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roe vs wade essay Because neither interest is compelling before the second trimester, the State may not regulate abortion in the first trimester either to 5 paragraph essay strucure, preserve the woman’s health or to protect the life of the unborn child. Id . at 163. After the first trimester, however, the State may regulate the performance of an abortion, but only for the purpose of preserving the woman’s health, not for the purpose of protecting the life of the unborn child. After viability, the paper, State may regulate, and 5 paragraph essay, even prohibit, abortion to protect the life of the analysis of the essay of studies, unborn child, except when the performance of the essay, abortion is on communicative competence grammar necessary to preserve the life or health of the woman. Id . at 164-65 (summarizing holdings). The abortion statutes challenged in Roe , which prohibited abortion throughout pregnancy except to save the life of the mother, did not conform to the Court’s “trimester” framework. Accordingly, they were declared unconstitutional. Id . at 164. In Roe , the Court also held that an unborn child is not a “person” as that word is used in § 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment and, therefore, is not protected by either the Due Process Clause or the Equal Protection Clause, id . at 156-59, a holding from which no Justice on the Court – then or since – has dissented. In Roe’s companion case of 5 paragraph essay Doe v. Bolton , 410 U.S.

179 (1973), decided the same day as Roe , the proper apa, Court struck down various procedural requirements imposed by 5 paragraph, a Georgia abortion statute based on § 230.3 of the Model Penal Code (that the abortion be performed in verbs a licensed and accredited hospital, that the procedure be approved by the majority of a medical staff committee of the hospital, and that two other physicians in 5 paragraph strucure addition to the attending physician certify that the abortion was necessary for write one of the reasons specified in the statute). 3 410 U.S. at 192-200. The Court also rejected a vagueness challenge to what remained of the 5 paragraph, substance of the analysis of the essay of studies, statute after major provisions of the statute had been declared unconstitutional by a federal district court. Strucure. Id . at 191-92. 4 Both Justice Byron White and write essays, Justice William Rehnquist dissented from the opinions in Roe and Doe striking down the Texas and Georgia abortion statutes. Roe , 410 U.S. at 171 (Rehnquist, J., dissenting); Doe , 410 U.S. at 221 (White, J., dissenting from both opinions); id . at 223 (Rehnquist, J., dissenting). I. The Origins of a Constitutional Right ^ top. Roe , as noted in the Introduction, was based on 5 paragraph strucure, the right of privacy. As Roe itself acknowledged, however, “[t]he Constitution does not explicitly mention any right of ways essays privacy. 410 U.S. at 152.

Nevertheless, in a line of decisions going back to the late nineteenth century, “the Court has recognized that a right of personal privacy, or a guarantee of essay certain areas or zones of privacy, does exist under the Constitution. Way To For College. Id . This right of privacy, “founded in the Fourteenth Amendment’s concept of personal liberty, the Court in Roe held, “is broad enough to encompass a woman’s decision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy. Id . at 153. The roots of essay a right of personal privacy have been found in the U.S. Constitution in essays the following places: in the 5 paragraph, free speech guarantee of the action verbs, First Amendment, which has been held to 5 paragraph essay strucure, protect the possession of pornography in one’s home, Stanley v. Georgia , 394 U.S.

557, 564 (1969); in the Fourth Amendment, which secures the right of the people against “unreasonable searches and seizures of ways to end their “persons, homes, papers and 5 paragraph essay, effects, and the Fifth Amendment, which prohibits compulsory self-incrimination, see Boyd v. United States , 116 U.S. 616, 630 (1886) (Fourth and Fifth Amendments protect against all governmental invasions “of the sanctity of essay of studies by francis a man’s home and the privacies of life”); in the Ninth Amendment, which preserves other rights not enumerated in the Constitution, Griswold v. Connecticut , 381 U.S. 479, 486 (1965) (striking down statute prohibiting use of contraceptives by married couples) (Goldberg, J., concurring) ; in the “penumbras (shades) of the Bill of Rights as a whole, Griswold , 381 U.S. at 484-85 ; and in the liberty language of the essay, Due Process Clause of § 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment, Meyer v. Nebraska , 262 U.S. 390, 399 (1923) (striking down a state statute forbidding the teaching of any subject in any language other than English, or the teaching of modern foreign languages below the eighth grade). The right of privacy, the Court in by francis bacon Roe noted, also has “some extension to essay, activities relating to marriage, . . . procreation, . . . family relationships, . . . and child rearing and education. 410 U.S. at 152-53 , citing the following cases: Loving v. Virginia , 388 U.S. 1, 12 (1967), recognizing liberty interest in marrying the person of one’s choice; Skinner v. Oklahoma , 316 U.S.

535, 541-42 (1942), striking down statute mandating sterilization of certain recidivists; Eisenstadt v. Research Paper. Baird , 405 U.S. 438 (1972), striking down statute prohibiting distribution of contraceptives to unmarried persons; Prince v. Massachusetts , 321 U.S. 158, 166 (1944), recognizing authority of parents over their children, but upholding child labor laws as applied to 5 paragraph strucure, the children of Jehovah’s Witnesses who were distributing religious literature in exchange for thesis action voluntary contributions; Pierce v. Society of Sisters ,268 U.S. 510, 535 (1925), striking down statute mandating public education of children between the ages of 5 paragraph strucure eight and sixteen; and Meyer v. Nebraska (holding described above). II. Critique of Roe’s Privacy Theory ^ top. The Supreme Court’s reliance on thesis action verbs, privacy theory to support a right to abortion is problematical at several levels. First, as the Court itself recognized, Roe , 410 U.S. at 152, the Constitution itself “does not expressly mention any right of privacy.” To be sure, as Justice Hugo Black noted in 5 paragraph essay his dissent in Griswold v. Connecticut , 381 U.S.

479, 508-10 (1965) (Black, J., dissenting), various provisions of the Bill of Rights protect specific privacy interests, for example, the First Amendment’s right of associational privacy, the ways, Fourth Amendment’s protection against unreasonable searches and seizures and 5 paragraph essay strucure, the Fifth Amendment’s prohibition of compelled self-incrimination. But the Constitution does not create a general right of privacy. See , e.g ., Katz v. United States , 389 U.S. To End Essays. 347, 350 (1967) (Fourth Amendment, which “protects individual privacy against certain kinds of governmental intrusions,” “cannot be translated into a general constitutional ‘right to privacy’”). Recognition of a “general constitutional ‘right to privacy’” cannot be reconciled with the care with which the Framers of the Bill of 5 paragraph Rights described the specific rights that were being secured.

Second, the concept of “privacy” is amorphous and chameleon (or, in Justice Black’s words, “broad, abstract and ways, ambiguous,” Griswold , 381 U.S. at 509 ). 5 Paragraph Strucure. Roe’ s attempt to collect cases under the rubric of “privacy” – a term that does not even appear in most of the cases cited – simply creates an proper research apa, artificial common denominator among a very disparate and largely unrelated group of cases that have nothing to do with the subject of abortion, as the Court in Roe freely admitted: “The situation [involving a pregnant woman and her unborn child] . . Strucure. . is inherently different from marital intimacy, or bedroom possession of obscene material, or marriage, or procreation, or education, with which Eisenstadt and Griswold , Stanley , Loving , Skinner , and thesis action verbs, Pierce and 5 paragraph essay, Meyer were respectively concerned.” 410 U.S. at 159 (emphasis added). 6 If a pregnant woman’s decision whether or not to carry her pregnancy to term is “inherently different” from all of the “privacy” cases on which the Court relied, then it is difficult to understand how those cases could possibly support recognition of thesis a right to obtain an abortion. Third, most of the cases Roe cited in support of its privacy theory were decided under one or another of the provisions in the Bill of Rights. Roe itself, however, derived the right of privacy (and a subsidiary right to abortion) from the liberty language in the Due Process Clause of the 5 paragraph strucure, Fourteenth Amendment, 410 U.S. at 153, not from paper format any of the specific guarantees set forth in the Bill of Rights. That directly contradicted the Court’s express refusal, only a few years earlier in Griswold , 381 U.S. at 481-82, to rely upon the Due Process Clause in postulating a right of privacy. Fourth, even with respect to essay, the Due Process Clause, the Court no longer examines substantive due process claims (of which, more below) through the lens of privacy, and that includes the subject of abortion. In reaffirming the “core holding” of Roe – that the grammar, State may not prohibit abortion before viability for any reason or after viability if the 5 paragraph strucure, pregnant woman’s life or health would be endangered by continuing the pregnancy – the Court, in Planned Parenthood v. Casey , 505 U.S. 833, 846-53 (1992), relied upon the liberty language of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, not upon privacy theory. Research Paper Format. 7 See also Cruzan v. 5 Paragraph Essay Strucure. Director , Missouri Dep’t of truisms essays Health , 497 U.S. Essay. 261, 279 n. Ways Essays. 7 (1990) (analyzing right to refuse unwanted medical treatment “in terms of a Fourteenth Amendment liberty interest, rather than under a “generalized constitutional right of privacy”).

Focusing more particularly on the Fourteenth Amendment, § 1 thereof provides, in relevant part, that no State shall “deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law . . . .” As its language suggests, the 5 paragraph, Due Process Clause is concerned with the process by truisms inflammatory essays, which a person may be deprived of strucure life, liberty or property, not the substance of the law authorizing such deprivation. See Lawrence v. Texas , 539 U.S. 558, 592 (2003) (Scalia, J., dissenting) . Analysis Essay Bacon. It was never the intent of the Framers of the 5 paragraph strucure, Fourteenth Amendment that the Due Process Clause would serve as a battering ram to knock down statutes the truisms inflammatory essays, substance of which offended the sensibilities of a majority of Justices who happen to 5 paragraph, sit on the Supreme Court from time to time. See Raoul Berger, Government by Judiciary The Transformation of the Fourteenth Amendment (Liberty Fund 2d ed. 1997) 221-39, 273-306. 8 Despite its focus on process, the Due Process Clause, at various times in our history, has been given substantive content, resulting in the invalidation of thesis verbs state laws thought to be inconsistent with prevailing understandings of “liberty.” The paradigmatic case in this area, before Roe v, Wade was decided in 1973, is Lochner v. New York , 198 U.S.

45 (1905). In Lochner , the Supreme Court, over the vigorous dissent of 5 paragraph Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., held that state legislation setting limits on the number of hours a person could work in a bakery daily (ten hours) and weekly (sixty hours) violated the liberty of an employer to contract with his employees on terms that were mutually agreeable to them. Best Write. The notion that the Due Process Clause has substantive (as opposed to essay strucure, only procedural ) content bedeviled constitutional adjudication for grammar a generation, until it was laid to essay, rest, at least with respect to the review of social and economic legislation, in West Coast Hotel v. Parrish , 300 U.S. 379 (1937), which upheld a minimum wage law. Twenty-five years later, the Supreme Court could state that it had “returned to best write, the original constitutional proposition that courts do not substitute their social and economic beliefs for 5 paragraph the judgment of of the essay by francis bacon legislative bodies.” Ferguson v. Skrupa , 372 U.S. 726, 730 (1963). Despite the interment of essay strucure what may be called “economic” substantive due process, “libertarian” substantive due process is alive and well. Under this strand of substantive due process analysis, the Due Process Clause “provides heightened protection against government interference with certain fundamental rights and liberty interests.” Washington v. Glucksberg , 521 U.S.

702, 720 (1997). Roe v. Of The Of Studies. Wade , while sounding in 5 paragraph essay strucure privacy theory, was ultimately based on the liberty language of § 1 of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, see Roe , 410 U.S. at 153, and, therefore, may justly be regarded as the modern paradigm of (libertarian) substantive due process analysis. Research Paper Apa. See Richard Epstein, Substantive Due Process by Any Other Name , 1973 Sup. Ct. Rev. 159, 184. But Roe flunks the test the Court uses for evaluating substantive due process claims. In determining whether an asserted liberty interest (or right) should be regarded as fundamental for purposes of substantive due process analysis (infringement of which would call for strict scrutiny review), the Supreme Court applies a two-prong test.

First, there must be a “careful description” of the asserted fundamental liberty interest. Glucksberg , 521 U.S. at 721 (citation and strucure, internal quotation marks omitted). Second, the interest, so described, must be firmly rooted in action “the Nation’s history, legal traditions, and practices.” Id. at 710. An asserted interest in (or right to) abortion does not meet the second prong of the Glucksberg test. Quite the contrary. As much research has established, especially that of 5 paragraph essay Professor Dellapenna ( see n. 4, supra ) , abortion was a crime in English and American common law, at least after “quickening” (that stage of pregnancy when the woman first detects fetal movement, usually sixteen to eighteen weeks’ gestation), and very possibly without such a limitation. With the gradual replacement of common law crimes by statutory crimes in ways to end essays the nineteenth century, the overwhelming majority of States had made the performance of an abortion at any stage of pregnancy a crime well before the Fourteenth Amendment was adopted in 1868. And the 5 paragraph essay strucure, case law interpreting these statutes revealed that the principal, if not exclusive, purpose in enacting these statutes was to protect unborn human life, not (or not solely) to safeguard women from dangerous medical and/or surgical procedures. See Paul Benjamin Linton, Planned Parenthood v. Casey : The Flight from Reason in the Supreme Court , XIII St. Louis U. Ways To End. Pub.

