these are just a few of my favorite things. Send [ matilda at womensmemoirs dot com] your memoir vignette of food grown and/or shared along with a recipe and photographs, if possible. You’ll be sharing from the essay, abundance of your life. The contest winner will receive a bar of on bell, our Mindfulness Soap, made exclusively for Women’s Memoirs by crooks loneliness essay, two women who hand make each bar, just as their grandmothers did. Click Here to read the story of these two creative women. REMEMBER: Approximately 1000 word story plus a recipe and one or more photographs. Essays On Bell Jar? Submit stories that have a beginning, a middle, and loneliness an ending.

Include use of the five senses and all the other elements of a well-crafted story. Good luck, now get to writing. OUR MAY GOOGLE SEARCH STORY CONTEST WINNERS. Congratulations to Barbara and Tricia. You can see their winning videos HERE. Barbara and Tricia will receive our original Rosie the Riveter Legacy bandana. Thank you to school homework games everyone who submitted. If you haven’t yet played with the loneliness, YouTube Google Search Story Creator, you’re in for some fun. On Bell Jar? Kendra has written a post about this over on our blog. Here’s the link. We recommend you go read that post before beginning the crooks essay, contest.

1- You enter your search phrases in chronological order on the right; and select the research project, type of search you want for each search string (Web search, Maps, Product search, etc.) You’ll notice that the loneliness essay, preview screen (just below this form–you can’t see it in this screen shot) shows you what your Google search actually found. Try changing from what importance thinking skills Web search to Maps to Product Search, etc. to give your screens variety. 2- When you’re done and crooks essay click NEXT, you’ll go to another screen where you can choose from several musical scores. 3- And when you are finally done, YouTube will begin building your video. Quotes For Essays? This will take a few minutes. Be patient. 4- After you watch your video and if you’re pleased with the results, give your video memoir a name and brief description. Put “Women’s Memoirs” in quotes as a tag. 5- Post your new video on YouTube. 6- Finally, go back to my original blog post HERE and add a Comment telling us the name of your video and the URL. You must do this last step so we’ll know who’s video is who’s.

That’s all there is to crooks loneliness it. Have fun, and good luck. The contest ends May 31, 2010. Our Limited Edition Rosie the Riveter Bandana. Be sure to check back regularly as we have additional contests planned for this year. Past winners are only process essay, eligible to win every 90 days. OUR MARCH AND APRIL MEMOIR WRITING CONTESTS. For March and April, we have a new Women’s Memoirs contest. We invite you to crooks submit a story that features a recipe. All entries will be read by both of us.

Kendra and I will choose the best one. Of Critical Skills? It will be published as the month’s award winner. Loneliness? In addition, the top 5 will also be published in process essay the coming months. BUT WAIT, that’s not all. Crooks? Kendra has talked me into another prize for process essay, the first place winner in each March and April. In addition to crooks essay being published on our website, the what importance, winner will receive a free copy of crooks loneliness, our [Essential] Women’s Memoir Writing Workshop, a 5-DVD set.

This product, based on my all-day workshops, is regularly $132. My in-person workshop is $200. Be sure to enter. You have nothing to lose and everything (or at least two great prizes) to win. 1. Submit a story vignette that centers around a recipe by March 31 (or April 30 for process essay, the second month’s contest). Loneliness? If you’d like to and juliet quotes read some of the stories already published, just click here. 2. The story should be approximately 1000 words. 3. Include the crooks, recipe and good and juliet quotes for essays photos. Photos might include a picture of the prepared dish, a picture of one or more of the people mentioned in crooks essay the story, a photo of any memorabilia mentioned in the story. Use your creativity both in your writing and in the way to include graphical elements.

Have a great story and recipe, but no photos? Just let us know and we’ll work with you on graphical elements. 4. Send the story, recipe, and photos to: Matilda Butler. 5. Be sure to email us if you have any questions. Be sure to check back regularly as we have additional contests planned for this year. Past winners are only eligible to win every 90 days. January Women’s Memoir Writing Contest Winner.

Congratulations Janet Riehl. January 2010 Winner: Janet Riehl provided the most substantive comments to our blogs. Romeo And Juliet Quotes? It was thrilling for us to announce her award at the Saturday luncheon of Story Circle Network’s Stories from the Heart Conference on February 6. February Women’s Memoir Writing Contest Winner. Our February winner is Mairi Neil. You may have read her touching KitchenScraps called Mum’s Legendary Scones. Her story generated a lot of responses and she commented back to each person — helping to create a real community around her story. Mairi Neil with her contest prize -- Mindfulness Soap. Here’s the photo that Mairi Neil sent us after her prize — a bar of our special Mindfulness Soap arrived in Australia where she lives. This soap is made just for Women’s Memoirs of all organic ingredients and crooks loneliness we’re pleased that Mairi likes it so much. Congratulations Mairi on a touching story.

I would like to know what happened with the Rosie contest that was ending end of February 2013? Was there a “winner”? Have a nice day. Leave a Comment. Sign up here for our monthly blog digest.

For your convenience, we send a monthly digest of our latest posts directly to your inbox. Sign up now, it's simple. TALES OF OUR LIVES Award-Winning Stories from Women’s Memoirs. Amber Lea Starfire, author of NOT THE MOTHER I REMEMBER: A MEMOIR. Seasons of Our Lives “GET INSPIRED… 4 Volumes of SEASONS OF OUR LIVES Available in good romeo quotes Kindle Store. Rosie the essay, Riveter’s Bandana Available at school homework games RosiesDaughters.com and Etsy.com. TALES OF OUR LIVES — New Award-Winning Anthology Now Available. Maria Espinosa, American Book Award for LONGING and essay PEN Oakland Award for DYING UNFINISHED. Memories Sweet and process essay Savory – Apple iBook Now Available – Just $1.99. SEASONS OF OUR LIVES Author Reads Her Story.

Get Your Copy of the crooks loneliness essay, Award-Winning WRITING ALCHEMY. Get our free ebooks for memoir writers. Receive your FREE writing tips ($5.45 value) Top 10 Reasons to Write Your Memoir Will the R.E.A.L. Authorpreneur Please Stand Up? Free eBook on essay on benefits of corporate social, Scrapbooking + Memoir. Receive your FREE ScrapMoir Writing Book ($7.50 value) Scrapbooking + Memoir = ScrapMoir: 7 Steps to Combining Your Photos, Your Memoirs, Your Stories Every writer needs to build a list of her own. • Create sign-in forms.

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resume slumdog This is the book on which the movie Slumdog Millionaire was made and is one of the few books that I am reading after watching (and enjoying) the movie. I usually tend to have read the book before watching the movie. In a nutshell, the crooks essay, story is about a poor boy from the slums of Mumbai and Delhi who somehow manages to of corporate social get on the popular TV show “Who Wants to be a Billionaire?” and manages to win 1 billion dollars. How does a poor, uneducated boy know the answers to all the loneliness essay, questions? Has he cheated, or did he learn from the university of life? Well, that’s the rest of the plot…where he tells his life story showing how he knew the answers to process essay the questions he was asked. I was quite surprised to find that the movie deviates quite significantly from the book. The book has far more anecdotes, and details.

I welcome the extra detail but somehow the crooks, prose does not do justice to the story. Vikas Swarup’s writing is a bit flat, very straightforward, and I was having difficulties getting into the book. The main strengths of the process essay, movie were the energy of the kids, the cinematography, the music, and the concept of crooks, fate. None of these strengths are derived from the book. The book meanders on with various anecdotes from Ram Mohammed Thomas’s life (yes, in the book this is his name, and essay responsibility, the story of how he comes by loneliness essay a multi-religious name is as cliched as it comes). On Bell Jar? The book starts to come to life when Ram goes to Agra and falls in love, and decides to come on to the essay, show…a little over midway through the book. The story picks up the pace quite nicely and Vikas Swarup even manages to throw in a few twists and good romeo, turns into loneliness essay, the very predictable plot making the ending quite a nice surprise.

All in all, it’s not too bad a book. Is The Importance? But I was somehow expecting it to touch my emotions a little bit more. Loneliness Essay? I think this is one of those rare cases where the movie was more affecting than the book. Have any of you read the book and seen the movie? How did you feel the two compared? Note: I am including this read as one of the books towards completing the process essay, South Asian Authors Challenge hosted by S Krishna. Coorg- A Photo Essay.

The Case of the Missing Servant. Top Places and Attractions to Visit in Delhi. Teaser Tuesdays: Delhi Mostly Harmless. Substantially, the post is actually the greatest on that worthw hile topic. I harmonise with your conclusions and will thirstily look forward to your coming updates.

Simply saying thanks will certainly not just be acceptable, for the extraordinary lucidity in your writing. I will certainly promptly grab your rss feed to stay abreast of crooks, any updates. Fabulous work and also much success in your business enterprize! I am shocked you didn’t enjoy the sports biomechanics papers, book as much. Crooks Essay? I, on the other hand, completely enjoyed it. I watched the movie some time ago, and loved it, but if you were to ask me what happened in the movie all I could tell you was that there was a quiz show, an Indian guy, romance, running with some sense of urgency, and amazing music.

The book on the other hand, though open to its many criticisms for being too idealistic in for essays its portrayal (a poor boy winning a billion dollars, marrying the crooks loneliness essay, love of his life, who is a prostitute by the way, and buying that ferrari he always wanted) has so much more to process essay tell, unlike the movie. As with most movie adaptations of books, they deviate quite dramatically from the original plot of the text. Sometimes that’s understandable. Some things you just can’t express visually as you can with the power of crooks loneliness, words. Sometimes you want to of corporate attract a broader audience, so as a producer you completely remove some essentials of a text to create a film. Fine, we get that.

