Poem essay format
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AP Poetry Analysis Essay
Discussion of the poetry analysis essay on the AP Literature Exam (what to look for in the prompt, what to look for in the poem and
How to Quote and Cite a Poem in an Essay Using MLA Format
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Poetry Analysis Essay: Example, Outline, Rubric | EssayPro
book report cd cover Why do book reports strike terror in the hearts of most students? Simply, writing a book report is not easy. A book report challenges students to think and write critically about what they’ve read. In the essay format, early elementary grades, extra support is given, often with book report worksheets that prompt students to write about a favorite character and other book details. But as children progress through upper elementary, middle, and high school, they are expected to write book reports independently. At Time4Writing, we work with students on an individual basis to develop their writing skills through online writing courses. Racist! We hope this roadmap helps your child navigate writing a school book report with a minimum amount of terror!
How to Write a Book Report. Before you write, read. There’s no substitute for format, reading the book. Othello! Choose a book you’ll enjoy—reading should be fun, not a chore! Read with a pen and paper at poem format your side. Jotting down page numbers and notes about significant passages will be very useful when it comes time to write.
Remember, unless your book is a personal copy, don’t write in the book itself. Use a Book Report Outline. After reading the book, you are ready to start the writing process. When writing a book report, or when answering any writing prompt, you#8217;ll find writing easier if you follow the essay, proven steps of the poem essay, writing process: prewriting, writing, revising, editing, and two kinds amy tan analysis publishing. In the first step, prewriting, you’ll plan what you want to say.
An outline is a great prewriting tool for book reports. Start your book report outline with the format, following five ideas. Each idea should correspond to a paragraph: 2. Summary of Book. 3. Book Details: Characters. 4. Successful Opinion Essay! Book Details: Plot. 5. Evaluation and Conclusion. In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for essay, each of these paragraphs.
Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for book report content. Review your teacher’s instructions before you create your book report outline. Most book reports begin with the basic information about the book: the book’s title, author, genre, and publication information (publisher, number of pages, and year published). The opening paragraph is also your opportunity to an expository outline build interest by mentioning any unusual facts or circumstances about the writing of the poem format, book or noteworthy credentials of the author. Was the book a bestseller? Is the successful writing essay, author a well-known authority on essay format, the subject? Book reports are personal, too, so it’s perfectly acceptable to digital state why you chose to read it. In the body of the book report—paragraphs two, three, and four—you’ll describe what the book is about. This is your chance to show you’ve read and understood the book. Essay Format! Assuming you’ve read a fiction book, below are helpful writing tips:
Summary: Start this paragraph by writing an overview of the criticisms, story, including its setting, time period, main characters, and plot. Poem Essay! Specify who tells the story (point of view) and the tone or atmosphere of the book. Is it a creepy tale of suspense or a lighthearted adventure? Character Details: In this paragraph, describe the main characters and identify the essay criticisms, major conflict or problem the main characters are trying to solve. You can also write another paragraph about the other characters in the book. Poem! Plot Details: In writing about the plot, you don’t need to tell every detail of the story. Instead, focus on the main sequence of events.
You can discuss plot highlights, from the rising action to the book’s climax and conflict resolution. Make sure you mention the author’s use of any literary devices you’ve been studying in subtraction class. Book Reports on poem essay, Non-fiction. If you are writing a book report on a biography or other factual text, you’ll want to games devote the body of poem your book report to a description of the book’s subject and the author’s points of view. Use the chapter headings to successful writing help you present the author’s ideas and arguments in an orderly manner. Essay! As with a fictional plot, you don’t have to cover every argument made by the author. Instead, choose the main ideas and the ones most interesting to you.
If you read a biography, write about some of the important events in the person’s life. Personal Evaluation and Conclusion. You’ll like writing the homework, final paragraph because it is here that you’ll be able to poem format offer your own critique of the book. Othello! What are the book’s strengths and format weaknesses? Did the book hold your interest? What did you learn from the book? If you read a work of fiction, how did the book affect you? If you read non-fiction, were you swayed by the author’s arguments? Try to be balanced in your opinions, and support your statements with examples from the book. Give your honest opinion of the book and whether or not you would recommend it to others.
Revising, Editing, and Publishing. After you’ve drafted your book report, you’re ready to follow the next three steps of the writing process: revising, editing, and publishing. Begin revising by two kinds analysis essay reading your book report aloud or to a friend for feedback. As you edit, check your grammar and poem essay format use of the othello racist essay, correct guidelines for book quotes and format writing the book title. Give enough time to successful essay revising and editing, and your published book report will be that much better. Book Reports: A Type of Expository Essay. A book report is usually written as an essay format expository essay, although it can be written in other forms.
In some cases, a teacher will ask students to take a point of view when writing a book report. Here is an example: “Explain why Hoot by Carl Hiiassen is the best American kid’s novel of the last decade. Please use examples.” This type of writing prompt requires a persuasive style of writing. Teachers may also assign book reviews, which challenge students to persuade their classmates to read or not read a particular book. Two Kinds Analysis! If writing a book review, don’t reveal the ending! Rely on Your Writing Training to Write Book Reports.
Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes and one-to-one, teacher-led instruction help in building students’ writing skills. When students develop strong basic skills, they can succeed at any writing assignment, including a book report. Poem Essay! Time4Writing offers online writing courses for kids in elementary, middle school, and high school, and pairs each student with a certified teacher for personalized writing instruction. Time4Writing’s eight-week, online writing courses are highly effective in helping students develop their writing skills and building confidence. Find out how Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes can make a real difference in your child’s writing.
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[PPT]How to Write a Poem Analysis Essay
resume top models Aly est la fille de Thorne et de Darla, qui est décédée après avoir été renversée par Taylor, ivre. Poem! La haine d’Aly envers cette dernière commence alors. School Homework Games! Des années plus tard, Eric fait de la jeune fille l’assistante de Hope au sein de Forrester Creations. Poem Essay! Aly développe alors une vénération sans borne pour sa cousine, jusqu’au jour où celle-ci quitte Liam pour Wyatt. Othello Essay! Une décision qu’Aly ne peut comprendre, ayant elle-même un faible pour Liam tandis qu’elle déteste Wyatt et sa mère, en qui elle est certaine que l’on ne peut avoir confiance. Poem Essay! Aly commence alors à avoir des visions de Darla. School Homework Games! En parallèle, elle entame sa toute-première relation amoureuse avec Oliver, qui se sert d’elle car elle est une Forrester, mais qui finit par éprouver de vrais sentiments pour elle.
Amber est un personnage désorienté, qui sème généralement la zizanie sur son passage. Poem Format! La jeune femme aspire à trouver un homme riche et séduisant afin de passer le restant de sa vie avec lui mais ses méthodes de séduction sont pour le moins controversées. Two Kinds Analysis! Elle a eu une relation avec Rick dont elle était la baby-sitter lorsqu’il était adolescent, puis avec Deacon avec qui elle a un enfant : Eric Jr. Poem Essay! Elle est la cible des attaques de Sheila et sa fille, Erica, mais Taylor lui vient en aide. Writing Opinion Essay! Plus tard, elle kidnappe son propre enfant dont Deacon a la garde et divorce de Rick.
Elle a une relation avec Thomas avant de quitter la ville, puis fait diverses apparitions à Los Angeles au cours desquelles elle séduit Oliver, Liam et Marcus, avec qui elle a un enfant. Essay Format! Hélas, aucun d’entre eux ne reste avec elle et Rick, son ex-mari refuse à son tour de lui donner une nouvelle chance lorsqu’il apprend qu’elle a drogué Hope. Bill est le fils illégitime de Bill Spencer Sr, un magnat de la presse dont il hérite la moitié de Spencer Publications, en collaboration avec sa demi-sœur, Karen. Digital Subtraction! Manipulateur et sournois, il épouse Katie au grand dam de Brooke et Donna, persuadées qu’il l’utilise. Poem Essay Format! Il tente en effet de prendre la tête de Forrester Creations mais Steffy use de ses charmes pour l’en empêcher. Othello Racist Essay! Il met ensuite tout en œuvre pour séparer son fils aîné, Liam, de Hope, la fille de Brooke, dont il finit par tomber amoureux. Poem Essay! Il est également le père de Will, qu’il a eu avec Katie, et de Wyatt, avec Quinn Fuller. Brooke est la femme fatale de la série. Two Kinds Amy Tan! Elle fait partie des personnages principaux présents dès les tout débuts du soap et est connue pour avoir été la grande rivale de Taylor et de Stéphanie. Poem Essay! Brooke n’est pas seulement une dangereuse séductrice, c’est également une femme d’affaires accomplie et une véritable passionnée.
C’est la sœur de Donna et de Katie et elle détient un record en terme de mariages : avec Grant Chambers, Thorne Forrester, Whipple Jones, Nick Marone, 2 fois avec Eric et pas moins de 6 fois avec Ridge, son grand amour Elle est la mère de Rick, Bridget, Hope, R.J. Othello! et Jack. Caroline est la fille de Karen Spencer. Format! Elle a été élevée par sa mère ainsi que la compagne de cette dernière et n’a fait connaissance avec les Forrester que tardivement. Criticisms! Ridge et Brooke proposent rapidement un poste à la jeune femme au sein de l’entreprise familiale afin de distraire Rick d’Amber. Format! Ce qui fonctionne très bien pour Rick mais Caroline, quant à elle, tombe sous le charme de Thomas. Subtraction Mammography! Lorsque Ridge donne une promotion à ce dernier au lieu de Rick, Caroline constate des changements chez Thomas et se tourne vers Rick. Essay! Plus tard, ce dernier la quitte pour Maya. Two Kinds Essay! Caroline se révèle très ingénieuse et met tout en œuvre pour le récupérer.
Elle parvient à ses fins et se marie finalement avec Rick. Carter est le frère adoptif de Marcus. Essay! Il est arrivé à Los Angeles pour lui rendre visite mais a fini par accepter un travail chez Forrester Creations. Essay! Immédiatement attiré par Maya, il rejoint le casting d’une web série pour se rapprocher d’elle. Poem! Ils finissent par sortir ensemble mais après de multiples trahisons de la jeune femme, avec Oliver et Rick, il la laisse tomber et prend sa revanche le jour où l’on apprend qu’elle est en réalité transgenre.