L. Rev. 15, 109-15 (1993). 5 Paragraph. In light of the foregoing, an interest in (or right to) abortion cannot be said to be firmly rooted in our “history, legal traditions, and practices.” III. Applications of truisms Roe ^ top. The Supreme Court has decided almost three dozen abortion cases since and including Roe v. Wade and 5 paragraph essay strucure, Doe v. Bolton . A detailed analysis of the holdings in these cases would unduly prolong the length of this essay. The principal holdings, however, may be briefly summarized:

In addition to the Texas abortion statutes struck down in Roe , the Court has struck down state statutes prohibiting particular abortion methods, Planned Parenthood of Central Missouri v. Danforth , 428 U.S. Action Verbs. 52, 75-79 (1976) (saline amniocentesis), Stenberg v. Carhart , 530 U.S. 914 (2000) (partial-birth abortion), but more recently has upheld the federal Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act, Gonzales v. 5 Paragraph. Carhart , 550 U.S. Essay On Communicative. 124 (2007). The Court has upheld statutes prohibiting non-physicians from essay strucure performing abortions, Mazurek v. Truisms Inflammatory. Armstrong , 520 U.S. 968 (1997) ( per curiam ) and has held that non-physicians may be prosecuted for performing abortions, Connecticut v. Menillo , 423 U.S. 9, 11 (1975) ( per curiam ) . The Court has struck down statutes and ordinances requiring all abortions (or all abortions after the first trimester) to be performed in hospitals, Doe v. Bolton , 410 U.S. 179, 193-95 (1973) (all abortions), City of Akron v. Strucure. Akron Center for Reproductive Rights ( Akron Center I ) , 462 U.S. 416, 431-39 (1983) (all abortions after the first trimester), Planned Parenthood Ass’n of Kansas City , Missouri , Inc. v. Ashcroft , 462 U.S.

476, 481-82 (1983) (all abortions after the truisms inflammatory, first twelve weeks of pregnancy), but has upheld a statute requiring all second trimester abortions to be performed in either a hospital or a licensed outpatient clinic, Simopoulos v. Virginia , 462 U.S. 506, 510-19 (1983). 5 Paragraph Strucure. The Court has struck down parental consent and notice statutes and ordinances if they did not contain a judicial bypass mechanism that would afford the pregnant minor the opportunity to avoid obtaining the consent of (or giving notice to) her parents or legal guardian, 9 Danforth , 428 U.S. at 72-75 (one-parent consent), Akron Center I , 462 U.S. at 439-42 (one-parent consent without judicial bypass), Bellotti v. Baird , 443 U.S. 622 (1979) (two-parent consent) (inadequate judicial bypass), Hodgson v. Minnesota , 497 U.S. 417, 450-55 (1990) (two-parent notice without judicial bypass), 10 but has upheld statutes that contained an adequate judicial bypass, Ashcroft , 462 U.S. at 490-93 (one-parent consent).

Hodgson , 497 U.S. at 497-501 (Kennedy, J., concurring in the judgment in part and truisms inflammatory essays, dissenting in part), id. at 461 (O’Connor, J., concurring in part and concurring in the judgment in part) (two-parent notice with judicial bypass), Ohio v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health ( Akron Center II ) , 497 U.S. 502 (1990) (one-parent notice with judicial bypass), Planned Parenthood v. Casey , 505 U.S. 833, 899-900 (1992) (one-parent consent), Lambert v. Wicklund ,520 U.S. 292 (1997) (one-parent notice) ( per strucure curiam ) . The Court has struck down statutes requiring a married woman to obtain the of the by francis, consent of, or give notice to, her husband before undergoing an abortion, Danforth , 428 U.S. at essay, 67-72 (consent), and Casey , 505 U.S. at 887-98 (notice) . The Court has upheld state and thesis, federal statutes restricting public funding of abortions, Beal v. Doe , 432 U.S. 438 (1977), Maher v. Roe , 432 U.S. 464 (1977), Harris v. McRae , 448 U.S. 297 (1980), and Williams v. Zbaraz , 448 U.S.

358 (1980), as well as state statutes and municipal government policies prohibiting the performance of 5 paragraph abortions by public employees within the scope of their employment or in publicly owned and operated facilities (other than those necessary to save the life of the mother), Poelker v. Doe , 432 U.S. 519 (1977), and Webster v. Reproductive Health Services , 492 U.S. 490, 507-11 (1989). Research Format. The Court has also upheld federal administrative regulations (since rescinded) requiring physical and financial separation of Title X family planning projects from other projects operated by Title X grantees that perform, counsel or refer for abortion, Rust v. Sullivan , 500 U.S. 173 (1991). The Court has upheld a requirement that a pathology report be prepared for strucure all fetal tissue obtained in the course of an abortion, Ashcroft , 462 U.S. at 486-90 , but has struck down a requirement that fetal remains be disposed of in a “humane and sanitary manner,” Akron Center I , 462 U.S. at thesis action, 451-52 . The Court has upheld some record keeping and reporting requirements, Danforth , 428 U.S. at 79-81 , Casey , 505 U.S. at 900-01 , while striking down others, Thornburgh v. American College of strucure Obstetricians Gynecologists , 476 U.S. 747, 765-68 (1986), because of what the best, Court perceived as inadequate guarantees of essay strucure patient confidentiality. The Court has upheld a requirement that a second physician be present during the performance of truisms inflammatory essays a post-viability abortion to provide immediate medical care for a viable child who survives an abortion procedure, Ashcroft , 462 U.S. at 482-86 , but has struck down a second-physician requirement that did not contain an express or implied exception for medical emergencies, Thornburgh , 476 U.S. at 769-71 . The Court has also struck down standards of care for the performance of post-viability abortions that were either vague, Colautti v. Franklin , 439 U.S. 379, 397-401 (1979), or posed an unacceptable risk to 5 paragraph strucure, the mother’s health, Thornburgh , 476 U.S. at best way to for college, 768-69 , but has upheld a statute mandating fetal viability testing at 5 paragraph essay, twenty weeks’ gestation, Webster , 492 U.S. at competence, 513-21 . In a pair of decisions, later overruled in 5 paragraph strucure part by Planned Parenthood v. Casey , 505 U.S.

833 (1992), which is discussed in the next part of this essay, infra , the Court held that States and municipalities could not require a short waiting period before the performance of by francis a non-emergency abortion; that they could not required detailed informed consent information to be given to the pregnant woman seeking an abortion; and that they could not require portions of the informed consent information to essay, be conveyed in person to action, the patient by the attending physician, see Akron Center I , 462 U.S. at 442-51 and Thornburgh , 476 U.S. at 759-65 . 11. IV. Roe Revisited: Planned Parenthood v. 5 Paragraph Essay. Casey ^ top. In 1992, the Supreme Court revisited Roe and, in a Joint Opinion authored by Justices Sandra Day O’Connor, Anthony Kennedy and David Souter, substantially modified its holdings. Planned Parenthood v. Casey , 505 U.S. Essays. 833 (1992). In Casey , the 5 paragraph essay strucure, Court reaffirmed what it characterized as the “essential” (or “central”) holding of Roe , consisting of for college three parts: First, a woman has “the right . . . . to choose to have an 5 paragraph essay, abortion before viability and to essays, obtain it without undue interference from the 5 paragraph, State. Before viability, the State’s interests are not strong enough to support a prohibition of abortion or the imposition of a substantial obstacle to the woman’s effective right to elect the procedure.” 505 U.S. at ways to end essays, 846. Second, the essay strucure, State has the power “to restrict abortions after fetal viability, if the law contains exceptions for pregnancies which endanger the woman’s life or health.” Id . Inflammatory. And, third, “the State has legitimate interests from the outset of the pregnancy in 5 paragraph essay strucure protecting the health of the woman and the life of the fetus that may become a child.” Id . While reaffirming the “essential” (or “central”) holding of Roe , the authors of the Joint Opinion rejected Roe’s “trimester” framework as an unnecessarily “rigid construct” which “in its formulation . . . misconceives the nature of the pregnant woman’s interest,” and “in practice . . . undervalues the State’s interest in potential life . . . .” Id . at 872-73. The trimester framework “misconceives the nature of the pregnant woman’s interest” because “[w]hat is at stake is [her] right to make the analysis by francis, ultimate decision [to obtain an strucure, abortion prior to viability], not a right to be insulated from all others in doing so.” Id . at 877. “Though the woman has a right to best way to write essays, choose to terminate or continue her pregnancy before viability,” the Joint Opinion explained, “it does not at all follow that the State is prohibited from taking steps to ensure that [her] choice is thoughtful and informed.” Id . at 872.

The trimester framework “undervalues the State’s interest in potential life,” the Joint Opinion continued, because the State has a “substantial state interest in potential life throughout pregnancy,” id . at 5 paragraph essay, 876, not just after viability. In light of their dissatisfaction with the trimester framework of Roe and how it had been applied in subsequent cases, the authors of the Joint Opinion developed a new standard for reviewing pre-viability abortion regulations, the so-called “undue burden” test. Casey , 505 U.S. at essay on communicative competence grammar, 874-79. Under that test, “a state regulation [that] has the purpose or effect of placing a substantial obstacle in the path of a woman seeking an abortion of a nonviable fetus” is unconstitutional. Id . at 877. Applying that test to the statutes challenged in 5 paragraph strucure Casey (multiple provisions of the Pennsylvania Abortion Control Act of 1982, as amended), a majority of the Court upheld the detailed informed consent requirement (including the mandated twenty-four hour waiting period), the parental consent requirement and the record keeping and action verbs, reporting requirements, id . at 881-87, 899-901, but a differently constituted majority struck down the spousal notice requirement , id . at 887-98 . 12 In upholding the informed consent requirement (and the accompanying waiting period), the Court overruled, in part, its earlier conflicting precedents in Akron Center I and Thornburgh . Id . at 881-82. 5 Paragraph Essay. 13. Both Justice Harry Blackmun and Justice Paul Stevens dissented from the Joint Opinion’s abandonment of Roe’s trimester framework and the strict scrutiny standard of review, while Chief Justice William Rehnquist, joined by thesis action verbs, Justices Byron White, Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas, dissented from the essay strucure, reaffirmation of the ways to end, “essential” holding of Roe , arguing that the essay strucure, rational basis standard should be applied to all regulation of abortion.

14. The Joint Opinion in Casey is notable in five respects: First, in reaffirming what it characterized as the research, “essential” (or “central”) holding of strucure Roe , the authors of the Joint Opinion raised the issue but refused to state whether they believed that Roe had been correctly decided as an proper research format apa, original matter of essay strucure constitutional interpretation, Casey , 505 U.S. at 871 (“[w]e do not need to say whether each of truisms inflammatory essays us, had we been Members of the Court when the valuation of the state interest [in the protection of “potential life”] came before it as an original matter, would have concluded, as the essay, Roe Court did, that its weight is insufficient to justify a ban on abortions prior to viability even when it is subject to certain exceptions”), 15 relying instead on “principles of institutional integrity” and “the rule of stare decisis [deferring to precedent].” Id . at 845-46; see also id. at 854-69. Second, the Joint Opinion provided no principled basis for distinguishing between the “essential” (or “central”) and the inessential (or peripheral) holdings of Roe , reaffirming the former and overruling the latter. As Justice Scalia commented, “I must . Paper Apa. . . confess that I have always thought, and I think a lot of 5 paragraph essay other people have always thought, that the arbitrary trimester framework, which the Court today discards, was quite as central to Roe as the arbitrary viability test, which the Court today retains.” Id . at 993. Proper Paper. (Scalia, J., concurring in 5 paragraph essay the judgment in part and dissenting in part). Third, in essays reaffirming the “essential” holding of strucure Roe , the write essays, Joint Opinion abandoned Roe’s reliance on privacy theory, resting its analysis, instead, on the liberty language of § 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment. Fourth, the Joint Opinion tacitly abandoned Roe’s characterization of the right to abortion as “fundamental.” 16 And, fifth, the Joint Opinion substituted a new standard of review – “undue burden” – in place of the strict scrutiny standard employed in Roe for evaluating fundamental rights, which clearly allows for 5 paragraph essay strucure a broader scope of action regulation (but not prohibition) of 5 paragraph strucure pre-viability abortions. 17.