And if that’s the case, then I guess it’s totally unfair to compare the two (book and film). But since everyone seems to be doing that anyway, I feel the need to say a bit too on this matter. The book, I believe is beautifully written. In its presentation the author has artfully interwoven tragedy with humour. There is a whole bunch of irony interspersed that can make one smile, burst out laughing or even to gasp in crooks shock. For example, in chapter one “The Death of a Hero”, Vikas Swarup (the author) has not simply said ‘Armaan Ali is, OH MY GOD, gay’, but the presentation which he gives us where as readers we read to interpret the culprit of ‘feeling up’ Salim at the cinema to be Armaan Ali and thus gay, is homework, written so well it brings some good shock and humour at the revelation. Quotes from the book: (I’m using a pdf version so I cannot provide the pages numbers)

“The first thing you must know about Salim is that he is my best friend. The second is loneliness essay, that he is crazy about Hindi films. But not all Hindi films. Just the ones featuring Armaan Ali.” “Salim loves Armaan.

Or, more accurately, he worships Armaan.” “Suddenly, a tall man enters through the balcony door and takes the seat next to Salim. A20. Romeo And Juliet Quotes? He has two hundred seats to choose from, but he selects A20. It is impossible to see his face, but I can make out crooks essay that he is an is the of critical, old man with a long, flowing beard. He is wearing what appears to be a pathan suit. I am curious about this man. Why is he joining the film halfway through? Did he pay half price for his ticket?” Then there is a flashback where Salim learns that there is a ‘rumour’ that his idolized movie star is left by his girlfriend for being gay.

And then fast forward, back to the cinema scene. “I see that the bearded man’s left hand has moved on. Crooks Loneliness? It is essays, now placed in Salim’s lap and loneliness, rests there gently. Salim is essays, so engrossed in the death scene he does not register it. The old man is emboldened. He rubs his palm against loneliness essay Salim’s jeans. As Armaan takes his last few breaths, the man increases his pressure on Salim’s crotch, till he is biomechanics research, almost gripping it.” “The man hastily removes his hand from crooks, Salim’s lap and tries to get up from his seat. But before he can lift himself completely, Salim makes a grab for him.

He fails to catch the man’s collar, but gets hold of his beard. As Salim tugs, it comes off in his hand. The man leaps out of his seat with a strangled cry and dashes towards the for essays, exit, which is hardly twenty feet away.” “At that very instant the electrical power in the theatre fails and the generator kicks in. The screen goes blank and loneliness, the dark hall is dazzled as the emergency lights flick on….the power comes back. It was only a momentary interruption.

The film resumes on the screen…The man rushes past the black curtains to the red EXIT sign, slams open the door and what of critical skills, disappears. Crooks? But in sports biomechanics papers that split second Salim and I have seen a flash of hazel-green eyes. A chiselled nose. A cleft chin. As the credits begin to loneliness essay roll over romeo and juliet quotes for essays, the screen, Salim is left holding in loneliness his hand a mass of of corporate responsibility, tangled grey hair smelling vaguely of cologne and spirit gum.

This time he does not see the name of the publicity designer and crooks loneliness essay, the PRO, the light men and the spot boys, the fight director and the cameraman. He is weeping. Armaan Ali, his hero, has died.” The book, even in its elaborate use of irony (as with this example) teaches us a great deal about “appearance versus reality” and even so much more about societal pressures, how people struggle to perform actions in keeping with roles ascribed to them by the society. Some persons opt to say the reading of the text is boring, because the language is boring, and when persons say that, I have to and juliet quotes for essays wonder if they’ve actually read the book or just skimmed it. I will admit the language is crooks loneliness, not complex, so if you like that kind of writing you may be disappointed; but “boring” cannot define this text either. I’m sure the above excerpt was not boring at all, and those lines are just cut and pasted version of the real thing. The real thing is quite better. A lot of is the importance of critical, persons focus too much on the romance of the crooks loneliness, text (and movie, but then again, the movie revolves around romance for most people) which doesn’t make sense. The romance came in the latter part of the text. For what I have read, the project, text could exist without Ram meeting Nita.

So many valuable characters have occupied these pages. Ram, Father Timothy Francis (the man who adopted him), Father John Little (the young priest in training who engages in loneliness homoeroticism, Salim (his right hand man), Neelima Kumari (the former actress who commits suicide), Gudiya (much of a shocker here), her father (the ex-astronomer, turned drunkard), Maman (the man who preys on children’s innocence and maims them for his own good fortune, and maybe a little for theirs), Colonel Taylor (the spy), Almed Klen (the contract killer), Shankar (the autistic boy disowned by his wealthy mother)…and much more. Process Essay? So many colourful characters interspersed in Ram’s elaborate tale. And then apart from ‘appearance versus reality’, persons may see the manifestation of other issues (themes and essay, motifs): deception, death, social class disparity, gender disparity, broken homes/families, poverty, violence/abuse, power versus powerlessness, ‘voicelessness’, traditional versus worldly values, love and friendship. For me, when persons watch a film, things don’t resonate as much as they do when reading.

We have already established that half the school homework games, characters (named and crooks essay, unnamed) are ripped from the tale inorder to process essay make the movie. Then for films, there is the extreme focus on crooks loneliness music/sound, flashing colours etc. What Importance Of Critical Skills? When you read a book/text, your sole focus is on words. There is no distraction of other characters on crooks screen, of pretty colours or the quick passing of process essay, a scene. You know a girl could be on screen dressed in raggedy clothes, but unless that director made a conscious decision to make her look really ugly to crooks loneliness essay show say, her poverty, people might focus on sports biomechanics research project how slender and good she looks or how nicely her long limbs are shaped etc. (you would be very surprised how what people see when they watch a film). With a text of words, the texture and feel of crooks loneliness, words resonate in research papers your mind.

That’s your focus. Enough information is given through words to elicit a particular feeling in due strength to what is portrayed by the writer. Loneliness Essay? And if the writer has great control of biomechanics research, words and the manipulation of words as does Swarup, you will truly “feel” what is read even without the accompaniment of wonderful music. There are many things that might prevent a fun AND effective reading of a book. Loneliness Essay? 1. You may be forced to read the process essay, book so you do some ‘slap dash’ reading. 2. You not like that genre originally or even that style of crooks, writing so you set up a psychological block against it.

I don’t particularly like simple writing (like in essays Twilight) but I enjoy complex and essay, pseudo-psychological texts like Stephen King, or action and thriller, like John Sanford’s and James Patterson’s; however anything, no matter how idealistic/unrealistic the presentation, as long as it has the ability to teach moral lessons, has humour and can elicit empathy or sympathy from on bell jar, me, I can learn to like it and appreciate it for a book well written. I, even if no one else does, commend Vikas Swarup. I absolutely love his text: QA: Slumdog Millionaire. ps. I have the movie soundtrack.

Awesome stuff. I like the crooks, way you have write your reviews.Its fun to read and makes one want to read those books as well. I’ve just read the book, but haven’t seen the film yet. I think the book was rather good, had no difficulties getting through it. I liked how parts of romeo and juliet for essays, his parts where reviled one by one, in the wrong order. Like a puzzle =)

@Mimi: I saw the movie before I read the loneliness, book, and on benefits of corporate social responsibility, I must confess I liked the movie better #128578; i liked this movie. Crooks Loneliness Essay? this movie awarded by essays oscar… .. thank you so much for crooks loneliness sharing review of process essay, this movie. i liked this movie. Essay? this movie awarded by oscar… I have not read the book but Ihave seen the movie because it was showcased on Tatasky.

I wasn’t too happy with the film and it looked like the title of the movie made a mockery of all people living in the slums. Didn’t the homework games, makers of the movie have better things to show about India than this? It’s like marketing poverty to the western world. Maybe all this is new to the West but it doesn’t make any difference to me. Thank This Review.

Create a custom Facebook profile page for free. Chec out the themes here http://5b56bee0.zxxo.net. I tried to read the book several years ago, long before the movie came out, and I couldn’t get through it. I found the crooks loneliness, same thing you did, that the prose was uninspiring and good and juliet, I didn’t feel connected to the characters. The film was a little too upsetting in parts for my tastes, but generally I thought it was much better than the book. Crooks Essay? It had more of a zing to it.

I haven’t tried the movie or the book… in U.S. peoople got crazy about the movie and the songs were featured so much in tv it really made my head spin that overall I gave up the idea even to watch the movie… @Sumana: the movie was nice, definitely better than the book in my opinion, which was nice but written in a rather bland manner. I read the book first and really enjoyed it. The film however was sooo different and I find it a shame that it missed so many important things out. The Book emphasises the ups and downs more in what importance of critical thinking the main character’s life which for me was a lot more interesting. Crooks Essay? The film was also so quickly presented switching from process essay, scene to scene making it hard to watch. @Paul: Thanks for visiting and commenting. I suppose it depends on loneliness which you experience first? The book and movie are actually quite different from essays jar, each other when you think about it. Hello!

I am a tech writer from Bangalore who uses this blog to indulge in other forms of writing. I love to read and then write about crooks essay, what I read. However, I am not all about homework games, reading, and this blog reflects that. To contact me regarding reviews or advertising, email me at nishikkatgmail.com Enjoy! More about me and the blog.

This is the second Sarah Waters book I have read. The first book of hers . I read The Night Watch a couple of weeks back, and can't say I loved . #PrestigeKey2017 – The Real Estate Mecca. If you are on the lookout for some real-estate deals in Bengaluru (and let's face .

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A Complete Guide: How To Make An Israeli CV Out Of Your Resume. Crooks Essay! Immigrating to Israel or making aliya? Here's what you'll need to for essays prepare your resume for the Israeli job market. This is a guest post by Leah Aharoni. If you’d also like to guest post here on JobMob, follow these guest post guidelines. As you are embarking on your job search in loneliness essay Israel, the first order of business should be putting together a well-built CV. CV (in Hebrew korot chaim , sometimes abbreviated as ??#8221;?) stands for and juliet Curriculum Vitae and it is the Israeli equivalent of the familiar resume. While your existing resume already contains much of the information that Israeli hiring managers will want to see, you'll need to make certain changes to crooks loneliness reflect the cultural differences between the countries.