Donna est la sœur cadette de Brooke et l’aînée de Katie. Essay! Après une relation tumultueuse avec Thorne, elle quitte Los Angeles pour ne revenir que des années plus tard. Poem Essay! Elle tombe alors amoureuse de Ridge mais comprend rapidement que celui-ci sera toujours lié à Brooke. Successful Writing Essay! Pour se venger, elle s’engage alors dans une nouvelle relation avec Thorne, qui échoue à nouveau, puis avec Eric, qui divorce de Stephanie pour l’épouser. Essay Format! C’est ainsi que commence sa longue guerre avec Pam, la sœur de Stephanie. Writing! Le mariage se solde par un divorce et Donna épouse Justin Barber avec qui elle a un fils : Marcus. Poem Format! Peu de temps après, Donna se sépare également de Justin, mais tous deux décident de rester amis. Two Kinds Amy Tan Essay! Après le décès de Stephanie, elle réconforte Eric et se fait une ennemie en la personne de Quinn
Eric est le patriarche de la famille Forrester et le fondateur de l’empire haute-couture Forrester Creations . Poem! Présent depuis le début du soap, en 1987, il est l’époux de Stéphanie depuis le tout premier épisode jusqu’au décès de cette dernière, en 2013. Subtraction Mammography! Ce qui ne l’empêche pas de commettre de nombreuses incartades au fil des années dont Brooke et Taylor ne sont que les plus renommées ! Il est le père de Thorne, Kristen, Felicia, Angela, Rick et Bridget, et le père adoptif de Ridge. Hope est la fille de Brooke et de Deacon Sharpe, qui n’est autre que l’ex beau-fils de cette dernière. Format! Il s’agit d’une jeune femme douce, raisonnable et un brin conservative, à l’inverse de sa mère. An Expository! Après avoir de justesse échappé à un viol, elle se promet d’attendre avant de se donner à l’homme qu’elle aime. Poem! Elle fait alors la connaissance d’Oliver mais Steffy ne tarde pas à se dresser en travers de leur chemin. Successful! Sans parvenir à le séduire, elle s’arrange pour détruire leur relation et fait tout pour humilier la jeune femme. Format! Par la suite, Hope rencontre Liam et tous deux tombent amoureux. Two Kinds Essay! Hélas, une fois encore, l’ombre de Steffy jette un voile sur leur relation.
Hope désire se préserver jusqu’au mariage et Steffy en profite pour séduire Liam. Poem! Au départ, il ne s’agit que de manipulation de la part de cette dernière, mais par la suite, elle développe de vrais sentiments pour Liam et un long triangle amoureux se met en place. Mammography! Après bien des souffrances de part et d’autre, des unions et des séparations, Liam retrouve Hope et Steffy s’envole pour Paris. Poem Essay! Mais l’arrivée de Wyatt, le demi-frère caché de Liam, vient une nouvelle fois tout perturber. Othello! Fou amoureux de Hope, il fera tout ce qui est en son pouvoir pour la séparer de Liam et parvient à ses fins avec le concours de Steffy, revenue de Paris.
Mais Liam n’a aucune intention de laisser tomber et continue à tout faire pour regagner le cœur de Hope, qui éprouve de son côté des sentiments pour les deux garçons. Poem Essay Format! Sans compter que Wyatt et sa mère, Quinn, ont de nombreux secrets et sont également des as de la manipulation Katie est la plus jeune des sœurs Logan. Writing Opinion! Elle a fait des apparitions récurrentes dans le soap jusqu’en 2007, où elle devient l’un des personnages principaux. Poem! Depuis que Storm, son frère, lui a tiré dessus avant de se suicider pour lui offrir son cœur, elle a une santé fragile. Two Kinds Amy Tan! Après une relation mouvementée avec Nick, elle tombe amoureuse de Bill. Poem Format! Mais elle n’est pas au bout de ses peines car il s’avère terriblement manipulateur et infidèle. Two Kinds! Malgré tout, lorsque la vie de la jeune femme se trouve en danger, il comprend qu’il éprouve des sentiments profonds et sincères pour elle. Poem! La jeune femme a également eu une relation avec Ridge, le mari de Brooke, après la trahison de cette dernière avec Bill.
Katie est la mère de Will. Après la mort de sa mère (Kelly Hopkins), Liam emménage à L.A. Racist Essay! pour retrouver son père biologique, Bill. Poem Essay! Avec le soutien de Hope, qui est rapidement devenue son amie, il se rapproche de ce dernier. Amy Tan Analysis Essay! Plus tard, Amber tente de lui faire croire qu’il est le père de son enfant mais Liam, profondément amoureux de Hope, refuse ses avances. Poem! Il se rapproche également de Steffy qui exerce sur lui une tentation constante tandis que sa fiancée désire se préserver jusqu’au mariage, ignorant que la jeune femme le manipule pour les séparer. Criticisms! C’est ainsi que commence un dangereux triangle amoureux. Poem Format! En effet, Liam va s’apercevoir qu’il est amoureux des deux jeunes femmes et ces dernières vont s’arracher sa préférence sans merci.
Finalement, Steffy part pour Paris lorsqu’elle apprend qu’elle est stérile et Liam retrouve Hope. Two Kinds Analysis Essay! Pour peu de temps car son demi-frère, Wyatt, qui vient de faire son apparition, va lui aussi tout tenter pour gagner le cœur de la jeune femme, ce qui va donner lieu à une guerre entre les deux garçons. Poem Essay! Liam perd alors Hope mais refuse de se résigner Maya est une jeune femme très mystérieuse. Analysis! Elle débarque à Los Angeles à sa sortie de prison pour un crime qu’elle n’a pas commis, pour retrouver Dayzee, qui l’a aidée avant son incarcération à faire adopter son bébé. Poem Essay! Elles apprennent rapidement que celui-ci est mort dans un accident. Essay Criticisms! Maya fait connaissance avec Rick et commence à travailler pour Forrester Creations. Poem Format! Ils entament une relation mais Caroline va tout faire pour y mettre un terme avec l’aide de Bill. Criticisms! Ils parviennent à leurs fins lorsque Maya trompe Rick avec Carter, son partenaire dans la série qu’elle tourne. Poem! Plus tard, tous deux se fiancent mais Maya est toujours amoureuse de Rick, à présent marié à Caroline. Two Kinds Amy Tan Analysis! Elle est également très attirée par Oliver.
Plus tard, elle retrouve Rick, son grand amour, mais elle a une confession de taille à lui faire : elle est en réalité transgenre Dominick Nick est le fils de Massimo et de Jackie Marone, et donc le demi-frère de Ridge. Essay Format! Ancien capitaine de bateau, il est directeur de Jackie M Designs. Digital! Dès son apparition dans la série, il développe des sentiments pour Brooke qui vont créer une rivalité entre Ridge et lui. Poem Essay Format! Malgré tout, il finit par épouser Bridget, la fille de Brooke, Brooke elle-même assez brièvement, puis Taylor, avec qui il a un enfant : Jack. Essay! Mais ce dernier est en réalité le fils biologique de Brooke Pam est la sœur de Stephanie. Format! Toutes deux ont passé des années sans contact car, suite aux abus de son père, Stephanie avait coupé les ponts avec sa famille. School Games! Elle invite pourtant Pam à s’installer à Los Angeles et lui demande de garder un œil sur Eric, qui est alors dans la ligne de mire de Jackie Marone. Poem Format! Malgré quelques ressentiments, Pam va apporter un soutien indéfectible à Stephanie tout au long de sa maladie ou de ses problèmes avec Eric, notamment lorsque ce dernier a une relation avec Donna, son ennemie, avec qui elle va pourtant devoir travailler, à l’accueil de Forrester Creations ! Récemment, Pam et Charlie, un agent de la sécurité, ont débuté une relation. Quinn est une femme mystérieuse et secrète.
Elle est à la tête de Quinn Artisans Jewelry, une entreprise qui créé des bijoux et qui est associée à Forrester Creations. Subtraction! C’est également la mère de Wyatt, qu’elle a eu avec Bill à qui elle a jusqu’ici caché l’existence de son fils. Poem Essay! Manipulatrice, Quinn va faire tout ce qui est en son pouvoir pour séparer Liam et Hope avant de se mettre en tête de conquérir Eric, puis Bill. Digital! Elle épousera finalement Deacon Sharpe. Rick Forrester est le fils aîné de Brooke et d’Eric.
Depuis toujours, il est jaloux de Ridge et de sa relation avec son père ainsi que de sa position au sein de Forrester Creations. Essay! C’est pourquoi il a toujours mal vécu la relation de ce dernier avec sa mère et n’a pas n’hésité à séduire ses filles, Phoebe puis Steffy, et enfin Taylor, leur mère. Racist Essay! Par la suite, il fait la connaissance de Caroline Spencer avec qui il débute un long chassé-croisé amoureux. Poem Format! Suite au départ de Ridge à Paris, Eric lui confie la présidence de la société au grand dam de Thomas et lui en laisse les rennes, même après le retour de son aîné. An Expository! Il tombe également amoureux de la mystérieuse Maya, ce qui va attiser la jalousie de Caroline. Poem! Après une brève relation avec la première, il épouse finalement la deuxième. Successful Essay! Mais ses sentiments pour Maya ne sont pas tout à fait éteints Ridge est un personnage incontournable de Top Models.
Pendant très longtemps incarné par Ron Moss, il apparaît aujourd’hui dans la série sous les traits de Thosten Kaye. Poem! Il est l’aîné des enfants d’Eric et Stéphanie et le petit favori de son père, jusqu’à ce qu’il découvre, assez tardivement, qu’il est en réalité le fils de Massimo Marone et donc le demi-frère de Nick ! Designer de talent, le playboy travaille lui aussi pour Forrester Creations. Two Kinds Amy Tan Analysis! Son cœur a longtemps balancé entre Taylor et Brooke, le grand amour de sa vie. Poem Essay! Il est le père de Thomas, Steffy, Phoebe, R.J. Writing! et le beau-père de Hope. Steffy est la fille de Ridge et de Taylor, la sœur de Thomas et la sœur jumelle de Phoebe. Poem Essay! Elle apparaît comme un personnage fort et provocant mais très souvent aussi vindicatif et cruel. An Expository! Sa personnalité de garce s’explique par une jeunesse difficile : en effet, elle a été kidnappée par l’ex de son père, sa mère a été laissée pour morte pendant des années et sa sœur jumelle est décédée dans un accident de voiture.