The strict scrutiny standard of judicial review applies to laws that either interfere with the research format, exercise of a fundamental constitutional right ( e.g ., voting) or discriminate on the basis of a suspect classification ( e.g ., race). Essay. A law reviewed under this standard is presumed to be un constitutional and will not be upheld unless its proponents are able to demonstrate that it is necessary to promote a compelling state (or governmental) interest. Few, if any, laws reviewed under this standard survive. At the opposite inflammatory essays, end of the spectrum is the 5 paragraph strucure, rational basis standard of review, which applies to almost all other legislation. Best Way To Write Essays. 18 Under this standard, a law is presumed to be constitutional and 5 paragraph strucure, will be upheld so long as it has a rational relationship to any legitimate state (or governmental) purpose. Most laws reviewed under this standard survive constitutional scrutiny. V. The Roberts Court and the Future of truisms inflammatory essays Abortion Jurisprudence ^ top. Under the 5 paragraph strucure, leadership of Chief Justice John Roberts, the Supreme Court has taken a more cautious approach to the review of best way to write abortion regulation. Most obviously, the Court, in an opinion by Justice Kennedy, upheld the federal Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in Gonzales v. Carhart , 550 U.S. 124 (2007) ( Carhart II ), after a differently constituted Court struck down a similar (but more vaguely worded) state statute only seven years earlier in strucure Stenberg v. Proper Research Apa. Carhart , 530 U.S.

914 (2000) ( Carhart I ). Less obviously, the Court has suggested that, at least with respect to the regulation of strucure abortion, “facial challenges,” i.e ., a claim that a given statute is unconstitutional in its entirety, are disfavored, Carhart II , 550 U.S. 124 at 130 (“these facial attacks should not have been entertained in essays the first place”), and “as-applied” challenges, i.e ., a claim that a statute is unconstitutional in particular circumstances, are preferred, id . at 168 (“[a]s-applied challenges are the 5 paragraph essay, basic building blocks of constitutional adjudication”) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted). Relatedly, in another decision of the Roberts Court, the Court unanimously held, in an opinion by Justice O’Connor, that when only action verbs a limited number of applications of an abortion statute would be unconstitutional, the proper remedy (if otherwise consistent with legislative intent) is to enjoin enforcement of those applications only, not to declare the entire statute unconstitutional. Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood of Northern New England , 546 U.S. 320, 328-31 (2006) (reviewing parental notice law). Significantly, in Ayotte , Justice O’Connor acknowledged that the Court did not take this more circumspect approach in essay strucure Carhart I, id . at 330-31 (explaining that “the parties . . . did not ask for, and we did not contemplate, relief more finely drawn” than complete invalidation). 19. In light of the Roberts Court’s more cautious approach to the review of abortion legislation, fewer challenges to abortion statutes may be expected. Way To Essays. Moreover, even with respect to those challenges that are brought and are determined to have merit, both the Supreme Court and the lower federal courts are likely to 5 paragraph, strike down the statute and enjoin its enforcement only with respect to its invalid applications, not in essay grammar its entirety. VI.

A Comment on the Scope of the Health Exception ^ top. Finally, a brief comment on an unresolved area of 5 paragraph essay strucure abortion law – the scope of the health exception required by Roe (as reaffirmed in Casey ). In Roe , the Supreme Court held that the States may prohibit abortion after viability “except when it is necessary to preserve the life or health of the mother.” 410 U.S. at 164. The Court, however, did not define the ways to end, term “health.” In the companion case of Doe v. Bolton , the 5 paragraph strucure, Court considered a challenge to what remained of the Georgia abortion statute after major provisions of the statute had been declared unconstitutional by a federal district court. Thesis Action Verbs. As a result of the district court’s decision, a physician could perform an abortion whenever he determined, in “his best clinical judgment,” that the abortion was “necessary.” At issue in Doe was whether this standard was impermissibly vague. The Court concluded that it was not: [T]he medical judgment [as to whether an abortion is “necessary”] may be exercised in the light of all factors – physical, emotional, psychological, familial, and the woman’s age – relevant to the well-being of the patient.

All these factors may relate to health. Whether Doe , properly understood, mandates an open-ended “health” exception for post-viability abortions is debatable. Although there is the merest hint in one older case that the Court (as then constituted) may have regarded the broad language in Doe as a limitation on the State’s authority to strucure, prohibit post-viability abortions, see Colautti v. Franklin , 439 U.S. 379, 400 (1979), the Court has never directly considered the validity of a post-viability ban. Inflammatory Essays. Lower federal courts have read Doe as a gloss on the scope of the health exception that must be included in any post-viability ban, 20 but that reading misinterprets Doe , as Justice Thomas noted in his dissent from the denial of 5 paragraph strucure certiorari in action Voinovich v. Women’s Medical Professional Corp . , 523 U.S. 1036 (1998): Our conclusion that the essay, statutory phrase at truisms inflammatory essays, issue in Doe [whether the strucure, abortions was “necessary”] was not vague because it included emotional and of studies by francis, psychological considerations in no way supports the proposition that, after viability, a mental health exception is required as a matter of federal constitutional law . Doe simply did not address that question. 523 U.S. at 1039 (emphasis in original). As things now stand, whether the open-ended “health” language of Doe is essay a limitation on the authority of the States to prohibit post-viability abortions remains an best essays for college, open question, but one that should be answered by a challenge to essay strucure, an appropriately drafted statute. Essay On Communicative. Given the present composition of the Court, there is reason to 5 paragraph, believe that such a statute would be upheld. In recognizing a constitutional right to abortion, the Court in Roe believed that it was meeting the “profound problems of the present day.” 410 U.S. at 165.

The “problems” which the format, Court thought would be ameliorated by its decision included the medical risks associated with pregnancy, a “distressful life and strucure, future” for the pregnant woman confronted with an thesis verbs, unwanted pregnancy, “[p]sychological harm,” the 5 paragraph essay strucure, difficulty in for college providing “child care,” “the distress, for 5 paragraph strucure all concerned, associated with the unwanted child,” “the problem of bringing a child into a family already unable, psychologically or otherwise, to care for paper it,” and, for some, “the additional difficulties and strucure, continuing stigma associated with unwed motherhood . . . Best. .” Id . at 153. More than thirty years of experience with legalized abortion has failed to solve these problems, as well as others for essay which abortion was touted as a panacea (crime and poverty). Indeed, the regime of legal abortion has aggravated them. See Clarke D. Thesis Action. Forsythe and Stephen B. Presser, The Tragic Failure of Roe v. Wade: Why Abortion Should be Returned to the States . 10 Tex. Rev. of Law Politics 85, 108-36 (Fall 2005). In reaffirming, as modified, Roe in Casey , the Supreme Court “call[ed] the 5 paragraph strucure, contending sides of a national controversy to end their national division by accepting a common mandate rooted in the Constitution.” 505 U.S. at 867.

Given the issues at stake in abortion, that call, not surprisingly, has not been heeded. Proper Research Format. The abortion liberty has no “roots” in 5 paragraph essay the Nation’s history, traditions and legal practices. And the “national division” over the abortion controversy, which Roe created and Casey continued, will not end until, initially, the Supreme Court returns the issue of abortion to the States and, eventually, the Constitution is amended to protect the lives of all unborn children. A discussion of the various standards of judicial review may be found in Part IV of this essay, infra . back. When Roe was decided, an unborn child was “viable,” i.e ., capable of living outside of his or her mother, at twenty-eight weeks of gestation.In light of thesis action verbs medical advances made since Roe , viability may occur at twenty-three to twenty-four weeks, or, in some instances, even earlier, as the Supreme Court recognized almost twenty years ago in Planned Parenthood v. Casey , 505 U.S. 833, 860 (1992) (noting that viability may occur at twenty-three to twenty-four weeks). back.

Section 230.3 of the 5 paragraph, Model Penal Code, one version or another of which was adopted by thirteen States before Roe v. Wade , allowed abortion whenever the physician believed that there was a “substantial risk” that continuance of the pregnancy “would gravely impair the physical or mental health of the mother,” that “the child would be born with grave physical or mental defect,” or that “the pregnancy resulted from rape, incest, or other felonious intercourse.”In Doe , the Court also struck down a requirement that an abortion could be performed only upon a bona fide resident of the State of Georgia. Doe , 410 U.S. at 200. back. As a result of the district court's judgment, a physician could perform an way to write, abortion whenever, in his best clinical judgment, the procedure was necessary. back. Interested readers, however, may wish to consult some of the following sources. An early critique of the Court's handiwork in Roe , which includes a brief review of the initial academic responses to Roe (both favorable and unfavorable) is essay strucure John T. Noonan, Jr.'s, A Private Choice: Abortion in America in the Seventies (The Free Press 1979). Dennis J. Essay Competence Spanish Grammar. Horan, Edward R. Grant and Paige C. Cunningham (eds.), Abortion and the Constitution: Reversing Roe v. Wade Through the 5 paragraph essay, Courts (Georgetown University Press 1987), is a compendium of articles written by way to write essays, a variety of authors criticizing various aspects of the holdings and analysis in Roe . The most comprehensive and thorough analysis of Roe's treatment of the historical treatment of abortion in 5 paragraph strucure English and American law, as well as the restatement of that history in James C. Mohr's Abortion in America (Oxford University Press 1978), is Joseph W. Dellapenna's Dispelling the Myths of Abortion History (Carolina Academic Press 2006) (an extremely abbreviated version of Professor Dellapenna's analysis appears in Abortion and the Constitution , supra , at best write essays for college, 137-58). A concise critique of the Court's historical excursus in Roe , particularly its explanation for 5 paragraph essay the reasons nineteenth century abortion statutes were enacted, may be found in best essays Appendix A to Paul Benjamin Linton's article, Planned Parenthood v. Casey : The Flight from Reason in the Supreme Court , XIII St.

Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 15, 103-19 (1993). The poor quality of the 5 paragraph strucure, analysis and reasoning in Roe has led some academics to way to write essays, rewrite the opinion. A collection of strucure such opinions and opposing dissents, along with a useful selected bibliography, appears in proper format apa Jack M. Essay Strucure. Balkin (ed.), What Roe v. Wade Should Have Said (New York University Press 2005). back. All of the holdings in these cases, and the full citations thereto, appear in Part I of analysis of the of studies this essay, supra . 5 Paragraph Essay Strucure. back.

Planned Parenthood v. Casey is discussed in more detail in Part IV of this essay, infra . Ways To End Essays. back. Justices Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Louis D. Essay Strucure. Brandeis and Hugo Black, as well as Judge Learned Hand, who served on the Second Circuit Court of Appeals for decades, all agreed that the use of the action verbs, liberty language of the Due Process Clause to invalidate the substance of state enactments is essay strucure fundamentally illegitimate. See Berger, Government by Judiciary , at 227-28 n. 27 (Black), 282 n. 46 (Holmes, Brandeis and Hand). Proper Apa. back. Consent of (or notice to) a parent or legal guardian may be waived by a court in a judicial bypass hearing if the 5 paragraph essay strucure, minor can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the court that she is action verbs mature enough to make the decision to obtain an abortion without the consent of (or notice to) her parent(s) or legal guardian, or, alternatively, that obtaining consent (or giving notice) would not be in her best interests. The Court has upheld both consent statutes, see , e.g ., Planned Parenthood v. Casey , 505 U.S. 833, 899-900 (1992), and Planned Parenthood Ass'n of Kansas City , Missouri v. Ashcroft , 462 U.S. 476, 490-93 (1983), and notice statutes, see , e.g ., Ohio v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health , 497 U.S.502 (1990), and Hodgson v. Minnesota , 497 U.S.

417 (1990). back. See also Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood of Northern New England , 546 U.S. 320 (2006) (one-parent notice statute could not be enforced constitutionally in medical emergencies requiring the immediate performance of an strucure, abortion). back. A general and non-specific requirement that a physician obtain the informed consent of the patient before performing an abortion was upheld in Danforth , 428 U.S. at 65-67. back. The Court also upheld the research, medical emergency definition. Essay. Casey , 505 U.S. at 879-80. back.

The holdings in Akron Center I and Thornburgh are discussed in Part III, supra . back. These alternative standards of review are discussed below. back. See also id. at 853, 858, 864, 869. back. Nowhere in the Joint Opinion is the competence grammar, right to abortion described as fundamental. back. The Joint Opinion in Casey has been subjected to withering criticism. See Paul Benjamin Linton, Planned Parenthood v. Casey : The Flight from Reason in the Supreme Court , XIII St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev.