Unless a (Hebrew) wanted ad specifically calls for a CV in English, you absolutely have to translate it into Hebrew (it's a rare HR staffer that will take the essays jar time to essay plow through two pages of English, when she has a dozen of applications in her native Hebrew). Before we delve into the unique characteristics of an Israeli CV, let's review some basics that should be included in quotes for essays any job applicant's marketing document. Format while both chronological and functional CVs are used in crooks loneliness essay Israel, if you have a solid career development path with no significant gaps, stick to process essay the chronological format. On the crooks other hand, if you are new to the market or have prolonged stretches of unemployment, the functional format may be the right one for you. Length Keep it short. The ideal length for a CV is one page (two pages if you have very extensive experience). What Is The Importance Of Critical Thinking Skills! Still, don't be tempted to essay squeeze in as many details as possible. What Of Critical Thinking! Pick and choose to display only the most compelling information that will present you in the best light (without sacrificing integrity). Content one bill does not fit all. Be sure to customize your CV for each job application.

For example, if your academic training is crooks loneliness, more relevant to essay on benefits the vacancy than your work experience, put that first. Crooks Loneliness Essay! On the other hand, if your degree is in an unrelated field, list it after professional experience. Coordinates Make it easy to reach you. List all communication methods by which you can be reached, including your cell phone number and email. Process Essay! What makes an Israeli CV different. Now let's look at some peculiarities of an Israeli CV: Personal information personal information, including date of birth, place of birth, and date of crooks, aliya should appear right after complete contact information. Contrary to a popular belief, you do not have to provide all your personal details (marital status, number of children, etc). Essays! However, if you think this to be to crooks your advantage for a particular position, by all means do so. (By the sports research papers way, personal issues that may affect your work are very likely to come up during the interview, so prepare satisfactory answers ahead of time). Profile and loneliness objective these sections are not necessary on essays, a CV.

To the contrary, Israelis have little patience for applicants tooting their own horns. If you have something to loneliness showcase, do that in your experience and skills sections. Voice while in the US, a resume is always written in good for essays third person singular, in Israel it is fine to write in first person. Army service if you have served in crooks loneliness the IDF, make sure to provide this information, including corps and rank, after the and juliet education section. Languages -as you have probably noticed, Israel is crooks, a multi-cultural society, and employers prize multilingual workers. Make sure to provide details regarding your Hebrew level to alleviate any concerns about your communication abilities. Also, if you still remember some high-school Spanish or French, put that on the CV as well (be sure to provide accurate information about your fluency level). Driver's license many vacancies list a driver's license among the requirements. Note this information, if relevant. Here is a basic template for writing a chronological CV: Contact information (name, address, landline and cell phone numbers, email address) Personal information (date of birth, place of birth, date of aliya) Driver's license (if relevant) Common errors when translating your resume into Hebrew.

If you decide to essays jar translate your CV by yourself, here are some pitfalls to crooks essay avoid. Do not translate literally translation is about relating ideas, not words. Be sure to process essay find the appropriate Hebrew expression for the idea you are trying to express. For example, if you worked as a C-level executive assistant do not write ozer menahel beramat si (as ridiculous as that sounds, I am writing from experience). Essay! Find the right counterpart in the same vein, your job responsibilities must resonate with Israeli employers.

Often, same positions involve different procedures in various countries, so it might be worthwhile checking with an Israeli colleague whether your position in Israel involves the same tasks as it did abroad, and if not, what are the closest counterparts. College and company names the question of whether to list school and company names in English or in Hebrew is importance of critical skills, a tricky one. While you don't want to discourage the reader with too much English, if you went to a well-known school or worked for crooks a household name brand, you want to achieve brand recognition, which may not necessarily happen if you transcribe the of corporate company name into essay Hebrew. Put things into context chances are the hiring manager will not appreciate the significance of certain information on your CV. If, for school games example, your former employer led the loneliness pack in social its field in your native country, note that somewhere in your document. Try to look at things from an Israeli perspective (or consult an Israeli friend) to essay make sure everything is crystal clear. Get a proofreader Finally, even if your Hebrew is what thinking, fabulous, ask a native speaker to crooks essay proofread your CV to prevent embarrassing mistakes or culturally-inappropriate usage. Leah Aharoni is the owner of AQText Translation Services. For years, she has combined her HR experience with in-depth understanding of cultural and linguistic differences to help dozens of new olim get their job search off to a good start.

If you have any questions, follow Leah on Twitter @leah_aharoni. Subscribe to JobMob via RSS or email and follow me on importance skills, Twitter for essay more Israeli CV success tips. Job Search Expert, Professional Blogger, Creative Thinker, Community Builder with a sense of on benefits of corporate social, humor. I like to help people. #128068; 3 Things You Must Say At Every Job Interview. 10 Tips to Successful Resume Posting on crooks loneliness, the Internet. Any HR clerk in Israel is flient with both Hebrew and English. Thus, English CV isn#8217;t an issue for HR. Moreover, each recruiting company recreates the biomechanics research project CV befor disribute it to the clients. But, many team leaders and crooks loneliness other professionals, which receive the CV via HR, and deside to invite or not to sports biomechanics research invite the candidate to to interview, prefer to crooks loneliness read English. Hebrew CV is a big disadvantage for school homework games such a person.

I do not agree with your assertion about English fluency. While this may be true in certain industries, it is crooks, not true across the board. I have certainly seen my fair share of hiring managers that could hardly read English. Moreover, even people proficient in English, prefer reading in their native language (not to school homework mention that their comprehension abilities are better in crooks essay their native language). One thing is true though.

There are industries that routinely use certain English terminology and good romeo quotes for essays that should not be translated on loneliness essay, a CV. Essays On Bell! The issue about sending out a CV in English or Hebrew depends very much in the Industry you wish to work for. If you are applying for a High-Tech Job,for instance,then there is no problem sending an English CV (in some cases it might even be preferred). Crooks Loneliness Essay! If you would like to be Journalist for a Newspaper in Hebrew, then your English CV would thrown away immediately#8230; Since making aliyah in 1987 I have worked as a refrigeration/air conditioning engineer and on benefits of corporate have never been asked for a C.V. I have been designing and building #8220;aqua-life#8221; systems for many years employing #8220;hybrid#8221; technology.This #8220;skill#8221; came from a 4 year Ministry of Technology apprenticeship in electrical/mechanical engineering in essay Christchurch, Hampshire. I am preparing a full C.V. including the research and development I have made privately on these systems. I need some advice on how to process essay submit this C.V. as essentially it involves a #8220;career-change#8221;. Thank you for this article, which I find helpful both as a result of loneliness essay, it#8217;s clarity of language and ease of approach. As a Returning Citizen, though, should I remark on is the of critical skills, that date?

Thank you again. Oh, and about the crooks essay Hebrew/English CV#8230; I have lived in 5 countries, always working with very fluent English speakers, from importance of critical skills, which I can say it is but a matter of courtesy to loneliness present one#8217;s resume in the language of the country you are in biomechanics project alongside an English version, maybe. Thanks for sharing your experience re resume language. As a returning citizen/toshav chozer, I would include your return date if you#8217;re now applying for your first job since returning, otherwise your previous job will be enough to crooks essay roughly date your return. It#8217;s mainly to show if you#8217;re out of touch with local industry, so if you can show that you#8217;re not, it quickly becomes a non-issue. very efficient ! well done ! thank you for your help !:) Regarding which language CV to send when applying for games a job: I have read (and I think it makes a lot of sense) that you should send a CV in the language in which the job listing is written.

In the crooks past I tended to send my CV in both languages (also an option), and for those who wish to do that, it#8217;s probably better to process essay send one file than two (then the recipient has to choose which file to use). And then it would make sense to use the principle above to determine which language should appear first in crooks loneliness essay the file. It#8217;s possible you read it here #128521; How To Make An Israeli CV Out Of Your Resume http://su.pr/1wcuE9. RT @jacobshare How To Make An Israeli CV Out Of Your Resume http://su.pr/1wcuE9. How To Make An Israeli CV Out Of Your Resume http://bit.ly/1PnVje. Tips on sports research, writing a CV in Israel http://tinyurl.com/yaf7bv9 #fb #jobs #Israel. Social comments and analytics for this post#8230; This post was mentioned on Twitter by workfanatic: A Complete Guide: How To Make An Israeli CV Out Of Your Resume: Immigrating to Israel or making aliya? Here#8217;s w.. Loneliness Essay! http://bit.ly/2Y8Jzq#8230; How To Make An Israeli CV Out Of Your Resume: Immigrating to Israel or making aliya?

Read more at: http://bit.ly/31Q1N0. RT @tweetmeme How To Make An Israeli CV Out Of Your Resume | JobMob http://bit.ly/vqx4W. rt @mominisrael: RT @tweetmeme How To Make An Israeli CV Out Of Your Resume | JobMob http://bit.ly/vqx4W. How To Make An Israeli CV Out Of Your Resume | JobMob http://ow.ly/yZfB. Sports Biomechanics Papers! RT @jacobshare How To Make An Israeli CV Out Of Your Resume | JobMob http://bit.ly/vqx4W. [#8230;] This post was mentioned on Twitter by loneliness essay, Jacob Share, Hannah Katsman, Mike Miller, Jochanan A Hartog, Leah Aharoni and others. Leah Aharoni said: How To Make An Israeli CV Out Of Your Resume | JobMob http://ow.ly/yZfB [#8230;] A Complete Guide: How To Make An Israeli CV Out Of Your Resume http://bit.ly/6WhzRV Melamar kerja cara yahudi gan, ada yang tertarik ? [#8230;] (Not sure which resume elements to use on your Israeli job search?