Depuis sa tendre enfance, elle voue une haine immense à Brooke et sa fille, Hope. Essay! Diaboliquement intelligente, elle fait tout ce qui est en son pouvoir pour les pousser hors de Forrester Creations en séduisant Bill, pour réunir Ridge et Taylor, et enfin, pour voler le petit-ami de Hope, qu’il s’agisse d’Oliver ou de Liam, dont elle va finalement tomber amoureuse. Essay Criticisms! Elle n’aura de cesse d’interférer dans la relation sentimentale de ce dernier avec Hope et finira par épouser le jeune homme, mais suite à un accident qui la laisse stérile, elle part pour Paris et le laisse à Hope. Essay Format! Pour quelques temps en tous cas Stephanie est l’un des piliers de Top Models. Essay! Elle a partagé la vie d’Eric pendant la plus grande partie de la série et a eu cinq enfants avec lui : Thorne, Kristen, Felicia, Angela, décédée très jeune, et enfin Ridge, dont le père biologique est en réalité Massimo Marone. Poem! Mais la relation la plus tumultueuse vécue par Stephanie est sans doute celle qu’elle a entretenue avec Brooke, son ennemie jurée des années durant et l’épouse de ses deux fils, Thorne et Ridge, qui va pourtant devenir une véritable amie à la fin de sa vie. Two Kinds Essay! En vraie matriarche, elle a mené sa famille d’une main de fer, sans hésiter à passer sous silence tout ce qui aurait pu la détruire : la maladie d’Angela, l’identité du vrai père de Ridge, ou encore son propre cancer des poumons À présent décédée, elle a néanmoins marqué de manière indélébile l’esprit de tout son entourage. Thorne est le plus jeune des fils d’Eric et Stephanie. Poem Format! Souvent jaloux de Ridge, il parvient d’ailleurs à épouser Caroline, le premier amour de ce dernier.
Plus tard, il épouse Brooke puis Macy et Darla avec qui il a une fille : Alexandria Aly . Homework! Il occupe une place importante au sein de Forrester Creations mais suite à une confrontation avec Ridge, Eric lui retire la présidence de la société. Poem Format! Plus tard, lorsque Steffy partage les parts de la société, Thorne est à nouveau mis à l’écart et il part à l’étranger. Homework! À son retour, il est nommé directeur de Forrester International. Wyatt est le fils de Quinn Fuller et de Bill Spencer, et donc le demi-frère de Liam, son grand rival. Poem Format! Il a été élevé par sa mère et n’a fait connaissance avec Bill qu’à l’âge adulte, grâce à Hope. Two Kinds Analysis Essay! Compétiteur et sûr de lui, il ne reculera devant rien pour gagner le cœur de cette dernière, quitte à partir en guerre contre son frère. Poem Essay! Mais il est sincèrement et profondément amoureux de Hope, qui fait ressurgir le meilleur en lui. Oliver est le jeune frère d’Agnès. Subtraction! À son arrivée à L.A., il trouve un travail de DJ et fait connaissance avec Hope qui lui plait beaucoup. Poem Essay! Mais Steffy est déterminée à s’immiscer dans leur relation afin d’avoir le dessus sur la famille Logan.
Elle ne parvient pas à gagner le cœur d’Oliver mais apprend qu’il a eu, par mégarde, une aventure avec Brooke et se met à faire chanter cette dernière. Writing! Il perd finalement la jeune femme au profit de Liam, son grand amour. Poem Format! Il a par la suite une relation avec Amber, pour rendre Hope jalouse, sans succès. Successful Opinion Essay! Il est embauché au sein de Forrester Creations en tant que photographe et fait ainsi connaissance avec Maya et Aly. Essay Format! Il utilise tout d’abord cette dernière pour son nom mais finit par éprouver des sentiments pour elle. Ivy est la nièce d’Eric et la fille de John et Claire, sa seconde épouse. Criticisms! Elle est donc la demi-sœur de Jessica Forrester. Poem Format! Elle a grandi en Australie (à l’instar de l’actrice), auprès de sa mère. School Homework! Créatrice de bijoux de talent, elle est très rapidement embauchée chez Forrester Créations par Rick et Eric, afin de remplacer Quinn, alors qu’elle rendait simplement visite à sa famille. Poem! Elle s’installe donc à Los Angeles et commence à travailler aux côtés de Wyatt, avec qui elle entretient de très bons rapports.
Elle devient également l’amie de Liam et le soutient lorsque Hope épouse finalement son demi-frère, suite à un épisode clef à Paris, au cours duquel la jeune femme a fait une chute dans la Seine. Racist! Elle entame ainsi une relation avec Liam et devient la grande rivale de Hope dans le cœur du jeune homme. Essay! Mais Hope, à présent mariée à Wyatt, décide de lui rester fidèle. Digital Subtraction! Suite à une fausse couche, elle part pour Milan, laissant ainsi le champ libre à Ivy pour mener une vie heureuse auprès de Liam. Poem Essay! À moins qu’une certaine Steffy ne fasse justement son grand retour, bien déterminée elle aussi à le reconquérir Nicole est la petite sœur de Maya. Subtraction! Elle a grandi avec ses parents dans l’Illinois, avant de débarquer à Los Angeles. Poem! Elle se présente chez Forrester Créations et prétend être étudiante à UCLA, alors qu’en réalité elle a laissé tomber ses études et rêve de devenir mannequin.
Inspirée par le succès de Maya depuis qu’elle a quitté le domicile familial, elle souhaite tenter sa chance à son tour dans l’industrie de la mode et nouer des liens avec sa sœur. Essay Criticisms! Celle-ci, cependant, se montre sur la réserve et ne semble guère enthousiaste à l’idée de passer du temps avec Nicole. Poem Essay! Pensant bien faire, Rick propose à la jeune fille de s’installer dans la maison Forrester. Essay! Il ne se doute pas à ce moment-là que Nicole détient un secret sur Maya qui pourrait bien chambouler leur vie Elle n’hésite pas, d’ailleurs, à s’en servir pour forcer sa grande sœur à lui offrir un travail chez Forrester. Deacon est le père biologique du Petit Eric , le bébé élevé par Amber et Rick. Poem Essay! Il tombe d’ailleurs amoureux de la jeune femme, mais ne parvient pas à gagner son cœur. School Games! Il entame ensuite une relation sentimentale avec Bridget, qu’il finit par épouser. Format! Hélas, leur relation ne dure pas car il éprouve toujours des sentiments pour Amber et qu’il finit par trouver du réconfort entre les bras de Brooke, la mère de la jeune femme.
C’est de leur union que naît alors Hope. Two Kinds! Deacon épouse ensuite Macy Alexander qui décède un peu plus tard, avant d’avoir une aventure avec Jackie Marone. Poem Essay! Suite à un nouvel échec sentimental, il quitte la ville. Digital Mammography! Quelques années plus tard, il réapparait à Genoa City, où il tente une nouvelle fois de conquérir Amber en faisant chanter son petit-ami. Poem Format! Il finit en prison et, une fois libéré, il flirte avec Nikki, Phyllis et Victoria Newman. Othello! Il épouse Nikki à Las Vegas, après une relation tumultueuse. Essay! Suite à une énième rupture douloureuse, il écope d'une nouvelle peine de prison. Opinion! C’est là que, quelques années plus tard, Bill vient le trouver afin de passer un marché avec lui : sa liberté en échange de son aide dans son plan pour séparer Hope et Liam. Poem Essay! En dépit de ses hésitations, Deacon finit par accepter et provoque alors l’échec du mariage en Italie. School Homework Games! Il disparaît de nouveau avant de faire sa réapparition dans le bar où Quinn, qui vient d’être mise à la porte de chez Forrester Creations, noie son chagrin. Essay Format! Il accepte de l’aider dans son plan pour réunir Wyatt et Hope en échange d’un lieu où habiter.
Plus tard, il regrette d’avoir voulu intercéder dans la vie sentimentale de sa fille, d’autant que celle-ci le prévient que s’il poursuit une relation sentimentale avec Quinn, elle pourrait ne plus jamais vouloir le revoir. Racist Essay! Après une tentative de suicide de la mère de Wyatt, leur relation devient plus sérieuse. Poem Format! Mais le retour de Brooke, à qui Deacon apporte son soutien dans son combat contre son alcoolisme, menace leur bonheur. Successful Writing Opinion! En dépit de la tentation de cette dernière, Deacon demande Quinn en mariage.
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5 Killer Tips for Including Study Abroad in Your Resume. Your venture into the real world is format approaching fast and criticisms it's time to update that resume. As a recent college graduate trudging onward to the work force, standing out on poem format paper can seem like no easy task. You may've joined clubs on clubs on clubs, aced exams, and even spent a semester abroad. You've heard that international experience is a good way to entice employers and school games you should include your study abroad experience on your resume, but how do you do it? Living in another country requires extreme adaptability.
You're adjusting to living in a new place while also being around a foreign culture, language, and customs. all while budgeting your money in another currency, trying to make new friends and meet new people, find your way around, oh, and format taking classes! Think of racist essay, all those times you had to format think on your own to figure out a new metro system and an expository essay bargain in another language. Each story you have brings its own new skill to your resume so do not be afraid to show off. Adding study abroad to your resume can only help! Read on and discover how to make your study abroad experience the essay format, selling point that will help you shine in a pile of resumes -- especially as studying abroad is becoming more and more common? 1. An Expository Essay Outline? Know Where to Place It and What to Include. Approach your study abroad experience like it is a previous job. (Of course, this will be even easier if you actually interned or volunteered abroad.) Wherever you place it on your resume -- under Education, or under a separate International Experience section -- don't just list your program name, country, and poem format dates and think you're all set. Amy Tan Essay? You need to explain why it’s on poem there and criticisms why it is worth the hiring manager knowing about it at all. A good first step is naming some of the classes you took will be worthwhile if they relate directly to the job, but you need to go beyond that.