15, 103-19 (1993); Michael Stokes Paulsen, The Worst Constitutional Decision of All Time , 78 Notre Dame L. Rev. 995 (2003). Casey is also extensively discussed and critiqued in Professor Dellapenna's magnum opus , Dispelling the Myths of Abortion History , supra , n. 4. Essay Strucure. back. Under federal constitutional equal protection doctrine, an intermediate standard applies to classifications based on sex or illegitimacy. Ways To End. Under that standard, often referred to as heightened scrutiny, the classification must be substantially related to an important state (or governmental) interest. back.

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How to Write an Effective 5-Paragraph Essay: Formulas for 5

Tips for Academic Writing and 5 paragraph, Other Formal Writing. It is ways essays, a long list. People have a lot of problems. Some of the items sound picky or trivial, even to me. Yet bad grammar, bad style, and poor organization will make it very difficult for strucure you to convey your ideas clearly and professionally, and will limit your academic and professional success.

I strongly recommend that you work to best write for college eliminate any of these problems that may apply to your own writing. -- Dr. James A. Bednar. Rules for formal writing are quite strict, though often unstated. Formal writing is used in academic and scientific settings whenever you want to convey your ideas to a wide audience, with many possible backgrounds and assumptions. Essay Strucure? Unlike casual conversation or emails to friends, formal writing needs to be clear, unambiguous, literal, and well structured. Formal writing is not just dictated conversation In general, it is inappropriate simply to write as you would speak. In conversation, the listener can ask for clarification or elaboration easily, and thus the speaker can use imprecise language, ramble from thesis verbs, topic to topic freely, and strucure, so on. Formal writing must instead stand on inflammatory essays, its own, conveying the author's thesis clearly through words alone. As a result, formal writing requires substantial effort to construct meaningful sentences, paragraphs, and arguments relevant to 5 paragraph a well-defined thesis. The best formal writing will be difficult to thesis action write but very easy to read.

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To be a sentence that you could use on its own followed by a period, it would have to strucure be The light turned green, which has both a subject and a verb. Put appropriate punctuation between sentences. Two complete sentences can be divided with a period, question mark, or exclamation point, or they can be weakly connected as clauses with a semicolon. However, they can never be connected with a comma in formal writing! To see if your writing has this problem, consider each of your commas in essays, turn. If you could replace the comma with a period, leaving two complete, meaningful sentences, then that comma is an error -- a comma can never be used like that! Instead, replace the comma with a semicolon, in case you have two sentences that need to be linked in some generic way, or make the linkage explicit with a conjunction, or simply use a period, to leave two complete and independent sentences.

Section titles Section titles for an article should say exactly and succinctly what the reader will get out of that section. In most relatively short documents, using a standard set of section titles is 5 paragraph essay strucure, best so that people can scan through your document quickly. Section standards vary in different fields, but a common set is: Introduction, Background, Methods (for an experimental paper) or Architecture (for a modeling paper), Discussion, Future Work (often merged with Discussion), and Conclusion. If you do not use the standard titles, e.g. if you have labeled lower-level subsections, you should be quite explicit about essays what is in that section. Such labels should make sense to 5 paragraph strucure someone who has not yet read that section, and make it clear why they should read it. For instance, a section about adding a second eye to a simulation of single-eye vision could truthfully be called Multiple eyes, but that title is meaningless to someone scanning the thesis document. Instead, it should be something like Extending the 5 paragraph model to explain stereo vision whose meaning will be clear to inflammatory essays the type of person likely to 5 paragraph be reading the paper. Everything important goes in your introduction and conclusion Everyone who looks at your paper will at least skim the introduction and conclusion, and those who read it in depth will remember those two sections the proper paper apa best.

So make sure that your most important points are quite prominent and unmissable in 5 paragraph essay strucure, those sections. Say it, never just say that you will say it In the introduction, conclusion, and truisms inflammatory, abstract (if any), do not merely describe what you are going to say or have said; actually say it! For instance, do not just state that I will discuss and evaluate this paper if you will later argue that (for example) it is not convincing. Instead state that the paper is unconvincing, and (in brief) why you believe that to be the case. Then you can elaborate on that point in subsequent paragraphs. Subsections If you have sections 1, 1.1, and 1.2, there must be introductory material between 1 and 1.1 that explains briefly what is in the subsections, mentioned in strucure, the order of the subsections. Proper Paper Format Apa? That is, 1.1 should never follow just after 1 without some intervening text. Essay? If you have 1.1, there must always be a 1.2; otherwise 1 and of the of studies by francis bacon, 1.1 should be merged. Essay Strucure? Each 1.x subsection should end with a concluding statement of action verbs, what has been established in that subsection, wrapping things up before moving on 5 paragraph essay strucure, to the next subsection.

Figure captions Different communities have different expectations on what to put into figure captions. Essay On Communicative Grammar? Some journals, like Science , have very long captions, which are meant to be readable independently of the main article. That way, readers can skim articles and only look at interesting figures, before deciding whether to read the whole article. In such cases, you must ensure that all of the main points of the strucure figure are also mentioned in thesis verbs, the text of the article, so that someone reading the article straight through will not miss them. Other journals and other publications like books, theses, and proposals tend to 5 paragraph strucure have very little in the caption, with the truisms inflammatory essays figures being understandable only when reading the main text. Even in such cases, I myself prefer to put all the graphical details like the dotted line represents in essay, the caption, plus enough context so that the import of the figure is clear. You are welcome to have your own preferences, but you should be aware of best write essays for college, what you are trying to achieve, i.e. whether you want the caption to essay strucure be readable on its own.

Try hard to avoid ambiguous references Conversation is replete with ambiguous words like this, these, his, it, they, etc. These words have no meaning in themselves, but in conversation the meaning is to end, usually clear from the context. 5 Paragraph Strucure? In written text, however, the analysis of the by francis bacon intended meaning is quite often not evident to the reader, because there are e.g. many possible interpretations of it and this. It is 5 paragraph, a good idea to read over anything you write, searching for this sort of proper research paper, word. 5 Paragraph? For each instance, first ask yourself To what specific item does this term refer?. For such a reference to make sense, the object, person, or concept must have been explicitly mentioned just prior to your reference. Best Write Essays? Often you will find that it or they refers to something vague that was not even discussed explicitly in your paper, in which case you should reword your text entirely. Even if the item to 5 paragraph which you refer is explicitly mentioned in action verbs, your paper, ask yourself whether there is any chance that the reader might not know to which of several items you might be referring. E.g. for strucure the word he, were there two or three people being discussed?

If so then state the actual name of each; he would be ambiguous. Often an ambiguous this or these can be disambiguated by adding a noun that specifies precisely the type of object or concept to which you are referring. For instance, this argument or this paper is thesis action verbs, less confusing than simply this. That is, do not use this followed directly by a verb phrase, but you can use this before a noun phrase, as in this sentence is a good example of the use of the word 'this'. Watch out for homonyms Spell checkers are wonderful, but they are absolutely useless for detecting misused homonyms or near-homonyms, i.e., actual words whose meaning is confused with other actual words. As a result, homonyms are probably the most common spelling errors in 5 paragraph strucure, word-processed text. Ways To End Essays? Even if you are lazy and 5 paragraph essay strucure, let the spell checker fix all of your other words, make certain that you know the differences between words like: If you do not know the difference, you must simply avoid using any of these words.

Yet because the spell checker takes care of truisms, all the other words you may misspell, learning to use these few words correctly is surely not much of a burden, and is crucial for convincing your readers that you are competent and trustworthy. Avoid comprise Apparently the word comprise has now been used incorrectly so many times to mean compose that this usage is now becoming acceptable. But it is much safer simply to avoid comprise altogether, as anyone who does know what it started out meaning will be annoyed when you use it to 5 paragraph mean compose. But and action, however are not interchangeable The words but and however have similar meanings, but they are not interchangeable. If you take a grammatically correct sentence containing but and replace it with however, or vice versa, the result will almost always be incorrect, mainly because of comma punctuation.

I like oranges, but I do not like tangerines. I like oranges. 5 Paragraph? However, I do not like tangerines. I like oranges; however, I do not like tangerines. I, however, do not like grapefruits. I like oranges however they have been prepared. If you exchange any of these buts and analysis of the, howevers, then the sentences would become incorrect, and in some cases meaningless. A point is 5 paragraph strucure, a single item The word point can only analysis of studies be used for a single, atomic item. Thus it is not appropriate to discuss a sub-point, part of a point, the first half of a point, etc.

Instead use topic or section, etc. A research There is no noun phrase a research in English. 5 Paragraph? Use a study or just research, never a research. Similarly, there is essay spanish, no separate plural form of research; researches is an English verb, not a noun. Avoid capitalization When in doubt, use lower case.

Capitalization is appropriate only for specific, named, individual items or people. Strucure? For example, capitalize school subjects only when you are referring to a specific course at a specific school: math is a general subject, but Math 301 is a particular course. Similarly: Department of Computer Sciences vs. a computer science department, the president vs. President Bush. Action Verbs? When in doubt, use lower case. Avoid contractions Contractions are appropriate only for conversational use and for informal writing, never for technical or formal writing.

Hyphenate phrases only when otherwise ambiguous In English phrases (groups of essay strucure, several words forming a unit), hyphens are used to proper apa group pairs of words when the 5 paragraph meaning might otherwise be ambiguous. That is, they act like the parentheses in inflammatory, a mathematical expression. They should normally otherwise be avoided unless they are part of a single word (or the 5 paragraph strucure dictionary explicitly requires them), i.e., it is a mistake to ways essays use a hyphen where the meaning was already clear and unambiguous. For instance, long adjective phrases preceding a noun sometimes include another noun temporarily being used as an adjective. 5 Paragraph? Such phrases can often be parsed several different ways with different meanings.

For example, the essay on communicative competence phrase English language learners as written means language learners from England, because, by default, language modifies learners, and English modifies language learners. But the phrase that was intended was probably English-language learners, i.e. learners of the English language, and using the hyphen helps make that grouping clear. 5 Paragraph Essay Strucure? Note that there would never be a hyphen if the same phrase were used after the noun it modifies, because in that case there would be absolutely no chance of ambiguity: a learner of the English language ( NEVER a learner of the analysis of the of studies English-language; the hyphen effectively turns the strucure noun phrase English language into an adjective, and a prepositional phrase starting with of the must be completed with a noun, not an adjective). Note that hyphens are used only in adjective phrases; they are not needed after an adverb (and are therefore incorrect). An adverb explicitly modifies the adjective immediately following it, never a noun. Analysis By Francis Bacon? For instance, a quickly dropping stock cannot possibly be mistaken for a quickly dropping-stock, because adverbs like quickly cannot modify a noun phrase like dropping stock, and so quickly clearly must modify dropping. 5 Paragraph Essay Strucure? In general, there should never be a hyphen after an adverb ending in by francis bacon, ly, though hyphens are sometimes necessary after some non-adverbial ly words like early (as in the correct examples an early-rising rooster or an early-rising English-language learner). You may want to search through your finished document for 5 paragraph ly-; nearly all examples of those three characters in a row will be mistakes. In some very complicated phrases, two levels of grouping can be achieved using an en dash, i.e. a slightly longer dash than a hyphen. For instance, a language-learning--associated problem would be a problem associated with language learning; the hyphen groups language and learning, while the truisms essays en-dash -- connects language learning with associated. Without hyphens or without the en-dash, the phrase would be quite difficult to essay read.

But in such cases it is often clearer just to reword the sentence to avoid the ambiguity, as in a problem associated with language learning. In cases where the word grouping is quite obvious because the pair of words are so often used together, the hyphen can be omitted even when it would strictly be required to avoid ambiguity. Essays? For instance chocolate chip cookies is unlikely to be misread as chocolate chip-cookies, despite that being the literal interpretation, and 5 paragraph, so the hyphen can usually be omitted from chocolate-chip cookies. In general, you should hyphenate a phrase when that particular sentence would otherwise be ambiguous. Truisms Essays? In any other case, even a nearby sentence containing the same phrase but e.g. after the noun it modifies, you should leave out the hyphen. I.e., the hyphen is not a property of the phrase, but of how you are using the phrase in the sentence. American vs. 5 Paragraph Strucure? British English I myself am American by birth, despite lecturing in a British university, and I use American spellings by default (e.g. Best Essays For College? organization, not organisation). Authors are generally free to use whichever spelling they prefer, although publishers will often change the spellings to make e.g. all the papers in a certain edited volume use the same conventions. Thus please do not hesitate to use whichever one of the (correct) spellings you are more comfortable with, as long as you keep it consistent throughout the document. Formatting and grammar rules When in doubt about grammar or page format, researchers in 5 paragraph, psychology and computer science generally follow the APA style guide; biological fields use similar standards.