Check out essay on benefits of corporate A Complete Guide: How To Make An Israeli CV Out Of Your Resume) [#8230;] [#8230;] May and June were spent learning how job search had changed in the past few years, creating a LinkedIn profile, updating and translating my CV into essay Hebrew. [#8230;] 28928 followers 2496 likes 2261 followers 1361 followers 1660 JobMob Insiders 881 posts 11604 comments. What Importance Of Critical Thinking Skills! Join 9892 JobMob subscribers to get free exclusive content such as The Ultimate Twitter Job Search Guide. Subscribe to JobMob® and Download The Ultimate Twitter Job Search Guide. Easily save it as a PDF or print ??for?? daily use. Join over 10K subscribers: Get fresh content from the JobMob® blog.

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How is the theme of racism and loneliness shown through the

emerson and essay essays [This essay was put together after Emerson's death from a number of commencement and similar addresses he had made. It appears in is the importance thinking The Complete Writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson , edited by Edward Emerson] A new degree of intellectual power seems cheap at any price. The use of the world is that man may learn its laws. And the crooks essay human race have wisely signified their sense of this, by calling wealth, means-- Man being the end.

Language is always wise. Therefore I praise New England because it is the country in the world where is the freest expenditure for education. We have already taken, at of corporate social responsibility, the planting of the Colonies (for aught I know for the first time in the world), the initial step, which for its importance might have been resisted as the crooks essay most radical of revolutions, thus deciding at the start the destiny of this country--this, namely, that the poor man, whom the law does not allow to take an ear of corn when starving, nor a pair of shoes for his freezing feet, is allowed to put his hand into the pocket of the rich, and say, You shall educate me, not as you will, but as I will: not alone in the elements, but, by further provision, in the languages, in sciences, in the useful and in elegant arts. The child shall be taken up by biomechanics the State, and taught, at the public cost, the rudiments of knowledge, and, at loneliness, last, the ripest results of art and science. Humanly speaking, the school, the college, society, make the difference between men. All the fairy tales of Aladdin or the invisible Gyges or the sports biomechanics research papers taIisman that opens kings' palaces or the enchanted halls underground or in the sea, are any fictions to indicate the one miracle of intellectual enlargement.

When a man stupid becomes a man inspired, when one and the same man passes out of the torpid into the perceiving state, leaves the din of trifles, the stupor of the senses, to enter into crooks loneliness essay the quasi-omniscience of high thought--up and down, around, all limits disappear. School? No horizon shuts down. He sees things in their causes, all facts in their connection. One of the loneliness problems of history is the beginning of civilization. Games? The animals that accompany and serve man make no progress as races. Those called domestic are capable of learning of man a few tricks of utility or amusement, but they cannot communicate the skill to their race. Each individual must be taught anew.

The trained dog cannot train another dog. Crooks Essay? And Man himself in many faces retains almost the unteachableness of the beast. For a thousand years the islands and process essay forests of a great part of the world have been led with savages who made no steps of advance in art or skill beyond the necessity of being fed and warmed. Certain nations with a better brain and usually in more temperate climates have made such progress as to compare with these as these compare with the bear and the wolf. Victory over things is the office of man. Of course, until it is accomplished, it is the war and insult of things over him. His continual tendency, his great danger, is to overlook the loneliness fact that the world is only his teacher, and the nature of sun and moon, plant and animal only means of arousing his interior activity. Enamored of their beauty, comforted by their convenience, he seeks them as ends, and process essay fast loses sight of the fact that they have worse than no values, that they become noxious, when he becomes their slave. This apparatus of crooks, wants and faculties, this craving body, whose organs ask all the elements and essays all the functions of Nature for their satisfaction, educate the wondrous creature which they satisfy with light, with heat, with water, with wood, with bread, with wool. The necessities imposed by his most irritable and crooks all-related texture have taught Man hunting, pasturage, agriculture, commerce, weaving, joining, masonry, geometry, astronomy.

Here is a world pierced and belted with natural laws, and fenced and planted with civil partitions and properties, which all put new restraints on the young inhabitant. He too must come into this magic circle of relations, and essay on benefits know health and sickness, the fear of injury, the desire of external good, the charm of riches, the charm of loneliness, power. The household is a school of power. There, within the door, learn the tragicomedy of what of critical, human life. Here is the sincere thing, the wondrous composition for crooks loneliness, which day and sports research project papers night go round. In that routine are the crooks essay sacred relations, the passions that bind and sever. Here is on bell jar poverty and all the crooks essay wisdom its hated necessities can teach, here labor drudges, here affections glow, here the secrets of character are told, the guards of man, the guards of process essay, woman, the compensations which, like angels of justice, pay every debt: the opium of custom, whereof all drink and many go mad. Here is Economy, and Glee, and Hospitality, and Ceremony, and Frankness, and crooks essay Calamity, and Death, and Hope. Every man has a trust of power--every man, every boy a jurisdiction, whether it be over school homework games a cow or a rood of a potato-field, or a fleet of essay, ships, or the laws of a state. And what activity the desire of power inspires!

What toils it sustains! How it sharpens the perceptions and stores the memory with facts. Thus a man may well spend many years of life in essay on benefits trade. It is a constant teaching of the laws of matter and of mind, No dollar of property can be created without some direct communication with nature, and of course some acquisition of knowledge and practical force. It is a constant contest with the active faculties of loneliness essay, men, a study of the issues of one and another course of action, an accumulation of power, and, if the higher faculties of the individual be from time to time quickened, he will gain wisdom and virtue from his business.

As every wind draws music out of the school homework Aeolian harp, so doth every object in Nature draw music out of his mind. Is it not true that every landscape I behold, every friend I meet, every act I perform, every pain I suffer, leaves me a different being from that they found me? That poverty, love, authority, anger, sickness, sorrow, success, all work actively upon our being and unlock for essay, us the concealed faculties of the mind? Whatever private or petty ends are frustrated, this end is always answered. Whatever the man does, or whatever befalls him, opens another chamber in his soul--that is, he has got a new feeling, a new thought, a new organ. Do we not see how amazingly for romeo, this end man is fitted to the world? What leads him to science?

Why does he track in the midnight heaven a pure spark, a luminous patch wandering from age to essay, age, but because he acquires thereby a majestic sense of power; learning that in his own constitution he can set the shining maze in order, and finding and carrying their law in his mind, can, as it were, see his simple idea realized up yonder in giddy distances and frightful periods of duration. If Newton come and first of men perceive that not alone certain bodies fall to the ground at a certain rate, but that all bodies in the Universe, the universe of bodies, fall always, and at one rate; that every atom in nature draws to every other atom--he extends the power of his mind not only over every cubic atom of his native planet, but he reports the condition of process essay, millions of worlds which his eye never saw. And what is the charm which every ore, every new plant, every new fact touching winds, clouds, ocean currents, the secrets of chemical composition and decomposition possess for Humboldt. What but that much revolving of similar facts in his mind has shown him that always the mind contains in its transparent chambers the crooks means of classifying the most refractory phenomena, of on benefits social, depriving, them of all casual and essay chaotic aspect, and subordinating them to a bright reason of its own, and so giving to man a sort of property--yea, the very highest property in every district and particle of the globe. By the permanence of Nature, minds are trained alike, and sports research made intelligible to each other. Crooks Loneliness Essay? In our condition are the roots of language and communication, and these instructions we never exhaust.

In some sort the end of life is process essay that the man should take up the loneliness universe into himself, or out of that quarry leave nothing unrepresented. Yonder mountain must migrate into his mind. Yonder magnificent astronomy he is at last to import, fetching away moon, and essays planet, solstice, period, comet and binal star, by crooks loneliness comprehending their relation and law. Instead of the timid stripling he was, he is to be the stalwart Archimedes, Pythagoras, Columbus, Newton, of the physic, metaphysic and ethics of the design of the world. For truly the population of the globe has its origin in the aims which their existence is to serve; and so with every portion of them. The truth takes flesh in forms that can express it; and thus in history an idea always overhangs, like the moon, and biomechanics papers rules the tide which rises simultaneously in all the souls of essay, a generation.

Whilst thus the world exists for the mind; whilst thus the man is ever invited inward into shining realms of knowledge and power by the shows of the world, which interpret to him the infinitude of his own consciousness--it becomes the office of a just education to awaken him to school games, the knowledge of this fact. We learn nothing rightly until we learn the symbolical character of life. Day creeps after day, each full of facts, dull, strange, despised things, that we cannot enough despise--call heavy, prosaic, and desert. The time we seek to kill: the attention it is elegant to divert from things around us. And presently the aroused intellect finds gold and gems in crooks loneliness one of these scorned facts--then finds that the day of facts is a rock of diamonds; that a fact is an Epiphany of God. We have our theory of life, our religion, our philosophy; and the event of process essay, each moment, the shower, the steamboat disaster the passing of a beautiful face, the apoplexy of our neighbor, are all tests to try our theory, the approximate result we call truth, and reveal its defects.

If I have renounced the loneliness search of truth, if I have come into process essay the port of loneliness, some pretending dogmatism, some new church or old church, some Schelling or Cousin, I have died to all use of these new events that are born out of prolific time into multitude of life every hour. I am as a bankrupt to whom brilliant opportunities offer in vain. Is The Importance Of Critical? He has just foreclosed his freedom, tied his hands, locked himself up and crooks essay given the key to another to what is the importance of critical thinking skills, keep. When I see the doors by which God enters into loneliness essay the mind; that there is no sot or fop, ruffian or pedant into whom thoughts do not enter by passages which the individual never left open, I can expect any revolution in character. I have hope, said the great Leibnitz, that society may be reformed, when I see how much education may be reformed. It is ominous, a presumption of crime, that this word Education has so cold, so hopeless a sound. A treatise on education, a convention for education, a lecture, a system, affects us with slight paralysis and homework a certain yawning of the jaws.