Sit down and take a close look at the job listing(s) you're applying for. Highlight the keywords, key skills and essay traits that are mentioned. How can you mold your experiences abroad to essay what the poem format, employer is looking for? Don't force it, but in all likelihood you will find there is plenty of overlap. An Expository? Before you even get to this point, you might also want to take the time to essay format sit down and reflect upon your experience abroad. Think about who you were before you went abroad. An Expository? Now, think about who you were after. Are these two people strangers? Where did you see improvements in yourself, changes in your ideas, values, perspectives, or habits?
Essentially -- how did studying abroad change you? Some things are obvious and easily translatable to a resume, like language skills. Other things might take some extra thought, or might at first seem irrelevant, but don't sell yourself short. A recent survey showed that many employers feel that recent graduates are lacking a certain few basic areas: adaptability, communication skills, and the ability to solve complex problems . Funny thing is, these are pretty much exactly the skills you should have built while abroad! Living in another country requires extreme adaptability. You're adjusting to living in a new place while also being around a foreign culture, language, and customs. all while budgeting your money in another currency, trying to make new friends and meet new people, find your way around, oh, and taking classes! Studying abroad really is a bit like being thrown into a sink or swim scenario, and assuming you didn't hop on format the next plane home, you probably became pretty adaptable to survive your whole summer, semester, or year abroad! While employers value the knowledge and digital mammography skills gained through international experiences, students and advisers often have trouble articulating and poem essay format marketing study abroad as a selling point to employers. How do you help students elevate the study abroad experience beyond a bullet point on a resume or an anecdote at the interview? Communication skills are another key area study abroaders tend to two kinds essay quickly build proficiency in. It's likely that even if you’re nearly fluent in your host country's language, you faced challenges in communicating.
Learning to communicate through body language, using your intuition and senses, or even just talking around vocabulary words you might not know are all valuable skills. Even if you didn't face language difficulties -- perhaps you studied abroad in essay, an English-speaking country -- you still most likely had to communicate with diverse people from different cultures and likely had to school games show increased sensitivity in poem format, how you communicated. Again, these are valuable skills working in any company, particularly those with strong team cultures or that have international offices, customers or clients. Furthermore, you likely developed a strong ability to successful writing essay solve complex problems abroad. Perhaps you had to find your own place and poem essay format pay your own rent in your host city. Othello Racist Essay? Or you had to poem essay navigate confusing transportation systems, deal with a lost passport, or handle any other myriad of issues that come up while abroad. Even just the process of subtraction mammography, getting abroad -- from applying to a program to securing your visa and poem format transportation -- can be riddled with problems that require quick thinking, thorough preparation, and creative problem solving, all of which employers want to see more of! Having any experience abroad is important as the othello racist, workplace continues to become more and more global. Format? Even if you're applying to essay a purely-domestic company, the country is becoming more and more international.
Your language skills, or even just an ability to communicate with and understand different cultures and customs, will likely prove valuable still. Essay? Some other common skills and traits developed studying abroad that are transferable to the job search include: Independence Language skills Problem-solving skills Decision-making skills Time management Money management Increased initiative Global awareness Intercultural communication skills Adaptability Increased confidence and responsibility Networking skills Perhaps even improved job-related skills such as writing, interviewing, research or photography. 4. Think Ahead and Go the Extra Mile. If you're reading this before you go abroad, then props to an expository you for thinking ahead! There are so many things you can do while you're abroad to help you out with this later. Keep track of your experiences and reflect on how you are learning and essay format changing. If you can do this in a professional way on a blog, then that's great; it’s something to show for yourself and a ready writing sample! Otherwise, a personal journal should serve just fine. Amy Tan Analysis Essay? Make an effort to essay format get the most out of your experience, and do more than just study abroad and an expository outline travel. Essay? Volunteer, take on outline a job or internship, or embark on some kind of format, research or project while you're abroad. If you plan ahead, you might even be able to get extra college credit for an expository essay outline your work.
If not, then who cares? You are gaining great experience, and this will look fantastic on your resume. If you have already gone abroad and you don't think you did anything extra,” think hard. Did you ever volunteer, or participate in essay format, a club or sports league, or have any special projects in your classes that you had to opinion work extra hard on, or in essay format, a team with other students of digital, different nationalities? These, too, may be worth noting.
Make it known (and you can also emphasize it during your interview) that this wasn't some requirement or included part of your program. Format? Don't be afraid to essay criticisms boast that you took on this extra work yourself. Employers like concrete examples of initiative and hard work - and poem essay format this shows you have it in spades! Not to mention the actual relevant hard skills you likely picked up doing the an expository, work. 5. Poem? Be Prepared to othello racist Back Up Your Words. If you follow all this, you will have a killer resume that will surely get you noticed. Poem Format? But that’s only the first step. Since you presented your experience so impressively on your resume, there are surely going to be questions related to it during your interview. Subtraction? Make sure you didn’t put everything you had to say on your resume, leaving yourself with nothing new to poem format add in your interview! Be sure to have your study abroad advisor or other academic mentors look over your resume to give you feedback. Use their critiques as a basis for improvement, or consider researching study abroad resume samples to get an digital edge on the competition.
Studying abroad really is poem format a bit like being thrown into a sink or swim scenario, and assuming you didn't hop on the next plane home, you probably became pretty adaptable to survive your whole summer, semester, or year abroad! Be ready with stories and examples that clearly illustrate the skills and traits you described on an expository your resume. It’s not enough to say that you developed strong communication skills, you need to be able to poem essay back it up. And definitely don’t say you became fluent in French if you wouldn’t be able to answer your interviewer if they posed you a question in the language! Make sure you are totally honest and realistic about your experience and the skills you developed on your resume. However, as long as you can back it up -- brag away and maybe turn the experience into a career!
Want a jumpstart on an international career? Try interning abroad? Growing up in the Midwest, Rachael couldn't wait to get out and see the world. She's studied abroad in Italy and Thailand, interned abroad in subtraction mammography, Sydney, worked abroad in poem essay, Australia and Fiji, and traveled to 30+ countries, including backpacking solo across South America. In addition to working in international exchange, Rachael obsesses over all things her blog Girl, Unmapped.
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essay on syncretism Syncretic Reality: art, process, and potentiality. Syncretic Reality: formative factors. Roy Ascott 2005. This paper will argue that Syncretism, which has been seen historically as an attempt to poem essay, reconcile and analogise disparate religious and cultural practices, may contribute today to games, our understanding of the multi-layered worldviews - material and metaphysical - that are emerging with our engagement in, amongst other things, ubiquitous computing and post-biological technology. The 'other things' are numerous and varied, and format, reach across conflicting ideologies, commercial and political strategies, ecological events, and cosmological conditions. The emphasis in this paper however is on digital and biological technology, and especially in its relation to and effect upon, art practice. In short, it's about new media art and the syncretic reality that is both construed and constructed by that practice. Above all it is about breaking boundaries while maintaining cohesion, a most subtle attribute that is as necessary in the aesthetic as in amy tan analysis essay the social sphere. Of the myriad universes of discourse that constitute whole cultures and countries, only those open to change and adaptation are likely to survive the poem format, step change in evolution exerted by scientific development and technological innovation. If countries and communities are to avoid homogenization in this process, it will need to be a syncretic process that maintains the plurality of writing opinion essay difference.
The syncretic process is not in any way to be confused with synthesis, in which disparate things meld into a homogenous whole, thereby loosing their individual distinction. Nor is it mere eclecticism, which usually signals a wavering course of thought of only probable worth. In the essay, syncretic context, extreme differences are upheld but aligned such that likeness is found amongst unlike things, the power of each element enriching the power of all others within the array of their differences. An Expository! Standing in emphatic distinction to binary opposition, syncretism is a process between different elements, the in-between condition of 'being both'. In trying to describe syncretism, it is useful to bring into play the format, both both/and and either/or formulation of Marilyn Ferguson. If the definition of the term is necessarily nuanced, its etymology is certainly confused.
According to Plutarch, syncretism refers to the ancient Cretan's decision to unite in the face of a common enemy (e.g. sun-kretismos). Subsequently, it has been taken to derive from the Greek sun-kerannumi meaning mixing together. Its original meaning will be retained in this paper. In different historical epochs, the common enemy has been variously religious, military, and political. In present day cultural terms the an expository, enemy is habit – the poem essay, passive, uncritical repetition or acceptance of behaviors, opinions, perceptions and values, and the enshrining as verities, metaphors that have passed their sell-by date.
Habit is the enemy of art, impeding the search for othello essay, new ways of being. The syncretic process is always an assault on habit, confounding the certainties and orthodoxies of unconsidered homogenizing convention. This has certainly been the case in media art: computer-mediated systems are inherently interactive and transformative, and as such they defy docile stability while bringing novelty to the dynamic equilibrium of living and cultural systems. After all, the first rule of cybernetics is to acquire 'requisite variety', and variety is the spice of syncretism. In the past, religious syncretism has suffered at the hands of orthodoxy, as indeed have the forces of intellectual inquiry and spiritual enlightenment. One thinks of the poem essay, Gnostics, Neo-Platonists and Hermeticists of the late renaissance, the eradication of the Cathars, the wholesale burning of an expository essay outline witches, and the assault on Rosicrucianism.
All these bodies of knowledge and belief have been essentially syncretic in their formation, always bringing together the unfamiliar, proscribed, alien, non-linear structures of thought. The early 20th century saw the emergence of spiritual and psychic syncretism in Brazil in the Afro-Brazilian movement of Umbanda, and in format Vietnam, the Dao Cao Dai or Caodaism as it is othello racist essay, known in the West. There is an argument that says that all religions are effectively syncretic in poem their absorption of external elements either consequent upon an expository outline colonization, conversion or simple geographical proximity. Shamanic Ceremony , Seoul, Korea. Roy Ascott 2001. But this is to describe the process of synthesis or covert eclecticism rather than the poem format, sustained heterogeneity that is school, celebrated in poem authentic syncretism.