Unfortunately, you do have to pay for the APA guide, though it is action, now available in a less-expensive electronic edition. Pay attention to how your document looks Use readable, clear fonts and reasonable margins, following the typical format used for similar documents. If your word processor cannot make the spacing regular between words (e.g. most versions of Microsoft Word), turn off right justification. Poor spacing makes the page look jumbled and seem incoherent, even if the writing is not. Nearly all formal writing should simply be stapled --- anything else looks unprofessional. 5 Paragraph Essay Strucure? For instance, using a fancy cover and binding for a short paper or report is truisms, distracting and 5 paragraph essay strucure, makes it difficult to way to essays photocopy the 5 paragraph essay paper; such binding is competence spanish, necessary only for long papers that a staple would have trouble keeping together. At the opposite extreme, it should be obvious that folding one corner is not an acceptable substitute for a staple. Authors are authors, not writers The people who perform a scientific study are called authors, never writers, even though the results are presented in a written paper. Scientific authorship includes much more than the 5 paragraph strucure actual writing, and some authors may well not have written any word in the paper. Use last names Never refer to the authors by their first names, as if they were your friends. They are not, and even if they were, it would be inappropriate to draw attention to that circumstance.

Except in unusual cases to avoid ambiguity or to discuss specific people (e.g. the original founders of a field of research), first names are not even mentioned in research format, the body of a scientific text; the 5 paragraph last names are sufficient. Author names are keys -- spell them properly In academic writing, an author's last name is like the key in a database lookup -- if the name is on communicative competence grammar, misspelled (e.g. Davis for 5 paragraph strucure Davies), your reader will not be able to locate works by that author in the library or online. Moreover, it is extraordinarily impolite to best way to misspell someone's name when you are discussing them; doing so shows that you have not paid much attention to them or their work. So you should make a special effort to spell author names correctly, double and triple checking them against the original source, and ensuring that you spell them the same way each time.

Use appropriate pronouns Use appropriate pronouns when referring to 5 paragraph essay the authors. If there are multiple authors, use they or the authors or the for college authors' last names, not he or the author. If there is essay, only one author and you can determine the gender with great confidence, you may use he or she; otherwise use the author or the truisms author's last name. Referring to strucure other texts Use double quotes around the title of an article when you refer to it in the text. Essays? Italics are reserved for books or other works of similar length.

Avoid underlining altogether --- underlining is just a way of essay strucure, indicating that handwritten or typewritten text should be typeset in italics, and is thus inappropriate when italics are available (as they are on write, any modern word processor). Be very precise when discussing an author discussing another author For better or worse, academic writing often devolves into 5 paragraph essay discussions of what one author said about another author. If commenting on such controversies, you should be extremely careful about using ambiguous terms like his, the way to essays for college author, etc. Strucure? Very often your reader will have no idea which of the various authors you are referring to, even though it may be clear to you. When in doubt, use the actual last names instead, even if they might sound repetitive. Avoid footnotes Footnotes should be used quite sparingly, and should never be used as a way to avoid the hard work of making your text flow into a coherent narrative.

Only when something genuinely cannot be made to fit into the main flow of the text, yet is somehow still so important that it must be mentioned, does it go into a footnote. Avoid direct quotes In scientific (as opposed to paper format literary or historical) writing, direct quotes should be used only when the precise wording of the original sentences is 5 paragraph essay, important, e.g. Inflammatory Essays? if the work is so groundbreaking that the words themselves have driven research in this field. In nearly every other case, paraphrasing is more appropriate, because it lets you formulate the idea in the terms suitable for your particular paper, focusing on the underlying issue rather than the 5 paragraph essay strucure way one author expressed it. Be careful with arguments about to end essays grammar If you are going to criticize the grammar or spelling of an author in writing, you should be extraordinarily careful to verify that you are correct. Reading a long rant from an American about how a person of British upbringing has supposedly misspelled words like utilisation, or vice versa, can be quite painful. There is no need to 5 paragraph essay mention explicitly reading the proper paper format apa paper A lot of students use phrases like while reading this paper, I . 5 Paragraph Essay? and In this paper the authors . . Essays? Try to avoid this redundancy. If you use the 5 paragraph word author you need not also use paper, and vice versa. Similarly, it is clear that whatever you discovered about the paper, you discovered while reading the paper; we do not need to be reminded of this.

Academic writing is always about way to papers and authors, and thus those topics should only be discussed when they are relevant. Discussing existing work Whenever you bring up an existing piece of research, whether it is your own or someone else's, there is 5 paragraph strucure, a standard way of doing it properly. Truisms? First you say what the research showed, then you say what its limitations are, and then you say how your own work is going to essay strucure overcome those limitations. I.e., say what has been done, what has not been done, and how you are going to do some of what has not been done. If you are doing a literature review rather than an proper research original research paper, you just describe what you think should be done, rather than what you plan to do. 5 Paragraph Strucure? Unless you want to make an spanish enemy, you should always mention something positive about existing work before exploring the limitations, and you should always assume that the essay strucure person you are discussing will read what you wrote. Of course, sometimes there is apa, a good reason to make an essay strucure enemy, e.g. to draw attention to yourself by attacking someone famous, but you should be sure to ways to end choose your enemies wisely. Discussing proposed work In a research proposal, it is never acceptable to announce only 5 paragraph strucure that you are planning to study topic X. In the context of research, studying is a vague and unbounded task, with no criterion for success and no way to essay competence grammar tell if you are getting anywhere. Essay Strucure? Studying is something you do in a course, where someone can tell you what to ways to end focus on 5 paragraph, and can test you to see if you got the best way to for college right answer; research is not like that. In research, you need to spell out the specific questions you are going to strucure try to answer, the specific phenomena that need explanations, and verbs, so on 5 paragraph strucure, -- it's up to you to define the on communicative competence spanish grammar question and the methods, and until you've done so, it's not research, just idle speculation.

Discussion/future work In the discussion sections of a research paper, be sure to discuss all topics that the audience expected to see in the paper, even if you yourself do not believe them to be relevant. The reader is more likely to assume that you have been sloppy about your literature review than to assume you knew about the work but believed it not to essay strucure be relevant. Page restrictions can help here --- they provide a good excuse for omitting topics that you do not believe to be relevant. In a longer article or thesis without page limits you have no choice but to address the truisms inflammatory essays issue and explicitly state why the topic is not relevant despite the common belief that it is. Bibliographies Students often seem to think that bibliographies are mysterious, tricky things with rules far too complex to understand or remember. Although there is a vast array of different bibliographic formats, the underlying principles are actually not complicated at essay all. Analysis Of The Essay By Francis Bacon? Simply put, all bibliographies must have a certain basic minimum standard of information in order to 5 paragraph essay fulfill their function of allowing people to locate the specific item of action, reference material you cite. In particular, every bibliography entry needs an 5 paragraph essay author, date, and to end essays, title, every journal article absolutely must have a volume and page numbers, and every conference paper must have the title of the strucure conference proceedings, the essay on communicative spanish page numbers, and some indication of 5 paragraph, who published it. Without having every bit of this basic information, there is ways to end, no way to be sure that readers can find the essay one specific article that you are discussing. Conversely, you should not include anything not necessary or useful for locating the article, such as the cost of reprints.

As long as the correct information is included, there are many acceptable bibliography formats, though note that in all cases each entry ends in a period. Citations The bibliography or reference list in an academic paper must consist of precisely those sources that you cite in the text, without any extra sources and without omitting any. Truisms? Each citation must provide enough information for essay the reader to find the correct source in the bibliography; beyond that, any number of citation formats will do unless there is some specific standard you are told to follow. One common approach is to use author-date citations like (Smith, Wu, and Tong 2008), but other approaches such as numbering the bibliography entries and essays, then using bracketed or superscript numbers are also fine. If using numeric citations with brackets, note that there must always be a space before the first bracket, as in . known [1], ( not . known[1]).

If using author-date citations, you must remember that any item in parentheses does not exist , as far as the grammar of the strucure sentence is concerned, and thus it cannot be used as part of the thesis action sentence. Thus the rule is simply to put the parentheses around the part that would be acceptable to omit when reading aloud, as in Carlin (1972) showed that. or . as seen in rats (Carlin 1972). ( not (Carlin 1972) showed that. 5 Paragraph Essay? and not . as seen in rats Carlin (1972).). It is usually best to ways have only a single level of parentheses, because multiple parentheses start to distract from the main text. Thus I would prefer has been established (but for a counterexample see Johnson, 1905) to has been established (but for a counterexample see Johnson (1905)). I and essay, we Writing standards disagree about essays whether to use I and we (and their various forms) in academic work. Some argue that those personal pronouns distract from what should be objective and scientifically valid without recourse to any particular speaker, or even that they just do not sound scientific. 5 Paragraph? Others argue that omitting I and we results in awkward, passive sentences rather than direct We did X sentences. Action Verbs? Personally, I believe that academic writing should use personal pronouns whenever what is being reported was an essay strucure arbitrary and specific choice made by a human being, or for opinions or personal judgment, precisely because these pronouns emphasize that a human was involved in analysis of the by francis bacon, the work.

When reporting universal scientific facts or observations, I would not use personal pronouns, because any reasonable observer would have reported similar results and thus there is no need to emphasize the role of the authors. Thus, personally, I believe that I and we have their place in 5 paragraph essay, academic writing, i.e., to emphasize the human element where appropriate; in other circumstances I would discourage their use. Please note that I happen to disagree with a few of the rules commonly accepted for English text, and in the text on this page I happily use my own rules instead. You might wish to follow the accepted usage in such cases, though I would much rather everyone used my own much better rules as listed below. If you do agree to join my one-man campaign to write fix the English language, I cannot accept any responsibility for points deducted by 5 paragraph strucure, less enlightened folks. :-) Punctuation after quotations In American English (and in some cases for British English), punctuation following a bit of quoted text is essay competence grammar, traditionally placed inside the quotation. However, I consider that rule an 5 paragraph essay strucure egregious violation of the whole notion of quotation, i.e. an obvious bug in the English language. For example, if I am quoting someone who said that life is hard, I always put the comma outside the quotation mark because they themselves did not necessarily have a pause when they said it; in fact, they probably had a full stop (which would be written as a period). Accepted American usage is to write life is hard, but the computer programmer in me just cannot be convinced to make such an obvious semantic error. Spaces around dashes An em-dash is a long dash, longer than an en-dash and a hyphen. The traditional formatting for an em-dash does not use any spaces, as in life is hard---then you die.

However, I myself much prefer to ways put a space before and after the dash. 5 Paragraph Essay? Without the paper spaces the dash appears to be connecting two words like hard---then, which makes no grammatical sense. 5 Paragraph Essay Strucure? Grammatically, the function of the write essays for college dash is to separate and connect phrases or clauses, not words, and I prefer to essay strucure make that visually clear by putting spaces around the research format dash. Again, in my opinion the accepted usage is a bug in 5 paragraph, the language. Dangling prepositions Officially, it is an error to end a sentence with a preposition, as in they arrived at the place they were heading to. However, in practice it is often very difficult and awkward to reword sentences to avoid dangling prepositions. Thus I consider this rule to be optional at best.

Serial commas In Britain and some other less-enlightened countries, the comma is often omitted before an 'and' in a list. For instance, they will write of ham, chips and eggs, rather than ham, chips, and eggs. Research Format Apa? I consider this an appalling, confusing construction, because it meaninglessly groups the last two items in 5 paragraph strucure, the list together. Lists are generally meant to be collections of equals, so there should be just as many separators between chips and eggs as between ham and chips. In many cases, omitting the serial comma is ambiguous. Moreover, in the very rare case where adding the comma is ambiguous, the best way to for college sentence should be rewritten anyway. Oxford University Press, at least, agrees with me; see the strucure Wikipedia serial comma entry. Inflammatory Essays? Again, this insistence on using appropriate syntax is probably driven by the computer programmer in me, but I think all right-thinking people should be offended whenever a serial comma is omitted. Commas after i.e. and 5 paragraph essay strucure, e.g.

Many grammar books state that a comma is best write essays for college, always required after i.e. and e.g. used in a sentence, as in sentences often contain spelling errors, i.e., words spelled incorrectly. The inspiration for this rule is that such abbreviations should be mentally expanded to 5 paragraph essay strucure the English translation of the Latin phrase for which they stand (i.e. translating to that is, and e.g. translating to for example, which in itself is an important distinction to know). Format Apa? However, these terms come up very often in formal writing, and in many cases I consider it inappropriate to 5 paragraph strucure add symbolic pauses (i.e. commas) around them. Such pauses break up the flow of the truisms inflammatory essays sentence, and modern readers treat the abbreviations just as they would any other word, without internally translating them to Latin phrases and then English phrases. Thus in many cases I prefer to strucure omit the comma after the abbreviation, and sometimes also the one before it. Best For College? Some people, even more pedantic than I, disagree. This document is in the public domain.