We are not encouraged when the law touches it with its fingers. Education should be as broad as man. Whatever elements are in him that should foster and demonstrate. If he be dexterous, his tuition should make it appear; if he be capable of crooks, dividing men by the trenchant sword of his thought, education should unsheathe and on bell jar sharpen it; if he is one to essay, cement society by his all-reconciling affinities, oh! hasten their action! If he is jovial, if he is mercurial, if he is a great-hearted, a cunning artificer, a strong commander, a potent ally, ingenious, useful, elegant, witty, prophet, diviner--society has need of all these.

The imagination must be addressed. Good Romeo And Juliet? Why always coast on the surface and never open the interior of crooks loneliness essay, nature, not by science, which is surface still, but by poetry? Is not the Vast an essays on bell, element of the mind? Yet what teaching, what book of this day appeals to the Vast? Our culture has truckled to the times--to the senses. It is not manworthy. If the vast and the spiritual are omitted, so are the practical and the moral. It does not make us brave or free.

We teach boys to be such men as we are. We do not teach them to aspire to be all they can.. We do not give them a training as if we believed in their noble nature. Loneliness Essay? We scarce educate their bodies. We do not train the eye and the hand.

We exercise their understandings to the apprehension and: comparison of some facts, to a skill in numbers, in words; we aim to make accountants, attorneys, engineers; but not to make able, earnest, great-hearted men. The great object of Education should be commensurate with the object of life. Research? It should be a moral one; to teach self-trust; to inspire the youthful man with an interest in himself; with a curiosity touching his own nature; to acquaint him with the resources of his mind, and to teach him that there is all his strength, and to inflame him with a piety towards the Grand Mind in which he lives. Thus would education conspired with the Divine Providence. Essay? A man is a little thing whilst he works by and for himself, but, when he gives voice to the rules of love and justice, is essays jar godlike, this word is current in all countries; and all men, though his enemies, are made his friends and obey it as their own. In affirming that the moral nature of essay, man is the predominant element and should therefore be mainly consulted in the arrangements of a school, I am very far from wishing that it should swallow up all the other instincts and faculties of man. It should be enthroned in his mind, but if it monopolize the man he is research project not yet sound, he does not yet know his wealth. He is in danger of essay, becoming merely devout, and wearisome through the monotony of his thought.

It is process essay not less necessary that the intellectual and the active faculties should be nourished and matured. Let us apply to this subject the light of the same torch by which we have looked at all the phenomena of the time; the infinitude, namely, of every man. Everything teaches that. One fact constitutes all my satisfaction, inspires all my trust, viz., this perpetual youth, which, as long as there is any good in us, we cannot get rid of. It is very certain that the coming age and the departing age seldom understand each other. The old man thinks the young man has no distinct purpose, for he could never get any thing intelligible and earnest out of him. Perhaps the young man does not think: it worth his while to explain himself to so hard an crooks essay, inapprehensive a confessor. Let him be led up with a longsighted forbearance, and let not the sallies of his petulance or folly be checked with disgust or indignation or despair.

I call our system a system of romeo and juliet for essays, despair, and I find all the correction, all the revolution that is needed and that the best spirits of this age promise, in one word, in Hope. Nature, when she sends a new mind into the world, fills it beforehand with a desire for that which she wishes it to know and do, Let us wait and essay see what is this new creation, of what new organ the great Spirit had need when it incarnated this new Will. A new Adam in the garden, he is to name all the beasts in the field, all the gods in school homework games the sky. And jealous provision seems to have been made in crooks his constitution that you shah not invade and contaminate him with the worn weeds of your language and opinions. The charm of life is this variety of good and juliet for essays, genius, these contrasts, and flavors by which Heaven has modulated the crooks essay identity of truth, and there is process essay a perpetual hankering to violate this individuality, to warp his ways of thinking and behavior to resemble or reflect your thinking and crooks behavior. A low self-love in the parent desires that his child should repeat his character and fortune; an expectation which the child, if justice is school games done him, will nobly disappoint. By working on the theory that this resemblance exists, we shall do what in us lies to defeat his proper promise and produce the ordinary and mediocre. I suffer whenever I see that common sight of a parent or senior imposing his opinion and way of thinking and being on crooks loneliness, a young soul to which they are totally unfit. Cannot we let people be themselves, and enjoy life in their own way?

You are trying to make that man another you . One's enough. Or we sacrifice the genius of the pupil, the unknown possibilities of his nature, to a neat and safe uniformity, as the Turks whitewash the costly mosaics of ancient art which the Greeks left on their temple walls. Rather let us have men whose manhood is only the continuation of their boyhood, natural characters still; such are able and fertile for heroic action; and not that sad spectacle with which we are too familiar, educated eyes in essays on bell jar uneducated bodies. I like boys, the masters of the playground and of the street--boys, who have the same liberal ticket of admission to crooks essay, all shops, factories, armories, town-meetings, caucuses, mobs, target--shootings, as flies have; quite unsuspected, coming in as naturally as the janitor--known to have no money in their pockets, and themselves not suspecting the value of this poverty; putting nobody on his guard, but seeing the inside of the show--hearing all the essay on benefits social asides. There are no secrets from them, they know everything that befalls in the fire company, the merits of every engine and of every man at the brakes, how to work it, and are swift to try their hand at every part; so too the merits of every locomotive on the rails, and will coax the crooks essay engineer to let them ride with him and pull the handles when it goes to the engine-house.

They are there only for fun, and not knowing that they are at school, in the court-house, or the cattle-show, quite as much and more than they were, an hour ago, in the arithmetic class. They know truth from counterfeit as quick as the chemist does. They detect weakness in your eye and behavior a week before you open your mouth, and have given you the benefit of their opinion quick as a wink. They make no mistakes, have no pedantry, but entire belief on experience. Project Papers? Their elections at baseball or cricket are founded on merit, and crooks are right. They don't pass for swimmers until they can swim, nor for is the importance of critical thinking, stroke-oar until they can row: and I desire to be saved from their contempt. If I can pass with them, I can manage well enough with their fathers. Everybody delights in the energy with which boys deal and loneliness talk with each other; the mixture of fun and earnest, reproach and essays jar coaxing, love and loneliness wrath, with which the game is played--the good-natured yet defiant independence of essays, a leading boy's behavior in the schoolyard.

How we envy in essay later life the is the importance of critical skills happy youths to whom their boisterous games and rough exercise furnish the precise element which frames and sets off their school and college tasks, and teaches them, when least they think it, the use and meaning of these. In their fun and extreme freak they hit on the topmost sense of Horace. The young giant, brown from loneliness essay his hunting tramp, tells his story well, interlarded with lucky allusions to process essay, Homer, to Virgil, to college songs, to Walter Scott; and Jove and Achilles, partridge and trout, opera and crooks essay binomial theorem, Caesar in what is the importance of critical thinking Gaul, Sherman in Savannah, and hazing in Holworthy, dance through the narrative in merry confusion, yet the logic is good. If he can turn his books to loneliness, such picturesque account in his fishing and hunting, it is easy to see how his reading and experience, as he has more of both, will interpentetrate each other. And every one desires that this pure vigor of action and wealth of narrative, cheered with so much humor and street rhetoric, should be carried: into process essay the habit of the young man, purged of its uproar and rudeness, but. with all its vivacity entire.

His hunting and campings-out have given him an indispensable base: I wish to add a taste for good company; through his impatience of crooks loneliness, bad. That stormy genius of his needs a little direction to games, charades, verses of society, song, and a correspondence year by year with his wisest and best friends. Friendship is an order of process essay, nobility; from its revelations We come more worthily into loneliness essay nature. Society he must have or he is poor indeed; he gladly enters a school which forbids conceit, affectation, emphasis and dullness, and requires of each only the flower of his nature and experience; requires good will, beauty, wit, and select information; teaches by sports practice the law of conversation, namely, to hear as well as to speak. Meantime, if circumstances do not permit the high social advantages, solitude has also its lessons. The obscure youth learns there the practice instead of the literature of his virtues; and, because of the crooks loneliness disturbing effect of passion and sense, which by a multitude of trifles impede the mind's eye from the quiet search of that fine horizon-line which truth keeps--the way to knowledge and process essay power has ever been an escape from too much engagement with affairs and possessions; a way, not through plenty and superfluity, but by essay denial and renunciation, into solitude and privation; and, the more is taken away, the sports biomechanics more; real and inevitable wealth of loneliness, being is made known to on bell, us. The solitary knows the essence of the thought, the scholar in society only its fair face. There is no want of example of great men, great benefactors, who have been monks and hermits in habit.

The bias of mind is crooks loneliness essay sometimes irresistible in that direction. The man is, as it were, born deaf and dumb, and dedicated to a narrow and lonely life. Romeo For Essays? Let him study the art of solitude, yield as gracefulIy as he can to his destiny. Why cannot he get the crooks essay good of his doom, and if it is from eternity a settled fact that he and process essay society shall be nothing to each other, why need he blush so, and loneliness make wry faces to keep up a freshman's seat in the fine world? Heaven often protects valuable souls charged with great secrets, great ideas, by long shutting them up with their own thoughts. And the of corporate most genial and amiable of men must alternate society with solitude, and learn its severe lessons. There comes the period of the imagination to each, a later youth; the crooks loneliness power of beauty, the homework power of books, of poetry. Culture makes his books realities to him, their characters more brilliant, more effective on his mind, than his actual mates. Do not spare to put novels into the hands of young people as an occasional holiday and experiment but, above all, good poetry in all kinds, epic, tragedy, lyric. If we can touch the crooks loneliness imagination, we serve them, they will never forget it.

Let him read Tom Brown at Rugby , read Tom Brown at essay, Oxford , better yet, read Hodson's Life --Hodson who took prisoner the King of Delhi. They teach the crooks loneliness same truth--a trust, against sports research, all appearances, against all privations, in your own worth, and not in tricks, plotting, or patronage. I believe that our own experience instructs us that the secret of Education lies in respecting the pupil. It is not for you to choose what he shall know, what he shall do. It is chosen and foreordained, and he only holds the key to essay, his own secret.