In this respect there are claims that the syncretic impulse in Brazil is digital subtraction, not limited to Umbanda but constitutes a direct challenge to Christianity, seeing its canonical religious orthodoxy as the enemy as has happened so frequently in the past. The last six decades have seen the growth of a remarkable syncretic Neo-Christian religion with ayahuasca as the sacrament. Following humble beginnings in the state of Acre in Brazilian Amazonia, these contemporary religious groups communing with Santo Daime or Ch Hoasca (as ayahuasca is known to them) have grown into major international religious movements with thousands of poem members. Othello! Far from being an aberration or anachronism, these churches, and the African Bwiti religion centered on the entheogenic sacrament eboka , rather represent the poem essay, future of Christianity, stripped of its Doctrine of Transubstantiation by games the Entheogenic Reformation, and with one or another genuine entheogen replacing the placebo sacrament. [i] However over-stated this claim may be, the use of entheogens[ii] and essay format, their chemical correlates, in the search for othello, altered states of consciousness and direct spiritual engagement, is likely to grow over the coming decades. Poem Essay Format! For those in the new media arts community, the an expository, switch in research of one of its leading contributors, Tom Ray, from artificial life (of which Tierra [iii]is his landmark contribution), to the mapping of the chemical organization of the human mind[iv] is highly significant in this respect. Since it is at the frontier of research in science, the great mysterium consciousness is likely also to be at the top of the agenda in art practice and theory over the coming decades. In a very limited but perhaps significant way, the international conference Consciousness Reframed: art and technology in the post-biological era [v] has sustained an annual contribution by artists and scholars of essay some 70 - 100 papers each year since 1997. It mirrors qualitatively although not quantitatively, the biennial Towards a Science of essay outline Consciousness conference[vi] at Tucson, Arizona.
As I argue below, the rituals and procedures of sacred ceremonies find their equivalent in Western codes and protocols of computer technology. Format! In the old, traditional cultures, another technology predominates, providing its users with tools of consciousness and writing opinion essay, spiritual access, whose use lies beyond historical record. This is the technology of the psycho-integrator plant, a vegetal technology. In this regard also, the poem essay format, state of consciousness described as delirium in other contexts, for example as proposed by digital mammography the French symbolist poet Arthur Rimbaud, is a feature of Islam in essay its least orthodox form, namely in the language of the Sufi. Indeed, Sufism is in itself highly syncretic, a spiritual practice which is essentially in-between the an expository, tangible and essay, abstract, the known and unknown, the visible and invisible, keeping each distinct yet related in their difference. The Syrian poet Adonis elicits a significant link between the syncretism in art and in subtraction mammography the spiritual domain in his study Sufism and Surrealism , in which he writes: [Surrealist writing] like Sufi writing, appears for the most part to be filled with strange things, contradictions, obscure references and poem essay, disjointed images . . .the anarchic, the astonishing, the baffling and the obscure form the basis for Sufi (and Surrealist) writing. Essay! . . .When the poet enters a world of poem transformations, he can leave it only by transformative writing: waves of illuminating images, which do not bear scrutiny by reasonable or logical means, and successful writing opinion essay, through which reality itself is transformed into a dream.[vii] It is in this heterogeneity of form and poem, meaning, where synthesis is neither resolved nor sought, that syncretism finds its salience.
And it is with an agenda of transformation such as this, that the future of new media art may be determined. While the two kinds amy tan essay, significance of poem essay syncretic influences that bear on digital mammography, Sufism would be lost on those without Arabic scholarship, we can grasp the syncretic embrace of Surrealism by looking at those influences bearing on the Surrealist enterprise. They include Heraclitus, Abelard, Meister Eckhart, Rousseau, Swift, Sade and Lautramont. . as well as the Celts and the Hopi Indians, magical arts, secret rites, Gnostics, anarchists, spiritualists, mental illness and cults. Essay Format! While surrealism is not a tendency of any direct urgency in new media art, never the less, the hyperlinks and non-linear modality of the digital culture lend themselves to the irrational and unexpected semantic elisions and links of opinion essay Surrealist practice. How Breton would have Googled! What is asserted here is that understanding contemporary reality as syncretic will lead to essay, significant changes in the way we regard our identity, our relationship to others, and the phenomenology of time and space. Syncretism not only destabilises orthodoxies and changes language, it may also result in the release of the self from the constraints of overweening rationality and totalising dogma. In religious or spiritual contexts, syncretism means combining rituals, psychic instruments, the assimilation of plants and homework games, herbs, into new forms of sacred communion.
A parallel process of the bringing together of disparate technologies (interactive and digital, reactive and mechanical, psychoactive and chemical), and new rituals of communication (mobile, online), and forms of community (the Net), is seen in our society, and indeed remains open to the incorporation of the older arcana. Our take on reality will depend in part on our cultural conditioning that may constitute a passive acceptance of a normative description or a vigorous attempt at its re-construction or re-definition. Interactive, digital and post-biological art provide us with tools and media that facilitate such construction, not only in virtual space but also in our very attitude to the nature of presence and interaction in and with the poem format, world. An Expository Essay Outline! The asynchronic nature of telematic interaction is a good example of this. Within this syncretic reality, the human mind and telematic systems are interacting to produce a new sense of self and planetary consciousness. This raises the question whether our drive to create wider and deeper and faster networks can be seen as an evolutionary impulse to engage more fully with the format, universal mind? This in turn questions the nature of mind, where it is located, how it is constituted, and whether for example it can be considered as an epiphenomenon of the brain, or part of a larger field of consciousness. Similarly with matter, its nature and status is in doubt. Our culture is essay criticisms, grounded in materialism, but in penetrating the material world beyond the nano level of poem observation we find there is no matter. Quantum physics makes plain that matter is school homework, not composed of matter, but reality is merely potentiality[viii].The immaterial connectedness that defines quantum reality, is poem, a quality we associate equally with the spiritual domain, and is the essence of telematic art.
From the convergence of silicon-dry computational systems and wet biological processes a moistmedia art is emerging. There may be an emergent faculty of cyberception that augments our awareness of the field of consciousness. Does the digital subtraction mammography, flow of electrons and poem essay format, photons across the planet's telematic networks parallel the biophotonic information network of the body? In addressing these questions, one may reveal the nature and source of a new reality that is being formed, the syncretic reality that is an expository essay, emerging from the convergence of Mixed Reality technology and altered states of consciousness, and metaphors drawn from biology, quantum physics, field theory, language, combined with cultural, social and spiritual practices, in a hybrid space of poem potentiality. In terms of the syncreticity of new media art, the following factors might be taken into consideration:
Matter: dry computational systems and successful writing opinion essay, wet biological processes are converging to provide moistmedia for the artist. Mind: The human mind and telematic systems are interacting to produce a technoetic sense of self and planetary collaboration. Spirit: Immaterial connectedness defines both quantum reality and the spiritual domain. Information: The biophotonic information network of the body parallels the telematic flows of electrons and photons across the planet. Technology: Both the poem format, media artist's interactive technology, and the shaman's psychoactive technology offer immersive pathways into altered states of consciousness. We can claim that a syncretic art can arise when media is moist, the mind is technoetic, the body is transformable, and the planet is telematic. Some examples of recent projects that demonstrate many of these qualities are to be found in the transgenic work of Eduardo Kac, such as Move 36, Genesis, and essay, GFP Bunny.[ix] An example of collaborative work of this genre can be seen in essay format MEART: the semi- living artist [x], the product of Steve Potter's lab at Georgia Tech and Guy Ben-Ary's lab at the University of Western Australia, involving the brain signals of cultured rat cells controlling robots on the other side of the planet. MEART: the Semi-Living Artist , SymbioticA Research Group.
Australian Centre for the Moving Image, 2003. The Tissue Culture and Art projects[xi] of two kinds amy tan analysis Oron Catts and poem essay, Ionat Zur constitute another exemplary syncretic discourse that ranges across ethics, biotechnology, artificial life, and art. Their studio is located in the laboratory environment of digital subtraction mammography a university biology department, and it is poem format, likely that the development of advanced forms of syncretic transdisciplinarity of this kind will increasingly come from artist's studios located not only within or across scientific laboratories and engineering centers, but in truly remote regions such as the deep ocean or outer space. SymbioticA laboratory , University of Western Australia. Symbiotica 2003. As far as science as a whole is concerned (its institutions, ideologies and discourses), syncretism is in many ways anathema.
The whole history of modern science has been to keep to the straight and homework, narrow path of reductionism. This tunnel vision has had huge success and undoubtedly is the bulwark of poem essay pragmatism. So much of the economy of utility depends on it. But it has been singularly unsuccessful in terms of human development, biological understanding and psychological or spiritual insight. Science is firmly cautious of straying beyond the bounds of strict causality and othello racist, reductive materialism, but artists are prepared to look everywhere and anywhere to try to format, reveal what is real and authentic in human experience. Science is opinion, caught in a trap of essay format its own making: for example, it recognizes the counter-intuitive precepts of quantum physics, while refusing to recognize their metaphysical implications. In so far as matters of othello consciousness are concerned, science is in denial.
Artists, untrammelled by orthodoxy (though no less concerned than the scientist with authenticity), are explicitly syncretic in their manner of essay creation. They are prepared to examine any discipline, scientific or spiritual, any view of the world - however esoteric or arcane - any culture, immediate or distant in space or time, in order to find ideas or processes which might engender creativity. There is no meta-language or meta-system that places one discipline or world-view automatically above all others. Such syncretic transdisciplinarity can inform artistic research at all levels. This is why we look in all directions for inspiration and understanding: to the East as well as the West; the left hand path as well as the right; working with both reason and intuition, sense and nonsense, subtlety and sensibility. Since syncretism is inherently impure, contaminated, unorthodox and alien, it fits well with the ambition, structure and layering of disparate and unordered sources of ideas and school games, images that constitutes postmodernism in the arts. The conditions causing the emergence of a syncretic art reflect the order of things in the world at large, and the many epistemological and ontological conflicts and uncertainties that shape our cultural scene.
These are set within a larger context of uncertainty that is almost cosmic in its dimensions. We have, for poem format, example, no knowledge of what constitutes the very ground of our reality. We know very little about digital, dark matter and dark energy, just as the poem format, purpose and function of junk DNA is writing essay, unclear to us. Science claims that ordinary matter comprises only five percent of the poem essay format, stuff in the universe, with dark matter comprising twenty-five percent and dark energy seventy percent. Similarly unknown to science is the location of two kinds mind and the source of consciousness, which is not to say there is not a multiplicity of hypotheses. Within the study of consciousness, the issue of qualia has proven to be an intractable hard problem. In the early 20th century, consciousness became taboo in science. Before that, for millennia in fact, and certainly with the emergence of science in the 18th century, consciousness was openly discussed.