You are free to essay strucure copy it, redistribute it, modify it, or use it for any other non-fraudulent purpose. If redistributing a complete copy or a lengthy excerpt, please (1) retain this notice, (2) clearly mark the original author, and action verbs, (3) clearly mark any changes that you make as your own and not those of the 5 paragraph essay strucure original author.

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26+ Types of Bibliography Template PDF. 55+ Free Application Letter Templates. 14+ Best PHP Template Engines to 5 paragraph essay Design your PHP Web Project . 25+ Family Tree Templates - Free Sample, Example, Format Free . Those that are required to do projects will most likely be tasked with submitting research papers. The ideas and/or arguments that these papers contain were made with the help of the proper research paper works that came from different sources, so one must know how to properly credit these sources of information. This is why its important that one places a bibliography in his or her research paper. With the help of a bibliography, one can make readers aware of all the sources that were used in a particular project, whether these sources were quoted or not. Simple Annotated Bibliography Format. 5 Paragraph Essay! Simple Annotated Bibliography Generator. Annotated Bibliography Generator Sample. Teaching APA Annotated Bibliography.

Free Annotated Bibliography Template. Guide of Annotated Bibliography Template. MLA Annotated Bibliography Template. MLA Style Bibliography Template Free. Essay Bacon! The point of a bibliography is to prove that everything contained within a research paper came from reputable sources. This means that all of the information has been verified and can be trusted. These reputable sources usually come from the works of scholars, academics, historians, scientists, and 5 paragraph strucure, the like. A bibliography not only essays, protects the reader from strucure going through any unverified information, it can also help protect one#8217;s own writing from others. Truisms! Lets say that you#8217;ve written a report with ideas that can be regarded as the best of the year.

The bibliography will help protect you from anyone who wishes to strucure take your ideas and claim it as their own. So the bibliography gives credit where credit is due. To End! It also helps prevent plagiarism because you#8217;ll be placing all of your research materials on this part of your research paper. Other readers or even your peers can benefit greatly from your bibliography. The reason for this is 5 paragraph essay strucure that in the event that they#8217;re looking into the same subject, they can consult your work to give them ideas of essays their own. And if they would like to know the essay strucure sources of information that you were able to get your ideas from, then all they have to do is best write essays for college go through the 5 paragraph strucure bibliography portion of your research paper. The difference between a bibliography and a works cited or reference list.

It#8217;s a common mistake for people to believe that a works cited page, or a reference list, and a bibliography are essentially the same thing. Although it#8217;s true that they possess similarities, there will come a point where you might just be required to provide both a reference list and a bibliography at the end of your work. A works cited or reference list is a list of all the sources that were used directly in action verbs, your work. This includes all the quotes that you#8217;ve used from the 5 paragraph essay works of different authors that you have placed in your own. Basically, anything that you cited in your research paper should be placed on this list. Now the main difference between a bibliography and best write for college, a works cited or reference list is strucure that the bibliography uses all works that were used in any point of the analysis essay research process. So let#8217;s say that you#8217;re doing research on something that would take a substantial amount of your time. You read two books that talk about the topic that you#8217;re researching and decide to reference them in 5 paragraph, your research paper. However, you find out that most of the claims in these books are unsubstantiated, so you ultimately decide not to to end essays use the information for essay your research. But since these books provided context to your other sources, you still must place them in best way to essays for college, the list of sources that you#8217;ve consulted throughout your research process. This list of strucure sources is better known as your bibliography.

The different referencing styles for your bibliography. Modern Language Association (MLA) Style. This is the kind of style that#8217;s used for thesis documenting sources in scholarly writing. This is the type that#8217;s most commonly used worldwide by journal publishers, scholars, and academic and commercial presses. It#8217;s a style that recommends one universal set of guidelines that every writer can apply to just about any source. Entries that are in the list of works cited are composed facts common to most works. These are what you call the MLA core elements.

American Psychological Association (APA) Style. In the essay event that your editor or your professor asks that you write in APA style, then they are referring to research paper the style that many of the social and behavioral sciences have adopted in order to present written material in the field. Essay! This is the kind that spotlights the idea that is being presented, not how it#8217;s being presented. Sample Annotated Bibliography Template. Annotated Bibliography Papers Word Format. Blank Annotated Bibliography in APA Style Free. Blank Teaching Annotated Bibliography. Analysis Essay Of Studies! Blank APA Annotated Bibliography Word. 5 Paragraph Strucure! Simple Annotated Bibliography Format.

Simple Annotated Bibliography Generator. Annotated Bibliography Generator Sample. A citation is basically what helps a reader find a specific source. However, let#8217;s say that you got your source from a website. Thesis! You can#8217;t just copy and 5 paragraph essay strucure, paste the web address since a citation has a certain structure that you should follow to write ensure that the reader can easily locate the source of information. Strucure! So when you#8217;re making an MLA citation, you have to know that it has two parts: The in-text citation. This appears after a sentence that contains information from another source. Essay Of Studies By Francis! The works cited entry. This appears on the list of sources at the end of 5 paragraph essay your paper.

The in-text citation is basically what helps the reader find the format apa longer entry (the one that contains much more information) which would be in the works cited. So let#8217;s just say that the in-text citation contains less information, but it will give the reader more context to be able to find the entry located in the works cited. Strucure! The process of writing your citation is made easier if you write both the in-text citation and the works cited entry at the same time. This way, you can make sure that you don#8217;t include any in-text citations without any associated entries within the works cited. So here are the steps that should help you write your MLA citations: First thing that you have to do is to decide the type of to end essays source that you#8217;re dealing with. Let#8217;s say that you#8217;re doing a literary review and analysis or that you#8217;re doing a research paper or essay. You know that you#8217;re going to be consulting a lot of different books, articles, journals, web pages, and 5 paragraph essay strucure, more.

So in order for you to construct your citation, you need to know the analysis essay by francis bacon kind of source that you have. This is very important because if you#8217;re citing a particular book, such as one that focuses on biology, then it#8217;s different from 5 paragraph essay strucure citing a book on analysis essay of studies by francis humanities. Once you#8217;re able to strucure find the action appropriate source that you would like to cite, then the next thing you should do is to find the correct structure for 5 paragraph strucure the Works Cited entry. There are great online sources that you can use such as Purdue OWL#8217;s Works Cited or Bedford/St. Martin’s Research and Documentation online handbook. But let#8217;s say that you#8217;re completely stuck on a source that#8217;s hard to of the of studies by francis bacon cite.

The best thing that you can do is go to a public library and see if there#8217;s a physical copy or an online subscription to essay the official MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers as this is the most comprehensive MLA resource that#8217;s currently available. After you#8217;ve plugged in your information, you are now ready to add your entry into verbs, the works cited page. Once you#8217;ve finished writing your entries in the works cited, all you have to do now is to write your in-text citation. 5 Paragraph Essay! You have to remember that you#8217;re going to need an in-text citation of any time you#8217;ve paraphrased, summarized, or quoted information from any other source. Basic in-text citations would begin with the author#8217;s last name and the page number of where you were able to find the information. The page number only appears if your source has page numbers. Although APA is an organization for psychologists, its citation styles are used by students and professionals, including those in the fields of sociology, business, economic, nursing, and much more. Knowing how to cite your sources in a standard format can be of great help to you and your colleagues who are in the same field of study.

So just like the MLA style, the truisms inflammatory essays reference list has two parts: Similar to the MLA style, this consists of an in-text citation that appears in the actual text of your paper. A reference list that appears within the list of sources that you#8217;ve consulted while you were writing your research paper. The purpose of the 5 paragraph essay strucure in-text citation is to point the readers toward the reference list so that they can see the full list of all the sources that you have paraphrased or quoted. So now that you know this, here are the steps that should help you in writing your APA citations: The first thing you#8217;re going to have to do is to identify the source type. The type of thesis action verbs source that you#8217;re citing doesn#8217;t really make that much of a difference when you#8217;re creating the in-text citation portion of your research paper. However, it#8217;s best that you are able to essay define these sources from the get-go. The sources you#8217;ll be citing would most likely be the standard books, newsletter articles, journal articles, and so on. Once you#8217;ve decided on the source that you#8217;re citing, the next thing to do would be to locate the structure of the competence spanish source and plug in your information.

Each source that you#8217;re going to be citing follows a specific structure. You need to find these structures for your paper#8217;s reference list. Strucure! However, let#8217;s say that you run into action verbs, a source that#8217;s really difficult to cite. All you have to do is find a copy of an APA style manual that you can use to 5 paragraph essay help you for truisms inflammatory those hard-to-cite sources. After you have plugged in 5 paragraph essay, your information in of the by francis bacon, the required format for the citation, you may now add the entry to the reference list. What you should do is place your reference list entries in essay strucure, alphabetical order and not in the order in which you cite them. Annotated Bibliography Papers Word Format. Action Verbs! Blank Annotated Bibliography in APA Style Free. Blank Teaching Annotated Bibliography.

Blank APA Annotated Bibliography Word. Simple Annotated Bibliography Format. Now that you know about the type of styles that you can use to write your bibliography, it#8217;s time for you to start writing one. Essay! So here are the steps that should help you. When writing an APA bibliography: First, you have to create a reference list. You#8217;re going to have to reserve a page at the end of on communicative your bibliography which you will then title as #8220;References#8221;. Under this heading, you must place everything that you have used in 5 paragraph essay strucure, your paper.

Next would be for you to sort out all of ways to end your references. First, you will have to write down the author#8217;s full last name, followed by the author#8217;s first name, and then the middle initial. In the event that your source has more than one author, then simply list the 5 paragraph essay strucure authors in thesis action verbs, the order that they appear in the source. Arrange the order of these references based on the author#8217;s last names and alphabetize them. 5 Paragraph! So let#8217;s say that the analysis bacon name of the author is John Michael Smith. In the reference list, you should be listing him as Smith, J.M. In the event that there are more than seven authors in the source, you are going to have to use an ellipsis. So what you#8217;re going to do is to list the first seven authors, and then use an ellipsis (a set of three periods). After the ellipsis, you#8217;ll have to 5 paragraph essay write the name of the essay on communicative competence spanish grammar last author that#8217;s listed on essay strucure the source.

So let#8217;s say that your source has ten authors with the seventh author#8217;s name being Smith, J.M. and the last one being Manuel, P.T. You#8217;ll write the names of the first six authors, then write Smith, J.M. #8230; Manuel, P.T. Depending on the type of paper that you#8217;re writing, there might be instances wherein you#8217;ll have multiple sources that#8217;s written by the same author. Start with the source that was published first, then list the essay on communicative spanish grammar rest of the sources chronologically. Basically, if you have a work that was written by the author in 1999 and essay, another one that was written in 2005, then obviously you would put the earlier work first on the list. There might be cases where the source was published by best essays, an organization, or it might not even have an author at all. If it#8217;s an 5 paragraph strucure organization that#8217;s the author, then all you have to do is of the of studies write the name of the organization. If there#8217;s no author, then what you#8217;re going to have to 5 paragraph strucure do is inflammatory essays write the title of the source. If your source ends up taking more than one line, then you#8217;re going to have to indent each succeeding line by 0.5 inches (1.2 cm). When you#8217;ve moved on to the next source, then you may start at the original margin of the paper.

If you#8217;re citing articles, such as a newspaper article, it should be cited starting with the author#8217;s name, followed by the year, then the title of the article, the name of the 5 paragraph publication in ways to end essays, italics, the issue and volume number (if there are any available), and the number of pages that were referenced. The format should be as follows: Author, A. A., Author, B. 5 Paragraph Strucure! B. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal , volume number(issue number), pages. In the event that the article was retrieved online, then all you have to do is end the citation with the words #8220;Retrieved from#8221; followed by the web address.

When citing books, start with the first name of the author, followed by the book#8217;s year of to end essays publication, the title of the book in italics, the publisher#8217;s location, and lastly, the name of the publisher. The format should be Author, A. A. Essay Strucure! (Year). Title of analysis book. Location: Publisher. 5 Paragraph Essay Strucure! In the competence event that the title of the book is more than one word long and does not contain any proper noun, then remember that only the first word should be capitalized. The first letter of any subtitle should be capitalized as well. If you#8217;re citing websites, include the author#8217;s name, the complete date, the title of the web page, and finally the words #8220;Retrieved from#8221; followed by the web address. The format should be Author, A. A. (Year, Month day). Title of web page/document. Retrieved from http://URL to specific page.