By your tampering and thwarting and too much governing he may be hindered from his end and homework kept out of loneliness, his own. Respect the child. Wait and see the new product of Nature. Is The Importance Of Critical Skills? Nature loves analogies, but not repetitions. Respect the child. Be not too much his parent. Trespass not on his solitude.

But I hear the outcry which replies to this suggestion--Would you verily throw up the reins of essay, public and private discipline; would you leave the young child to the mad career of his own passions and whimsies, and call this anarchy a respect for on bell jar, the child's nature? I answer--Respect the child, respect him to the end, but also respect yourself. Be the companion of his thought, the friend of his friendship, the lover of his virtue--but no kinsman of his sin. Let him find you so true to yourself that you are the irreconcilable hater of his vice and the imperturbable slighter of his trifling. The two points in a boy's training are, to keep his naturel and train off all but that--to keep his naturel , but stop off his uproar, fooling, and horseplay--keep his nature and arm it with knowledge in crooks essay the very direction to which it points. Here are the on bell two capital facts, Genius and loneliness essay Drill.

This first in the inspiration in essays on bell the well-born healthy child, the new perception he has of nature. Somewhat he sees in forms or hears in music or apprehends in mathematics, or believes practicable in mechanics or possible in political society, which no one else sees or hears or believes. This is the crooks perpetual romance of new life, the invasion of God into the old dead world, when he sends into quiet houses a young soul with a thought which is not met, looking for something which is not there, but which ought to be there: the thought is dim but it is sports biomechanics research project sure, and he casts about restless for means and masters to verify it; he makes wild attempts to explain himself and invoke the aid and consent of the by-standers. Baffled for want of loneliness, language and methods to convey his meaning, not yet clear to himself, he conceives that though not in process essay this house or town, yet in some other house or town is the wise master who can put him in possession of the rules and instruments to execute his will. Happy this child with a bias, with a thought which entrances him, leads him, now into deserts now into crooks loneliness essay cities, the fool of an and juliet quotes for essays, idea. Let him follow it in good and in evil report, in good or bad company; it will justify itself; it will lead him at last into the illustrious society of the lovers of truth. In London, in a private company, I became acquainted with a gentleman, Sir Charles Fellowes, who, being at Xanthos, in the Aegean Sea, had seen a Turk point with his staff to some carved work on the corner of a stone almost buried in crooks the soil. Fellowes scraped away the dirt, was struck with the beauty of the sculptured ornaments, and, looking about him, observed; more blocks and fragments like this.

He returned to the spot, procured laborers and uncovered many blocks. He went back to England, bought a Greek grammar and learned the language; he read history and good and juliet for essays studied, ancient art to explain his stones; he interested Gibson the sculptor; he invoked the assistance of the English Government; he called in the succor of Sir Humphry Davy to analyze the essay pigments; of experts in coins, of scholars and connoisseurs; and at last: in his third visit brought home to good quotes for essays, England such statues and crooks marble reliefs and such careful plans that he was able to reconstruct, in the British Museum where it now stands, the perfect model of the Ionic trophy-monument, fifty years older than the Parthenon of Athens, and games which had been destroyed by earthquakes, then by iconoclast Christians, then by savage Turks. But mark that in the task be had achieved an excellent education, and crooks become associated with distinguished scholars whom he had interested in his pursuit; in short, had formed a college for himself; the enthusiast had found the master, the masters, whom he sought. Always genius seeks genius, desires nothing so much as to responsibility, be a pupil and to find those who can lend it aid to perfect itself. Nor are the two elements, enthusiasm and drill, incompatible. Accuracy is essay essential to beauty. The very definition of the essay of corporate responsibility intellect is Aristotle's: that by which we know terms or boundaries. Give a boy accurate perceptions. Teach him the difference between the crooks loneliness similar and the same.

Make him call things by their right names. Pardon in sports biomechanics research project papers him no blunder. Then he will give you solid satisfaction as long as he lives, It is better to teach the child arithmetic and Latin grammar than rhetoric or moral philosophy, because they require exactitude of performance; it is loneliness essay made certain that the lesson is mastered, and that power of performance is worth more than the essays knowledge. He can learn anything which is loneliness important to him now that the essays power to learn is secured: as mechanics say, when one has learned the use of tools, it is essay easy to is the, work at a new craft. Letter by letter, syllable by syllable, the child learns to crooks loneliness essay, read, and in homework good time can convey to all the domestic circle the sense of Shakespeare. By many steps each just as short, the stammering boy and the hesitating collegian, in the school debates, in college clubs, in mock court, comes at last to full, secure, triumphant unfolding of his thought in crooks loneliness the popular assembly, with a fullness of power that makes all the steps forgotten. But this function of opening and feeding the human mind is not to be fulfilled by process essay any mechanical or military method; is not to be trusted to any skill less large than Nature itself. Essay? You must not neglect the form, but you must secure the essentials. It is curious how perverse and intermeddling we are, and social responsibility what vast pains and cost we incur to do wrong. Whilst we all know in our own experience and crooks loneliness apply natural methods in our own business -- in education our common sense fails us, and we are continually trying costly machinery against nature, in patent schools and academies and in great colleges and homework games universities.

The natural method forever confutes our experiments, and we must still come back to crooks loneliness essay, it. The whole theory of the school is on the nurse's or mother's knee. The child is as hot to learn as the mother is to impart. There is mutual delight. The joy of our childhood in hearing beautiful stories from some skillful aunt who loves to tell them, must be repeated in youth. The boy wishes to learn to skate; to coast, to catch a fish in the brook, to hit a mark with a snowball or a stone; and on bell jar a boy a little older is just as well pleased to loneliness essay, teach him these sciences.

Not less delightful is the mutual pleasure of teaching and learning the secret of algebra, or of chemistry, or of process essay, good reading and good recitation of poetry or of prose, or of loneliness essay, chosen facts in history or in biography. Nature provided for and juliet for essays, the communication of thought by essay planting with it in homework the receiving mind a fury to impart it. 'Tis so in every art, in every science. One burns to tell the new fact, the other burns to hear it. See how far a young doctor will ride or walk to witness a new surgical operation. I have seen a carriage-maker's shop emptied of all its workmen into the street, to loneliness essay, scrutinize a new pattern from New York. So in literature, the school games young man who has taste for poetry, for fine images, for noble thoughts, is insatiable for this nourishment, and forgets all the world for the more learned friend--who finds equal joy in loneliness dealing out his treasures. Happy the is the importance natural college thus self-instituted around every natural teacher; the young men of loneliness essay, Athens around Socrates; of Alexander around Plotinus; of Paris around Abelard; of Germany around Fichte, or Niebuhr, or Goethe: in short the natural sphere of every leading mind. But the moment this is organized, difficulties begin. The college was to be the nurse and home of genius; but, though every young man is born with some determination in his nature, and is a potential genius; is at last to be one; it is, in the most, obstructed and delayed, and, whatever they may hereafter be, their senses are now opened in advance of their minds.

They are more sensual than intellectual. On Bell? Appetite and indolence they have, but no enthusiasm. These come in numbers to the college: few geniuses: and crooks loneliness essay the teaching comes to be arranged for these many, and not for those few. Hence the instruction seems to require skillful tutors, of accurate and systematic mind, rather than ardent and inventive masters. Process Essay? Besides, the youth of genius are eccentric, won't drill, are irritable, uncertain, explosive, solitary, not men of the world, not good for every-day association. You have to work for large classes instead of essay, individuals; you must lower your flag and reef your sails to wait for the dull sailors; you grow departmental, routinary, military almost with your discipline and homework college police.

But what doth such a school to form a great and heroic character? What abiding Hope can it inspire? What Reformer will it nurse? What poet will it breed to sing to the human race? What discoverer of Nature's laws will it prompt to enrich us by disclosing in the mind the statute which all matter must obey? What fiery soul will it send out to warm a nation with his charity? What tranquil mind will it have fortified to loneliness, walk with meekness in private and obscure duties, to essay of corporate social responsibility, wait and to crooks essay, suffer?

Is it not manifest that our academic institutions should have a wider scope; that they should not be timid and keep the ruts of the last generation, but that wise men thinking for themselves and heartily seeking the good of mankind, and counting the cost of innovation, should dare to arouse the young to a just and heroic life; that the moral nature should be addressed in the school-room, and children should be treated as the high-born candidates of process essay, truth and virtue? So to regard the young child, the young man, requires, no doubt, rare patience: a patience that nothing but faith in the medial forces of the soul can give. You see his sensualism; you see his want of those tastes and essay perceptions which make the power and safety of your character. Very likely, But he has something else. If he has his own vice, he has its correlative virtue. Every mind should be allowed to make its own statement in action, and its balance will appear. In these judgments one needs that foresight which was attributed to an eminent reformer, of whom it was said his patience could see in the bud of the aloe the blossom at the end of a hundred years. Alas for the cripple Practice when it seeks to come up with the bird Theory, which flies before it. Try your design on on bell jar, the best school. The scholars are of all ages and temperaments and capacities. It is difficult to class them, some are too young, some are slow, some perverse.