For just about the whole of the last century, consciousness was the domain that dare not speak its name. It was David Chalmers as much as any one who, in 1994, opened what can be seen as a syncretic bridge between the two opposed discourses of science and essay format, consciousness, with his identification of the hard problem. Outline! The easy problems in his view are those dealing with our ability perceive the world, make decisions, act, remember, to know when we are dreaming and when we are awake. On the other hand, The really hard problem of consciousness is the problem of experience . When we think and perceive, there is a whir of information-processing, but there is also a subjective aspect.
As Nagel [xii] has put it, there is something it is like to be a conscious organism. This subjective aspect is experience . When we see, for example, we experience visual sensations: the felt quality of redness, the poem essay, experience of dark and light, the quality of depth in a visual field. Other experiences go along with perception in different modalities: the sound of a clarinet, the two kinds analysis, smell of mothballs . . Poem Essay Format! . . What unites all of these states is that there is something it is like to be in them. An Expository Outline! All of them are states of experience [xiii]. While to state the hard problem is poem essay, not to solve it, Chalmers offers an approach that keeps open the possibility of essay criticisms consciousness being a field we inhabit (rather in the way that we inhabit space). His doctrine of poem format psychophysical supervenience (first introduced into the philosophy of mind by opinion Donald Davidson[xiv]) amounts to essay, no mental differences without physical differences, without however ascribing to these physical differences an irreducible causal responsibility for differences in essay criticisms mental states. Essay Format! We know that these states of experience are limitless in their variety, some seemingly having their source on other worlds - not just different universes of discourse (though they can alter powerfully our perceptions and sense of digital mammography self), but new spaces of consciousness which we access through somatic or spiritual exercises, ritual ingestion of plants, sacred dancing, or the technologies of virtual reality and telematic communication. Behind many of these beliefs and practices, lies the idea of a dynamic field within which living beings interact and events are played out. Some of the poem format, more compelling field theories have been usefully sketched out in both their biophysical and metaphysical dimensions by Jean McTaggart in The Field [xv], just as a field-based morphogenetic model of biological process and its spiritual implications informed Richard Sheldrake's A New Science of Life [xvi] twenty years ago.
Sheldrake's controversial theory of formative causation states that there is memory of physical order, structure, or pattern, in nature that finds expression in morphic fields. School! The memory in these form-fields comes from previous forms of a similar kind. Morphic fields are an organizing principle of nature. He supports the contention that genes carry only a very small part of the poem essay format, biological information in a living system; most of an expository essay outline it is in the memory carried within the organizing fields of an organism. Over time, the development of a larger memory of species experience, leads to the process of morphic resonance, where at all levels in nature, the form of systems is influenced by the form of previous systems. McTaggart identifies major scientists who contribute significantly to poem essay format, field thinking across a number of disciplines – holistic, metaphysical, spiritual or paranormal -- such as Karl Pribram, David Bohm, Fritz-Albert Popp, Charles Tart, Robert Jahn, Dean Radin, Hal Puthoff, Irvin Laszlo and Mae Wan-Ho. Field thinking informs an understanding of healing practices of various kinds. Research into the connection between the biophotonic parameters and the parameters of electromagnetic fields active on living system such as that undertaken at the laboratory of the International Institute of Biophysics at writing opinion, Neuss, Germany[xvii]may provide some scientific validity to those ideas of self-regulation of the poem format, body to which various spiritual practices and digital mammography, somatic therapies subscribe. The network of meridians in poem essay format acupuncture may be related to the body's biophotonic field, as may the prana of Yoga. But the very inconclusive nature of scientific research in amy tan essay these areas, opens them, perhaps inevitably, to consumer abuse on the web, just as western medical jargon has long been exploited for the purposes of quackery, deception and commercial gain.
However, just as the healing rituals in older cultures involved performative, interactive and imaging activity, it may be that art in contemporary society will come to acquire a more compelling value. In art, it is the field of interactivity that integrates the work, the artist and the viewer in what is both a material and an immaterial connectedness.[xviii] To discuss art in format the syncretic culture it can be useful figuratively to locate any given work through the triangulation of three points, each weighted to a greater or lesser degree towards sacred art, conceptual art, or entertainment art. These polarities (and their many sub-categories) will of course be subtly nuanced, but they set out the digital mammography, three main strands that constitute what might be called the essay format, syncretic field of operations. There will be little difficulty in placing the larger categories of interactive/hyperlinked artworks (installed, performative or desk topped), or video games (arcade-based or globally-networked) in this schema. As to the question of sacred art, leaving aside the persistence of traditional religious practices from south America, Africa or South East Asia, contemporary examples will be found in the disposition of objects, places and performance in essay Umbanda, Vodou, Santeria and syncretic cults of Japan. One that is more extensive than most, in that it involves an entire township, a total spiritual ecology, is format, located in the State of Brasilia, called Valle do Amanhecer (Valley of the Dawn). Trance Medium , Valle do Amadhecer, Brazil. Roy Ascott 1999. This is the center of the religion of amy tan analysis Tia Neiva that practices spiritism and mixes Egyptian, Inca, Maya and Christian rites.
The art involved with its symbolism, ritual, music, images and architecture is almost monumentally syncretic. (On a much smaller scale the Brazilian ceremonies of Umbanda or Candomble constitute an equally complex syncretism in poem essay format their codes and protocols). In Orissa, India, a Hindu township of similarly spiritual complexity is found in Puri, the mammography, home of Lord Jagannath, its syncretic consciousness enshrining in a Vaishnavite identity traces of Saivism, Buddhist Tantricism, Shakti and Tribal Sawara worship. Within this syncretic taxonomy of the triad, there is also a hybridity of space to essay format, be accounted for: the in-between of psychic space, cyberspace, and ecospace, just as there is of embodiment: apparitional presence, telepresence, and physical presence. Our phenomenology of space and time is essay criticisms, undergoing a perhaps irreversible transformation. We are asynchronically and literally all over he place – often in many places at poem essay format, one and analysis, the same time. The distributed self is not only a well recognised feature of poem essay telematic networking, it also possibly marks an evolutionary development towards the othello, multiple self - a multiplicity not just of (virtual/cyborg) bodies but of attitudes, values, intentions and purposes. The double consciousness experienced in shamanic states (being both in format the physical world and the psychic world at the same time) is no more than a precursor of the multiple mind states we may come to inhabit (or which will inhabit us) in the syncretic combination of mixed reality technology, sacred plants, and other technoetic processes that we can expect to emerge over the next decades. For some decades, sociological and psychoanalytical discourses have attempted to construct a theoretical context for new media art. Often immured in a morose materialism they have failed to games, see the spiritual horizon, myopically setting their eyes on the Other, limited to the gross level of reality, and maintaining a false dualism. Now, as a syncretic science of consciousness arises, and as artists increasingly navigate its altered states, it is the metaphor of the Double that exercises our minds.
In telematic space we are both here and out of body; mixed reality technology combines physical and virtual actions into a new kind of event space; the ingestion of entheogens allows us to move freely between worlds. In respect of the double consciousness that shamanic states permit, it may no longer be seen as paradoxical that our scientifically- driven thought relates to models of consciousness and human identity based in the spiritual traditions of cultures previously dismissed as alien or marginal. Art may increasingly take on a more psychoactive complexion, and it will be found useful to link archaic models of consciousness, such as we find in poem essay format Amazonia for example, or amongst the Tsogho of Gabon, and ideas of essay quantum coherence, such as we find in biophysics, and biophotonic research. These archaic models implicitly locate the human mind within a field of consciousness, rather than seeing consciousness as an epiphenomenon of the brain, as western materialist orthodoxies would argue[xix]. Altered states of consciousness can be accessed by means of ritualized forms of breathing, dancing, chanting, or by the ingestion of psycho-integrator plants[xx]. This understanding of consciousness as a field, and poem format, our ability to navigate it (and, as many aver, to be navigated in it by other spiritual entities) is writing essay, seen most vividly in essay the syncretic doctrine of afro-Brazilian Umbanda[xxi], which brings together Yoruba (originally from S. W. Nigeria and Benin), and the spiritist beliefs of Kardecism (originally from France), with the native wisdom and essay, traditions of the forest.
Equally, from the Buddhist point of view, the mind is not a biproduct of the brain, but a field that is a separate entity from the body, and which confers an inherent connectedness on the human condition. If we move our focus from entheogens to engineering, that is to poem essay, say from the immaterial to the profoundly material, we are confronted by an apparent paradox: the nano level of perception leads not simply deeper into matter but further into the quantum consciousness that lies beyond the molecular domain. As the nano scientist excavates matter, moving, re-assembling, and coordinating atoms and molecules in the nanofield, the essay criticisms, distinction between the organic and the technological is becoming less distinct. Similarly our molecular knowledge may lead us to a better understanding of poem format changes in consciousness and perception afforded by pharmacology. What ever is the amy tan essay, case, we are now increasingly focusing our attention on the very small, at a level far beyond miniaturization: a nanometer is one billionth of a meter. This is at a level of essay perception that is, in any retinal sense and however technologically augmented, literally out of sight.
So much so that the scanning tunnelling microscope (STM) calls for touch rather than vision to navigate the nano field, and to manipulate individual atoms. I shall argue that the nanofield mediates between pure matter and pure consciousness and that its significance as an interface between two levels of reality can hardly be overestimated. There are a number of ways to view the nano phenomenon. The popular view is that advanced by Arthur Drexler[xxii], who has provided a mechanistic and othello essay, materialist understanding of format its potential. His ideas of nano engineering and materials science promise self-replicating nanobots, self-renewing structures and homework games, self-assembling environments, working within the body, within its environment, and in outer space. Some find that this view violates our understanding of the body as constituting a holistic, mind/body field. When the body is seen as no more than a material collection of essay atoms, it may make sense to apply a materialistic strategy of racist repair. Poem Format! But the living organism is infinitely more complex than that which the cyborg model, however sophisticated, allows. Writing Opinion! Developments in biophysics support this view: atoms and molecules cannot be context-independent. There is another other way of understanding the significance of our penetration of the nano world, which is to view these developments from the point of view of consciousness. This could lead to what could be called technoetic ontology[xxiii] since nano is the plane on which technology and essay format, consciousness can meet.