If there is no author, then you may simply start with the title. If there#8217;s no date, then just write #8220;n.d.#8221; Remember that APA has a lot of rules when it comes to citing sources for your reference list. So if you need help, you can make use of online sources such as Purdue University#8217;s OWL (Online Writing Lab) website to strucure help you out. When writing an MLA bibliography: The first thing that you are going to have to do is to create a Works Cited page. Reserve a page at the end of your research paper which you will refer to as your Works Cited page in the MLA style. Write Works Cited at the top of the essay competence spanish page. This page should have the 5 paragraph essay strucure same header as the rest of your paper and your page numbers must also continue on this page as well. Capitalize all of the words in of the essay bacon, the titles except for articles, prepositions, and conjunctions.

So that would mean you shouldn#8217;t capitalize words such as #8220;an#8221;, #8220;the#8221;, and #8220;of#8221;. If you#8217;re unsure as to how to capitalize your title, then you can always make use of online capitalization generators to check if they are properly capitalized. Be sure that all of the pages on your MLA bibliography page are double spaced. Remember that you don#8217;t have to put extra spaces in between sources. All you have to do is make sure that everything is double spaced. Much like the APA style, in 5 paragraph strucure, the event that your source takes up more than one line, then you#8217;ll have to best write essays indent each successive line by 0.5 inches (1.2 cm). Once you begin a new source, then you may go back to the original margin. Be sure that you#8217;ve arranged your sources alphabetically based on 5 paragraph the author#8217;s last name.

After you#8217;ve written down the author#8217;s last name, then you should list the author#8217;s full first name and then the middle name or initial. Best Way To Write Essays! This is essay strucure assuming that they have their names listed on the source. Remember that you shouldn#8217;t be using the author#8217;s title or degree when listing their names in your bibliography. Even if they#8217;re listed that way on ways the source, remember not to list the title or degree. If you#8217;re citing books, start by including the author#8217;s last name and first name, which is then separated by a comma, and essay, then end with a period. The next thing you#8217;re going to have to write down is the book title.

This has to be in italics with a period at the end of the truisms inflammatory title. Then write the place of 5 paragraph strucure publication and the name of the publishing company. These two are separated by ways essays, a colon, and strucure, then a comma and the publication date. So remember this if you#8217;ve made a book order to acquire a book that you#8217;re going to use for your reference. If you#8217;re citing articles, start with the last name then first name of the author, which is on communicative competence then followed by essay strucure, a period.

The title of the article should be placed within quotes, with a period right after the title (but should still be inside the essay on communicative competence quotation mark. Then write down the name of the 5 paragraph essay strucure book in italics, followed by a comma and the volume and thesis action verbs, issue numbers, all of which are separated by commas. And lastly, a colon separates the date of publication, the title of the article, the volume and issue number, the title of the publication, and the pages of the source. If you#8217;re citing websites, start with the 5 paragraph essay author#8217;s last name and then followed by thesis, the first name, which is then ended with a period. Then enter the title of the article or project within quotes, followed by the title of the essay strucure website which should also be in quotes. Remember that both titles should end in periods. Then write the date of write essays publication and the name of the essay sponsoring institution which should be in parentheses, separated by commas.

To end the citation, write down the date of access and the full web address. In the event that you would like to know more about bibliographies, then you may check our available bibliography examples that will give you more tips on how to write a bibliography as well as understand more about it.

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?Jont’e Davis Elizabeth Perkins English 1102 13 September 2013 Family and Love : Oedipus the King Family and . love is important, it’s something that is very hard to live without. These are two things everyone has in their life. At times people may feel like they cannot make it far without either, because it plays a huge part in their daily life or success. It has been this way for ages. In Oedipus the King, Oedipus recognizes that there is essays, no difference between his current situation and the one. Family , Greek mythology , Ismene 871 Words | 3 Pages. The Changing Concepts of Sex, Love and strucure, Family.

The changing concepts of sex, love and family Love , sexuality and family are three interrelated . concepts that have had dramatic changes over the millennia. From the bestial, yet necessary act of sexual intercourse, through the complicated and often not understood feeling of essay on communicative competence love we end up with the smallest social unit that comprises society – the family . The interpretations of love , sex and strucure, the structure of family have always varied through the centuries, but no matter how, they have always. Feminism , Interpersonal relationship , Love 1583 Words | 4 Pages. non-living object. That feeling is love . However, when one is forced to define love , he or she often turns to romance to find the . Ways Essays. meaning. It is described to be everything pink and pretty, full of hearts, roses, cuddly stuffed animals, chocolates, kisses, and hugs. Love is also expressed as the butterflies in the stomach, hair on the back of the neck rising to the occasion, hesitant lump in the throats, giddiness in 5 paragraph essay the eyes, and fireworks in the hearts.

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It can refer to an emotion of a strong attraction and . personal attachment.[1] It can also be a virtue representing human kindness, compassion, and affection—the unselfish loyal and benevolent concern for the good of another.[2] It may also describe compassionate and affectionate actions towards other humans, one's self or animals.[3] Ancient Greeks identified four forms of love : kinship or familiarity (in Greek. Attachment theory , Friendship , Human bonding 942 Words | 4 Pages. Love Love is something that most humans look for in life because it comes with one of the greatest amount of pleasure a . human being can experience. Essay Of Studies By Francis Bacon. The love for our mother and our entire families is one of the 5 paragraph first thing a baby feels and as the years goes by we know that life is about two big thing: success in ways to end essays work field and being able to find people that will love you for essay strucure who you are. Being able to analysis of the of studies by francis bacon, love is essay strucure, one of the most important thing because it can lead to a great amount of trust and. English-language films , Family , Homosexuality 2815 Words | 7 Pages. The Role of Fire in Romantic and Family Love on analysis of the of studies Reading the Aeneid. There are two integral pieces of love in Virgil's epic Aeneid: the romantic, lustful love (as felt by Dido for Aeneas) and the . grounded, honest, family love (as felt between Aeneas and Anchises).

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You could have experienced it as a little crush or the real thing as a whole. Some people sometimes will go a lifetime without finding that one person for them, but then there’s other times people fall in and out of love like it’s nothing to for college, them. You can love many things but the love between two people is priceless. Different types of people experience different. English-language films , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1262 Words | 4 Pages. ?Tinisha Simpson Professor Foreman English 205 T-Th 9:25/11 Paper #3 My Perception on Family Ugh, my life, my life, my life! Where are . the ones that are supposed to be here regardless? Where are the ones that I’m supposed to 5 paragraph, turn to in my time of need? Family , aren’t they supposed to be the verbs ones that you can count on when no one else is there?

I guess, but then comes the 5 paragraph questions that continually play over in my head, why did things turned out the way it did? Why couldn’t I have been dished. Biology , Family , Kingdom 1346 Words | 4 Pages. “ Love for another often hides a greater love for oneself” By a close comparison of your two texts, discuss the representation of . sex and seduction. In both Milton’s ‘Paradise Lost’ and Ford’s ‘Tis Pity She’s a Whore’ sex is represented as a catalyst for action verbs sin.

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Love (SPM Trial Exams Essay) by Lee Zhi Wei Love . Strucure. It is the one. Doubt , Heart , Human 959 Words | 3 Pages. February 1st 2012 True Love and its Obstacles Love is essay on communicative grammar, one of the most important things to the survival of the human race, . because it allows humans to work together and connect with each other. To live life without love is not living a fulfilled life. Finding true love may seem like the difficult part of a relationship with another human being, but the obstacle that hinders the relationship coming together is the most difficult part. My essay will explore the theme “true love ” and 5 paragraph strucure, the obstacles that. Brothers Grimm , Cinderella , English-language films 1739 Words | 4 Pages. different attitudes towards love ; I have selected four poems that consider this issue and paper format, show the 5 paragraph poets true thoughts on bacon love . . Two of my texts, ‘Leaving Prince Charming Behind,’ written by Karlo Mila and ‘Advice to a discarded Lover,’ written by strucure, Fleur Adcock, both look at the theme of love and past relationships in a negative and quite a depressing manner. Whereas, the other two texts deal with both the poets sweet, happy and more realistic attitude towards the power of true love . ‘To the girl who stood. English-language films , Fairy , Fairy tale 1201 Words | 3 Pages.

Love : What It Really Means What is love ? When someone tells you that they love you, how are you supposed to . respond? There sometimes seems to be no way to decipher the implication behind the words I love you. When one loves someone or something, to what extent is their desire? It would be ideal if the English language could have more words for truisms inflammatory essays love . Love is strucure, so complicated in and of itself, that even if you were to have different words; it would still be challenging to clarify. Because the English. Agape , Emotion , Friendship 905 Words | 3 Pages. Love plays a significant role in way to write essays for college every human beings life.

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Agape , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 2175 Words | 6 Pages. several years. They are very devoted to helping and taking care of each other. 5 Paragraph Essay Strucure. Marcy and Martin have only been dating for a month but feel a very strong . desire to be together. Doug and Danni are experiencing __________ love , while Marcy and Martin are experiencing __________ love . a. compassionate; passionate b. passionate; compassionate c. Inflammatory. accommodating; compassionate d. Essay Strucure. passionate; accommodating 15. Sheldon and Sandy are in marriage counseling. When Sandy complains that. Attitude change , Elaboration likelihood model , Interpersonal attraction 1794 Words | 7 Pages. is the theme of analysis love . Philia, Eros, and Agape are the 5 paragraph essay three types of for college love present in the play and are what represent the theme . of love . Strucure. These three types of essay spanish grammar love , Philia, Eros, and essay, Agape are expressed by the different characters in the play. The expression of the theme of love in of studies bacon the play is not just there by accident; William Shakespeare put it in this comedic and romantic play with a purpose.

Philia is one of the three kinds of 5 paragraph essay love expressed in the play. Action Verbs. The type of love that Philia represents. Agape , Friendship , Greek words for love 1173 Words | 3 Pages. Love is a variety of different feelings, states, and attitudes that ranges from essay interpersonal affection (I love my mother) to . pleasure (I loved that meal). It can refer to an emotion of a strong attraction and personal attachment.[1] It can also be a virtue representing human kindness, compassion, and write, affection—the unselfish loyal and 5 paragraph strucure, benevolent concern for the good of another.[2] It may also describe compassionate and affectionate actions towards other humans, one's self or animals.[3] . Attachment theory , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1862 Words | 6 Pages. Running Head: LOVE What’s Love Got to Do with It?

Kathryn Barr Dr. Salome Dubenetzky PSY 301 . Best Way To For College. January 7, 2013 LOVE Attraction is defined as a person or thing that draws, attracts, allures, or entices; a characteristic or quality that provides pleasure, an 5 paragraph strucure, attractive feature. Initially because of action this attraction two people who are mutually attracted will begin or a friendship. 5 Paragraph Strucure. In the beginning of a relationship love is strong and it. Interpersonal attraction , Interpersonal relationship , Love 1594 Words | 5 Pages. Sociology – The Family Essay Plan Describe and evaluate the on communicative competence following views of the family ; * Functionalist * Marxist . * Feminist * Interactionist Compare these views making reference to the changing nature of family structures, gender roles and family patterns. Introduction Introduce and 5 paragraph essay strucure, explain the concept of family in sociology. Proper Research Format Apa. What is the family ? What is the 5 paragraph essay strucure purpose or function of a family ? Briefly mention the perspectives which are you going to discuss and the main differences. Family , Feminism , Functionalism 365 Words | 3 Pages.

BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY Family to Family Submitted to write essays, Dr. Gene Jefferies in partial fulfillment of the . requirements for the completion of essay EVAN 525 Contemporary Evangelism by Shawn T. Hunt October 4, 2014 Abstract The book Family to analysis essay, Family is a concrete guide for the family that has lost connection with itself. The very purpose of the book as stated by the authors is to 5 paragraph strucure, “discover God’s purpose for your family , develop a family mission statement, establish core. An American Family , Christian terms , Christianity 1858 Words | 8 Pages. ?Shuo Zhang Family The world is made up of many families . Ways To End Essays. Everyone lives in a unique family , and tries their best . to make their lives better. In talking about strucure, a family , there are three crucial factors: family relationships, communication, and lifestyle. Research Paper Format Apa. Family relationships determine the way that parents and children get along with. Communication is the 5 paragraph essay strucure most influenciae method to solve a family’s problems. Thesis Action Verbs. Family members’ characters are due to the kind of lifestyle they have.

Parents should become. Education , Family , High school 775 Words | 4 Pages. presented throughout the Bible is love . It is, in many cases, the undertone, the overt message, the context, the commandment, the moral to the . story, the answer to the difficult question, and the motive. What is love without its expression? The way in which we express our love is directly unto God and by loving other people. We form relationships with people that we know in a variety of ways and each time we encounter another person is an essay, opportunity to express love to them and thus obey one of inflammatory essays God’s. Bible , Christianity , God 959 Words | 3 Pages. Discuss the way family life has changed over 5 paragraph strucure, a period of time This essay explores the change in family life over time. Research Apa. The . Essay Strucure. meaning of family or traditional family is considered to analysis of studies by francis, be a group a basic social unit consisting of 5 paragraph essay strucure parents and children, whether dwelling or not.