Each requires so much consideration, that the essay morning hope of the process essay teacher, of a day of love and progress, is crooks essay often closed at evening by despair. Each single case, the more it is considered, shows more to be done; and the strict conditions of the hours, on: one side, and the number of tasks, on the other. Essay On Benefits? Whatever becomes of loneliness, our method, the conditions stand fast--six hours, and thirty, fifty, or a hundred and fifty pupils. Something must be done, and done speedily, and in this distress the wisest are tempted to for essays, adopt violent means, to proclaim martial law, corporal punishment, mechanical arrangement, bribes, spies, wrath, main strength and crooks essay ignorance, in lieu of that wise genial providential influence they had hoped, and yet hope at some future day to adopt. Of course the devotion to details reacts injuriously on the teacher. He cannot indulge his genius, he cannot delight in personal relations with young friends, when his eye is always on the clock, and twenty classes are to games, be dealt with before the day is done. Besides, how can he please himself with genius, and foster modest virtue? A sure proportion of rogue and dunce finds its way into every school and crooks requires a cruel share of on benefits social, time, and the gentle teacher, who wished to be a Providence to youth, is essay grown a martinet, sore with suspicions; knows as much vice as the judge of a police court, and his love of process essay, learning is lost in the routine of grammars and books of elements. A rule is crooks so easy that it does not need a man to apply it; an automaton, a machine, can be made to keep a school so. Good And Juliet? It facilitates labor and thought so much that there is crooks loneliness essay always the temptation in large schools to omit the endless task of meeting the wants of each single mind, and to essays on bell jar, govern by steam.

But it is at frightful cost. Our modes of Education aim to expedite, to save labor; to do for masses what cannot be done for masses, what must be done reverently, one by one: say rather, the whole world is needed for the tuition of each pupil. The advantages of this system of emulation and display are so prompt and obvious, it is such a time-saver, it is so energetic on slow and on bad natures, and is of crooks loneliness essay, so easy application, needing no sage or poet, but any tutor or schoolmaster in his first term can apply it--that it is not strange that this calomel of culture should be a popular medicine. On the other hand, total abstinence from this drug, and the adoption of simple discipline and the following of nature involves at once immense claims on the time, the process essay thoughts, on the Life of the teacher. It requires time, use, insight, event, all the great lessons and assistances of God; and only to think of using it implies character and profoundness; to enter on this course of discipline is to be good and great. It is precisely analogous to the difference between the use of crooks essay, corporal punishment and essay of corporate responsibility the methods of love. It is so easy to bestow on a bad boy a blow, overpower him, and get obedience without words, that in this world of hurry and distraction, who can wait for the returns of reason and the conquest of self; in the uncertainty too whether that will ever come? And yet the crooks loneliness essay familiar observation of the universal compensations might suggest the fear that so summary a stop of a bad humor was more jeopardous than its continuance. Now the correction of this quack practice is to import into Education the wisdom of life. Leave this military hurry and adopt the pace of Nature.

Her secret is patience. Do you know how the naturalist learns all the secrets of the forest, of plants, of birds, of beasts, of reptiles, of school homework games, fishes, of the rivers and the sea? When he goes into the woods the crooks loneliness birds fly before him and he finds none; when he goes to the river bank, the fish and the reptile swim away and leave him alone. His secret is patience; he sits down, and sits still; he is a statue; he is a log. These creatures have no value for romeo and juliet quotes for essays, their time, and he must put as low a rate on his. By dint of crooks loneliness, obstinate sitting still, reptile, fish, bird and beast, which all wish to essays on bell, return to their haunts, begin to return. He sits still; if they approach, he remains passive as the stone he sits upon.

They lose their fear. They have curiosity too about him. By and by loneliness essay the curiosity masters the fear, and they come swimming, creeping and dying towards him; and as he is still immovable, they not only resume their haunts and their ordinary labors and manners, show themselves to him in their work-day trim, but also volunteer some degree of advances towards fellowship and good understanding with a biped who behaves so civilly and well. Can you not baffle the impatience and passion of the importance of critical skills child by your tranquility? Can you not wait for him, as Nature and Providence do? Can you not keep for his mind and ways, for his secret, the same curiosity you give to the squirrel, snake, rabbit, and the sheldrake and the deer?

He has a secret; wonderful methods in him; he is--every child--a new style of man; give him time and essay opportunity. Talk of good romeo quotes for essays, Columbus and Newtonl. I tell you the child just born in yonder hovel is the beginning of a revolution as great as theirs. But you must have the believing and prophetic eye. Have the self-command you wish to loneliness essay, inspire. On Bell? Your teaching and crooks loneliness essay discipIine must have the reserve and taciturnity of Nature. Process Essay? Teach them to hold their tongues by holding your own. Essay? Say little; do not snarl; do not chide; but govern by sports research papers the eye. Loneliness Essay? See what they need, and that the right thing is done. I confess myself utterly at a loss in suggesting particular reforms in our ways of teaching.

No discretion that can be lodged with a school-committee, with the overseers or visitors of an essay responsibility, academy, of a college, can at all avail to reach these difficulties and perplexities, but they solve themselves when we leave institutions and address individuals. Crooks Loneliness Essay? The will, the male power, organizes, imposes its own thought and wish on others, and makes that military eye which controls boys as it controls men; admirable in is the importance of critical thinking its results, a fortune to him who has it, and only dangerous when it leads the workman to overvalue and overuse it and loneliness essay precludes him from finer means. Sympathy, the female force--which they must use who have not the sports biomechanics research project first--deficient in instant control and the breaking down of crooks essay, resistance, is more subtle and lasting and creative. I advise teachers to cherish mother-wit. I assume that you will keep the grammar, reading, writing and arithmetic in order; 'tis easy and of course you will. But smuggle in a Iittle contraband wit, fancy, imagination, thought. If you have a taste which you have suppressed because it is not shared by those about you, tell them that. Set this law up, whatever becomes of the rules of the schooI: they must not whisper, much less talk; but if one of the young people says a wise thing, greet it, and let all the on bell jar children clap their hands. They shall have no book but school-books in loneliness essay the room; but if one has brought in a Plutarch or Shakespeare or Don Quixote or Goldsmith or any other good book, and understands what be reads, put him at once at the head of the class. Nobody shall be disorderly, or leave his desk without permission, but if a boy runs from his bench, or a girl, because the fire falls, or to check some injury that a little dastard is romeo quotes for essays indicting behind his desk on some helpless sufferer, take away the medal from the head of the class and give it on the instant to the brave rescuer.

If a child happens to crooks, show that he knows any fact about astronomy, or plants, or birds, or rocks, or history, that interests him and you, hush all the classes and encourage him to ten it so that all may hear. Then you have made your school-room like the world. Of course you will insist on modesty in the children, and process essay respect to their teachers, but if the boy stops you in your speech, cries out that you are wrong and sets you right, hug him! To whatsoever upright mind, to whatsoever beating heart I speak, to you it is essay committed to educate men. By simple living, by an illimitable soul, you inspire, you correct, you instruct, you raise, you embellish all. By your own act you teach the behold how to do the practicable. According to the depth from which you draw your life, such is the depth not only homework games of your strenuous effort, but of loneliness essay, your manners and presence.

The beautiful nature of the world has here blended your happiness with your power. Work straight on in absolute duty, and you lend an arm and an encouragement to all the youth of the universe. Consent yourself to be an organ of your highest thought, and lo! suddenly you put all men in your debt, and are the fountain of an energy that goes pulsing on with waves of benefit to the borders of society, to the circumference of things. See also the following article: Morton M. Sealts, Jr. Emerson as Teacher. In Emerson Centenary Essays. , pp.

180-190.

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Loneliness essay with Of Mice and Men- please help and maybe mark

How To Bullshit A High School Essay. So many times I have seen kids try their best on loneliness, an essay; staying up all night and slaving away at biomechanics research, their computer in order to crooks essay make up their own book themes or original ideas. These kids are what we call heroes. Process Essay? And for crooks loneliness essay, those of us that have a social life and don’t want to spend 35 minutes searching for jar, an underlying theme in Huckleberry Finn, we need to find a way to crooks crank out a six page paper without actually, necessarily, working. So for those of process essay you who hate typing and despise research, I give you my four easy tips to crooks bullshitting an essay. Tip #1: Never try to process essay be creative/original.

The book Huckleberry Finn was published in 1884. Loneliness? That means that for process essay, over 120 years people have been analyzing and studying it; creating hundreds of thousands of themes and crooks loneliness symbols. Use one. There is no use in trying to think up your own theme or un-thought-of symbol, because some hero probably thought of the same thing in 1930. Please, for the sake of process essay saving yourself time and effort, use someone else’s theme.

There are hundreds of them.Where do you find underlying themes and symbols already laid out and explained to you? Sparknotes.com. I have been using Sparknotes for essay, years now, and it has never failed me yet. The website has all the major pieces of reading you will ever be assigned in school, and sports biomechanics project papers has a quick summary, analysis of each chapter, important quotes, themes, symbols, and character list; everything essential to writing a piece of crooks loneliness paper without actually reading it.How do you utilize these tools without straight-up plagiarizing? In high school, it is less about not plagiarizing and more about not getting caught plagiarizing. And in order to not get caught, you have to know how teachers check for plagiarizing. When a teacher thinks the for essays work you handed in isn’t yours, they check it online. Crooks Essay? A teacher’s suspicious could be raised by vocabulary you don’t normally use, voice that doesn’t sound like yours, or the fact that you left the citation numbers from when you copy-and-pasted from Wikipedia. If a teacher’s red flag is sports project, raised, they will copy the distrustful sentence and paste it into Google. Crooks Loneliness Essay? When a website about Malcom X comes up that reads the same verbatim as your Malcom X essay, you fail for being an process essay, idiot. Essay? To prevent triggering a teacher’s disbelief of an essay being yours, you want to paraphrase and reword whatever you are copying.

Sticking with the Huck Finn book example, let’s see how you could re-word Sparknotes into your own bullshitted words. “Although Twain wrote the essay on benefits of corporate responsibility novel after slavery was abolished, he set it several decades earlier, when slavery was still a fact of life. But even by Twain’s time, things had not necessarily gotten much better for blacks in the South. In this light, we might read Twain’s depiction of slavery as an allegorical representation of the loneliness condition of blacks in the United States even after the biomechanics abolition of essay slavery.” “The book Huck Finn takes place when slavery was still legal, even though Mark Twain wrote it after the abolition of slavery. It was during these times that blacks still faced segregation. In writing the book, Twain seemed to depict slavery as a figurative illustration of how African-Americans suffered in America even after slavery ended.”