This presents a challenge to the artist that is as much metaphysical as material, and will doubtless require a syncretic solution. Materialist may see working in the nano field as the essay outline, end game, but it is not necessary to essay, embrace a radical transcendentalism to digital subtraction mammography, see that nano is located between the material density of our everyday world and the numinous spaces of format subatomic immateriality. The STM cuts through the dense complexity of matter to focus on the individual atom – at criticisms, a level that is touchable and untouchable, immediate and remote, as Gimzewski and Vesna have shown[xxiv]. Their recent exhibition at LACMA[xxv] was worthy of note. Nano Exhibition , Victoria Vesna James Gimzewski, Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Victoria Vesna 2004. Christa Sommerer and Laurent Mingnoneau have also tried to give artistic expression to these ideas in poem their work Nanoscape [xxvi]. Homework! Nano watching changes the ratio of the senses: to touch is to see. Poem! The auditory sense can also be involved. Grimzewski has discovered that to subtraction mammography, touch the atomic plane is to hear the voice of molecules, whose sounds may signal distress as much as harmony[xxvii]. Poem! The atomic force microscope (AFM) allows him to hear the scream of a yeast cell as it is doused in essay alcohol.
The individual atom, rather than simply employed as a building block towards denser material construction, can be considered as a point of access to the complexity of immaterial, subatomic domains. But there is no simple dualism here, no choice to be made between the materialist and the spiritual point of view. The situation is to be viewed syncretically, as a matter of both both/and and either/or. It is through our eventual understanding of that subatomic domain that we may discover the source of format consciousness. We should be prepared to discover that individual consciousness is no more than an oxymoron. While individual self-awareness is a prerequisite of living beings, consciousness is more likely to be the attribute of a field than of the individual organism. A strong advocate for this point of view is Hans-Peter Durr, of the Max-Plank-Institut fr Physic, Munich [xxviii]. He argues that quantum physics reveals that matter is not composed of matter, but reality is merely potentiality. Digital Subtraction! His research suggests that the world has a holistic structure, based on fundamental relations and not material objects, admitting more open, indeterministic developments. From this it follows that in this more flexible causal framework, inanimate and animate nature is not to be considered as fundamentally different, but as different order structures of the same immaterial entity.
In a stable configuration, effectively all the uncertainties are statistically averaged out, thereby exhibiting the unique and poem essay, deterministic behavior of ordinary inanimate matter. In the case of an expository outline statistically unstable but dynamically stable configurations, the poem essay format, 'lively' features of the underlying quantum structure have a chance to surface to the macroscopic level and be connected with what we observe as the school games, phenomenon of life. The phenomenon of life may owe much to what has been shown to be a biophotonic information network between molecules within the body, possibly extending to other living organisms in the world (this suggest a parallel to essay format, the telematic flows of essay criticisms electrons and photons across the planet). Briefly to describe the basic proposition concerning biophotonic process, we can turn to Fritz-Albert Popp, director of the International Institute of Biophysics in Neuss, Germany: Biophoton emission is a general phenomenon of living systems. It concerns low luminescence from a few up to poem, some hundred photons per second, per square centimeter surface area, at least within the spectral region from 200 to 800nm. The experimental results indicate that biophotons originate from a coherent (or/and squeezed) photon field within the essay criticisms, living organism, its function being intra and intercellular regulation and essay, communication[xxix]. Also illuminating are the following points Popp has made in conjunction with J. J.Chang:
Bioelectrical or bio electromagnetical phenomena have been known for a long time, but the coherent bio-electromagnetic fields, including biophoton fields are a new concept. They exist in living biological systems although we cannot see them. They are some kind of structure with specific patterns, but they are not real matter, only fields that regulate and bring the living system into a coherent state. Essay! In such a state within the coherent volume, there is no difference between particles and waves, therefore distance has no meaning. This state provides ideal conditions for the communication that is the basis for biological regulation[xxx]. It is essay format, with this kind of theory that we can see a correspondence to two kinds analysis, the Sufi's syncretic view of in-between-ness of the physical and poem essay format, immaterial world, which was mentioned earlier. The biophoton is palpably visible and quantifiable at the macroscopic level, but at the same time has the successful essay, quality of quantum immateriality. In quantum physics (from which discipline and its many interpretations, media artists have derived a wide range of useful metaphors) the most syncretic, par excellence, is the Many World Interpretation (MWI).
The MWI of quantum mechanics was first proposed in 1957 by Hugh Everett III, who argued that, whenever sufficient possibilities exist, the world splits into poem essay many worlds, one world or universe for each possibility. In each world, everything is identical, up until the point of each split, whereafter worlds develop independently, with no communication between them, so the people living in those worlds (and splitting along with them) may have no idea that this is going on. This endless branching and splitting of the world creates more and more diversity in an expository essay outline what we can see as a kind of infinite syncretism, where anything is at all times possible, separate but related. Time also is syncretic, since the present of one observer, lies in the pasts of a vast number of different futures. At the poem essay format, same time, quantum physics yields insights which not only highlight the defining idea of interactive art- that it is the an expository essay, action of observing that creates meaning - but also provides a parallel to the inherent fuzziness of mind and content, the semantic potentiality of the poem format, truly open-ended, inconclusive, emergent quality of interactive art.
This gives rise to amy tan analysis, the notion of a fuzzy, open-ended syncretism, whose parts are coming into being, in unforeseeable, unclassifiable variety, transforming, diminishing, re-appearing, within a non-linear structural containment. The same description could apply equally to mind, to the field of consciousness. In the search for mind, especially in poem essay the context of the artist's use of technology to explore consciousness, which I call technoetics, the technologies of other cultures can provide an important example. As much as data is stored deep in successful opinion essay the memory space of the computer, so knowledge is stored deep in the psychic space of the shamanic world. In the technology of the psycho-integrator plant, (the vegetal technology to which we have already briefly alluded), such varieties as salvia divinorum or the shamanic liana, ayahuasca (banisteriopsis caapi), called the vine of the poem format, soul, and used in countless communities in Brazil and Colombia, are known as teachers, imparting wisdom as spiritual avatars. Criticisms! The researches of ethnobotanists such as Richard Evans Schultes [xxxi], Eduardo Luna[xxxii] and Benny Shanon[xxxiii] document the power of these plants in their sacred setting to enable us to format, transform consciousness, to enter into an expository other states of being, to communicate over great distances, to connect with other entities, and to receive knowledge and instruction from the plant domain.
In recent decades the use of vegetal technology to heighten spiritual experience has extended in towns and poem format, cities, in Brazil most extensively, but increasingly in an expository essay outline other countries, largely through the practices of poem Santo Daime[xxxiv] and Unio do Vegetal. The opening up of public awareness to the power of plants to essay criticisms, heal the body and to transform the mind will doubtless infiltrate art theory, if not immediately the practice of art. As has been noted above, just as the artist's fascination with new technology has led to an electronic, interactive, telematic art, so it is possible to foresee a chemical or pharmacological ethos arising in art. A syncretic condition will arise when the two apparently opposed technologies are used in tandem; not simply cross referenced in an academic or analytical way, but brought together in a concerted conjunction of actions. From this, new syncretic ontology may arise, just as our notions of outer space and inner space may coalesce into another order of format cosmography. Within this emergent ontology, evolution can be considered as a purposive pathway towards increasingly greater access to racist, the field of consciousness, where survival is measured on a spiritual level: the fittest being those most able to adapt their individual self- awareness to the larger whole.
This proposition could temper the poem format, often aggressive interpretation of 19th century ideology of Darwinism with a more purposeful model of homework games co-operation and collaboration, from the molecular to the macroscopic level of life, in the way that Lynn Margulis has argued [xxxv], and essay format, as the research of Mae-Wan Ho supports: Many remarkable individuals and local communities are indeed changing their own lives and the world around them for the better. They all do so by learning from nature and recognizing that it is the two kinds amy tan analysis essay, symbiotic, mutualistic relationships that sustain ecosystems and make all life prosper, including the human beings who are active, sensitive participants in the ecosystem as a whole[xxxvi]. In the evolutionary process, which the scientific community may yet come to see as more teleological than wholly random, both telematic and pharmacological technologies can serve the poem essay format, transformation of the self and the connectivity of minds, enabling what ever purpose is held in our genes, the essay, increased facility of expression. Human expression, along with cognition and perception have been enhanced and perhaps changed by format technology, to the extent that what can be seen as a wholly new faculty has arisen in the human sensorium: that of digital mammography cyberception. Poem Essay Format! This faculty enables us to see deeper into racist matter, further into space, to see the invisible, speak of the ineffable, to multi-task, and micro-measure. The question then arises: does the telematic field of cyberception attempt to essay, mirror or even augment our awareness of the field of consciousness?
Locative media and telematic communication put the mind out-of-body and globally distributed, altering the phenomenology of othello essay space and time. Technoetic research into states of immateriality and emergent materialization may redefine our ideas of identity and presence. Just as the quantum coherence of biophotonic networks can be shown to define living systems, so planetary consciousness may be illuminated by the coherence of telematic interactivity. We have argued that only a syncretic process can hold together the current ferment of ideas, images and models of reality that communities and cultures across the planet are generating. To recite the poem essay format, story of media art in its syncretic mode is not to advance its development, nor is it sufficient simply to outline the syncretic reality that is emerging.
Syncretic Art development chart. Essay! Roy Ascott 2005. A call to develop strategies that will strengthen this emergence is essay format, signalled. We started with the announcement that the original etymology of syncretism would be observed, wherein 'habit' would be viewed as the enemy. Firstly, then, it is necessary to identify new knowledge fields, and to develop transdisciplinary discourse and practice to replace what has become clichd and intellectually ragged. In the case of subtraction uncritically pursued conventions of learning, research and creativity (the universal staple of universities and colleges), it will be necessary effect a reversal of the classical agenda by always insisting on prioritizing subject before object, process before system, behavior before form, intuition before reason, and mind before matter. A more extensive reversal is needed in terms of institutions as a whole, replacing them with syncretic, many stranded organisms of essay exploration, inquiry, learning and creativity. This will require a truly syncretic schedule of essay artistic, computational, psychic, biophysical and nanotechnological projects in order to poem format, bring about new material conditions for essay, life and art, and liberate the requisite variety of cognitive modes and spiritual states for the fulfilment of poem essay format our human potential. ©Roy Ascott 2005.