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It is an important social . structure needed for reproduction and socialization. A family refers to a number of persons joined together by bonds of marriage, blood or adoption (Burgess, 1963). Freeman (1992) defined family as two or more persons who are joined together by bonds sharing emotional closeness and who identify themselves as being part of the family . REASONS FOR HAVING THE FAMILY AS THE UNIT. Family , Health , Health care 1431 Words | 7 Pages. Essays in Love is a novel about two young people, who meet on an airplane between London and 5 paragraph, Paris and rapidly fall in love . The . structure of the story isn’t unusual, but what lends the book its interest is the way to essays for college extraordinary depth with which the 5 paragraph emotions involved in the relationship are analysed. Love comes under the philosophical microscope. Proper Paper Apa. An entire chapter is devoted to strucure, the nuances and subtexts of an initial date. Another chapter mulls over the question of inflammatory essays how and when to say ‘I love you’. 5 Paragraph. There’s. Black-and-white films , Emotion , Family 952 Words | 3 Pages. The Power of Love In the future society of “Bloodchild”, humans became “host animals”, they host Tlic’s eggs for them so that the Tlic’s . generation can continues; and essay competence spanish grammar, the Tlic have the control and essay, power to rule the world and provide humans with places to live, food sources, and make them stay young and strong.

Two main characters Gan and proper research, T’Gatoi are not only 5 paragraph strucure, tagged as living in a different social classes, but more importantly, they are different living beings. Essays. They have different appearances, biorgans. Black-and-white films , English-language films , Interpersonal relationship 1390 Words | 3 Pages. of a Family Family is defined as a group of people related by blood, marriage, or adoption living together. Essay. Remember: We are not . defining families by how many, and what kind of people they have. We define them by what they do.

Definitions Spouse - someone who is married: a husband or wife Common-law partner - used to describe a relationship between a man and woman that is considered to be a marriage because the man and woman have lived together for a long period of truisms essays time Functions of the Family What. Cohabitation , Common-law marriage , Extended family 644 Words | 3 Pages. The role of the Family in Society It has been said that the essay family is the analysis essay of studies bedrock of society and can be proven by 5 paragraph essay, the fact that . all over the world every society is way to write, structured by the same pattern. A man and woman marry and 5 paragraph, form a family . This process is repeated multiple times making multiple families which form villages, regions, and eventually countries. Essay Competence Spanish Grammar. When several countries come together they form a continent and all of the essay continents make up the world. The foundation of this entire process. Family , Father , Interpersonal relationship 1594 Words | 5 Pages. Tough love is an proper apa, expression used when someone treats another person harshly or sternly With the intent to help them in the long run.

The . phrase was evidently coined by Bill Milliken when he wrote the book Tough Love in 1968 and essay, has been used by numerous authors since then. Tough love was originally intended for adult drug addicts, not for ways to end essays young children still learning about life. Tough love as used by 5 paragraph, the parents in public places only teaches a child the of the of studies by francis harmful and illogical lesson that. Child , Drug addiction , Love 1326 Words | 4 Pages. Family History: Keeping a Love Story Alive. ?Ayehisa Rubi Gil Professor Joseph Haske English 1301 June 16,2014 Essay #1: Family History It all started on a very hot windy summer in 5 paragraph . 1985, as I was walking home from school on a Thursday afternoon. I was speed walking trying to get home as quick as possible because the weather was unforgivingly hot, when I accidentally tripped on a rock on the sidewalk. I fell on my hands and research apa, knees while all my school papers started flying all over the place. I got up quickly, trying to grab all my homework. 2007 singles , 2009 albums , Debut albums 1081 Words | 4 Pages.

? “The Tragedy of strucure a Desperate and best essays for college, Hopeless Love ” What are the limits of love ? Is despairing love boundless and . 5 Paragraph Strucure. its ill-fated actions expected to format, be understood? How far is too far in an attempt to ease the hurt of a broken heart? These are questions that many have asked since the beginning of time to which no one has ever really adequately answered. Essay Strucure. This satiating of an intense desire for essay grammar another result in a varying of consequential results based on culture, customs, and strucure, the time frame in which. Bipolar disorder , Love , Major depressive disorder 1313 Words | 4 Pages. Love is something that means very different things to different people. For some, love can be purely romantic, or even purely . Essay. sexual. 5 Paragraph Strucure. For others, real love is of the essay of studies by francis bacon, utterly unconditional and only truly exists between family members, or between people and a deity. 5 Paragraph Essay Strucure. And for to end essays some people, love is 5 paragraph strucure, fluid, ever changing, and truisms, everywhere, and strucure, is felt for family , friends, partners, pets, and even inanimate objects, dead artists, and fictional characters.

None of these people would be right or wrong, but one thing. Bonobo , Emotion , Feeling 930 Words | 3 Pages. ?Alejandra What in the world is reality? What is truisms inflammatory, love ? There are many opinions on what love is, is . love solely just chemistry, or biologically, a powerful neurological condition like when we are hungry or thirsty, just in a more permanent state. 5 Paragraph Strucure. We talk about love being blind or unconditional, in the sense that we have no control over ways essays, the feeling. Love blinds you making you react differently to different situation or events. Love has been written, made to a song or a verse or even to. 1999 singles , 2006 albums , Debut albums 1961 Words | 5 Pages.

Love and Marriage Ever wonder why so many happy marriages become failed marriages? Love plays a big part of failed and happy . marriages. Happy marriages are hard to 5 paragraph essay strucure, obtain and keep in this day of thesis action verbs age. Marriage is defined as “an intimate or close union” by Merriam Webster. Marriage has been used for mutual benefit, personal benefit, or just the essay strucure simple uniting of a couple in love . Essays. Happy marriages seem to be rare now with the 5 paragraph stress of jobs, life’s struggles, or just the simple temptations that can.

Full-time , Husband , Interpersonal relationship 1988 Words | 5 Pages. ? Love and loyalty are two things that should not be taken in vain! If you offer attractive pay, you’ll probably succeed in hiring good . employees. But if you reward employees with something unexpected, you’re likely to get more productivity out of essays them. The takeaway: The lesson goes beyond the simple test that the researchers undertook.

They say it shows that the right strategy can lead to stronger results. In an interview with the Harvard Gazette, researcher Deepak Malhotra suggested that employers. Feel Good Inc. , Fuck , Hyundai Dynasty 973 Words | 4 Pages. ?IMPORTANCE OF FAMILY The word family has multiple meanings in essay the dictionary. It is ‘a social unit living together’ or ‘parents . and their children, considered as a group, whether dwelling together or not’. In a broader term, relatives can also be added to this group. But it is much more than that. Family is the first learning place of an individual in this world. Starting from childhood till old age, he learns everything from his family . He sees his family members walking and essay, starts trying that.

Extended family , Family , Father 2244 Words | 6 Pages. hurt. Because how can you give your dreams to someone else, yet share your dreams with me? Sometimes the truest love is the 5 paragraph essay love . Truisms Inflammatory. that can never be I have met this amazing man a year ago, he completely changed my life. He made me a better person. Essay. He is truisms inflammatory essays, my equal and he is my world. It is only when I am with him that I feel like I have come home.

You are lucky to find this type of love once in lifetime. And I think we all live in hope of just finding it let alone keeping it. 5 Paragraph Essay Strucure. It sounds like a fairy. 2007 films , 2007 singles , Billboard Hot Country Songs number-one singles 1568 Words | 4 Pages. ?Aiwen Zhang Professor Griffin Fall 2013 September 27, 2013 Unit 1 Assignment Final Draft . Victim of Love The writer of Short Talks (1992), Anne Carson, is a Canadian poet, an essayist and verbs, a literary critic. She is erudite and innovative, having various fields of knowledge and writing with facetious languages and meaningful thought.

Anne Carson would like to 5 paragraph essay, leave open mind for her readers as she said: ”I don’t know that we really. Emotion , English-language films , Love 1651 Words | 4 Pages. Pagpapakatao Living in Goodness and Love When people asks me to define myself, I simply tell them, I am created by thesis, God’s image and . likeness therefore I am a loving person to any of those people who I’ve known and strucure, who I didn’t know. When a person or group of people will judge you based on your personality, physical appearance, and many more, they don’t have the right to analysis of the of studies by francis bacon, judge you because we are all created unique from each other. No one can define you even your friends, family , girlfriends and boyfriends. Acts of the Apostles , English-language films , Good and 5 paragraph strucure, evil 917 Words | 3 Pages. FORBIDDEN LOVE When one thinks about forbidden love words such as excitement, exhilaration, passion and thesis action, romance come to . mind suggesting a happy narrative, yet the forbidden love written of in 5 paragraph strucure my two stories delivers a very different outcome. The tragic ionic love story of Romeo and Juliet is between two young lust-driven teenagers.

Their impulsive, decisions and selfish indulgences lead them to defy their parents and pursue their forbidden love . In Romeo and Juliet, the two quotes. Adam and Eve , English-language films , Hades 792 Words | 3 Pages. Love or Dependence? Romance can cause both men and women to act frivolously, which makes the difference between love and proper paper apa, lust . difficult to distinguish. The desire of another human being leads to 5 paragraph essay, irrational thought and actions.

Sometimes one will create sensations of love where no love exists. As demonstrated in analysis of the essay of studies both William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, Giovanni Boccaccio’s The Decameron, and Po Hsing-Chien’s The Story of Miss Li one may create feelings of love in order to overcome a recent. Characters in Romeo and 5 paragraph strucure, Juliet , Love , Lust 1116 Words | 3 Pages. ? CheckPoint: Styles of Love Styles of Love There are can about 15 different versions of . love but, they don’t involve the real definition or meaning of love and deviate from the six styles of love that should be recognized as real-unconditional love . We should view love in only six forms. Love can be present in the form of logical emotions, possessive feelings, selfless emotions, romantic emotions, friendship, or just plain old flirtation and game playing. . Love 816 Words | 3 Pages. Family This essay is associated with family issues which including the analysis by francis bacon definitions of different types of family , . the traditional roles of each family member , the changes to families in different cultures and 5 paragraph strucure, the benefits and to end essays, problems of living in a family . There are a number of 5 paragraph family types in society. Research Format. Firstly, traditional family is defined as a family group consisting of essay strucure two married couple as father, mother who live together in the same house and take care of more than one or two children. By Francis Bacon. Also. Extended family , Family , Father 928 Words | 3 Pages. ? Love Languages Lisa R McFadden-Johnson Comm210 April 19, 2015 EXCELSIOR COLLEGE Love Languages Love . 5 Paragraph Essay. languages what exactly is that?

Well it is a way that you communicate love the best. My love langue is Physical touch. Physical touch states from the assessment; this language is not about he bedroom. A person whose primary language is Physical Touch is, not surprisingly, very touchy. Hugs, pats on the back, holding hands and spanish, thoughtful touches on the arm, shoulder, or face-they can. Communication , Friendship , Graphic communication 1059 Words | 6 Pages. Franz Kafka once said, “ Love is a drama of contradictions.” In other words, love can cause joy as well as sorrow. Often in life, . people are in love and therefore have many contradictions with those that they love . William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet explains the rivalry between two households, the Montagues and the Capulets. Romeo, a Montague, and Juliet, a Capulet, fall in 5 paragraph strucure love , but since their houses experience strong hatred toward each other, they must withstand difficult challenges and face. Characters in format apa Romeo and 5 paragraph, Juliet , Love , Mercutio 1062 Words | 3 Pages. Kinsman’s definition of “ Family ” My definition of family was different when I was younger than it is today.

I thought that . Proper Research Format Apa. family was just the people I was related to 5 paragraph essay, nothing more. Essays. I was too selfish because I believed that it was my mom and dad’s duty to 5 paragraph essay strucure, care for me and buy me nice things. Way To Write For College. I never appreciated them for the love , care, and sacrifice they showed to me throughout my early years. Strucure. Not until High school did I truly understand the “correct” definition of what a family was. Fortunately, my Mom.

2009 albums , English-language films , Family 2281 Words | 5 Pages. The Color of proper paper Family Ties by Naomi Gerstel and Natalia Sarksian, the authors assert that traditional nuclear families are not . the only ones capable of supportive relationships and strucure, strong family connections. In the other hand, minority families also discover that their families illustrate the most supportive relationships and verbs, strongest family ties. According to Gerstel and Sarksian, they states Black and Latino/a, especially Puerto Rican families are more disorganized than White families , and that their. Critical thinking , Extended family , Family 860 Words | 3 Pages.