As you can see, the sports research changed text below portrays the same message, only with different wording. I changed “allegorical representation” to “figurative illustration”; “blacks” to “African-Americans”; and even “the United States” to “America.” It was these simple changes that made the loneliness essay writing mine, and on bell even though it—technically—still counts as plagiarizing, no one will ever find out. Using someone else’s ideas isn’t cheating. There is recorded evidence that Martin Luther King Jr. plagiarized many of loneliness essay his speeches, and he led thousands to civil rights. What if teachers had checked his work on Google? Black people would still be sitting on the back of the good romeo and juliet bus. Tip #2 Use Wikipedia as a bounce-off point. Here’s a question: When someone asks you to do a report on John F Kennedy, where’s the first place you look? If you’re in high school your answer is most likely Wikipedia. The only crooks loneliness essay problem is process essay, that all teachers forbid Wikipedia on the claim that any “Joe Somebody” can go onto it and crooks essay edit the information on it. This is false on two accounts.

1. Process Essay? The information put on loneliness, Wikipedia is analyzed by essay responsibility, dozens of editors who check sources, follow up information, and generally prevent anything funny. 2. No dick-faced meathead would go on Wikipedia and put false information just for essay, shits and games giggles. 'John F. Kennedy was a closer for the San Diego Padres' MWAHAHAHA But it is because teachers don’t allow Wikipedia that it becomes such a reliable source. What Wikipedia is, in itself, is loneliness, a pre-written essay, complete with cited sources, pictures, and interesting facts.

All you have to do is piece together the what importance thinking sentences, reword them, and put your name at crooks essay, the top. Here’s how: When writing an homework games, essay that needs cited sources, it is always difficult to crooks loneliness essay find out what needs to sports biomechanics be sourced and what doesn’t. Even worse, your teachers define things that need citing as “stuff people wouldn’t already know.” By this definition, we should have to crooks loneliness essay cite our person’s birth date, place of birth, and how to spell our last name. I remember one of is the thinking my friends had to make a childhood story book for his psych class based off of his memories and crooks loneliness essay he was marked down for not citing his sources. What would he cite? His mind? Luckily, whenever Wikipedia writes a sentence that needs sourcing, they do it for you, leaving no room for what is the of critical, doubt.

Also, they send you a link directly to loneliness the website/book/magazine they got it from. Good? So all you have to crooks essay do is click on the link, get the title of the book, or visit the website they looked at, and research project you can now cite the proper source. And if you’re citing a source, it’s not plagiarizing, right? You’re not copying Wikipedia, you’re using them as a bounce-off point to the real information. Tip #3: Change your periods to size 14 font. I’m sure you’re thinking to yourself, “what the hell? Why would I want to crooks do that? That’s not going to do anything.” This, my narrow-minded friend, is where you’re wrong. First off, let me give you some small advice. Process Essay? When writing your essay, always write it single-spaced first, and then right before you finish double-space it. In high school, most essays are accepted double-spaced (some teachers even encourage it), which makes students immediately double space their work.

This is a grave mistake, because it makes the essay seem much longer, whereas single-spacing your essay makes it seem like you’re writing half the pages. For example, if your teacher says you should write a six page paper, write a three page paper single-spaced, and then double-space it. Loneliness Essay? I know that there’s really no difference, but the psychological aspect of it is much less demanding. Next, if you feel that your essay is still too short, change the periods to 14 size font. All teachers have to same guidelines to prevent you from social, finding a loophole: “Size 14 Times New Roman font with one inch margins.” However, they never said how big the PERIODS have to be, and a size 14 period is the same size as a size 12 period, it only makes the essay spacing between the lines bigger.

How do you change only the size of the periods without tediously going through your entire paper? Pay attention. (This is for people using Microsoft Word, I don’t know what else there is) After you’ve finished typing your essay, hit Ctrl+F, which is the games “Find” key. Next, hit the “Replace” tab. On the “Find what” type a period, and on crooks loneliness, the “Replace with” type another period. Essay Social? Then, hit the “More” button, and the “Format.” Scroll up to crooks essay “Font” On the far right there is a “Size” option. Scroll down to biomechanics size 14 font, select it, and click OK. You should then it replacing normal periods with periods with size 14 periods. Click “Replace All” and watch as your essay grows.

This trick also works for commas, but I’ve always done it to periods. WARNING : When you do this, make sure you do not email it to your teacher to essay print out. Thinking? You’ll see that if you highlight a paragraph of your essay after changing period sizes, it does not give a font size on the upper bar, which could make some teacher’s curious. Print the crooks essay essay and hand the hard copy in, just to be safe. Tip #4 Unknown book? Make up quotations. This year in my Race Identity class, my teacher made me do a book report on Tony Hawk’s autobiography. Essay Social? Not only was I shocked that Tony Hawk knows how to write, but I felt disrespected that I was told to read a primitive book written at loneliness essay, the fifth grade level. The book has 14 size font, pictures on every other page, and I remember my friend reading it in 7th grade. What Is The Importance Skills? I’m a senior in high school; I should be (pretending) to read refined books.

Because my teacher assigned such a pathetic book, I didn’t read it. So when it came time for loneliness essay, me to write my autobiography, I did all of the above steps. Unfortunately, Sparknotes doesn’t have a book quite as sophisticated as HAWK: Occupation: Skateboarder , so I went to Wikipedia. Using Wikipedia as a bounce off point, I was brought to this website, where I read the entire biography. Figuring that a biography must be similar to an autobiography, I copied the whole thing into my essay, but I reworded it to prevent getting caught plagiarizing: The Website’s Words: “. . . His career sport was losing popularity, and a worried Hawk considered getting a regular nine-to-five job, possibly in what is the importance thinking, computers, since he was a self-proclaimed techno geek. “I did demos where I could count the spectators on two hands,” he recalled to Tim Layden of crooks Sports Illustrated . Instead, Hawk decided to throw himself into a new business venture. In 1990 he and school homework games fellow skateboarder Per Welinder launched Birdhouse Projects, a company to loneliness essay manufacture skateboards and skills skate accessories. In 1992 Birdhouse was followed by Blitz, which distributed other skateboard brands. Hawk mortgaged and eventually sold his home in order to finance his businesses. The rocky start-up proved to be too much of a strain on his family, however, and Tony and Cindy divorced.

But just when it seemed that things could not get any worse, skateboarding once again came to the rescue.” “Hawk said that he was worried the waning popularity of loneliness essay skateboarding would cost him is job, and reported even applying for a 9-to-5 job as a computer technician. But instead, he and Per Welinder, a fellow skateboarder, launched Birdhouse Projects. Process Essay? It was a manufacturing company of skateboards and skateboard brands. To finance his business, Hawk mortgaged his house. The strain of the difficult beginning became too much for his wife, and he and Cindy divorced in 1993. However, right when things looked grim for Tony, skateboarding saved his life once again.” Aside from painfully-rewording the entire biography of Tony Hawk, my teacher also demanded that I quote his autobiography to prove the points that I needed. For those of you who don’t know, quoting a book is very difficult if you’ve never read it before. But, I also figured that my teacher hadn’t read such a pointless book either, and that she would be too busy correcting the crooks other 25 essays to check my citations. As a result, I had mindless quotes to prove the is the importance thinking perfect themes of loneliness my essay:

“Vert skaters, what Hawk is considered, are thought of in the skating world as boarders who sold out and preferred fame over personal expression. Sports Research Project? As Hawk stated in his book, “According to street skaters, vert skating is to skateboarding what flag football is to loneliness essay the NFL; all the fun without the cuts, scraps, or bruises.”” Believe it or not, Tony Hawk never compared vert skating to flag football. But in my edition of HAWK: Occupation: Skateboarder , he did. And, I “forgot” to include a page number, so unless my teacher wants to homework games flip through the entire book, she’s going to have trouble disproving me. If you are forced to do a book report on a book that your teacher has never or will never read, it is essay, much better to make up fake quotes than scramble through endless text searching for one. However, most English teachers have read hundreds of books, so be forewarned that they might be able to is the thinking skills recall certain pieces of literature.

High school is a very difficult time for teenagers. Crooks Loneliness? Their bodies are still maturing, they are constantly involved in homework, drama, and they need to crooks loneliness essay get their life sorted out before “Jessica and romeo and juliet quotes I aren’t BFFL’s anymore!” And during this time of essay confusion and disorder, they don’t need to be worried by futile midterm papers of essays. That is why I give you people the gift of bullshitting. Because I know that high school is about much more important things like, for example, teenage pregnancy. the funny part is, Ms. K failed you on process essay, the bio assignment. haha. that was really funny shit. but it worked :] thank you! lol.

Ive been doing that since junior year in HS im a college sophomore now ive been gettin no less than Bs #128521; Hello sweetie, great blog! I genuinely like this blog post.. I was curious about this for crooks, a while now. This cleared a lot up for sports project papers, me! Do you have a rss feed that I can add? OMG this guy is my hero. I already figured out some of those things like the period in 14 but he had bull shitting an essay down to a science lol. absolutely brilliant. Crooks Loneliness Essay? a bloody good achievement.

Pingback: On Polishing Your Draft, Defeating Hornacs Claiming Donuts | NOUS [from the Greek, literally: mind] This has helped me alot in writing some amazing BS essay’s for Ach’s. Ever thought a teacher might read this, Dickhead? Chazz go fuck yourself the teachers cannot possibly prove that someone bullshited it. Frikin awesome, love it. Its definitely the way to go fuck yea mate i mean all essays ive written are just bullshit structured bullshit backed up by more bullshit quoted by school games, bullshit. did he bullshit this blog? A1 sauce my man.

YOU HAVE S A V E D my life. Considering I’m grounded and need to write a three page paper for who knows why, I love you.