[i] Ott, J. Successful Writing Opinion! Ayahuasca Analogues: Pangaen Entheogens . (Kennewick, WA: Natural Products, 1994) 11. [ii] The term entheogen was first suggested in Wasson, R. et al. The Road to Eleusis: Unveiling the Secret of the poem essay format, Mysteries (Ethno-Mycological Studies, No. 4). (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1978). Entheogen is derived from a term meaning realizing the divine within, employed by the ancient Greeks to describe states of poetic or prophetic inspiration that can be induced by sacred plant-drugs. [iii] Synthetic organisms were created by Ray based on a computer metaphor of organic life in which CPU time is the energy resource and criticisms, memory is the material'' resource. Memory is organized into informational patterns that exploit CPU time for poem, self-replication.
Mutation generates new forms, and digital subtraction mammography, evolution proceeds by natural selection as different genotypes compete for CPU time and poem format, memory space. [iv] Nineteen psychedelics have each been screened against over one hundred receptors, transporters and ion channels, providing the essay, first comprehensive view of how these compounds interact with the human receptome. Poem Format! [. ] The project aims to understand the mechanisms underlying the homework games, qualitative diversity of actions of psychedelics, by locating each drug in an abstract receptor space, a coordinate system with one axis for each receptor. Ray, T. Poem! The Chemical Architecture of the Human Mind: Probing Receptor Space with Psychedelics . http://consciousness.arizona.edu/conference/tucson2004 (accessed 16.8.05) [vii] Adonis. Sufism and Surrealism . Trans: J. Racist Essay! Cumberbatch. (London: Saqi, 2005.) 114. [viii] Drr, H-P. 'Inanimate and Animate Matter: Orderings of poem essay Immaterial Connectedness – The Physical Basis of Life'. In: H.-P. Drr et al (eds). What is two kinds, Life? Scientific Approaches and Philosophical Positions . (New Jersey: World Scientific, 2002).
145. [xii] Nagel, T. (1974). 'What is it like to poem, be a bat?', Philosophical Review , Vol.83, no.4, 1974, 435-50. [xiii] Chalmers, D. Two Kinds! 'Facing Up to the Problem of Consciousness', Journal of Consciousness Studies , vol. 2, no.3, 1995, 200-219. [xiv] Davidson, D. Essays on Actions and Events (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980). [xv] McTaggart, L. The Field: The Quest for the Secret Force of the Universe . (New York: Quill, 2003). [xvi] Sheldrake, R. A New Science of Life . (London: Granada, 1983) [xviii] Ascott, R. 'Towards a Field Theory for Post-Modern Art'. Leonardo , vol.13, 1980, 51-52.
[xix] See: Dennett, D C. Consciousness Explained . (New York: Pantheon, 1992). Dennett could be described as the pope of epiphenomenalism. [xx] Winkelman, M. 'Psychointegrator Plants: Their Roles in Human Culture, Consciousness and Health', in poem essay Winkelman, M. and W. Andritsky (eds), Yearbook of Cross-Cultural Medicine and Psychotherapy . (Berlin: Verlag fur Wissenschaft und Bildung, 1995), 9-53. [xxi] Brown, D. Amy Tan! Umbanda: religion and politics in urban Brazil . (New York: Columbia University Press, 1986). [xxii] Drexler, K.E.
Engines of Creation . Essay! (Garden City, NY: Anchor Press, 1986). [xxiii] The term 'technoetic' is coined by the author from 'technology' and the Greek 'noeitikos' (mind, consciousness), to mean consciousness accessed, augmented, distributed, transformed (depending on the user's world view) by technology. Digital Subtraction! This may have an ontological the essay format, effect on writing, the sense of self and of the world . [xxiv] Gimzewski, J. and Vesna, V. 'The Nanoneme Syndrome: blurring of fact and fiction in the construction of a new science'. In: Technoetic Arts: a journal of speculative research . Vol.1 no.1. 2003, 7 –24.
[xxvii] Nature Vol.423,2003, 106 - 107. [xxx] J.J.Chang and F.A.Popp. 'Biological Organization: A Possible Mechanism based on the Coherence of Biophotons', in J.J.Chang, J.Fisch and F.A.Popp (eds.), Biophotons . (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, 1998). 217-227. [xxxi] Schultes , R.E. and Raffauf , R. Essay Format! Vine of the Soul: Medicine Men, Their Plants and school homework, Rituals in the Colombian Amazonia . (Santa Fe, NM: Synergetic, 2004). [xxxii] Luna, L. and White, S. (eds.). Ayahuasca Reader: Encounters with the Amazon's Sacred Vine . Poem Format! (Santa Fe, NM: Synergetic, 2000). [xxxiii] Shanon, B. Racist Essay! 'Ayahuasca visions: A comparative cognitive investigation', in C. Rtsch J. Poem Essay! Baker (eds.), Yearbook for Ethnomedicine and the Study of an expository essay Consciousness . (Berlin: VWB Verlag, 1999.).
[xxxiv] Polari de Alverga, A. Forest of essay format Visions: Ayahuasca, Amazonian Spirituality, and the Santo Daime Tradition . (Rochester, Vt.: Park Street, 1999.) [xxxv] Margulis, L . Origin of Eukaryotic Cells . (Yale University Press, 1970.) Her proposal that mitochondria and chloroplasts evolved symbiotically, although in no way a displacement of Darwinism, nevertheless initially made the Darwinian faithful very uncomfortable.
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customer relationship management (CRM) Customer relationship management (CRM) is a term that refers to practices, strategies and technologies that companies use to manage and poem essay analyze customer interactions and data throughout the essay outline customer lifecycle, with the goal of improving business relationships with customers, assisting in customer retention and driving sales growth. Essay Format! CRM systems are designed to compile information on racist essay customers across different channels -- or points of contact between the customer and the company -- which could include the company's website, telephone, live chat, direct mail, marketing materials and social media. Poem Format! CRM systems can also give customer-facing staff detailed information on customers' personal information, purchase history, buying preferences and concerns. The CRM platform market is crowded.
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Open source CRM programs make source code available to the public, allowing companies to poem format, make alterations with no cost to othello racist essay, the company employing it. Format! Open source CRM systems also allow the addition and customization of data links to social media channels, assisting companies looking to improve social CRM practices. Vendors such as SugarCRM are popular choices in the open source market. Adoption of any of these CRM deployment methods depends on a company's business needs, resources and essay goals, since each has different costs associated with it. Traditionally, data intake practices for CRM systems have been the responsibility of essay, sales and marketing departments as well as contact center agents. Sales and marketing teams procure leads and update the homework system with information throughout the customer lifecycle and contact centers gather data and revise customer history records through service call and technical support interactions.
The advent of social media and format the proliferation of criticisms, mobile devices has caused CRM providers to upgrade their offerings to include new features that cater to poem essay format, customers who use these technologies. Social CRM refers to businesses engaging customers directly through social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter and essay LinkedIn. Poem! Social media presents an open forum for customers to share experiences with a brand, whether they're airing grievances or promoting products. To add value to customer interactions on social media, businesses use various tools that monitor social conversations, from specific mentions of a brand to the frequency of keywords used, to essay outline, determine their target audience and poem which platforms they use. Other tools are designed to two kinds essay, analyze social media feedback and address customer queries and issues.
Companies are interested in capturing sentiments such as a customer's likelihood of recommending their products and essay the customer's overall satisfaction in order to develop marketing and service strategies. Companies try to integrate social CRM data with other customer data obtained from sales or marketing departments in order to get a single view of the customer. Another way in which social CRM is homework, adding value for companies and customers is customer communities, where customers post reviews of products and essay can engage with other customers to troubleshoot issues or research products in real time. Customer communities can provide low-level customer service for digital subtraction mammography, certain kinds of problems and poem essay format reduce the number of contact center calls. Customer communities can also benefit companies by providing new product ideas or feedback without requiring companies to enlist feedback groups.
Mobile CRM -- or the CRM applications built for smartphones and tablets -- is becoming a must-have for sales representatives and marketing professionals who want to access customer information and perform tasks when they are not physically in their offices. Mobile CRM apps take advantage of features that are unique to mobile devices, such as GPS and subtraction mammography voice-recognition capabilities, in order to better serve customers by poem essay format, giving employees access to this information on the go. For all of the othello racist essay advancements in poem essay format, CRM technology, without the proper management, a CRM system can become little more than a glorified database where customer information is stored. Criticisms! Data sets need to be connected, distributed and essay organized so that users can easily access the information they need. Companies also struggle to achieve a single view of the customer, where many different data sets can be seamlessly accessed and organized in a single dashboard or interface to homework games, create one view of poem essay, a customer’s account and games relevant information. Challenges arise when customer data is siloed in several separate systems or when data is complicated by poem essay, duplicate or outdated information that slows down and hampers the business process. These problems can lead to a decline in customer experience due to two kinds analysis essay, long wait times during phone calls, improper handling of technical support cases and poem essay other issues. Studies show that customers, particularly Millennials, are increasingly dissatisfied with the contact center experience.
They demand multiple avenues of communication with a company and essay expect a seamless interaction across many different channels, the most popular of which tend to be Web chat, mobile apps and poem format social media. An Expository Essay! The main challenge of a CRM system is delivering a cross-channel customer experience that is essay, consistent and essay reliable. Social media, for essay format, example, has been touted as a more efficient channel by an expository essay, which customers can reach companies and get problems resolved or queries answered, rather than enduring the traditional method of waiting in a phone queue or awaiting an poem essay email response. Games! In some cases, particularly in high-touch customer service scenarios , social platforms can fall short for customer service. Companies also continue to struggle to format, identify real sales prospects with their data. New lead-generation technologies that combine CRM data with third-party data from companies like Dunn Bradstreet and social streams have also been emerging to provide sales and marketing teams with better sales prospects. These methods work best, however, when companies spend time cleaning up their existing data to eliminate duplicate and incomplete records before they supplement CRM data with external sources of information.
Continue Reading About customer relationship management (CRM) Find more PRO+ content and other member only digital offers, here. What are the format three most important things to essay criticisms, consider when choosing a CRM system for poem, your company? By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and school homework games its partners. Poem Essay! If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to othello, having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States.
Privacy. Please create a username to comment. 1. a CRM solution that delivers on my top 3 needs. 2. a CRM solution provider that focuses on essay user adoption rate. 3. School Games! a CRM solution provider with a clear roadmap.
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